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Language: Xârâcùù

Source/Author:  Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE 
Notes:  The data used here are coming from a dictionnary made by Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE in 1989. It is presented in the book Dictionnaire Xârâcùù-Français (Nouvelle-Calédonie), Nouméa : Les Editions Populaires, 288 pp.
It provides a phonological, greographical, and sociolinguistical introduction to the Xârâcùù, language spoken in the Kouaoua-Canala-Thio areas (located on the east cost of the New Caledonia Main Land ('Grande-Terre').
This book, intended to speakers usage, provides two lexicons, one in xârâcùù-french, and one in french-xârâcùù.

Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When two words in Xârâcùù are presented with a slash (for instance "xãⁿdɨ/xãⁿdɤ", it means that those words are two morphological forms of the same word (generally related to geographical distribution of this word).
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Xârâcùù to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words.
- When a word is not phonologically autonomous (i.e being a prefix or a suffix), a dash has been put after the word (prefix) or before the word (suffix).
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in xârâcùù, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David VUILLAUME-PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 31 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
144 to burn word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
71 to stab, pierce -ɲũ:      
74 to kill -amɛ 'to do something that has death as a consequence'    
177 this a Used before the head noun    
178 that a Used after the head noun    
163 new afʌ̃ⁿdʌ Something new that comes from the outside word not endemic ('a stranger' for instance)    
170 when? word info anĩ:   1  
132 fog axʌ̃      
69 to hunt word info ca:      
161 shy, ashamed cara      
101 to fly cĩ:      
51 to sit cuɛ      
92 to open, uncover cũ: Means 'to open a door'    
190 other Used before a noun (i.e is the more general word for 'other')    
140 dry word info famʌtʌ b. 1  
80 to split word info faʃɛtia      
196 to count fãrã   1  
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi      
5 to walk fʌ̃ⁿdʌ      
158 narrow gwãkʌ̃ The distinction between those three words seems to be related to syntactic purposes 62  
181 where? word info i      
185 we word info ĩrĩ Independent pronoun    
189 who? word info ja:      
189 who? word info ja:mũ Used for more respectful way of adressing    
189 who? word info ja:pɛ      
85 to choose kanɛ̃:      
153 big kaxɛ̃ Used for people and things that are big, or for quantities that are big    
53 person/human being kãmũrũ      
45 eye kãrãmɛ      
176 below kerexwã      
90 to dig kĩ: 'to dig with the hands'    
32 tongue kurumɛ   14, 7  
158 narrow kurupi      
27 nose kũ      
16 intestines kwã 'intestines'    
65 rope kwã 'bigger rope, liana'    
16 intestines kwãpwɛ̃ 'guts'    
136 wind kwãⁿdɛ      
122 water word info kwe      
115 root kwe:      
125 salt kweta:      
65 rope kwi: 'small rope, liana'    
78 to cut, hack word info kwipuru      
133 rain kwiɛ      
58 wife kwɛ̃:      
57 husband kwɛ̃:tɔ      
131 cloud word info   12  
171 to hide word info kɔ:   65  
47 to yawn kɔmã:      
77 to scratch word info kɔu   44  
151 green kɔ̃ⁿdɔ   44  
41 to bite kɛkɛ   1  
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
150 yellow kɛ̃rɛ̃nãwã   90  
201 Five word info kɛ̃rɛ̃nɨ̃rɨ̃      
183 thou      
108 louse word info kɨtɨ   1  
12 skin kʌ̃   1  
158 narrow kʌ̃   62  
163 new mata (1) Something new, mostly vegetables, like a new tree, a young coconut, etc    
106 snake mãrãⁿdi: Means 'see snake'    
36 to spit mãwi 'to spit, to reject something like food'    
23 blood mãⁿda      
141 wet meɔ   113  
149 red mĩã   1, 55  
76 to live, be alive muru   1, 76  
112 rotten word info mũⁿda   119  
155 long word info mwa:   19?, 106  
180 far mwa:   96  
156 thin word info mwariri      
61 house mwã      
110 spider mwãkũã      
61 house mwãpɛ      
33 to laugh mwãrã      
129 moon mwea      
59 mother mwĩɲɛ      
167 night mɔ̃   1  
118 grass mɛi      
49 to lie down word info mɛtɨ   37  
50 to dream mɛtɨki:      
48 to sleep mɛtɨçɛ      
7 to come mɛ̃   1  
192 and mɛ̃   2  
113 branch word info mɛ̃rɛ̃      
142 heavy mɛ̃çe:   67  
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
140 dry word info mʌtʌ a. 1  
28 to breathe mʌ̃:ᵐbwi      
97 bird mʌ̃rʌ̃   1  
124 sea nakweta:      
182 I nã   1, 22?  
21 to think nãrã      
121 sand nãwã      
30 mouth nãxwã      
126 lake nãⁿdɛ      
134 thunder netɔ   100  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nexʌ̃   139  
63 name nĩ      
185 we word info nĩ: Independent pronoun    
127 woods/forest nuɔ      
179 near nũᵐbɔ   109  
111 fish nɔ̃   9  
109 mosquito nɔ̃:      
62 thatch/roof nɔ̃:mwã      
143 fire   46  
124 sea nɛkweta:      
128 sky nɛxɔ:a      
114 leaf nɛ̃      
194 how? word info nɛ̃ĩ Interrogative pronoun    
43 ear nɛ̃nɛ̃      
119 earth/soil nɛ̃ⁿdɔ:      
84 to plant nʌ̃ɨ̃      
4 leg/foot pa   33  
160 painful, sick pai:   51  
75 to die, be dead pai:mɛ      
60 father panɛ:      
31 tooth pã      
172 to climb word info petoa b. 'to climb, go above something' 68  
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
141 wet pĩᵐba      
11 dust popo: Refers to the dust like 'ashes' or 'coming from wood' and 'falling down'    
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
11 dust purɛu: Refers to the dust 'in the air'    
100 wing puʃɛ̃mɛ̃      
99 feather pũ      
116 flower pũrɛ      
26 hair word info pũᵐbwa      
105 tail pũᵐbɛ      
176 below pwa      
117 fruit pwã      
148 white pwãrã   11  
14 belly pwe      
72 to hit word info pwea      
88 to squeeze word info pwɛ:      
70 to shoot word info pwɛrɛ      
172 to climb word info père a.    
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
187 they ri   1, 70  
185 we word info rĩ Objet or possessive pronoun, incl.    
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 20?  
175 above rɔxũ      
184 he/she   40  
96 dog taiki      
52 to stand tã:      
46 to see te:      
179 near tixɛ̃   121  
179 near tiçɛ̃   121  
86 to grow word info tuɛ      
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 6?  
175 above tɔxũ      
34 to cry tɛ̃ĩ      
173 at wã Used for instance in sentences like 'he is angry at his wife' 1?  
25 neck wĩnã:      
186 you wĩrĩ      
40 to drink wĩᶮɟɔ      
190 other wɛi Appears to be used for anaphoric purposes    
152 small wɛrɛ   143  
194 how? word info xai      
146 ash xatɛ   94  
56 child xã:ʃĩ      
107 worm (earthworm) xãrĩⁿdɔ:      
10 dirty xãⁿdɤ      
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
174 in, inside xu:      
39 to cook word info xutã: a. Means 'to boil, cook something'    
154 short word info xũᵐbwɛ Used as a general term for short without any distinction between height and length features of objects 34  
43 ear xwanɛ̃nɛ̃      
44 to hear xwata      
6 road/path xwãĩ      
169 year xwãⁿda   34  
38 to chew word info xwi: a.    
98 egg      
164 good xɔru   55  
54 man/male xɔtɔ   122  
1 hand xɛ̃   33  
9 to swim xɛ̃   86  
190 other xɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
207 Twenty word info xɛ̃ ʃa: kãmũrũ      
191 all xɛ̃:ⁿdi      
82 dull, blunt xɛ̃ja:      
191 all xɛ̃vaⁿdi      
89 to hold word info xɛ̃ᵐbiᵐbiri      
139 cold word info xɨpɛ   133  
165 bad, evil ça:   1, 99  
74 to kill çaxwɛ 'to kill in order to eat'    
159 wide çã:      
153 big çe Can be used as a verb with a similar meaning 125  
195 no, not çi: Provides a negative polarity to a sentence    
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
195 no, not çiɛ 'no'    
137 to blow word info çĩ a.    
135 lightning çĩmĩãᵑgatɛ      
81 sharp çu:      
95 to fall word info çɔ̃ 'to fall'    
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
120 stone çɛ̃ᵑgɛ      
2 left çɛ̃ⁿdɛja: Means 'left', or 'left handed' 39  
3 right çɛ̃ⁿdɛnũrũ Means 'right' or 'right handed' 23  
90 to dig çʌi 'to dig with a shovel'    
185 we word info ŋɛ̃: excl.    
147 black ŋɨ̃nɨ̃   105  
184 he/she ɛ      
15 bone ɲĩ      
68 needle ɲĩᵐbɨ      
197 One word info ʃa:      
201 Five word info ʃã:ʃɛ̃xɛ̃      
157 thick word info ʃãᵐba   70  
64 to say ʃe      
79 stick/wood ʃe:      
67 to sew word info ʃi:      
174 in, inside ʃu:      
130 star ʃuamɛ      
137 to blow word info ʃuɛ b.    
87 to swell word info ʃuɛ cɛ In two words, means 'to inflate something by blowing on it', there is no ather term to refere as 'to swell'    
130 star ʃuɛmɛ      
190 other ʃɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
83 to work word info ᵐba      
210 One Thousand word info ᵐba      
198 Two word info ᵐba:ru      
22 to fear ᵐbata      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu      
24 head ᵐbwa      
162 old word info ᵐbɛ̃:rĩ   16  
104 fat/grease ᵑgere:çi      
94 to throw word info ᵑgwere 'to throw something in the air'    
95 to fall word info ᵑgweᵐbu: 'to fall on the ground'    
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ: 'to vomit, to have nausea'    
35 to vomit ᵑgɔwi 'to vomit something'    
90 to dig ᶮɟa 'to dig with a stake'    
18 breast ᶮɟi   1  
94 to throw word info ᶮɟi- 'to (by) throwing a stone'    
42 to suck ᶮɟi:      
36 to spit ᶮɟuxwãrĩ 'to spit saliva'    
123 to flow ᶮɟɔ      
188 what? word info ᶮɟɔ:pɛ      
137 to blow word info ᶮɟɛ a.    
188 what? word info ᶮɟɛ      
145 smoke word info ᶮɟɤ:      
37 to eat ⁿda   39  
168 day ⁿda:   6  
159 wide ⁿdara: The distinction between those two words seems to be related to syntactic purposes as well 39  
206 Ten word info ⁿduʃɛ̃:xɛ̃      
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ   94  
13 back word info ⁿdɔ:      
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
163 new ⁿdɔpɔ: Tends to mean 'for the first time' 18  
193 if ⁿdɔumɛ      
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      
13 back word info ⁿdɤ:      

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