https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tikopia

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
57 husband      
91 to buy      
94 to throw word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
125 salt      
190 other      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
42 to suck puku Suck    
61 house paito House    
89 to hold word info fesu Clutch, grasp firmly, make fast (Fth)    
123 to flow ranu Pollex 06: Ranu. :Flow, of water (Fth).    
161 shy, ashamed koro Hesitate, be shy (Fth)@ [<]   L
165 bad, evil pariki bad    
1 hand rima Five; hand, arm, wrist (Fth) 1  
6 road/path ara Path, way (Fth) 1  
12 skin kiri Skin, bark (Fth) 1  
17 liver ate Liver of man and other creatures (Fth) 1  
18 breast uu Breast of a man or woman; suck at breast (Fth) 1  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, frightened, fear, fright (Fth) 1  
27 nose isu Nose, beak, pointed end, tip (Fth) 1  
28 to breathe maanava Breath 1  
31 tooth nifo Tooth, of man or animal (Fth) 1  
34 to cry tangi Cry, wail, sing mourning song (Fth) 1  
40 to drink inu Drink (Fth) 1  
43 ear taringa Ear, lug, projection from timber etc. (Fth) 1  
44 to hear rogo Hear, listen, feel; news; good name (Fth) 1  
45 eye mata eye 1  
46 to see kite See, look at, catch sight of (Fth) 1  
59 mother tinana Mother (Fth) 1  
60 father tama/na Father (Fth) 1  
68 needle sau Large needle of traditional type (Fth) 1  
70 to shoot word info fana Shoot; bow, gun (Fth) 1  
75 to die, be dead mate To die, lose consciousness, be extinguished (Fth) 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1  
85 to choose firi Select (Fth) 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
90 to dig keri To dig (Fth) 1  
97 bird manu Creature, ranging from mammal to arthropod; especially including birds (Fth) 1  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, feathers (Fth). 1  
108 louse word info kutu Head louse (Fth) 1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
111 fish ika Fish, including turtle and cetaceans (Fth) 1  
113 branch word info raa Stem, twig, minor branch of tree (Fth) 1  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Fth) 1  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Fth) 1  
120 stone fatu Stone, rock (Fth) 1  
121 sand one Sand (Fth) 1  
124 sea tai Sea, near the shore 1  
128 sky ragi Sky, heavens (Fth) 1  
130 star fetuu Star, constellation (Fth) 1  
133 rain ua Rain (Fth) 1  
143 fire afi Fire, firebrand, glowing coal, torch (Fth) 1  
149 red mea Reddish, pink, especially of vegetation (Fth) 1  
151 green mata green 1  
156 thin word info nifi/nifi Pollex 06: Nifi/nifi. :Thin (Fth). 1  
161 shy, ashamed faka/maa/ Be ashamed, embarassed, shy (Fth) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (person) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (thing) 1  
163 new fou New, modern, fresh (Fth) 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
169 year tau Season, period 1  
173 at i at 1  
177 this nei Pollex 06: Nei. :This, here (Fth). 1  
178 that na Pollex 06: Na. :There, that (Fth). 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
184 he/she ia He, she, it (Fth) 1  
186 you kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 1  
188 what? word info aa What?, in what condition?, how? (Fth) 1  
189 who? word info ai Who?, whom?, whose? (Fth) 1  
193 if ka Pollex 06: <Ka. :If (Fth). 1  
198 Two word info rua Two; both; double; second; equivalent; substitute (Fth) 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand, arm, wrist (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Fth) 1  
203 Seven word info whitu Seven (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
4 leg/foot vae Leg, foot; boot, shoe (Fth) 1, 100  
149 red mero Red 1, 16  
171 to hide word info funa Pollex 06: Funa. :Hide. 1, 16  
168 day ao Daylight (Fth) 1, 54  
168 day aso Day, as time span (Fth) 1, 54  
11 dust refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 1, 68  
138 warm word info mafana Hot (Fth) 1, 72  
187 they ratou they (3pl) 1, 72  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, spit 1, 8  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
55 woman/female fa/fine Woman, female 1, 106  
54 man/male taane Male (Rare) (Fth) 1, 11  
182 I au I (poetic form) (Fth) 1, 21  
182 I kau First person singular pronoun, short form (Fth) 1, 21  
113 branch word info rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1, 4  
37 to eat kai Food, eat (Fth) 1, 44  
139 cold word info makariri Cold (Fth) 1, 52  
41 to bite kati Bite into (Fth) 1, 55  
100 wing kapakau Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth) 1, 59  
53 person/human being tangata Human being, person; man, male, adult male (Fth) 1, 66  
136 wind matagi Wind (Fth) 1, 66  
200 Four word info faa Four (Fth) 1, 66  
59 mother nana Mother, aunt 1, 83  
10 dirty kela Dirty (Fth) B.) [<] 10 L
10 dirty kere/kere Muddy, dirty (Fth) 10  
14 belly aro/aro Belly 10  
39 to cook word info tao Bake food (Fth) 10  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 10  
65 rope maea Rope, line 10  
72 to hit word info taa Strike, hit (Fth) 10  
83 to work word info sanga Cultivate, especially by a working party (Fth) 10  
119 earth/soil kere Earth; ritual uncleanness (Fth) 10  
124 sea moana Sea, especially deep sea; ocean (Fth) 10  
148 white kena White, especially pure white; devoid of colour, bright, shining; pale, bleached; flaxen, of hair (Fth) 10  
158 narrow komo Pollex 06: Komo. :Narrow. 10  
160 painful, sick ngaengae Pollex 06: Ngaengae. :Sick (Fth). 10  
24 head poko/uru Head of human being (Fth) 10, 62  
195 no, not siei no 10, 84  
2 left sema Left-handed; left hand (Fth) 11  
8 to turn word info pare Turn, divert (Fth) 11  
13 back word info tua Back, of person or animal; outer side (Fth) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten fau Tie on, lash (Fth) 11  
83 to work word info ngaua Spend time, energy (as in working hard for a small reward) (Fth) [<] 11 L
101 to fly rere Run, fly, rush (Fth) 11  
140 dry word info masa Empty, dry, of container of liquid; low, out, of tide (Fth) 11  
141 wet sisiu (Fth) 11  
141 wet suu Soaked in water, saturated (Fth) 11  
150 yellow fero Tawny, yellow, brown, brown-red (Fth) 11  
194 how? word info fefea How? (Fth) [<] 11 L
16 intestines ngakau Interior of mouth, throat, gullet; guts (Fth) 12  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat with a stick, slash with a rope; flick (Fth) 12  
89 to hold word info kuku Clinch, close the hand 12  
102 rat kiore Rat (Arch.) (Fth) 12  
104 fat/grease sinu Oil, cooked coconut cream 12  
106 snake ŋau snake 12  
124 sea vasa Space, ocean space (Fth) 12 L?
131 cloud word info ao Cloud generally, but especially cirrus cloud (Fth) 12  
150 yellow senga Yellow, yellowish-red (Fth) 12  
152 small pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 12  
153 big lasi Big, great, tall, many B. (Fth) [<] 12 L
155 long word info roa Long 12  
155 long word info loa Long (poetic) (Fth) [<] 12 L
152 small faa/iti/ Compact 121  
64 to say muna Pollex 06: Muna. :Say, speak, tell. 129?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa Know, understand, recognise 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa Skilled, adept, knowledgeable (Fth) 13  
67 to sew word info tui Put on a cord, sew (Fth) 13  
72 to hit word info paa Hit, strike, crash, explode (Fth) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info fasi/a Chop down a tree as low as possible (Fth) 13  
89 to hold word info puke Grip, grasp, hold (Fth) 13  
102 rat kumari Rat (one informant only) (Fth) [<] 13 L
105 tail sikusiku tail 13  
112 rotten word info para Rotten 13  
140 dry word info maroo Dry (of vegetation), hence dead, parched (Fth) 13  
145 smoke word info kofu Emit smoke, to foam, create spray (Fth) 13  
180 far mamao Distant (Drd) 13  
180 far mao Far, at a distance (Fth) 13  
191 all katoa All, every, whole 13  
61 house fare Hut 14  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, bind round, wrap up (Fth) 14  
88 to squeeze word info ku/kumi/ Squeeze, express, press 14  
103 meat/flesh kanofi meat/flesh 14  
127 woods/forest -vao Suffix in words for forest vegetation 14  
134 thunder fatitiri Thunder 14  
164 good tau/rekareka/ Fine, splendid, handsome, beautiful (Fth) 14  
36 to spit aanu To spit (Fth) 14, 84  
81 sharp mata/kai/ Sharp (of blade, of claw) (Fth) 14, 16  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto   15  
32 tongue alelo Tongue (Fth) B. [<] 15 L
66 to tie up, fasten noa Tie, bind, put noose around (Fth) 15  
89 to hold word info sapo Grab (Fth) 15  
127 woods/forest uru/ao Woods, natural vegetation (Fth) 15, 14  
51 to sit nofo Sit, stay, dwell, live (Fth) 16  
78 to cut, hack word info sere To cut; a cut (e.g. of fish) (Fth) 16  
186 you kotou in poetry and traditional tales (Fth) 16  
186 you kootou Second person dual pronoun, both preposed and independant (Fth) 16  
78 to cut, hack word info tuu   17  
25 neck ua Neck, throat (external) (Fth) 18  
47 to yawn mava Yawn (Fth) 19  
30 mouth ngutu Mouth 2  
52 to stand tuu Stand (Fth) 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 2  
115 root vaiaka root 2  
122 water word info vai Water, liquid; pool, spring (Fth) 2  
135 lightning uira Sheet lightning; summer lightning (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke 2  
145 smoke word info au/siafi Smoke (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi Smoke 2  
192 and ma And, with, from, for (Fth) 2  
209 One Hundred word info rau Ten or hundred according to items counted (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, any large number (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
19 shoulder kapakau Pollex 06: Kapakau. :Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth). 22  
132 fog nefu Pollex 06: Nefu. :Mist, fog. 22  
69 to hunt word info fara hunt 28  
154 short word info pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 3  
157 thick word info maatoru Broad, thick (Fth) 3  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight (Fth). 3  
181 where? word info fea Where?, what?, when? (Fth) 3, 35  
179 near piri Pollex 06: Piri. :Near, close (of time and space) (Fth). 30  
26 hair word info furu Hair, feathers (Fth) 31  
172 to climb word info kake Climb, ascend, come up into (Fth) 32  
50 to dream miti To dream (Fth) 36  
134 thunder mana   37  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
23 blood toto Blood, blood-red; sap of plants and trees (Fth) 4  
84 to plant too To plant (Fth) 4  
26 hair word info rauuru Hair of the head 40  
197 One word info tasi One 41  
7 to come au Come, enter 44  
95 to fall word info singa Slip, fall (Fth) 44  
142 heavy mafa Heavy, weighty (Fth) 46  
159 wide lafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
159 wide lafalafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
9 to swim kakau Swim (continuous aspect) of man, but not fish (Fth) 5  
9 to swim ka(ka)u To swim, of a person (Fth) 5  
80 to split word info faa/i To split, cut open, cut lengthwise (Fth) 5  
98 egg fuei egg 5  
170 when? word info afea When? (Fth) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lake 5  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 5  
205 Nine word info siva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info angafuru Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
3 right matau Right-hand (Fth) 5, 13  
58 wife nofine Wife 5, 66  
15 bone ivi Bone (Fth) 52, 5  
62 thatch/roof rautau thatch 55, 23  
118 grass mauku Grass, many types, used as mulch for taro (Fth) 58  
5 to walk saere Walk, stride, go, travel (Fth) 6  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 6  
63 name igoa Name, namesake (Fth) 6  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, alive 6  
126 lake roto Pollex 06: Roto. :Lake. 6  
144 to burn word info tutu Kindle, set light to; heat (Fth) 6  
56 child tamariki Child, children (Fth) 6, 63  
82 dull, blunt paku Blunt (Fth) [<] 61 L
77 to scratch word info maŋiso scratch 65  
152 small riki Small, little (Fth) 66  
152 small liki/liki Small, tiny (Fth) [<] 66 L
71 to stab, pierce so/soka Transfix, spear 67  
146 ash refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 67  
5 to walk taafau Walk (Fth) 7  
5 to walk tahao Walk (Wms) 7  
33 to laugh kata Laugh (Fth) 7  
41 to bite ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 7  
59 mother nau Mother, spouses's aunt, son's wife 7  
73 to steal kaia Steal; theft (Fth) 7  
87 to swell word info fura Swell; swollen belly or other part of body (Fth) 7  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
129 moon marama Pollex 06: Marama. :Moon, lunar month (Fth). 7  
147 black uri Dark colour, ranging from black to dark blue ordark green (Fth) 7  
14 belly kona Area of belly below navel (Fth) 8  
35 to vomit rua vomit 8  
38 to chew word info ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 8  
42 to suck miti Suck, sip, make sucking sound, chirrup (Fth) 8  
46 to see ma/mata/ Watch, gaze, look at 8  
69 to hunt word info turi hunt 8  
72 to hit word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 8  
74 to kill ta kill 8  
137 to blow word info angi To blow (Fth) 8  
144 to burn word info tafu Set on fire 8  
148 white tea Light-coloured, white, clear (Fth) 8  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, right, correct 8  
176 below raro Down, below; the sun goes down; softly, quietly (Fth) 8  
196 to count tau Count, reckon, measure (Fth) 8  
196 to count rau Enumerate, count, go through items on a list (Fth) 8, 62  
112 rotten word info kuu Rotten (Fth) 86  
14 belly manava Belly, stomach (Fth) 9  
21 to think maanatu Think, call to mind, remember, thought (Fth) 9  
29 to sniff, smell songi Smell 9  
41 to bite uti Bite, sting (Fth) 9  
41 to bite uuti Bite 9  
68 needle sika Net-needle (Fth) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut into pieces 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, as with sawing motion of a knife (Fth) 9  
92 to open, uncover afaafa Wide, especially of a gap (Fth) 9  
116 flower see Flower, blossom, ear-ornament (Wms) 9  
151 green kefu green 9  
175 above luga. ruga Top 9  
192 and mo And (poetic form of ma) (Fth) 9  
174 in, inside i In, on, from (Fth) x  
182 I -ku First person singular (possessive) x  
186 you korua thou x  
187 they raua they (3du) x  

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