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Language: Tikopia

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand rima Five; hand, arm, wrist (Fth) 1  
2 left sema Left-handed; left hand (Fth) 11  
3 right matau Right-hand (Fth) 5, 13  
4 leg/foot vae Leg, foot; boot, shoe (Fth) 1, 100  
5 to walk saere Walk, stride, go, travel (Fth) 6  
5 to walk taafau Walk (Fth) 7  
5 to walk tahao Walk (Wms) 7  
6 road/path ara Path, way (Fth) 1  
7 to come au Come, enter 44  
8 to turn word info pare Turn, divert (Fth) 11  
9 to swim kakau Swim (continuous aspect) of man, but not fish (Fth) 5  
9 to swim ka(ka)u To swim, of a person (Fth) 5  
10 dirty kela Dirty (Fth) B.) [<] 10 L
10 dirty kere/kere Muddy, dirty (Fth) 10  
11 dust refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 1, 68  
12 skin kiri Skin, bark (Fth) 1  
13 back word info tua Back, of person or animal; outer side (Fth) 11  
14 belly kona Area of belly below navel (Fth) 8  
14 belly manava Belly, stomach (Fth) 9  
14 belly aro/aro Belly 10  
15 bone ivi Bone (Fth) 52, 5  
16 intestines ngakau Interior of mouth, throat, gullet; guts (Fth) 12  
17 liver ate Liver of man and other creatures (Fth) 1  
18 breast uu Breast of a man or woman; suck at breast (Fth) 1  
19 shoulder kapakau Pollex 06: Kapakau. :Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth). 22  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa Know, understand, recognise 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa Skilled, adept, knowledgeable (Fth) 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable poto   15  
21 to think maanatu Think, call to mind, remember, thought (Fth) 9  
22 to fear mataku Afraid, frightened, fear, fright (Fth) 1  
23 blood toto Blood, blood-red; sap of plants and trees (Fth) 4  
24 head poko/uru Head of human being (Fth) 10, 62  
25 neck ua Neck, throat (external) (Fth) 18  
26 hair word info furu Hair, feathers (Fth) 31  
26 hair word info rauuru Hair of the head 40  
27 nose isu Nose, beak, pointed end, tip (Fth) 1  
28 to breathe maanava Breath 1  
29 to sniff, smell songi Smell 9  
30 mouth ngutu Mouth 2  
31 tooth nifo Tooth, of man or animal (Fth) 1  
32 tongue alelo Tongue (Fth) B. [<] 15 L
33 to laugh kata Laugh (Fth) 7  
34 to cry tangi Cry, wail, sing mourning song (Fth) 1  
35 to vomit rua vomit 8  
36 to spit aanu To spit (Fth) 14, 84  
37 to eat kai Food, eat (Fth) 1, 44  
38 to chew word info ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 8  
39 to cook word info tao Bake food (Fth) 10  
40 to drink inu Drink (Fth) 1  
41 to bite ngau Bite, chew; take in teeth (Fth) 7  
41 to bite kati Bite into (Fth) 1, 55  
41 to bite uti Bite, sting (Fth) 9  
41 to bite uuti Bite 9  
42 to suck miti Suck, sip, make sucking sound, chirrup (Fth) 8  
42 to suck puku Suck    
43 ear taringa Ear, lug, projection from timber etc. (Fth) 1  
44 to hear rogo Hear, listen, feel; news; good name (Fth) 1  
45 eye mata eye 1  
46 to see kite See, look at, catch sight of (Fth) 1  
46 to see ma/mata/ Watch, gaze, look at 8  
47 to yawn mava Yawn (Fth) 19  
48 to sleep moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 10  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down, sleep, die (Fth) 6  
50 to dream miti To dream (Fth) 36  
51 to sit nofo Sit, stay, dwell, live (Fth) 16  
52 to stand tuu Stand (Fth) 2  
53 person/human being tangata Human being, person; man, male, adult male (Fth) 1, 66  
54 man/male taane Male (Rare) (Fth) 1, 11  
55 woman/female fafine Woman 1, 106  
55 woman/female fa/fine Woman, female 1, 106  
56 child tamariki Child, children (Fth) 6, 63  
57 husband      
58 wife nofine Wife 5, 66  
59 mother nana Mother, aunt 1, 83  
59 mother nau Mother, spouses's aunt, son's wife 7  
59 mother tinana Mother (Fth) 1  
60 father tama/na Father (Fth) 1  
61 house paito House    
61 house fare Hut 14  
62 thatch/roof rautau thatch 55?, 23  
63 name igoa Name, namesake (Fth) 6  
64 to say muna Pollex 06: Muna. :Say, speak, tell. 129?  
65 rope maea Rope, line 10  
66 to tie up, fasten fau Tie on, lash (Fth) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, bind round, wrap up (Fth) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten noa Tie, bind, put noose around (Fth) 15  
67 to sew word info tui Put on a cord, sew (Fth) 13  
68 needle sau Large needle of traditional type (Fth) 1  
68 needle sika Net-needle (Fth) 9  
69 to hunt word info turi hunt 28  
69 to hunt word info fara hunt 88  
70 to shoot word info fana Shoot; bow, gun (Fth) 1  
71 to stab, pierce so/soka Transfix, spear 67  
71 to stab, pierce suki Pierce, spit 1, 8  
72 to hit word info paa Hit, strike, crash, explode (Fth) 13?  
72 to hit word info sasa Beat with a stick, slash with a rope; flick (Fth) 12  
72 to hit word info taa Strike, hit (Fth) 10  
72 to hit word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 8  
73 to steal kaia Steal; theft (Fth) 7  
74 to kill ta kill 8  
75 to die, be dead mate To die, lose consciousness, be extinguished (Fth) 1  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, alive 6  
77 to scratch word info maŋiso scratch 65?  
78 to cut, hack word info fasi/a Chop down a tree as low as possible (Fth) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info koti Cut into pieces 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, as with sawing motion of a knife (Fth) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info sere To cut; a cut (e.g. of fish) (Fth) 16  
78 to cut, hack word info tuu   17  
79 stick/wood rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1  
80 to split word info faa/i To split, cut open, cut lengthwise (Fth) 5  
81 sharp mata/kai/ Sharp (of blade, of claw) (Fth) 14, 16  
82 dull, blunt paku Blunt (Fth) [<] 12? L
83 to work word info ngaua Spend time, energy (as in working hard for a small reward) (Fth) [<]   L
83 to work word info sanga Cultivate, especially by a working party (Fth) 10  
84 to plant too To plant (Fth) 4  
85 to choose firi Select (Fth) 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
87 to swell word info fura Swell; swollen belly or other part of body (Fth) 7  
88 to squeeze word info ku/kumi/ Squeeze, express, press 14  
89 to hold word info fesu Clutch, grasp firmly, make fast (Fth)    
89 to hold word info kuku Clinch, close the hand 12  
89 to hold word info puke Grip, grasp, hold (Fth) 13  
89 to hold word info sapo Grab (Fth) 15  
90 to dig keri To dig (Fth) 1  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover afaafa Wide, especially of a gap (Fth)    
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, pummel, punch, bang down (Fth) 20, 2  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info singa Slip, fall (Fth) 44  
96 dog kuri Dog 7  
97 bird manu Creature, ranging from mammal to arthropod; especially including birds (Fth) 1  
98 egg fuei egg 5  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, feathers (Fth). 1  
100 wing kapakau Shoulder, upper arm, wing, fin (Fth) 1, 59  
101 to fly rere Run, fly, rush (Fth) 11  
102 rat kiore Rat (Arch.) (Fth) 12  
102 rat kumari Rat (one informant only) (Fth) [<] 13 L
103 meat/flesh kanofi meat/flesh 14  
104 fat/grease sinu Oil, cooked coconut cream 12  
105 tail sikusiku tail 13  
106 snake ŋau snake    
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info kutu Head louse (Fth) 1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
110 spider      
111 fish ika Fish, including turtle and cetaceans (Fth) 1  
112 rotten word info para Rotten 13  
112 rotten word info kuu Rotten (Fth) 86?  
113 branch word info raa Stem, twig, minor branch of tree (Fth) 1  
113 branch word info rakau Wood, tree, timber, stick 1, 4  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Fth) 1  
115 root vaiaka root 2  
116 flower see Flower, blossom, ear-ornament (Wms) 9  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Fth) 1  
118 grass mauku Grass, many types, used as mulch for taro (Fth) 58  
119 earth/soil kere Earth; ritual uncleanness (Fth) 10  
120 stone fatu Stone, rock (Fth) 1  
121 sand one Sand (Fth) 1  
122 water word info vai Water, liquid; pool, spring (Fth) 2  
123 to flow ranu Pollex 06: Ranu. :Flow, of water (Fth).    
124 sea moana Sea, especially deep sea; ocean (Fth) 10  
124 sea tai Sea, near the shore 1  
124 sea vasa Space, ocean space (Fth) 12 L?
125 salt      
126 lake roto Pollex 06: Roto. :Lake. 6  
127 woods/forest uru/ao Woods, natural vegetation (Fth) 15, 14  
127 woods/forest -vao Suffix in words for forest vegetation 14  
128 sky ragi Sky, heavens (Fth) 1  
129 moon marama Pollex 06: Marama. :Moon, lunar month (Fth). 7  
130 star fetuu Star, constellation (Fth) 1  
131 cloud word info ao Cloud generally, but especially cirrus cloud (Fth) 12  
132 fog nefu Pollex 06: Nefu. :Mist, fog. 22  
133 rain ua Rain (Fth) 1  
134 thunder fatitiri Thunder 14  
134 thunder mana   37  
135 lightning uira Sheet lightning; summer lightning (Fth) 2  
136 wind matagi Wind (Fth) 1, 66  
137 to blow word info angi To blow (Fth) 8  
138 warm word info mafana Hot (Fth) 1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri Cold (Fth) 1, 52  
140 dry word info masa Empty, dry, of container of liquid; low, out, of tide (Fth) 11  
140 dry word info maroo Dry (of vegetation), hence dead, parched (Fth) 13  
141 wet sisiu (Fth) 11  
141 wet suu Soaked in water, saturated (Fth) 11  
142 heavy mafa Heavy, weighty (Fth) 46  
143 fire afi Fire, firebrand, glowing coal, torch (Fth) 1  
144 to burn word info tafu Set on fire 8  
144 to burn word info tutu Kindle, set light to; heat (Fth) 1, 6  
145 smoke word info ausiafi (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke 2  
145 smoke word info au/siafi Smoke (Fth) 2  
145 smoke word info ausiafi Smoke 2  
145 smoke word info kofu Emit smoke, to foam, create spray (Fth) 13  
146 ash refu Dust, ash, soot for tattooing (Fth) 67  
147 black uri Dark colour, ranging from black to dark blue ordark green (Fth) 7  
148 white kena White, especially pure white; devoid of colour, bright, shining; pale, bleached; flaxen, of hair (Fth) 10  
148 white tea Light-coloured, white, clear (Fth) 8  
149 red mea Reddish, pink, especially of vegetation (Fth) 1  
149 red mero Red 1, 16  
150 yellow fero Tawny, yellow, brown, brown-red (Fth) 11  
150 yellow senga Yellow, yellowish-red (Fth) 12  
151 green mata green 1  
151 green kefu green 9  
152 small faa/iti/ Compact 121  
152 small riki Small, little (Fth) 66  
152 small liki/liki Small, tiny (Fth) [<] 66 L
152 small pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 12  
153 big lasi Big, great, tall, many B. (Fth) [<] 12 L
154 short word info pukupuku Compact; small, yet heavy; rounded (Fth) 3  
155 long word info roa Long 12  
155 long word info loa Long (poetic) (Fth) [<] 12 L
156 thin word info nifi/nifi Pollex 06: Nifi/nifi. :Thin (Fth). 1  
157 thick word info maatoru Broad, thick (Fth) 3  
158 narrow komo Pollex 06: Komo. :Narrow. 10  
159 wide lafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
159 wide lafalafa Broad (Fth) [<] 48 L
160 painful, sick ngaengae Pollex 06: Ngaengae. :Sick (Fth). 10  
161 shy, ashamed koro Hesitate, be shy (Fth)@ [<]   L
161 shy, ashamed faka/maa/ Be ashamed, embarassed, shy (Fth) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (person) 1  
162 old word info mātua old (thing) x  
163 new fou New, modern, fresh (Fth) 1  
164 good tau/rekareka/ Fine, splendid, handsome, beautiful (Fth) 14  
165 bad, evil pariki bad    
166 correct, true tonu Straight, right, correct 8  
167 night poo Night 1  
168 day ao Daylight (Fth) 1, 54  
168 day aso Day, as time span (Fth) 1, 54  
169 year tau Season, period 1  
170 when? word info afea When? (Fth) 5  
171 to hide word info funa Pollex 06: Funa. :Hide. 1, 16  
172 to climb word info kake Climb, ascend, come up into (Fth) 32  
173 at i at 1  
174 in, inside i In, on, from (Fth) x  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lake 5  
175 above luga. ruga Top 9  
176 below raro Down, below; the sun goes down; softly, quietly (Fth) 8  
177 this nei Pollex 06: Nei. :This, here (Fth). 1  
178 that na Pollex 06: Na. :There, that (Fth). 1  
179 near piri Pollex 06: Piri. :Near, close (of time and space) (Fth). 30  
180 far mamao Distant (Drd) 13  
180 far mao Far, at a distance (Fth) 13  
181 where? word info fea Where?, what?, when? (Fth) 3, 35  
182 I au I (poetic form) (Fth) 1, 21  
182 I kau First person singular pronoun, short form (Fth) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular (possessive) x  
183 thou kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 5  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
183 thou koe Second person sing. 1  
184 he/she ia He, she, it (Fth) 1  
185 we word info tou First person incl. plural incorporated pronoun (Bgs) 39  
186 you kee Second person singular preposed pronoun used both preposed to verb and absolutely (Bgs) 1  
186 you korua thou x  
186 you kotou in poetry and traditional tales (Fth) 16  
186 you kootou Second person dual pronoun, both preposed and independant (Fth) 16  
187 they raua they (3du) x  
187 they ratou they (3pl) 1, 72  
188 what? word info aa What?, in what condition?, how? (Fth) 1  
189 who? word info ai Who?, whom?, whose? (Fth) 1  
190 other      
191 all katoa All, every, whole 13  
192 and ma And, with, from, for (Fth) 2  
192 and mo And (poetic form of ma) (Fth) 9  
193 if ka Pollex 06: <Ka. :If (Fth). 1  
194 how? word info fefea How? (Fth) [<] 11 L
195 no, not siei no 10, 84  
196 to count rau Enumerate, count, go through items on a list (Fth) 8, 62  
196 to count tau Count, reckon, measure (Fth) 8  
197 One word info tasi One 14, 48  
198 Two word info rua Two; both; double; second; equivalent; substitute (Fth) 1  
199 Three word info toru Three 1  
200 Four word info faa Four (Fth) 1, 66  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand, arm, wrist (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Fth) 1  
203 Seven word info whitu Seven (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 1  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight (Fth). 3  
205 Nine word info siva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info angafuru Ten, Ten (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info rau Ten or hundred according to items counted (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand, any large number (Fth).(Source: Pollex) 2  

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