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Language: Xârâcùù

Source/Author:  Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE 
Notes:  The data used here are coming from a dictionnary made by Claire MOYSE-FAURIE & Marie-Adèle NECHERÖ-JOREDIE in 1989. It is presented in the book Dictionnaire Xârâcùù-Français (Nouvelle-Calédonie), Nouméa : Les Editions Populaires, 288 pp.
It provides a phonological, greographical, and sociolinguistical introduction to the Xârâcùù, language spoken in the Kouaoua-Canala-Thio areas (located on the east cost of the New Caledonia Main Land ('Grande-Terre').
This book, intended to speakers usage, provides two lexicons, one in xârâcùù-french, and one in french-xârâcùù.

Methodology used here to enter the lexical data :
- The synonymy has been reduced by going through both lexicons.
- When two words in Xârâcùù are presented with a slash (for instance "xãⁿdɨ/xãⁿdɤ", it means that those words are two morphological forms of the same word (generally related to geographical distribution of this word).
- When both simple words and compound words are possible in Xârâcùù to translate a word in the list, we have opted for the simple words.
- When a word is not phonologically autonomous (i.e being a prefix or a suffix), a dash has been put after the word (prefix) or before the word (suffix).
- When a word in the list can not be translated by a single general item in xârâcùù, some semantic specifications for each one of them have been provided in the 'author annotation' column. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David VUILLAUME-PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Xaracuu-Xaragure 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 31 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
93 to pound, beat word info      
144 to burn word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
5 to walk fʌ̃ⁿdʌ      
6 road/path xwãĩ      
10 dirty xãⁿdɨ      
10 dirty xãⁿdɤ      
11 dust popo: Refers to the dust like 'ashes' or 'coming from wood' and 'falling down'    
11 dust purɛu: Refers to the dust 'in the air'    
13 back word info ⁿdɤ:      
13 back word info ⁿdɔ:      
14 belly pwe      
15 bone ɲĩ      
16 intestines kwã 'intestines'    
16 intestines kwãpwɛ̃ 'guts'    
17 liver ⁿdɛ̃      
19 shoulder pu:mɛ̃      
21 to think nãrã      
22 to fear ᵐbata      
23 blood mãⁿda      
24 head ᵐbwa      
25 neck wĩnã:      
26 hair word info pũᵐbwa      
27 nose kũ      
28 to breathe mʌ̃:ᵐbwi      
29 to sniff, smell ᵐbu      
30 mouth nãxwã      
31 tooth pã      
33 to laugh mwãrã      
34 to cry tɛ̃ĩ      
35 to vomit ᵑgɔwi 'to vomit something'    
35 to vomit ᵑgɔ: 'to vomit, to have nausea'    
36 to spit mãwi 'to spit, to reject something like food'    
36 to spit ᶮɟuxwãrĩ 'to spit saliva'    
38 to chew word info xwi: a.    
39 to cook word info xutã: a. Means 'to boil, cook something'    
40 to drink wĩᶮɟɔ      
42 to suck ᶮɟi:      
43 ear nɛ̃nɛ̃      
43 ear xwanɛ̃nɛ̃      
44 to hear xwata      
45 eye kãrãmɛ      
46 to see te:      
47 to yawn kɔmã:      
48 to sleep mɛtɨçɛ      
50 to dream mɛtɨki:      
51 to sit cuɛ      
52 to stand tã:      
53 person/human being kãmũrũ      
55 woman/female çɛ̃      
56 child xã:ʃĩ      
57 husband kwɛ̃:tɔ      
58 wife kwɛ̃:      
59 mother mwĩɲɛ      
60 father panɛ:      
61 house mwã      
61 house mwãpɛ      
62 thatch/roof nɔ̃:mwã      
63 name nĩ      
64 to say ʃe      
65 rope kwi: 'small rope, liana'    
65 rope kwã 'bigger rope, liana'    
66 to tie up, fasten fʌi      
67 to sew word info ʃi:      
68 needle ɲĩᵐbɨ      
69 to hunt word info ca:      
70 to shoot word info pwɛrɛ      
71 to stab, pierce -ɲũ:      
72 to hit word info pwea      
73 to steal pɛ̃ⁿdɛ      
74 to kill çaxwɛ 'to kill in order to eat'    
74 to kill -amɛ 'to do something that has death as a consequence'    
75 to die, be dead pai:mɛ      
78 to cut, hack word info kwipuru      
79 stick/wood ʃe:      
80 to split word info faʃɛtia      
81 sharp çu:      
82 dull, blunt xɛ̃ja:      
83 to work word info ᵐba      
84 to plant nʌ̃ɨ̃      
85 to choose kanɛ̃:      
86 to grow word info tuɛ      
87 to swell word info ʃuɛ cɛ In two words, means 'to inflate something by blowing on it', there is no ather term to refere as 'to swell'    
88 to squeeze word info pwɛ:      
89 to hold word info xɛ̃ᵐbiᵐbiri      
90 to dig çʌi 'to dig with a shovel'    
90 to dig ᶮɟa 'to dig with a stake'    
90 to dig kĩ: 'to dig with the hands'    
91 to buy xãⁿdɨ:      
92 to open, uncover cũ: Means 'to open a door'    
94 to throw word info ᶮɟi- 'to (by) throwing a stone'    
94 to throw word info ᵑgwere 'to throw something in the air'    
95 to fall word info çɔ̃ 'to fall'    
95 to fall word info ᵑgweᵐbu: 'to fall on the ground'    
96 dog taiki      
98 egg      
99 feather pũ      
100 wing puʃɛ̃mɛ̃      
101 to fly cĩ:      
102 rat çi:ᵐbɨ      
103 meat/flesh piɔ      
104 fat/grease ᵑgere:çi      
105 tail pũᵐbɛ      
106 snake mãrãⁿdi: Means 'see snake'    
107 worm (earthworm) xãrĩⁿdɔ:      
109 mosquito nɔ̃:      
110 spider mwãkũã      
113 branch word info mɛ̃rɛ̃      
114 leaf nɛ̃      
115 root kwe:      
116 flower pũrɛ      
117 fruit pwã      
118 grass mɛi      
119 earth/soil nɛ̃ⁿdɔ:      
120 stone çɛ̃ᵑgɛ      
121 sand nãwã      
122 water word info kwe      
123 to flow ᶮɟɔ      
124 sea nakweta:      
124 sea nɛkweta:      
125 salt kweta:      
126 lake nãⁿdɛ      
127 woods/forest nuɔ      
128 sky nɛxɔ:a      
129 moon mwea      
130 star ʃuamɛ      
130 star ʃuɛmɛ      
132 fog axʌ̃      
133 rain kwiɛ      
135 lightning çĩmĩãᵑgatɛ      
136 wind kwãⁿdɛ      
137 to blow word info çĩ a.    
137 to blow word info ʃuɛ b.    
137 to blow word info ᶮɟɛ a.    
138 warm word info mɛ̃ᵑgi      
141 wet pĩᵐba      
145 smoke word info ᶮɟɤ:      
153 big kaxɛ̃ Used for people and things that are big, or for quantities that are big    
156 thin word info mwariri      
158 narrow kurupi      
159 wide çã:      
161 shy, ashamed cara      
163 new afʌ̃ⁿdʌ Something new that comes from the outside word not endemic ('a stranger' for instance)    
163 new mata (1) Something new, mostly vegetables, like a new tree, a young coconut, etc    
172 to climb word info père a.    
174 in, inside ʃu:      
174 in, inside xu:      
175 above rɔxũ      
175 above tɔxũ      
176 below kerexwã      
176 below pwa      
177 this a Used before the head noun    
178 that a Used after the head noun    
181 where? word info i      
183 thou      
184 he/she ɛ      
185 we word info ĩrĩ Independent pronoun    
185 we word info nĩ: Independent pronoun    
185 we word info rĩ Objet or possessive pronoun, incl.    
185 we word info ŋɛ̃: excl.    
186 you wĩrĩ      
188 what? word info ᶮɟɛ      
188 what? word info ᶮɟɔ:pɛ      
189 who? word info ja:      
189 who? word info ja:pɛ      
189 who? word info ja:mũ Used for more respectful way of adressing    
190 other wɛi Appears to be used for anaphoric purposes    
190 other Used before a noun (i.e is the more general word for 'other')    
190 other ʃɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
190 other xɛ̃ Means 'other side'    
191 all xɛ̃:ⁿdi      
191 all xɛ̃vaⁿdi      
193 if ⁿdɔumɛ      
193 if ⁿdɔ:mɛ      
194 how? word info nɛ̃ĩ Interrogative pronoun    
194 how? word info xai      
195 no, not çi: Provides a negative polarity to a sentence    
195 no, not çiɛ 'no'    
197 One word info ʃa:      
198 Two word info ᵐba:ru      
199 Three word info ᵐbaʃe:      
200 Four word info kɛ̃rɛ̃fɨɛ      
201 Five word info kɛ̃rɛ̃nɨ̃rɨ̃      
201 Five word info ʃã:ʃɛ̃xɛ̃      
206 Ten word info ⁿduʃɛ̃:xɛ̃      
207 Twenty word info xɛ̃ ʃa: kãmũrũ      
210 One Thousand word info ᵐba      
7 to come mɛ̃   1  
12 skin kʌ̃   1  
18 breast ᶮɟi   1  
41 to bite kɛkɛ   1  
97 bird mʌ̃rʌ̃   1  
108 louse word info kɨtɨ   1  
140 dry word info mʌtʌ a. 1  
140 dry word info famʌtʌ b. 1  
167 night mɔ̃   1  
170 when? word info anĩ:   1  
196 to count fãrã   1  
76 to live, be alive muru   1, 76  
182 I nã   1, 22?  
149 red mĩã   1, 55  
187 they ri   1, 70  
165 bad, evil ça:   1, 99  
134 thunder netɔ   100  
147 black ŋɨ̃nɨ̃   105  
179 near nũᵐbɔ   109  
148 white pwãrã   11  
141 wet meɔ   113  
112 rotten word info mũⁿda   119  
131 cloud word info   12  
179 near tiçɛ̃   121  
179 near tixɛ̃   121  
54 man/male xɔtɔ   122  
153 big çe Can be used as a verb with a similar meaning 125  
139 cold word info xɨpɛ   133  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nexʌ̃   139  
32 tongue kurumɛ   14, 7  
152 small wɛrɛ   143  
162 old word info ᵐbɛ̃:rĩ   16  
163 new ⁿdɔpɔ: Tends to mean 'for the first time' 18  
155 long word info mwa:   19?, 106  
173 at wã Used for instance in sentences like 'he is angry at his wife' 1?  
192 and mɛ̃   2  
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 20?  
3 right çɛ̃ⁿdɛnũrũ Means 'right' or 'right handed' 23  
1 hand xɛ̃   33  
4 leg/foot pa   33  
154 short word info xũᵐbwɛ Used as a general term for short without any distinction between height and length features of objects 34  
169 year xwãⁿda   34  
49 to lie down word info mɛtɨ   37  
2 left çɛ̃ⁿdɛja: Means 'left', or 'left handed' 39  
37 to eat ⁿda   39  
159 wide ⁿdara: The distinction between those two words seems to be related to syntactic purposes as well 39  
184 he/she   40  
77 to scratch word info kɔu   44  
151 green kɔ̃ⁿdɔ   44  
143 fire   46  
160 painful, sick pai:   51  
164 good xɔru   55  
168 day ⁿda:   6  
158 narrow gwãkʌ̃ The distinction between those three words seems to be related to syntactic purposes 62  
158 narrow kʌ̃   62  
171 to hide word info kɔ:   65  
142 heavy mɛ̃çe:   67  
172 to climb word info petoa b. 'to climb, go above something' 68  
173 at Prepositions used for event without motion (for instance 'he is at the beach') 6?  
157 thick word info ʃãᵐba   70  
9 to swim xɛ̃   86  
111 fish nɔ̃   9  
150 yellow kɛ̃rɛ̃nãwã   90  
146 ash xatɛ   94  
166 correct, true ⁿdɔ   94  
180 far mwa:   96  

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