: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Pije (mountain)

Source/Author:  HAUDRICOURT A-G. & OZANNE-RIVIERE Françoise, 1982 
Notes:  The lexical data used here come from the book writen by two linguists : Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE and André-Georges HAUDRICOURT, Dictionnaire thématique des langues de la région de Hienghène (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : PIJE – FWÂI – NEMI – JAWE (published in 1982).
This book presents a thematic lexicon and a phonological comparaison of four languages, based on several fieldworks made by André-Georges HAUDRICOURT (in 1959) and Françoise OZANNE-RIVIERRE (1973, 1976, 1978).
The lexicon is translating french words into those four targeted languages. They are spoken on the north-west side of the Grande Terre island in New Caledonia 
Problems:  Data entry methodology remarks :
- The words with the more general meaning have been entered.
- When possible, only the lexical roots have been entered here (those roots are presented by the authors).
- When several lexical items are corresponding to a word in the list, the phonological words have been retained before anything else.
Note that there are no comments from the authors on how frequent each word is, when they are all refering to the same notion.
Note as well that there are no comments on borrowings.
- When several lexical items, with no general meaning, correspond to a word in the list, those meaning have been noted in the comments
- The phonetic alphabet used by the authors is partially different from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) used here ; since the consonnant and vowel systems for PIJE are presented by the authors, we have been able to transcribe according to the IPA the following sounds :
[s] : [ç]
[y] : [ʝ]

Data entry general remarks :

- When the lexical item entered is a affixe, it starts or end with a dash.
- If a lexical item is resulting of a lexicalized composition or derivation, the construction resulting in a word is noted by a dash (for instance  pun-ⁿga, ‘hair-of the head’). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David VUILLAUME-PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:North:Nemi  
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

Showing all of 44 entries


ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
50 to dream      
70 to shoot word info      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
118 grass      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
177 this -ⁿda      
108 louse word info b. ci:k      
172 to climb word info b. ʝoβa-ta Used as 'climbing to a tree'    
96 dog capwek      
81 sharp cec      
12 skin ci:      
86 to grow word info cim      
89 to hold word info cimwi      
181 where? word info eβe Without movement    
7 to come ha-me      
198 Two word info haluk      
203 Seven word info hamen haluk      
202 Six word info hamen he:c      
204 Eight word info hamen hien      
205 Nine word info hamen hoβac      
56 child hawak      
197 One word info he:c      
207 Twenty word info he:kahʝuk Litteraly : 'one man'    
144 to burn word info het      
1 hand hi      
113 branch word info hi-n ce:k May be litteraly translated by 'arm of the tree'    
100 wing hi-n manik 'bird's arm'    
199 Three word info hien      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hina      
87 to swell word info hiⁿguk Used as an adjective    
103 meat/flesh hmoβe- Those words are not the lexical root, but the possesse form to which a suffixe or a noun refering to the possessor is attached ('meat of')    
145 smoke word info hmu      
11 dust hmu:n-ⁿguc      
4 leg/foot ho      
49 to lie down word info ho:k      
180 far ho:t      
16 intestines ho:thã      
42 to suck holi The meaning of those words is 'to eat by sucking a sugar canna'    
200 Four word info hoβac      
148 white hulo      
154 short word info humwa a.    
153 big hun      
30 mouth hwa      
38 to chew word info hwai b. 'To chew some bark or magnania'    
152 small hwatin      
27 nose hwãⁿdi      
194 how? word info hwaᵐbe:      
37 to eat hwi-aman      
41 to bite hwi: 'To bite in order to eat some meat'    
112 rotten word info hɲat   118  
195 no, not hʝa Negative polarity sentence marker    
195 no, not hʝai Negative polarity sentence marker    
5 to walk hʝathok      
90 to dig hʝaβi Means 'to dig', 'to havest (yam)'    
34 to cry hʝe      
123 to flow hʝe      
67 to sew word info hʝo:i      
9 to swim hʝo:m To swim at the surface the head above the water    
137 to blow word info iβu b    
161 shy, ashamed ka-hwo:ŋ      
74 to kill ka:i      
72 to hit word info ka:i Means 'to hit/strike/kill' without any other specification    
163 new kaca      
53 person/human being kahʝuk 'man, male'    
54 man/male kahʝuk      
159 wide kalapa      
46 to see kali      
57 husband kalo:      
150 yellow kari      
17 liver kec      
138 warm word info khiut      
48 to sleep khõhule:ŋ      
40 to drink khũⁿdi To drink something cold    
40 to drink khũⁿduk To drink something cold    
164 good koha Referring to 'good feelings or morality' Referring to 'something (food) that taste good'    
195 no, not koi As a reply meaning no    
121 sand kon      
127 woods/forest kuc      
133 rain kut      
23 blood kuta      
32 tongue kuβehma      
192 and ma      
75 to die, be dead mac      
168 day mala      
97 bird manik      
140 dry word info maʝuk Means 'dry as a river or a fruit'    
149 red maⁿgat      
135 lightning miano:t      
2 left mo      
76 to live, be alive motip      
141 wet moⁿguk      
109 mosquito na:ⁿguk      
185 we word info nai incl.    
185 we word info naᵐbe excl.    
173 at ne      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
164 good nehʝa      
9 to swim nem To swim under water    
82 dull, blunt neɲ      
205 Nine word info ni-ᵐboβac      
203 Seven word info ni-ᵐbwaluk      
202 Six word info ni-ᵐbwe:c      
204 Eight word info ni-ᵐbwien      
201 Five word info nim      
209 One Hundred word info nim kahʝuk Litteraly : 'five men'    
22 to fear nimwa      
134 thunder niuk      
25 neck no:      
111 fish nuk      
47 to yawn ohaem      
31 tooth pae-hwa      
120 stone paik      
206 Ten word info paiⁿdu      
39 to cook word info pata:k a.    
64 to say pe:i      
116 flower phũ:      
129 moon phwẽ      
151 green phũɲ      
28 to breathe po-hʝe:n hnahna      
83 to work word info po-poka      
19 shoulder pue-hi      
100 wing pun-hi Seems to be used for possessive contruction where the possessor is expressed by a pronoun (for instance : pun-hi means 'her/his wing')    
99 feather pun-manik Means 'bird's fur'    
26 hair word info pun-ⁿga      
99 feather puni Seems to be used for possessive construction where the possessor is expressed by a pronoun (for instance : puni-n means 'her/his feather')    
117 fruit pwa      
193 if pwane      
175 above ta French translation : 'en haut'    
171 to hide word info ta-khẽⁿdua      
93 to pound, beat word info ta:-ᵐbi: 'To crush something (like coffee) with the foot'    
165 bad, evil ta:c      
60 father tama      
84 to plant tami      
92 to open, uncover taphĩ      
51 to sit taⁿgo      
44 to hear tena      
156 thin word info tetep      
66 to tie up, fasten tha:      
94 to throw word info thai      
137 to blow word info thai a    
85 to choose thamwi      
130 star thanik      
59 mother thã      
45 eye thãma:      
157 thick word info thaᵐbo      
78 to cut, hack word info the-ⁿgane      
142 heavy the:c      
8 to turn word info thewe      
101 to fly thẽ:n      
88 to squeeze word info theᵐbile      
18 breast thi   1  
80 to split word info thiu The translation given in the source lexicon is an intransitive verb (in french 'se séparer'). Its use is illustrated in the following example : 'those people are split in two parties'    
105 tail thiⁿga      
53 person/human being tho:mwa 'woman, female'    
55 woman/female tho:mwa      
58 wife tho:mwa      
91 to buy thu:      
189 who? word info thu:      
189 who? word info thu:ⁿde      
174 in, inside thẽ      
170 when? word info thẽ:t      
176 below tip French translation : 'en bas'    
95 to fall word info tipwa      
93 to pound, beat word info to-ᵐbi: To crush something (like coffee) with the hand'    
169 year tok      
52 to stand tu:t      
35 to vomit ũⁿda      
158 narrow uᵐbac      
115 root wa:      
122 water word info we      
65 rope wõk There are a lot of lexical items for the notion rope (part of rope, rope for a specific purpose, rope made up by a special material, etc) The word retained here is the less specific, meaning 'rope' as well as 'liana'    
139 cold word info xim      
132 fog ça:hmat      
110 spider çahʝo:k      
6 road/path çẽ:ⁿdan      
102 rat çi:ᵐbwi      
36 to spit çuhma      
61 house ŋa      
33 to laugh ŋa:n      
179 near ŋeŋeno      
77 to scratch word info ɟawi      
184 he/she ɲa      
21 to think ɲiⁿgi      
160 painful, sick ɸali:c      
40 to drink ɸalo To drink something hot    
40 to drink ɸaloi To drink something hot    
98 egg ɸi      
147 black ɸi:ŋ      
196 to count ɸine      
143 fire ʝa:k      
63 name ʝat      
140 dry word info ʝaᵐbwat Means 'dry as clothes'    
187 they ʝele      
182 I ʝo      
162 old word info βahi      
69 to hunt word info βaβi      
181 where? word info βe With movement    
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐbet      
79 stick/wood ᵐbwaleⁿɟa      
188 what? word info ⁿda   1  
136 wind ⁿda:n      
13 back word info ⁿdai      
124 sea ⁿdalik Means 'salty water'    
125 salt ⁿdalik      
126 lake ⁿdan      
146 ash ⁿdap   1  
186 you ⁿdawe      
128 sky ⁿdawec      
114 leaf ⁿdo      
183 thou ⁿdo      
15 bone ⁿdu      
68 needle ⁿdu-ᵐbwek      
71 to stab, pierce ⁿdua      
3 right ⁿduhi      
166 correct, true ⁿdukhẽⁿduk      
24 head ⁿga      
155 long word info ⁿgahlia      
62 thatch/roof ⁿgan-ŋa      
10 dirty ⁿge:k      
167 night ⁿgen      
29 to sniff, smell ⁿgoni      
119 earth/soil ⁿguc      
73 to steal ⁿgune      
43 ear ⁿɟe:na      
14 belly ⁿɟic      

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