https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tikopia

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
57 husband      
91 to buy      
94 to throw word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
125 salt      
190 other      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
182 I -ku First person singular (possessive) x  
127 woods/forest -vao Suffix in words for forest vegetation 14  
188 what? word info aa What?, in what condition?, how? (Fth) 1  
36 to spit aanu To spit (Fth) 14, 84, 121  
92 to open, uncover afaafa Wide, especially of a gap (Fth) 9  
170 when? word info afea When? (Fth) 5  
143 fire afi Fire, firebrand, glowing coal, torch (Fth) 1  
189 who? word info ai Who?, whom?, whose? (Fth) 1  
32 tongue alelo Tongue (Fth) B. [<] 15 L
206 Ten word info angafuru Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
137 to blow word info angi To blow (Fth) 8  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud generally, but especially cirrus cloud (Fth) 12  
168 day ao Daylight (Fth) 1, 54  
6 road/path ara Path, way (Fth) 1  
14 belly aro/aro Belly 10  
168 day aso Day, as time span (Fth) 1, 54  
17 liver ate Liver of man and other creatures (Fth) 1  
7 to come au Come, enter 44  
145 smoke word info au Smoke 2  
182 I au I (poetic form) (Fth) 1, 21  
145 smoke word info au/siafi Smoke (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi Smoke 2  
55 woman/female fa/fine Woman, female 1, 106  
200 Four word info faa Four (Fth) 1, 66  
80 to split word info faa/i To split, cut open, cut lengthwise (Fth) 5  
152 small faa/iti/ Compact 121  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
161 shy, ashamed faka/maa/ Be ashamed, embarassed, shy (Fth) 1  
70 to shoot word info fana Shoot; bow, gun (Fth) 1  
69 to hunt word info fara hunt 28  
61 house fare Hut 14  
78 to cut, hack word info fasi/a Chop down a tree as low as possible (Fth) 13  
134 thunder fatitiri Thunder 14  
120 stone fatu Stone, rock (Fth) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten fau Tie on, lash (Fth) 11  
181 where? word info fea Where?, what?, when? (Fth) 3, 35  
194 how? word info fefea How? (Fth) [<] 11 L
150 yellow fero Tawny, yellow, brown, brown-red (Fth) 11  
89 to hold word info fesu Clutch, grasp firmly, make fast (Fth)    
130 star fetuu Star, constellation (Fth) 1  
85 to choose firi Select (Fth) 1  
163 new fou New, modern, fresh (Fth) 1  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Fth) 1  
98 egg fuei egg 5  
171 to hide word info funa Pollex 06: Funa. :Hide. 1, 16  
87 to swell word info fura Swell; swollen belly or other part of body (Fth) 7  
26 hair word info furu Hair, feathers (Fth) 31  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, feathers (Fth). 1  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
173 at i at 1  
174 in, inside i In, on, from (Fth) x  
184 he/she ia He, she, it (Fth) 1  
63 name igoa Name, namesake (Fth) 6  
111 fish ika Fish, including turtle and cetaceans (Fth) 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa Skilled, adept, knowledgeable (Fth) 13  
40 to drink inu Drink (Fth) 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa Know, understand, recognise 13  
27 nose isu Nose, beak, pointed end, tip (Fth) 1  
15 bone ivi Bone (Fth) 52, 5  
193 if ka Pollex 06: <Ka. :If (Fth). 1  
9 to swim ka(ka)u To swim, of a person (Fth) 5  
37 to eat kai Food, eat (Fth) 1, 44  
73 to steal kaia Steal; theft (Fth) 7  
9 to swim kakau Swim (continuous aspect) of man, but not fish (Fth) 5  
172 to climb word info kake Climb, ascend, come up into (Fth) 32  
103 meat/flesh kanofi meat/flesh 14  
19 shoulder kapakau Pollex 06: Kapakau. :Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth). 22  
100 wing kapakau Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth) 1, 59  
33 to laugh kata Laugh (Fth) 7  
41 to bite kati Bite into (Fth) 1, 55  
191 all katoa All, every, whole 13  
182 I kau First person singular pronoun, short form (Fth) 1, 21  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 5  
186 you kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 1  
151 green kefu green 9  
10 dirty kela Dirty (Fth) B.) [<] 10 L
148 white kena White, especially pure white; devoid of colour, bright, shining; pale, bleached; flaxen, of hair (Fth) 10  
119 earth/soil kere Earth; ritual uncleanness (Fth) 10  
10 dirty kere/kere Muddy, dirty (Fth) 10  
90 to dig keri To dig (Fth) 1  
102 rat kiore Rat (Arch.) (Fth) 12  
12 skin kiri Skin, bark (Fth) 1  
46 to see kite See, look at, catch sight of (Fth) 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
145 smoke word info kofu Emit smoke, to foam, create spray (Fth) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, as with sawing motion of a knife (Fth) 9  
158 narrow komo Pollex 06: Komo. :Narrow. 10  
14 belly kona Area of belly below navel (Fth) 8  
186 you kootou Second person dual pronoun, both preposed and independant (Fth) 16  
161 shy, ashamed koro Hesitate, be shy (Fth)@ [<]   L
186 you korua thou x  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut into pieces 9  
186 you kotou in poetry and traditional tales (Fth) 16  
88 to squeeze word info ku/kumi/ Squeeze, express, press 14  
89 to hold word info kuku Clinch, close the hand 12  
102 rat kumari Rat (one informant only) (Fth) [<] 13 L
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
108 louse word info kutu Head louse (Fth) 1  
112 rotten word info kuu Rotten (Fth) 86  
159 wide lafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
159 wide lafalafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
153 big lasi Big, great, tall, many B. (Fth) [<] 12 L
152 small liki/liki Small, tiny (Fth) [<] 66 L
155 long word info loa Long (poetic) (Fth) [<] 12 L
175 above luga. ruga Top 9  
192 and ma And, with, from, for (Fth) 2  
46 to see ma/mata/ Watch, gaze, look at 8  
21 to think maanatu Think, call to mind, remember, thought (Fth) 9  
28 to breathe maanava Breath 1  
157 thick word info maatoru Broad, thick (Fth) 3  
65 rope maea Rope, line 10  
142 heavy mafa Heavy, weighty (Fth) 46  
138 warm word info mafana Hot (Fth) 1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri Cold (Fth) 1, 52  
180 far mamao Distant (Drd) 13  
134 thunder mana   37  
14 belly manava Belly, stomach (Fth) 9  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, any large number (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
97 bird manu Creature, ranging from mammal to arthropod; especially including birds (Fth) 1  
180 far mao Far, at a distance (Fth) 13  
129 moon marama Pollex 06: Marama. :Moon, lunar month (Fth). 7  
140 dry word info maroo Dry (of vegetation), hence dead, parched (Fth) 13  
140 dry word info masa Empty, dry, of container of liquid; low, out, of tide (Fth) 11  
45 eye mata eye 1  
151 green mata green 1  
81 sharp mata/kai/ Sharp (of blade, of claw) (Fth) 14, 16  
136 wind matagi Wind (Fth) 1, 66  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, frightened, fear, fright (Fth) 1  
3 right matau Right-hand (Fth) 5, 13  
75 to die, be dead mate To die, lose consciousness, be extinguished (Fth) 1  
118 grass mauku Grass, many types, used as mulch for taro (Fth) 58  
47 to yawn mava Yawn (Fth) 19  
77 to scratch word info maŋiso scratch 65  
149 red mea Reddish, pink, especially of vegetation (Fth) 1  
149 red mero Red 1, 16  
42 to suck miti Suck, sip, make sucking sound, chirrup (Fth) 8  
50 to dream miti To dream (Fth) 36  
192 and mo And (poetic form of ma) (Fth) 9  
124 sea moana Sea, especially deep sea; ocean (Fth) 10  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 10  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 6  
64 to say muna Pollex 06: Muna. :Say, speak, tell.    
162 old word info mātua old (person) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (thing) 1  
178 that na Pollex 06: Na. :There, that (Fth). 1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother nana Mother, aunt 1, 83  
59 mother nau Mother, spouses's aunt, son's wife 7  
132 fog nefu Pollex 06: Nefu. :Mist, fog. 22  
177 this nei Pollex 06: Nei. :This, here (Fth). 1  
160 painful, sick ngaengae Pollex 06: Ngaengae. :Sick (Fth). 10  
16 intestines ngakau Interior of mouth, throat, gullet; guts (Fth) 12  
38 to chew word info ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 8  
41 to bite ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 7  
83 to work word info ngaua Spend time, energy (as in working hard for a small reward) (Fth) [<] 11 L
30 mouth ngutu Mouth 2  
156 thin word info nifi/nifi Pollex 06: Nifi/nifi. :Thin (Fth). 1  
31 tooth nifo Tooth, of man or animal (Fth) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten noa Tie, bind, put noose around (Fth) 15  
58 wife nofine Wife 5, 66  
51 to sit nofo Sit, stay, dwell, live (Fth) 16  
121 sand one Sand (Fth) 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Fth) 1  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, alive 6  
72 to hit word info paa Hit, strike, crash, explode (Fth) 13  
61 house paito House    
82 dull, blunt paku Blunt (Fth) [<] 61 L
112 rotten word info para Rotten 13  
8 to turn word info pare Turn, divert (Fth) 11  
165 bad, evil pariki bad    
179 near piri Pollex 06: Piri. :Near, close (of time and space) (Fth). 30  
24 head poko/uru Head of human being (Fth) 10, 62  
167 night poo Night 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto   15  
89 to hold word info puke Grip, grasp, hold (Fth) 13  
42 to suck puku Suck    
152 small pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 12  
154 short word info pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 3  
113 branch word info raa Stem, twig, minor branch of tree (Fth) 1  
128 sky ragi Sky, heavens (Fth) 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1  
113 branch word info rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1, 4  
123 to flow ranu Pollex 06: Ranu. :Flow, of water (Fth).    
176 below raro Down, below; the sun goes down; softly, quietly (Fth) 8  
187 they ratou they (3pl) 1, 72  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Fth) 1  
196 to count rau Enumerate, count, go through items on a list (Fth) 8, 62  
209 One Hundred word info rau Ten or hundred according to items counted (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
187 they raua they (3du) x  
62 thatch/roof rautau thatch 55, 23  
26 hair word info rauuru Hair of the head 40  
11 dust refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 1, 68  
146 ash refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 67  
101 to fly rere Run, fly, rush (Fth) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, bind round, wrap up (Fth) 14  
152 small riki Small, little (Fth) 66  
1 hand rima Five; hand, arm, wrist (Fth) 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand, arm, wrist (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
155 long word info roa Long 12  
44 to hear rogo Hear, listen, feel; news; good name (Fth) 1  
126 lake roto Pollex 06: Roto. :Lake. 6  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lake 5  
35 to vomit rua vomit 8  
198 Two word info rua Two; both; double; second; equivalent; substitute (Fth) 1  
5 to walk saere Walk, stride, go, travel (Fth) 6  
83 to work word info sanga Cultivate, especially by a working party (Fth) 10  
89 to hold word info sapo Grab (Fth) 15  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat with a stick, slash with a rope; flick (Fth) 12  
68 needle sau Large needle of traditional type (Fth) 1  
116 flower see Flower, blossom, ear-ornament (Wms) 9  
2 left sema Left-handed; left hand (Fth) 11  
150 yellow senga Yellow, yellowish-red (Fth) 12  
78 to cut, hack word info sere To cut; a cut (e.g. of fish) (Fth) 16  
195 no, not siei no 10, 84  
68 needle sika Net-needle (Fth) 9  
105 tail sikusiku tail 13  
95 to fall word info singa Slip, fall (Fth) 44  
104 fat/grease sinu Oil, cooked coconut cream 12  
141 wet sisiu (Fth) 11  
205 Nine word info siva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
71 to stab, pierce so/soka Transfix, spear 67  
29 to sniff, smell songi Smell 9  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, spit 1, 8  
141 wet suu Soaked in water, saturated (Fth) 11  
74 to kill ta kill 8  
72 to hit word info taa Strike, hit (Fth) 10  
5 to walk taafau Walk (Fth) 7  
54 man/male taane Male (Rare) (Fth) 1, 11  
144 to burn word info tafu Set on fire 8  
5 to walk tahao Walk (Wms) 7  
124 sea tai Sea, near the shore 1  
60 father tama/na Father (Fth) 1  
56 child tamariki Child, children (Fth) 6, 63  
53 person/human being tangata Human being, person; man, male, adult male (Fth) 1, 66, 97  
34 to cry tangi Cry, wail, sing mourning song (Fth) 1  
39 to cook word info tao Bake food (Fth) 10  
43 ear taringa Ear, lug, projection from timber etc. (Fth) 1  
197 One word info tasi One 41  
169 year tau Season, period 1  
196 to count tau Count, reckon, measure (Fth) 8  
164 good tau/rekareka/ Fine, splendid, handsome, beautiful (Fth) 14  
148 white tea Light-coloured, white, clear (Fth) 8  
59 mother tinana Mother (Fth) 1  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, right, correct 8  
84 to plant too To plant (Fth) 4  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
23 blood toto Blood, blood-red; sap of plants and trees (Fth) 4  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
13 back word info tua Back, of person or animal; outer side (Fth) 11  
67 to sew word info tui Put on a cord, sew (Fth) 13  
72 to hit word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 8  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 2  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
69 to hunt word info turi hunt 8  
144 to burn word info tutu Kindle, set light to; heat (Fth) 6  
52 to stand tuu Stand (Fth) 2  
78 to cut, hack word info tuu   17  
25 neck ua Neck, throat (external) (Fth) 18  
133 rain ua Rain (Fth) 1  
135 lightning uira Sheet lightning; summer lightning (Fth) 2  
147 black uri Dark colour, ranging from black to dark blue ordark green (Fth) 7  
127 woods/forest uru/ao Woods, natural vegetation (Fth) 15, 14  
41 to bite uti Bite, sting (Fth) 9  
18 breast uu Breast of a man or woman; suck at breast (Fth) 1  
41 to bite uuti Bite 9  
4 leg/foot vae Leg, foot; boot, shoe (Fth) 1, 100  
122 water word info vai Water, liquid; pool, spring (Fth) 2  
115 root vaiaka root 2  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight (Fth). 3  
124 sea vasa Space, ocean space (Fth) 12 L?
203 Seven word info whitu Seven (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
106 snake ŋau snake 12  

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