https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna-Aniwa

Source/Author:  Kenneth Fakamuri, POLLEX 2002 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
62 thatch/roof      
202 Six word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand rima   1, 64  
2 left masui   1, 59, 74  
3 right matau   5, 13  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
6 road/path retu      
7 to come hmai [ṃai]   1  
9 to swim kaukau   5  
11 dust baku   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
13 back word info bua   62  
14 belly shinae [ʃinae]   19, 34  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines hgavava [ŋ̥avave]   11  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast u   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa   13  
21 to think manatunea   9  
22 to fear mataku   1  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head uru   1  
25 neck kaupenaua   21, 18  
26 hair word info fufuru-uru   31  
27 nose isu   1  
28 to breathe hmava [ṃava]   1  
29 to sniff, smell namuia   41  
30 mouth fafa   1  
31 tooth nifo   1  
32 tongue rero   15  
33 to laugh kata   7  
34 to cry tangi   1  
35 to vomit hlua [ḷua]   8  
36 to spit savari   18  
37 to eat kai   1, 47  
38 to chew word info maia   1?  
39 to cook word info hkavi   2  
39 to cook word info htunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite mangushia [maŋuʃia]   9  
42 to suck umia   12  
43 ear taringa   1  
44 to hear rangona   1, 83  
45 eye feimata   1  
46 to see safea      
48 to sleep moeroa   10, 109  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream mishi [miʃi]   36  
51 to sit buku   122?  
52 to stand tu   2  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66, 97  
54 man/male tane   1, 11  
55 woman/female [fʰine]   1, 41  
56 child tama   6  
57 husband tangata   23  
58 wife [fʰine]   5, 89  
59 mother shinana   1  
60 father tamana   1  
61 house fare   14  
63 name ingoa   6  
64 to say tukua   27  
65 rope vava   74  
66 to tie up, fasten rishia      
67 to sew word info sukia   17  
69 to hunt word info hmoshi [mcʃi]      
70 to shoot word info fania   1  
71 to stab, pierce sukia   1, 8  
73 to steal ʃiŋo      
74 to kill jia ka mate   2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive mouri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info arashia   10  
78 to cut, hack word info saua      
79 stick/wood ranea      
80 to split word info fasia   4  
81 sharp [ṃtakai]   14, 16  
82 dull, blunt [ṃtapuni]   39, 49  
83 to work word info fishikai   26  
84 to plant hpura [pʰura]      
85 to choose tusia      
87 to swell word info hfura[fʰura]   7  
88 to squeeze word info kumkumia   14  
89 to hold word info kumia   1, 85  
90 to dig keria   1  
91 to buy takamata   43  
92 to open, uncover atongia      
93 to pound, beat word info tuhtukia   20, 2  
94 to throw word info shiri   9  
95 to fall word info takaifo      
96 dog kuli   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg vahvaka   9  
99 feather furu [furu]   1  
100 wing pahkau   1, 59  
101 to fly rere   11  
102 rat kimoa   14  
103 meat/flesh hkano [kʰano]   14  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
105 tail suku   13  
106 snake ngata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) nufekere   9  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito namo   1  
110 spider toutouafare   5  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info purau   15  
113 branch word info -ra   1  
114 leaf -rau   1  
115 root -akai   2  
116 flower -se   9  
117 fruit -fua   1  
118 grass ngafari   1  
119 earth/soil kere   10  
120 stone fātu   1  
121 sand hngaone[ŋ̥aone]   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tafe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
128 sky rangi   1  
129 moon [ṃrama]   7  
130 star fatū   1  
131 cloud word info boa   67  
132 fog kofu   1, 47  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder vahshiri   14  
135 lightning tapeia   13?  
136 wind [ṃtangi]   1, 66  
137 to blow word info hsau [sʰau]   12  
137 to blow word info ifia   5  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
139 cold word info makahlingi   1, 53  
140 dry word info matu   66  
141 wet hnupu [n̥upu]      
142 heavy hmafa [ṃafa]   46  
143 fire afi   1  
144 to burn word info tungia   1, 7  
145 smoke word info ausafi   2  
146 ash magarafu   67, 60  
147 black uri   7  
148 white hkengo [kʰeŋa]   10  
149 red hmea [ṃea]   1  
150 yellow raunea hleu [ḷeu]      
151 green raunea mahmata   1, 12  
152 small sisi   141  
153 big sore      
154 short word info hpoto [pʰoto]   9  
155 long word info hpalo [pʰalo]   72  
156 thin word info mafinfini   1  
157 thick word info matoru   3  
158 narrow hkapi [kʰapi]   1  
159 wide hlafa [ḷafa]   48  
160 painful, sick maki   1  
161 shy, ashamed hma [ṃa]   1  
162 old word info takausore      
163 new fou   1  
164 good rufie   92  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
166 correct, true nomari   106?  
167 night bo   1  
168 day ao   1, 54  
169 year tau   1  
170 when? word info afia   5  
171 to hide word info hmuni [ṃuni]   1, 67  
172 to climb word info kʰava      
172 to climb word info fishi   6  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside weitakoro      
175 above weihlunga   9  
176 below weiraro   8  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
178 that tena   1  
179 near tata   9  
180 far hpai [pʰai]   43  
181 where? word info wafe   3, 35  
182 I avau   1, 21, 18  
183 thou akoe   1  
184 he/she aia   1  
185 we word info kìmaua   2, 29  
188 what? word info taha   1  
189 who? word info akai   1  
190 other teiai   7?  
191 all kireoʃi   60?  
192 and ma   2  
193 if pe   28  
194 how? word info pekua   11, 52  
195 no, not shikai   10, 83  
196 to count taua   8  
197 One word info tasi   41  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info hfa [fʰa]   1, 66  
19 shoulder pahkau "h" is unexpected - JCM 22  
10 dirty uriuri 'dark' form cognate with 114, but not same semantic value -MW    
165 bad, evil saa Bad 1  
161 shy, ashamed hma Be ashamed, embarassed (Dty) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Be severed, cut, broke (Dty) 54, 14  
14 belly manava Belly 9  
16 intestines jinae Belly, abdomen, stomach 1  
176 below raro Below, underneath, down (Dty) 8  
153 big efa Big (Ply) 13  
15 bone iui Bone (ANI) (Dty) 52, 5  
70 to shoot word info fana Bow, shoot 1  
80 to split word info tapasi/a Break, split; separate 4  
28 to breathe manava Breathe rapidly (as with fright) (Dty) 1  
159 wide xlafa Broad, wide 48  
149 red mea Brown, red 1  
144 to burn word info tuŋ/tuŋia/ Burn many things 1, 7  
144 to burn word info tugi/a Burn, ignite, roast (Dty) 1, 7  
139 cold word info makaligi Cold 1, 53  
39 to cook word info tao Cook in earth oven 10  
72 to hit word info jia [ǰia] could be palatalised *ta - jcm    
196 to count tau/a Count, add, read (Dty) 8  
34 to cry tagi Cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tu/ia Cut away, cut off 17  
78 to cut, hack word info sere Cut, circumcise 16  
167 night po Dark, darkness, night (Dty) 1  
90 to dig keri/a Dig 1  
185 we word info kìtaua dl 1, 29  
186 you korua dl x  
187 they kiraua dl x  
50 to dream miji Dream (Dty) 36  
37 to eat keina Eat (Trans.) 1, 47  
45 eye mata Eye 1  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
185 we word info a/kita/ua First person inclusive dual pronoun (Dty) 1, 29  
185 we word info a/kita/tou First person inclusive plural pronoun (Dty) 1, 39  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower se Flower (Dty) 9  
37 to eat kai kai Food, eat (Dty) 1, 47  
200 Four word info fa Four (Cpl) 1, 66  
14 belly alo Front, chest 10  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Dty 1  
172 to climb word info fiji Go up, ascend (Dty) 6  
151 green moto Green, bitter, unripe (Dty) 1, 10  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
26 hair word info ra-uru Hair of head 40  
26 hair word info furu Hair, fur, feathers (Dty) 31  
142 heavy mafa Heavy 46  
72 to hit word info tuki Hit, poke, punch (Dty) 8  
182 I au I, me (Dty) 1, 21  
174 in, inside i In, at, on x  
16 intestines vava Intestines 11  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi Kiss 9  
68 needle nil L from English   L
125 salt sol L from English   L
127 woods/forest ngamotu hmara [ṃara] L from Namakura or Nakanamanga 18 L
146 ash namuhlanga L from SVan Lgs   L
114 leaf rau Leaf (Dty) 1  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
53 person/human being tafata Man, person, human being (Dty) 1, 66  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother tsinana Mother 1  
59 mother nana Mother (vocative) 1, 83  
63 name e/igoa Name (Dty) 6  
68 needle sik/up Needle for sewing nets (Dty) 9  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 44, 66  
58 wife nofune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
58 wife nafune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
160 painful, sick hmae Pain (Dty) 10  
71 to stab, pierce suki/a Pierce, stab, sew (Dty) 1, 8  
19 shoulder pakau Polelx 06: Pakau. :Wing, shoulder (Dty). 22  
146 ash efu Pollex 06: Efu. :Ashes. 1  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, fur, feathers (Dty). 1  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
129 moon mrama Pollex 06: Mrama. :Moon, month. 7  
81 sharp mta/kai Pollex 06: Mta/kai. :Sharp (Cpl). 14, 16  
191 all otshi Pollex 06: Otshi. :All. 60  
10 dirty paku Pollex 06: Paku. :Dirty; a blot (Cpl). 37  
25 neck penaaua Pollex 06: Penaaua. :Neck. 21, 18  
8 to turn word info tafuri Pollex 06: Tafuri. :To turn (Dty). 15  
64 to say tuku/a Pollex 06: Tuku/a. :Say, tell. 27  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
65 rope taura Rope (Cpl) 9  
112 rotten word info popo Rotted (Dty) 14  
112 rotten word info para Rotten; to decay 13  
123 to flow sari/a Run, flow (Dty) 24  
121 sand one Sand 1  
77 to scratch word info arajia Scratch, engrave, claw (Dty) 10  
183 thou -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty) 1  
186 you -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty), Second person dual pronoun, you (Dty), Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) s  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 1  
152 small poto Short x  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
154 short word info saka Short, short of stature (Dty) 10  
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
128 sky ragi Sky, heaven (Dty) 1  
72 to hit word info paki Slap, strike with the open hand (Dty) 6  
145 smoke word info au Smoke (Dty) 2  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, correct (Dty) 8  
42 to suck umi/a Suck, to nurse (Dty) 12  
87 to swell word info fura Swell (of a sore) 7  
9 to swim kau Swim (Dty) 5  
105 tail siku Tail, tail end (Dty) 13  
206 Ten word info -gafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 32  
206 Ten word info t/agafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info tar/agafuru/ Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
21 to think manatu/nea Think, meditate, understand (Dty) 9  
184 he/she -ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
94 to throw word info tsiri Throw 9  
134 thunder vehjiri Thunder (Dty) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten fau/sia To bind (Dty) 11  
137 to blow word info ifi/a To blow (Dty) 5  
136 wind sau To blow (of wind); sound of wind 10  
140 dry word info masa To dry up, evaporate completely (Dty) 11  
86 to grow word info somo To grow of plants 7  
131 cloud word info tih/tea To shine after rain (of sun) (Dty) 13  
36 to spit saavari-a To spit, spittle (Dty) 18  
67 to sew word info tui To thread, string something (Dty) 13, 16  
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1, 4  
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
35 to vomit h/lua/ vomit (Dty) 8  
160 painful, sick are/ki Weak, sick (Dty) 1?  
141 wet su Wet (Dty) 11  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
188 what? word info ha What? (Dty) 1  
181 where? word info ua/fe Where? (Dty) 3, 35  
148 white tea White 8  
136 wind matagi Wind (Dty) 1, 66  
100 wing pakau Wing, shoulder (Dty) 1, 59  
58 wife fine Woman, girl, female, wife (Dty) 5, 89  
55 woman/female fafine Women 1, 106  
47 to yawn (h)mava Yawn, pull in breath (Dty) 19, 39  
150 yellow fero Yellow (Dty) 11  
126 lake namo [=small pool] 7  

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