: Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Caac

Source/Author:  Jim HOLLYMAN & Maurice MWÊAU, n.d (1960- ), Le Caa 
Notes:  This kanak language is spoken by the Mwelebeng people (called 'Moenebeng' by Maurice LEENHARDT) in the North-East of New Caledonia, between the villages of Balade and Pouebo.
NOTE 1 (Source) : The data presented here comes from a non-published work of Jim HOLLYMAN and Maurice MWÊAU. This work contains a sketch of Caac grammar (phonology, morpholy and syntax), a few tales in Caac, as well as a bilingual dictionnary (Caac-French / French-Caac).
In terms of documentation and description, this work takes over from Maurice LEENHARDT's documentation and linguistics description attempt during the beginning of the 20th century.
NOTE 2 (Methodology) : The work of Jim Hollyman & al. provides two dictionnaries.
The first one translates the Caac lexical items in French and provides precise semantic features.
The second one translates the French lexical items in Caac, and provides only a translation without providing any additionnal information on the semantic features.
The second dictionnary has been used first. When there is more than one term found in Caac for one lexical entry in french, the first dictionnary and the developped semantic features it provides has been used to reduce as much as possible the variation and to keep the more relevant term (i.e. the more general one which semantic features fit the ones of the English word).
NOTE 3 (Borrowings) : The authors do not provide a list of borrowed word from another language. The borrowing is mentionned case by case. When possible, they have been removed from the data entry and a note signals it. 
Problems:  This dictionnary include a sketch of Caac grammar, but does not provide any numerals description.
The numerals in Caac have been collected by Maurice LEENHARDT. To check the Caac numerals, enter the 'Moenebeng' in the research section. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David PIEKUT  Checked By:  
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Northern:Extreme Northern 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 


Change History:

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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
16 intestines      
27 nose      
39 to cook word info      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
88 to squeeze word info      
95 to fall word info      
103 meat/flesh      
118 grass      
125 salt      
175 above      
176 below      
198 Two word info      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
139 cold word info a:waᶮjo      
54 man/male alek      
7 to come ame      
57 husband amwaon      
190 other araile Can be used to mean 'the others'    
190 other aᵐban Aᵐban ãc : 'an other man'    
107 worm (earthworm) be      
141 wet be:ɶn      
141 wet biwet      
19 shoulder bun      
24 head bwan      
168 day bwe      
167 night bwin      
81 sharp cac      
60 father cama      
90 to dig cap Ancient form    
96 dog cawek      
102 rat cawek Ancient form    
73 to steal caŋ (1) Means 'to steal (from somebody)'    
93 to pound, beat word info caᵐbi      
139 cold word info caᵐbuk      
188 what? word info ce   1  
79 stick/wood ce:c      
82 dull, blunt cera:c      
108 louse word info ci:c Means 'head louse'    
12 skin ci:n      
102 rat ci:ᵐbwi Modern form    
89 to hold word info cimwi      
105 tail ciᵐbi:ɶn 'fish tail'    
179 near cu arean      
123 to flow cun      
126 lake cʰa:c      
195 no, not cʰa:ᵐbwan      
85 to choose cʰamwi      
197 One word info cʰec      
29 to sniff, smell cʰeneᵐbon      
71 to stab, pierce cʰenim      
69 to hunt word info cʰi:ᵐba      
87 to swell word info cʰibuk      
191 all cʰuxi      
188 what? word info da   1  
147 black de:do      
114 leaf dek      
124 sea denec      
146 ash dep   1  
112 rotten word info di:n      
119 earth/soil dilic/bwe delic bwe : 'surface'    
106 snake do jen sp.    
13 back word info du:n      
15 bone du:n      
68 needle du:ᵐbwek      
33 to laugh ek      
34 to cry go      
106 snake gũ:on sp.    
166 correct, true haᶮjuk      
4 leg/foot hek      
64 to say heli      
180 far heut      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hi:na wʰana : 'be knowledgeable'    
1 hand hik   10  
77 to scratch word info hili      
113 branch word info hin ce:c      
106 snake hin da:n sp.    
158 narrow ho:i      
47 to yawn hoalam      
86 to grow word info hu:lac      
153 big hu:lac      
162 old word info hu:laɣe      
50 to dream hut      
157 thick word info huᶮju      
153 big hã:c      
159 wide hã:c      
110 spider hã:p 'ground spider which doesn't make web'    
22 to fear hã:ɣa      
46 to see hãⁿdi 'to make someone see something'    
194 how? word info hũ:va      
184 he/she i      
91 to buy iɣu      
43 ear je:nic      
127 woods/forest jec      
169 year jek      
46 to see jexa:i 'to make someone see something'    
14 belly jic      
143 fire jonek      
132 fog ka-tek      
66 to tie up, fasten kai      
150 yellow kari      
163 new kaɣa:      
56 child kaᵐbe      
48 to sleep keᵐben      
40 to drink keⁿdek      
73 to steal kic (2) Means 'to steal (something)'    
133 rain kola      
23 blood kora      
62 thatch/roof koɣe mwã      
32 tongue ku:mec      
154 short word info ku:ᵐbut Means 'short (in length)'    
35 to vomit kõk      
17 liver kʰi:c      
48 to sleep kẽũleŋ      
192 and ma Used to coordinate two nouns within a nominal clause, or to coordinate two nominal clauses    
75 to die, be dead mac      
152 small mawat      
132 fog maxat      
74 to kill maɣei      
94 to throw word info meje      
97 bird menic      
76 to live, be alive merip Means 'to be alive, healthy'    
140 dry word info meɣuk      
70 to shoot word info meᶮje      
149 red mi:a      
116 flower mu:c      
35 to vomit mu:ja      
129 moon mwanuk      
165 bad, evil mwaɲ      
65 rope mweᵑgep      
61 house mwã      
2 left   1, 59  
38 to chew word info mʰa can Means 'to chew while sucking at something'    
192 and name Used to coordinate two sentence    
28 to breathe nanan      
131 cloud word info ne:ɲ      
111 fish nek      
21 to think nemi      
59 mother nen      
30 mouth nep (1) Means 'bottem side of the face'    
109 mosquito neᵐbu:c      
109 mosquito neᵐbwic      
178 that ni:le      
177 this ni:ɶn      
182 I no      
25 neck no:n      
8 to turn word info nuxei      
110 spider nõᵑgin 'web spider'    
134 thunder nʰi:ek      
138 warm word info nʰu      
173 at o      
121 sand o:n      
181 where? word info pa      
163 new pau      
120 stone pe:ic      
31 tooth pe:ɣep      
130 star piuk      
128 sky poa      
83 to work word info poxa      
151 green pu:ɲ      
145 smoke word info pum      
26 hair word info pun      
99 feather pun      
100 wing pun hin      
104 fat/grease puric      
11 dust puwunu      
142 heavy pwa:lek      
193 if pwame      
117 fruit pwen      
152 small pwen      
136 wind pwen ut Means 'variable wind'; a lexical opposition between this word and another has not been found    
160 painful, sick pʰa:lic Means 'sick'    
206 Ten word info pʰaiⁿdu      
6 road/path pʰano      
98 egg pʰi:en(1)/pʰi:ɣe(2) pʰi:-en/ɣe : this morphological variation seems to be related to the phonetical environment; (1) pʰi:en menic 'bird egg"; (2) pʰi:ɣe ho 'chicken egg'    
196 to count pʰina:      
148 white pʰu:lo      
101 to fly pʰuc      
36 to spit pʰuɣa      
187 they ra      
174 in, inside re      
80 to split word info ta:ᵑgali      
161 shy, ashamed tamaran      
78 to cut, hack word info tamuna Means 'to cut (with an axe)'    
157 thick word info tan      
153 big tanevo      
156 thin word info te:rep      
55 woman/female te:vo      
72 to hit word info temeᶮje 'to hit (with a spear)'    
44 to hear tena      
92 to open, uncover tevi      
144 to burn word info texec      
189 who? word info ti      
42 to suck ti:vic      
171 to hide word info tip      
10 dirty tiɣalon      
67 to sew word info tiɣi      
127 woods/forest toᶮjec      
49 to lie down word info tʰeva      
172 to climb word info tʰeva      
45 eye tʰi:va      
105 tail tʰiŋin 'rat/bird tail'    
170 when? word info tẽ:n      
137 to blow word info u:i      
149 red ulo      
115 root wa:n      
86 to grow word info wa:ra      
132 fog walauc      
72 to hit word info waᵑgei 'to hit (with an object - wtihout any other specification -)'    
122 water word info we      
124 sea wexac      
18 breast wã:ᵑgen      
92 to open, uncover wʰa:i      
30 mouth wʰan nep (2) wʰan 'hole', nep ''bottom side of the face'    
155 long word info wʰelic      
37 to eat wʰic      
53 person/human being ãc      
186 you ɣa:      
5 to walk ɣa:mwan      
84 to plant ɣa:mwi      
58 wife ɣa:wen      
41 to bite ɣac      
63 name ɣat      
183 thou ɣo      
90 to dig ɣʰa:i 'to dig (in order to go out)'    
9 to swim ɣʰe:um      
164 good ɣʰo      
185 we word info ɲi (incl.) ɣeᵐbe (excl.)      
135 lightning ɲonim      

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