https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tikopia

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above luga. ruga Top 9  
191 all katoa All, every, whole 13  
192 and ma And, with, from, for (Fth) 2  
192 and mo And (poetic form of ma) (Fth) 9  
146 ash refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 67  
173 at i at 1  
13 back word info tua Back, of person or animal; outer side (Fth) 11  
165 bad, evil pariki bad    
14 belly kona Area of belly below navel (Fth) 8  
14 belly manava Belly, stomach (Fth) 9  
14 belly aro/aro Belly 10  
176 below raro Down, below; the sun goes down; softly, quietly (Fth) 8  
153 big lasi Big, great, tall, many B. (Fth) [<] 12 L
97 bird manu Creature, ranging from mammal to arthropod; especially including birds (Fth) 1  
147 black uri Dark colour, ranging from black to dark blue ordark green (Fth) 7  
23 blood toto Blood, blood-red; sap of plants and trees (Fth) 4  
15 bone ivi Bone (Fth) 52, 5  
113 branch word info raa Stem, twig, minor branch of tree (Fth) 1  
113 branch word info rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1, 4  
18 breast uu Breast of a man or woman; suck at breast (Fth) 1  
56 child tamariki Child, children (Fth) 6, 63  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud generally, but especially cirrus cloud (Fth) 12  
139 cold word info makariri Cold (Fth) 1, 52  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, right, correct 8  
168 day ao Daylight (Fth) 1, 54  
168 day aso Day, as time span (Fth) 1, 54  
10 dirty kela Dirty (Fth) B.) [<] 10 L
10 dirty kere/kere Muddy, dirty (Fth) 10  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
140 dry word info masa Empty, dry, of container of liquid; low, out, of tide (Fth) 11  
140 dry word info maroo Dry (of vegetation), hence dead, parched (Fth) 13  
82 dull, blunt paku Blunt (Fth) [<] 61 L
11 dust refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 1, 68  
43 ear taringa Ear, lug, projection from timber etc. (Fth) 1  
119 earth/soil kere Earth; ritual uncleanness (Fth) 10  
98 egg fuei egg 5  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight (Fth). 3  
45 eye mata eye 1  
180 far mamao Distant (Drd) 13  
180 far mao Far, at a distance (Fth) 13  
104 fat/grease sinu Oil, cooked coconut cream 12  
60 father tama/na Father (Fth) 1  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, feathers (Fth). 1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire afi Fire, firebrand, glowing coal, torch (Fth) 1  
111 fish ika Fish, including turtle and cetaceans (Fth) 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand, arm, wrist (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower see Flower, blossom, ear-ornament (Wms) 9  
132 fog nefu Pollex 06: Nefu. :Mist, fog. 22  
200 Four word info faa Four (Fth) 1, 66  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Fth) 1  
164 good tau/rekareka/ Fine, splendid, handsome, beautiful (Fth) 14  
118 grass mauku Grass, many types, used as mulch for taro (Fth) 58  
151 green mata green 1  
151 green kefu green 9  
26 hair word info furu Hair, feathers (Fth) 31  
26 hair word info rauuru Hair of the head 40  
1 hand rima Five; hand, arm, wrist (Fth) 1  
184 he/she ia He, she, it (Fth) 1  
24 head poko/uru Head of human being (Fth) 10, 62  
142 heavy mafa Heavy, weighty (Fth) 46  
61 house paito House    
61 house fare Hut 14  
194 how? word info fefea How? (Fth) [<] 11 L
57 husband      
182 I au I (poetic form) (Fth) 1, 21  
182 I kau First person singular pronoun, short form (Fth) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular (possessive) x  
193 if ka Pollex 06: <Ka. :If (Fth). 1  
174 in, inside i In, on, from (Fth) x  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lake 5  
16 intestines ngakau Interior of mouth, throat, gullet; guts (Fth) 12  
126 lake roto Pollex 06: Roto. :Lake. 6  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Fth) 1  
2 left sema Left-handed; left hand (Fth) 11  
4 leg/foot vae Leg, foot; boot, shoe (Fth) 1, 100  
135 lightning uira Sheet lightning; summer lightning (Fth) 2  
17 liver ate Liver of man and other creatures (Fth) 1  
155 long word info roa Long 12  
155 long word info loa Long (poetic) (Fth) [<] 12 L
108 louse word info kutu Head louse (Fth) 1  
54 man/male taane Male (Rare) (Fth) 1, 11  
103 meat/flesh kanofi meat/flesh 14  
129 moon marama Pollex 06: Marama. :Moon, lunar month (Fth). 7  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother nana Mother, aunt 1, 83  
59 mother nau Mother, spouses's aunt, son's wife 7  
59 mother tinana Mother (Fth) 1  
30 mouth ngutu Mouth 2  
63 name igoa Name, namesake (Fth) 6  
158 narrow komo Pollex 06: Komo. :Narrow. 10  
179 near piri Pollex 06: Piri. :Near, close (of time and space) (Fth). 30  
25 neck ua Neck, throat (external) (Fth) 18  
68 needle sau Large needle of traditional type (Fth) 1  
68 needle sika Net-needle (Fth) 9  
163 new fou New, modern, fresh (Fth) 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
205 Nine word info siva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
195 no, not siei no 10, 84  
27 nose isu Nose, beak, pointed end, tip (Fth) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (person) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (thing) 1  
197 One word info tasi One 41  
209 One Hundred word info rau Ten or hundred according to items counted (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, any large number (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
190 other      
160 painful, sick ngaengae Pollex 06: Ngaengae. :Sick (Fth). 10  
53 person/human being tangata Human being, person; man, male, adult male (Fth) 1, 66, 97  
133 rain ua Rain (Fth) 1  
102 rat kiore Rat (Arch.) (Fth) 12  
102 rat kumari Rat (one informant only) (Fth) [<] 13 L
149 red mea Reddish, pink, especially of vegetation (Fth) 1  
149 red mero Red 1, 16  
3 right matau Right-hand (Fth) 5, 13  
6 road/path ara Path, way (Fth) 1  
115 root vaiaka root 2  
65 rope maea Rope, line 10  
112 rotten word info para Rotten 13  
112 rotten word info kuu Rotten (Fth) 86  
125 salt      
121 sand one Sand (Fth) 1  
124 sea moana Sea, especially deep sea; ocean (Fth) 10  
124 sea tai Sea, near the shore 1  
124 sea vasa Space, ocean space (Fth) 12 L?
203 Seven word info whitu Seven (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp mata/kai/ Sharp (of blade, of claw) (Fth) 14, 16  
154 short word info pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 3  
19 shoulder kapakau Pollex 06: Kapakau. :Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth). 22  
161 shy, ashamed koro Hesitate, be shy (Fth)@ [<]   L
161 shy, ashamed faka/maa/ Be ashamed, embarassed, shy (Fth) 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Fth) 1  
12 skin kiri Skin, bark (Fth) 1  
128 sky ragi Sky, heavens (Fth) 1  
152 small faa/iti/ Compact 121  
152 small riki Small, little (Fth) 66  
152 small liki/liki Small, tiny (Fth) [<] 66 L
152 small pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 12  
145 smoke word info ausiafi (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke 2  
145 smoke word info au/siafi Smoke (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi Smoke 2  
145 smoke word info kofu Emit smoke, to foam, create spray (Fth) 13  
106 snake ŋau snake 12  
110 spider      
130 star fetuu Star, constellation (Fth) 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1  
120 stone fatu Stone, rock (Fth) 1  
105 tail sikusiku tail 13  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info angafuru Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
178 that na Pollex 06: Na. :There, that (Fth). 1  
62 thatch/roof rautau thatch 55, 23  
187 they raua they (3du) x  
187 they ratou they (3pl) 1, 72  
157 thick word info maatoru Broad, thick (Fth) 3  
156 thin word info nifi/nifi Pollex 06: Nifi/nifi. :Thin (Fth). 1  
177 this nei Pollex 06: Nei. :This, here (Fth). 1  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 5  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
134 thunder fatitiri Thunder 14  
134 thunder mana   37  
41 to bite ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 7  
41 to bite kati Bite into (Fth) 1, 55  
41 to bite uti Bite, sting (Fth) 9  
41 to bite uuti Bite 9  
137 to blow word info angi To blow (Fth) 8  
28 to breathe maanava Breath 1  
144 to burn word info tafu Set on fire 8  
144 to burn word info tutu Kindle, set light to; heat (Fth) 6  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 8  
85 to choose firi Select (Fth) 1  
172 to climb word info kake Climb, ascend, come up into (Fth) 32  
7 to come au Come, enter 44  
39 to cook word info tao Bake food (Fth) 10  
196 to count rau Enumerate, count, go through items on a list (Fth) 8, 62  
196 to count tau Count, reckon, measure (Fth) 8  
34 to cry tangi Cry, wail, sing mourning song (Fth) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info fasi/a Chop down a tree as low as possible (Fth) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut into pieces 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, as with sawing motion of a knife (Fth) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info sere To cut; a cut (e.g. of fish) (Fth) 16  
78 to cut, hack word info tuu   17  
75 to die, be dead mate To die, lose consciousness, be extinguished (Fth) 1  
90 to dig keri To dig (Fth) 1  
50 to dream miti To dream (Fth) 36  
40 to drink inu Drink (Fth) 1  
37 to eat kai Food, eat (Fth) 1, 44  
95 to fall word info singa Slip, fall (Fth) 44  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, frightened, fear, fright (Fth) 1  
123 to flow ranu Pollex 06: Ranu. :Flow, of water (Fth).    
101 to fly rere Run, fly, rush (Fth) 11  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
44 to hear rogo Hear, listen, feel; news; good name (Fth) 1  
171 to hide word info funa Pollex 06: Funa. :Hide. 1, 16  
72 to hit word info paa Hit, strike, crash, explode (Fth) 13  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat with a stick, slash with a rope; flick (Fth) 12  
72 to hit word info taa Strike, hit (Fth) 10  
72 to hit word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 8  
89 to hold word info fesu Clutch, grasp firmly, make fast (Fth)    
89 to hold word info kuku Clinch, close the hand 12  
89 to hold word info puke Grip, grasp, hold (Fth) 13  
89 to hold word info sapo Grab (Fth) 15  
69 to hunt word info turi hunt 8  
69 to hunt word info fara hunt 28  
74 to kill ta kill 8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa Know, understand, recognise 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa Skilled, adept, knowledgeable (Fth) 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto   15  
33 to laugh kata Laugh (Fth) 7  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 6  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, alive 6  
92 to open, uncover afaafa Wide, especially of a gap (Fth) 9  
84 to plant too To plant (Fth) 4  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 2  
64 to say muna Pollex 06: Muna. :Say, speak, tell.    
77 to scratch word info maŋiso scratch 65  
46 to see kite See, look at, catch sight of (Fth) 1  
46 to see ma/mata/ Watch, gaze, look at 8  
67 to sew word info tui Put on a cord, sew (Fth) 13  
70 to shoot word info fana Shoot; bow, gun (Fth) 1  
51 to sit nofo Sit, stay, dwell, live (Fth) 16  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 10  
29 to sniff, smell songi Smell 9  
36 to spit aanu To spit (Fth) 14, 84, 121  
80 to split word info faa/i To split, cut open, cut lengthwise (Fth) 5  
88 to squeeze word info ku/kumi/ Squeeze, express, press 14  
71 to stab, pierce so/soka Transfix, spear 67  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, spit 1, 8  
52 to stand tuu Stand (Fth) 2  
73 to steal kaia Steal; theft (Fth) 7  
42 to suck miti Suck, sip, make sucking sound, chirrup (Fth) 8  
42 to suck puku Suck    
87 to swell word info fura Swell; swollen belly or other part of body (Fth) 7  
9 to swim kakau Swim (continuous aspect) of man, but not fish (Fth) 5  
9 to swim ka(ka)u To swim, of a person (Fth) 5  
21 to think maanatu Think, call to mind, remember, thought (Fth) 9  
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten fau Tie on, lash (Fth) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, bind round, wrap up (Fth) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten noa Tie, bind, put noose around (Fth) 15  
8 to turn word info pare Turn, divert (Fth) 11  
35 to vomit rua vomit 8  
5 to walk saere Walk, stride, go, travel (Fth) 6  
5 to walk taafau Walk (Fth) 7  
5 to walk tahao Walk (Wms) 7  
83 to work word info ngaua Spend time, energy (as in working hard for a small reward) (Fth) [<] 11 L
83 to work word info sanga Cultivate, especially by a working party (Fth) 10  
47 to yawn mava Yawn (Fth) 19  
32 tongue alelo Tongue (Fth) B. [<] 15 L
31 tooth nifo Tooth, of man or animal (Fth) 1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rua Two; both; double; second; equivalent; substitute (Fth) 1  
138 warm word info mafana Hot (Fth) 1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water, liquid; pool, spring (Fth) 2  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
141 wet sisiu (Fth) 11  
141 wet suu Soaked in water, saturated (Fth) 11  
188 what? word info aa What?, in what condition?, how? (Fth) 1  
170 when? word info afea When? (Fth) 5  
181 where? word info fea Where?, what?, when? (Fth) 3, 35  
148 white kena White, especially pure white; devoid of colour, bright, shining; pale, bleached; flaxen, of hair (Fth) 10  
148 white tea Light-coloured, white, clear (Fth) 8  
189 who? word info ai Who?, whom?, whose? (Fth) 1  
159 wide lafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
159 wide lafalafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
58 wife nofine Wife 5, 66  
136 wind matagi Wind (Fth) 1, 66  
100 wing kapakau Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth) 1, 59  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
55 woman/female fa/fine Woman, female 1, 106  
127 woods/forest uru/ao Woods, natural vegetation (Fth) 15, 14  
127 woods/forest -vao Suffix in words for forest vegetation 14  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year tau Season, period 1  
150 yellow fero Tawny, yellow, brown, brown-red (Fth) 11  
150 yellow senga Yellow, yellowish-red (Fth) 12  
186 you kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 1  
186 you korua thou x  
186 you kotou in poetry and traditional tales (Fth) 16  
186 you kootou Second person dual pronoun, both preposed and independant (Fth) 16  

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