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Language: East Ambae (Sana)

Source/Author:  Iveth Rodriguez and Tom Ennever 
Notes:  Regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels
Speaker would often articulate the vowel but no sound was audible.
Open vowel prominence (when compared to other Ambae languages) 
Data Entry:  Typed By:  Checked By: Mary Walworth 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 5 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand liɛm      
2 left maxʷir      
3 right matuo      
4 leg/foot ᵑɡaru̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
5 to walk ⁿdiɛk      
6 road/path sal      
7 to come fænɛ      
8 to turn word info tuⁿdori̥      
9 to swim kakaro      
10 dirty soᵑɡar      
11 dust ᵑɡʷie      
12 skin finu̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
13 back word info ᵑɡuru̥      
14 belly ᵐbʷoᵐbo      
15 bone sui      
16 intestines taᵑɡʷɛŋ      
17 liver æt      
18 breast sus      
19 shoulder tieᵑɡʷɛ      
20 to know, be knowledgeable iolʲol      
21 to think lanlaⁿdo̥      
22 to fear matmatak̚ unreleased final stops    
23 blood ⁿdaɛ      
24 head ᵑɡʷatu̥      
25 neck ⁿdiol      
26 hair word info ɸul      
27 nose ᵑɡʷaŋ      
28 to breathe maᵐbu̥      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐburoŋ      
30 mouth kukʷam      
31 tooth liof      
32 tongue meam      
33 to laugh mã:      
34 to cry tæŋ      
35 to vomit luoˀ      
36 to spit lɔⁿdo      
37 to eat kẽkẽʲ      
38 to chew word info ⁿdalⁿdal      
39 to cook word info tutun      
40 to drink inu̥      
41 to bite kætlolivom      
42 to suck rim      
43 ear ᵑɡʷearo̥      
44 to hear roŋe      
45 eye mat̚      
46 to see leo      
47 to yawn mamao      
48 to sleep matur      
49 to lie down word info ɛno      
50 to dream ᵐbʷoᵐbʷɛr      
51 to sit tak̚      
52 to stand tu: noticeable vowel lenghthening    
53 person/human being taŋloi      
54 man/male mʷear      
55 woman/female fafĩ      
56 child maresu̥ regular ocurrence of devoiced final vowels    
57 husband tæmenituŋ      
58 wife tuᵐbulovaleŋ      
59 mother risɪŋ      
60 father tat̚      
61 house ɸæl      
62 thatch/roof taᵑɡʷor      
63 name æs      
64 to say fitiɛ [f] ~ [v]    
65 rope karo̥      
66 to tie up, fasten wet̚ unreleased final stops    
67 to sew word info tur      
68 needle katur      
69 to hunt word info rukruk      
70 to shoot word info fɛ̃:      
71 to stab, pierce tisu̥      
72 to hit word info kʷes      
73 to steal ᵐbalu̥      
74 to kill kʷesfaɣ mat̚ unreleased final stops    
75 to die, be dead mʷæt̚      
76 to live, be alive ŋʷasu̥      
77 to scratch word info tæᵑɡær      
78 to cut, hack word info tæɪ      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info tæⁿdær      
81 sharp sʷok̚      
82 dull, blunt ᵑɡʷato      
83 to work word info ᵐbɔlʊk̚      
84 to plant rifu̥ [f] ~ [v]    
85 to choose ⁿdɛⁿdɛk      
86 to grow word info mauri̥      
87 to swell word info luluoŋ      
88 to squeeze word info kʷɔr      
89 to hold word info saᵑɡoβi̥      
90 to dig kɛl      
91 to buy fol      
92 to open, uncover roæ      
93 to pound, beat word info ⁿdʳiⁿdʳin      
94 to throw word info tuliɛ      
95 to fall word info sofi̥      
96 dog wiriu      
97 bird manu̥      
98 egg toli̥      
99 feather fulu̥      
100 wing ᵐbaɪŋsĩ      
101 to fly rof      
102 rat karif      
103 meat/flesh ᵐbik̚      
104 fat/grease ⁿdamʷɛ      
105 tail kolæ̃      
106 snake ŋʷat̚      
107 worm (earthworm) nʷof      
108 louse word info kut̚      
109 mosquito nam      
110 spider taɣaɣ      
111 fish ɛk      
112 rotten word info maᵐboᵐbo      
113 branch word info ræŋæk̚      
114 leaf rauk̚      
115 root kakʷarik      
116 flower fiɛr [f] ~ [v]    
117 fruit naŋʷatik̚      
118 grass ⁿduf      
119 earth/soil tano̥      
120 stone fat̚      
121 sand one̥      
122 water word info      
123 to flow wæmosuk̚      
124 sea tæs      
125 salt kokæ̃      
126 lake salɛ      
127 woods/forest laᵐbʷotfʷõ      
128 sky maslɛ      
128 sky makʷæ      
129 moon fʷol [f] ~ [v]    
130 star fitiu      
131 cloud word info ⁿdoⁿdo      
132 fog tantan      
133 rain wos      
134 thunder mantak̚      
135 lightning fʲɛl      
136 wind læŋ      
137 to blow word info mɔser of the wind    
137 to blow word info ufi̥ with the mouth    
138 warm word info ŋʷoŋʷɛf      
139 cold word info kakⁿdiⁿdĭ      
140 dry word info ᵑɡoru̥ devoiced final vowels    
141 wet mimiek̚ unreleased final stops    
142 heavy mʷaβ      
143 fire æβ      
144 to burn word info kaʊ      
145 smoke word info kakasu̥      
146 ash ᵑɡʷie      
147 black maɛto      
148 white maβutek̚      
149 red memeæk̚      
150 yellow aŋokæk̚      
151 green ᵑɡʷaruᵑɡʷarkæk̚      
152 small ᵐbitᵐbit      
153 big lokʷo      
154 short word info ᵑɡʷiloⁿdo      
155 long word info ᵑɡʷaraβu̥      
156 thin word info manifnif      
157 thick word info matol      
158 narrow taβulkʷok̚      
159 wide lakʷɛk      
160 painful, sick kak̚ⁿdir      
161 shy, ashamed mæmæ      
162 old word info malæk̚      
163 new ᵑɡʷarok̚      
164 good karɛ      
165 bad, evil soᵑɡok̚      
166 correct, true karʲæk      
167 night ᵐbʷoŋ      
168 day ræŋ      
169 year suɣʷaʊ      
170 when? word info saftaro      
171 to hide word info taβunik̚      
172 to climb word info ᵑɡalo̥      
173 at tak̚      
174 in, inside lolã nasal vowels    
175 above namæk̚      
176 below fafæk̚      
177 this niŋa      
178 that faniŋɛ      
179 near ᵑɡæᵑɡərɛ      
180 far faksaʊ [f] ~ [v]    
181 where? word info nilo      
182 I nou      
183 thou niok̚      
184 he/she niɛ      
185 we word info kiɛt pl. incl.    
185 we word info kæmɛ pl. excl.    
185 we word info kitoro̥ dl. incl.    
185 we word info kamaru̥ dl. excl.    
186 you kimiu dl.    
186 you kimiru̥ pl.    
187 they niɛr      
187 they niɛrkero du.    
188 what? word info saβæk̚      
189 who? word info sĩã      
190 other tuɛk̚ unreleased final stops    
191 all niɛrⁿdolek      
192 and mẽ nasal vowels    
193 if surkʷa      
194 how? word info kasæk̚ unreleased final stops    
195 no, not hate      
196 to count faluo̥      
197 One word info kat̚wal      
198 Two word info kero      
199 Three word info ketal      
200 Four word info keβet̚      
201 Five word info keliɛm      
202 Six word info keõ      
203 Seven word info keᵐbitu̥ devoiced final vowels    
204 Eight word info kewol      
205 Nine word info kesiok̚ unreleased final stops    
206 Ten word info saŋβul      
207 Twenty word info ŋoβulɣero      
208 Fifty word info ŋoβulɣeliɛm      
209 One Hundred word info fuⁿdolɔ      
210 One Thousand word info terβaˀtawal      

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