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Language: Xârâcùù

Source/Author:  Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE 
Notes:  The data used here are coming from a dictionnary made by Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE in 1989. It is presented in the book Dictionnaire Xârâcùù-Français (Nouvelle-Calédonie), Nouméa : Les Editions Populaires, 288 pp.
It provides a phonological, greographical, and sociolinguistical introduction to the Xârâcùù, language spoken in the Kouaoua-Canala-Thio areas (located on the east cost of the New Caledonia Main Land ('Grande-Terre').
This book, intended to speakers usage, provides two lexicons, one in xârâcùù-french, and one in french-xârâcùù.

Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When two words in Xârâcùù are presented with a slash (for instance "xãⁿdɨ/xãⁿdɤ", it means that those words are two morphological forms of the same word (generally related to geographical distribution of this word).
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Xârâcùù to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words.
- When a word is not phonologically autonomous (i.e being a prefix or a suffix), a dash has been put after the word (prefix) or before the word (suffix).
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in xârâcùù, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David VUILLAUME-PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 31 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above rɔxũ      
175 above tɔxũ      
191 all xɛ̃:ⁿdi      
191 all xɛ̃vaⁿdi      
192 and mɛ̃   2  
146 ash xatɛ   94  
173 at wã Used for instance in sentences like 'he is angry at his wife' 1?  
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 20?  
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 6?  
13 back word info ⁿdɤ:      
13 back word info ⁿdɔ:      
165 bad, evil ça:   1, 99  
14 belly pwe      
176 below kerexwã      
176 below pwa      
153 big çe Can be used as a verb with a similar meaning 125  
153 big kaxɛ̃ Used for people and things that are big, or for quantities that are big    
97 bird mʌ̃rʌ̃   1  
147 black ŋɨ̃nɨ̃   105  
23 blood mãⁿda      
15 bone ɲĩ      
113 branch word info mɛ̃rɛ̃      
18 breast ᶮɟi   1  
56 child xã:ʃĩ      
131 cloud word info   12  
139 cold word info xɨpɛ   133  
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ   94  
168 day ⁿda:   6  
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
10 dirty xãⁿdɤ      
96 dog taiki      
140 dry word info mʌtʌ a. 1  
140 dry word info famʌtʌ b. 1  
82 dull, blunt xɛ̃ja:      
11 dust popo: Refers to the dust like 'ashes' or 'coming from wood' and 'falling down'    
11 dust purɛu: Refers to the dust 'in the air'    
43 ear nɛ̃nɛ̃      
43 ear xwanɛ̃nɛ̃      
119 earth/soil nɛ̃ⁿdɔ:      
98 egg      
204 Eight word info      
45 eye kãrãmɛ      
180 far mwa:   96  
104 fat/grease ᵑgere:çi      
60 father panɛ:      
99 feather pũ      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire   46  
111 fish nɔ̃   9  
201 Five word info kɛ̃rɛ̃nɨ̃rɨ̃      
201 Five word info ʃã:ʃɛ̃xɛ̃      
116 flower pũrɛ      
132 fog axʌ̃      
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
117 fruit pwã      
164 good xɔru   55  
118 grass mɛi      
151 green kɔ̃ⁿdɔ   44  
26 hair word info pũᵐbwa      
1 hand xɛ̃   33  
184 he/she ɛ      
184 he/she   40  
24 head ᵐbwa      
142 heavy mɛ̃çe:   67  
61 house mwã      
61 house mwãpɛ      
194 how? word info nɛ̃ĩ Interrogative pronoun    
194 how? word info xai      
57 husband kwɛ̃:tɔ      
182 I nã   1, 22?  
193 if ⁿdɔumɛ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
174 in, inside ʃu:      
174 in, inside xu:      
16 intestines kwã 'intestines'    
16 intestines kwãpwɛ̃ 'guts'    
126 lake nãⁿdɛ      
114 leaf nɛ̃      
2 left çɛ̃ⁿdɛja: Means 'left', or 'left handed' 39  
4 leg/foot pa   33  
135 lightning çĩmĩãᵑgatɛ      
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      
155 long word info mwa:   19?, 106  
108 louse word info kɨtɨ   1  
54 man/male xɔtɔ   122  
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
129 moon mwea      
109 mosquito nɔ̃:      
59 mother mwĩɲɛ      
30 mouth nãxwã      
63 name nĩ      
158 narrow gwãkʌ̃ The distinction between those three words seems to be related to syntactic purposes 62  
158 narrow kʌ̃   62  
158 narrow kurupi      
179 near nũᵐbɔ   109  
179 near tiçɛ̃   121  
179 near tixɛ̃   121  
25 neck wĩnã:      
68 needle ɲĩᵐbɨ      
163 new afʌ̃ⁿdʌ Something new that comes from the outside word not endemic ('a stranger' for instance)    
163 new mata (1) Something new, mostly vegetables, like a new tree, a young coconut, etc    
163 new ⁿdɔpɔ: Tends to mean 'for the first time' 18  
167 night mɔ̃   1  
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not çi: Provides a negative polarity to a sentence    
195 no, not çiɛ 'no'    
27 nose kũ      
162 old word info ᵐbɛ̃:rĩ   16  
197 One word info ʃa:      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info ᵐba      
190 other wɛi Appears to be used for anaphoric purposes    
190 other Used before a noun (i.e is the more general word for 'other')    
190 other ʃɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
190 other xɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
160 painful, sick pai:   51  
53 person/human being kãmũrũ      
133 rain kwiɛ      
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
149 red mĩã   1, 55  
3 right çɛ̃ⁿdɛnũrũ Means 'right' or 'right handed' 23  
6 road/path xwãĩ      
115 root kwe:      
65 rope kwi: 'small rope, liana'    
65 rope kwã 'bigger rope, liana'    
112 rotten word info mũⁿda   119  
125 salt kweta:      
121 sand nãwã      
124 sea nakweta:      
124 sea nɛkweta:      
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp çu:      
154 short word info xũᵐbwɛ Used as a general term for short without any distinction between height and length features of objects 34  
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
161 shy, ashamed cara      
202 Six word info      
12 skin kʌ̃   1  
128 sky nɛxɔ:a      
152 small wɛrɛ   143  
145 smoke word info ᶮɟɤ:      
106 snake mãrãⁿdi: Means 'see snake'    
110 spider mwãkũã      
130 star ʃuamɛ      
130 star ʃuɛmɛ      
79 stick/wood ʃe:      
120 stone çɛ̃ᵑgɛ      
105 tail pũᵐbɛ      
206 Ten word info ⁿduʃɛ̃:xɛ̃      
178 that a Used after the head noun    
62 thatch/roof nɔ̃:mwã      
187 they ri   1, 70  
157 thick word info ʃãᵐba   70  
156 thin word info mwariri      
177 this a Used before the head noun    
183 thou      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
134 thunder netɔ   100  
41 to bite kɛkɛ   1  
137 to blow word info çĩ a.    
137 to blow word info ʃuɛ b.    
137 to blow word info ᶮɟɛ a.    
28 to breathe mʌ̃:ᵐbwi      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
38 to chew word info xwi: a.    
85 to choose kanɛ̃:      
172 to climb word info petoa b. 'to climb, go above something' 68  
172 to climb word info père a.    
7 to come mɛ̃   1  
39 to cook word info xutã: a. Means 'to boil, cook something'    
196 to count fãrã      
34 to cry tɛ̃ĩ      
78 to cut, hack word info kwipuru      
75 to die, be dead pai:mɛ      
90 to dig çʌi 'to dig with a shovel'    
90 to dig ᶮɟa 'to dig with a stake'    
90 to dig kĩ: 'to dig with the hands'    
50 to dream mɛtɨki:      
40 to drink wĩᶮɟɔ      
37 to eat ⁿda   39  
95 to fall word info çɔ̃ 'to fall'    
95 to fall word info ᵑgweᵐbu: 'to fall on the ground'    
22 to fear ᵐbata      
123 to flow ᶮɟɔ      
101 to fly cĩ:      
86 to grow word info tuɛ      
44 to hear xwata      
171 to hide word info kɔ:   65  
72 to hit word info pwea      
89 to hold word info xɛ̃ᵐbiᵐbiri      
69 to hunt word info ca:      
74 to kill çaxwɛ 'to kill in order to eat'    
74 to kill -amɛ 'to do something that has death as a consequence'    
20 to know, be knowledgeable nexʌ̃   139  
33 to laugh mwãrã      
49 to lie down word info mɛtɨ   37  
76 to live, be alive muru   1, 76  
92 to open, uncover cũ: Means 'to open a door'    
84 to plant nʌ̃ɨ̃      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say ʃe      
77 to scratch word info kɔu   44  
46 to see te:      
67 to sew word info ʃi:      
70 to shoot word info pwɛrɛ      
51 to sit cuɛ      
48 to sleep mɛtɨçɛ      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu      
36 to spit mãwi 'to spit, to reject something like food'    
36 to spit ᶮɟuxwãrĩ 'to spit saliva'    
80 to split word info faʃɛtia      
88 to squeeze word info pwɛ:      
71 to stab, pierce -ɲũ:      
52 to stand tã:      
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
42 to suck ᶮɟi:      
87 to swell word info ʃuɛ cɛ In two words, means 'to inflate something by blowing on it', there is no ather term to refere as 'to swell'    
9 to swim xɛ̃   86  
21 to think nãrã      
94 to throw word info ᶮɟi- 'to (by) throwing a stone'    
94 to throw word info ᵑgwere 'to throw something in the air'    
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit ᵑgɔwi 'to vomit something'    
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ: 'to vomit, to have nausea'    
5 to walk fʌ̃ⁿdʌ      
83 to work word info ᵐba      
47 to yawn kɔmã:      
32 tongue kurumɛ   14, 7  
31 tooth pã      
207 Twenty word info xɛ̃ ʃa: kãmũrũ      
198 Two word info ᵐba:ru      
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
122 water word info kwe      
185 we word info ĩrĩ Independent pronoun    
185 we word info nĩ: Independent pronoun    
185 we word info rĩ Objet or possessive pronoun, incl.    
185 we word info ŋɛ̃: excl.    
141 wet meɔ   113  
141 wet pĩᵐba      
188 what? word info ᶮɟɛ      
188 what? word info ᶮɟɔ:pɛ      
170 when? word info anĩ:   1  
181 where? word info i      
148 white pwãrã   11  
189 who? word info ja:      
189 who? word info ja:pɛ      
189 who? word info ja:mũ Used for more respectful way of adressing    
159 wide ⁿdara: The distinction between those two words seems to be related to syntactic purposes as well 39  
159 wide çã:      
58 wife kwɛ̃:      
136 wind kwãⁿdɛ      
100 wing puʃɛ̃mɛ̃      
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
127 woods/forest nuɔ      
107 worm (earthworm) xãrĩⁿdɔ:      
169 year xwãⁿda   34  
150 yellow kɛ̃rɛ̃nãwã   90  
186 you wĩrĩ      

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