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Language: Proto Siraya

Source/Author:  Sander Adelaar personal data; also: Adelaar 2014 
Notes:  Based on the dialects represented in the Gospel of St Matthew text. the Utrecht Manuscript (wordlist), and some phonological features reflected in the lists provided by Tsuchida and Yamada (1991). See Adelaar, Alexander, 2014 Proto Siraya phonology, Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale (Paris) 43:1-31. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Sander Adelaar  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 213
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Southwest 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 8 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above *tu babaw   2  
191 all *iməd   96  
192 and *ka has a wider application 1  
146 ash *abu   1  
173 at *tu   28  
13 back word info *rikuθ   1  
165 bad, evil *ma-t'[e,i]   68  
14 belly *buiN   81  
176 below (*tu) *θa-θəm lit. 'on the bottom' 20, 37  
153 big *ma-iθang   2  
97 bird *ayam ka subəx lit. 'flying animal' 2  
147 black *ma-udim not (1) 44  
23 blood *xamax   44, 39  
15 bone *turaN   1  
113 branch word info *pihil   64  
18 breast *uhu   1  
56 child *aNak   1  
131 cloud word info *bələm *bələm 'cloud', also 'sky' 115  
131 cloud word info *puraray   114  
139 cold word info *ma-harmil   132  
166 correct, true *ma-m(i)sing   103  
166 correct, true *dilix   104  
168 day *waxi   17  
10 dirty *ma-ru(s,θ)uk   110  
96 dog (*)asu *s is suspect 1 L
140 dry word info *ma-θəkax   32  
82 dull, blunt *ma-ngihit   26  
11 dust *vuravur also *θapul 'dust powder' 14  
43 ear *tangira *taringa? see Tsuchida&Yamada 1  
119 earth/soil *ənai SA: < *enay 'sand' 38  
98 egg *p-u-pəxax   55  
204 Eight word info *kuixpa   1, 35  
45 eye *mata   1  
180 far *itu-tawax (?)   3  
104 fat/grease *ximax   2  
60 father *θa-ama   1  
99 feather *ilil   78  
208 Fifty word info *rima ki tian   14  
143 fire *apuy   1  
111 fish *təxəng   29, 79  
201 Five word info *-rima   1  
116 flower *iθip (?) based on UM isip 52  
132 fog      
200 Four word info *-pa-xəpat   1  
117 fruit *bua   1  
164 good *ma-riang   139  
118 grass *uθu 'weed' 52  
151 green *ma-xud(e,i)   85  
26 hair word info *bukəx   1  
1 hand *rima   1  
184 he/she *taini   41  
24 head *bungu   2  
142 heavy *ma-kədung   52, 83  
61 house *taNax   56  
194 how? word info *mama *[ki] *mang (not 23) 86  
57 husband *təbung   46  
182 I *i-a[k]u   1  
193 if *iθu   89  
174 in, inside *tu rəbu merge 41, 46, 47? 41  
16 intestines *talamey   97  
126 lake *balanga UM valanga 48  
114 leaf *hapa SA: similarity with Japanese hapa is probably coincidental 44  
2 left *ui   1  
4 leg/foot *θapal   55  
135 lightning *rikat   1, 89  
17 liver *mawax -> UM dialect mawax 47  
155 long word info *ma-han[g]dax   103  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
54 man/male *parax   60  
103 meat/flesh *baat   37  
129 moon *bural   1  
109 mosquito *rikəx   2  
59 mother *θa-ina   1  
30 mouth *mutus   88  
63 name *nanang   1  
158 narrow *ma-ləngəd? *ma-suku?      
179 near *tamang   120  
179 near *hili   119  
25 neck *rəx   1  
68 needle *simsim? *səmsəm?   46  
163 new *ba[x,h]u   1  
167 night *vixnan (?) + metathesis of *b and *R? 82  
205 Nine word info *ma-tuda   7  
195 no, not *aku-say   20  
27 nose *xungu(θ) θ is uncertain 77, 27  
162 old word info *ri(i,e)   81  
197 One word info *-saat   1  
209 One Hundred word info *saat ka-xatux-ang   1  
210 One Thousand word info *saat ka-tunun-an   24  
190 other *θuma   1  
160 painful, sick *ma-alam   92  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
53 person/human being *kaxulung   72  
133 rain *udaN   1  
102 rat *taxuliang   70  
149 red *ma-ipəxang   80  
3 right *ual   1  
6 road/path *darang   1  
115 root *patar   65  
65 rope *tarix   1  
112 rotten word info ?UM mi-tupak   91  
112 rotten word info mix-tuay   112  
125 salt *baya   41  
121 sand *lixix   76  
124 sea *baung   5  
203 Seven word info *-fitu   1  
81 sharp *ma-səxingat   102  
154 short word info *(ma-)kipu   48  
19 shoulder *taxu   80  
161 shy, ashamed *ma-nGala   83  
202 Six word info *-(ə)nəm   1  
12 skin *baNit   2, 29  
128 sky *ikir-ən only in G dialect (ikir-ən ) 69  
152 small *ma-kusing   102  
145 smoke word info *atu   93  
106 snake *vulay   29  
110 spider *rawa   1  
130 star *ătatilingaxay   67  
79 stick/wood *kaxyu partly based on data in Tsuchida&Yamada 1991 1  
120 stone *batu 1 1  
105 tail *ikux   1  
206 Ten word info *saat ki tian   33  
178 that *ata   2  
62 thatch/roof *apang   74  
187 they *naini   32  
157 thick word info *ma-kənəm? (less likely) *ma-kŭnŭm    
156 thin word info *p<Vl>ipix   1, 69  
177 this *ana   43  
183 thou *i-m(u)hu   28  
199 Three word info *-turu   1  
134 thunder *θəngθəng   3, 98  
134 thunder *xiNtax   71  
41 to bite *k<m>axat   1  
137 to blow word info *pa-hiup   1  
137 to blow word info *ba-bari   65  
28 to breathe *mi-xinawa   1  
144 to burn word info *m-i-lamax   105  
91 to buy *pa-iNa   72  
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose *peri   1  
172 to climb word info *max-dakin (?) last vowel could be schwa 65  
7 to come *i[l]ua *r or *l ?    
39 to cook word info      
196 to count *kətən   88, 89  
196 to count *k<m>ətkət   88  
34 to cry *t<m>angi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *ta(x)ta ? consonants uncertain 142  
75 to die, be dead *ma-patay   1  
90 to dig *k<m>ari   1  
50 to dream *-maling   50  
40 to drink *m-i(i)t   71  
37 to eat *k<m>an   1  
95 to fall word info (?) *tau-kua      
95 to fall word info *m'atəb      
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
123 to flow      
101 to fly *subəx   66, 98  
86 to grow word info *tuul   61  
44 to hear *x<m>ilingix   1, 27  
171 to hide word info *h<m>a   62  
72 to hit word info *bukbuk   120  
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info *m-alup   1  
74 to kill *lupux also: *paka-patey 32  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ma-vana also: *m-umxa, *k<m>alang 1  
33 to laugh *ma-tawa   1  
49 to lie down word info *ma-liku      
76 to live, be alive *muxax   84  
92 to open, uncover *maxu-Nəb   51, 52  
84 to plant *t<m>anəm   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *p-i-a-xa-xaup   71  
64 to say *ma-su-su   126  
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see *k<m>ita   1  
67 to sew word info *t<m>ahi      
70 to shoot word info *ma-təku-təkux also: pa-lətu (?) 53  
51 to sit *m-i-rung   57  
48 to sleep *ma-iθip   108  
29 to sniff, smell *θ<m>a-θangux 'to smell' 26, 70  
36 to spit *ma-[d]ipax   74  
80 to split word info ? *pa-p-u-duha lit. 'make into two' 68  
88 to squeeze word info *talding < UM talding 92  
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand *m-i-tuku   100  
73 to steal *ha-uθung   63  
42 to suck *ma-uhu *ma-uhu 'to suck (baby)' 25  
42 to suck *s<m>ipsip?   1  
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim *l<m>anguy   1  
21 to think päx-dəmdəm   13  
94 to throw word info *m-aθing   120  
66 to tie up, fasten *hali-      
66 to tie up, fasten *buxut   50  
8 to turn word info *maxu-vering   4  
35 to vomit *m-uta   1  
5 to walk *d<m>a-darang   21  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn *ma-xuap   1  
32 tongue *θira   4  
31 tooth *walix   2  
207 Twenty word info *θuha ki tian   2  
198 Two word info *-θuha   1  
138 warm word info *ma-dalat   113  
122 water word info *θalum   1  
185 we word info *i-mian   2  
185 we word info *i-mita   1  
141 wet *ma-hala   120  
188 what? word info *mang   40  
188 what? word info *ma-mang   40  
170 when? word info *manu   87  
181 where? word info *tu mang   90  
148 white *ma-puNi   111  
189 who? word info *ti mang   2  
159 wide      
58 wife *k-ixa-ən (less likely: *k-axa-ən) 108  
136 wind *bari   2  
100 wing *paliθ   2  
55 woman/female *ina   30  
127 woods/forest *buxung only in UM (vuxong) 53  
107 worm (earthworm) *kuray   2  
169 year *tawil   1, 22  
150 yellow *ma-kulian   1  
186 you *i-mumi   1, 31  

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