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Language: Proto Siraya

Source/Author:  Sander Adelaar personal data; also: Adelaar 2014 
Notes:  Based on the dialects represented in the Gospel of St Matthew text. the Utrecht Manuscript (wordlist), and some phonological features reflected in the lists provided by Tsuchida and Yamada (1991). See Adelaar, Alexander, 2014 Proto Siraya phonology, Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale (Paris) 43:1-31. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Sander Adelaar  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 213
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Southwest 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 8 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
83 to work word info      
87 to swell word info      
89 to hold word info      
123 to flow      
132 fog      
159 wide      
96 dog (*)asu *s is suspect 1 L
176 below (*tu) *θa-θəm lit. 'on the bottom' 20, 37  
95 to fall word info (?) *tau-kua      
154 short word info *(ma-)kipu   48  
202 Six word info *-(ə)nəm   1  
203 Seven word info *-fitu   1  
50 to dream *-maling   50  
200 Four word info *-pa-xəpat   1  
201 Five word info *-rima   1  
197 One word info *-saat   1  
199 Three word info *-turu   1  
198 Two word info *-θuha   1  
56 child *aNak   1  
146 ash *abu   1  
195 no, not *aku-say   20  
177 this *ana   43  
62 thatch/roof *apang   74  
143 fire *apuy   1  
178 that *ata   2  
145 smoke word info *atu   93  
97 bird *ayam ka subəx lit. 'flying animal' 2  
137 to blow word info *ba-bari   65  
12 skin *baNit   2, 29  
163 new *ba[x,h]u   1  
103 meat/flesh *baat   37  
126 lake *balanga UM valanga 48  
136 wind *bari   2  
120 stone *batu 1 1  
124 sea *baung   5  
125 salt *baya   41  
117 fruit *bua   1  
14 belly *buiN   81  
72 to hit word info *bukbuk   120  
26 hair word info *bukəx   1  
24 head *bungu   2  
129 moon *bural   1  
127 woods/forest *buxung only in UM (vuxong) 53  
66 to tie up, fasten *buxut   50  
131 cloud word info *bələm *bələm 'cloud', also 'sky' 115  
5 to walk *d<m>a-darang   21  
6 road/path *darang   1  
166 correct, true *dilix   104  
171 to hide word info *h<m>a   62  
73 to steal *ha-uθung   63  
66 to tie up, fasten *hali-      
114 leaf *hapa SA: similarity with Japanese hapa is probably coincidental 44  
179 near *hili   119  
182 I *i-a[k]u   1  
183 thou *i-m(u)hu   28  
185 we word info *i-mian   2  
185 we word info *i-mita   1  
186 you *i-mumi   1, 31  
7 to come *i[l]ua *r or *l ?    
128 sky *ikir-ən only in G dialect (ikir-ən ) 69  
105 tail *ikux   1  
99 feather *ilil   78  
191 all *iməd   96  
55 woman/female *ina   30  
180 far *itu-tawax (?)   3  
116 flower *iθip (?) based on UM isip 52  
193 if *iθu   89  
58 wife *k-ixa-ən (less likely: *k-axa-ən) 108  
37 to eat *k<m>an   1  
90 to dig *k<m>ari   1  
41 to bite *k<m>axat   1  
46 to see *k<m>ita   1  
196 to count *k<m>ətkət   88  
192 and *ka has a wider application 1  
53 person/human being *kaxulung   72  
79 stick/wood *kaxyu partly based on data in Tsuchida&Yamada 1991 1  
204 Eight word info *kuixpa   1, 35  
107 worm (earthworm) *kuray   2  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
196 to count *kətən   88, 89  
9 to swim *l<m>anguy   1  
121 sand *lixix   76  
74 to kill *lupux also: *paka-patey 32  
95 to fall word info *m'atəb      
69 to hunt word info *m-alup   1  
94 to throw word info *m-aθing   120  
40 to drink *m-i(i)t   71  
144 to burn word info *m-i-lamax   105  
51 to sit *m-i-rung   57  
52 to stand *m-i-tuku   100  
35 to vomit *m-uta   1  
36 to spit *ma-[d]ipax   74  
160 painful, sick *ma-alam   92  
138 warm word info *ma-dalat   113  
141 wet *ma-hala   120  
155 long word info *ma-han[g]dax   103  
139 cold word info *ma-harmil   132  
149 red *ma-ipəxang   80  
153 big *ma-iθang   2  
48 to sleep *ma-iθip   108  
150 yellow *ma-kulian   1  
152 small *ma-kusing   102  
142 heavy *ma-kədung   52, 83  
157 thick word info *ma-kənəm? (less likely) *ma-kŭnŭm    
49 to lie down word info *ma-liku      
158 narrow *ma-ləngəd? *ma-suku?      
166 correct, true *ma-m(i)sing   103  
188 what? word info *ma-mang   40  
161 shy, ashamed *ma-nGala   83  
82 dull, blunt *ma-ngihit   26  
75 to die, be dead *ma-patay   1  
148 white *ma-puNi   111  
164 good *ma-riang   139  
10 dirty *ma-ru(s,θ)uk   110  
64 to say *ma-su-su   126  
81 sharp *ma-səxingat   102  
165 bad, evil *ma-t'[e,i]   68  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
33 to laugh *ma-tawa   1  
205 Nine word info *ma-tuda   7  
70 to shoot word info *ma-təku-təkux also: pa-lətu (?) 53  
147 black *ma-udim not (1) 44  
42 to suck *ma-uhu *ma-uhu 'to suck (baby)' 25  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ma-vana also: *m-umxa, *k<m>alang 1  
47 to yawn *ma-xuap   1  
151 green *ma-xud(e,i)   85  
140 dry word info *ma-θəkax   32  
194 how? word info *mama *[ki] *mang (not 23) 86  
188 what? word info *mang   40  
170 when? word info *manu   87  
45 eye *mata   1  
17 liver *mawax -> UM dialect mawax 47  
172 to climb word info *max-dakin (?) last vowel could be schwa 65  
92 to open, uncover *maxu-Nəb   51, 52  
8 to turn word info *maxu-vering   4  
28 to breathe *mi-xinawa   1  
30 mouth *mutus   88  
76 to live, be alive *muxax   84  
187 they *naini   32  
63 name *nanang   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *p-i-a-xa-xaup   71  
98 egg *p-u-pəxax   55  
156 thin word info *p<Vl>ipix   1, 69  
137 to blow word info *pa-hiup   1  
91 to buy *pa-iNa   72  
100 wing *paliθ   2  
54 man/male *parax   60  
115 root *patar   65  
85 to choose *peri   1  
113 branch word info *pihil   64  
131 cloud word info *puraray   114  
110 spider *rawa   1  
162 old word info *ri(i,e)   81  
135 lightning *rikat   1, 89  
13 back word info *rikuθ   1  
109 mosquito *rikəx   2  
1 hand *rima   1  
208 Fifty word info *rima ki tian   14  
25 neck *rəx   1  
42 to suck *s<m>ipsip?   1  
210 One Thousand word info *saat ka-tunun-an   24  
209 One Hundred word info *saat ka-xatux-ang   1  
206 Ten word info *saat ki tian   33  
68 needle *simsim? *səmsəm?   46  
101 to fly *subəx   66, 98  
67 to sew word info *t<m>ahi      
34 to cry *t<m>angi   1  
84 to plant *t<m>anəm   2  
78 to cut, hack word info *ta(x)ta ? consonants uncertain 142  
61 house *taNax   56  
184 he/she *taini   41  
16 intestines *talamey   97  
88 to squeeze word info *talding < UM talding 92  
179 near *tamang   120  
43 ear *tangira *taringa? see Tsuchida&Yamada 1  
65 rope *tarix   1  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
169 year *tawil   1, 22  
19 shoulder *taxu   80  
102 rat *taxuliang   70  
189 who? word info *ti mang   2  
173 at *tu   28  
175 above *tu babaw   2  
181 where? word info *tu mang   90  
174 in, inside *tu rəbu merge 41, 46, 47? 41  
15 bone *turaN   1  
86 to grow word info *tuul   61  
57 husband *təbung   46  
111 fish *təxəng   29, 79  
3 right *ual   1  
133 rain *udaN   1  
18 breast *uhu   1  
2 left *ui   1  
118 grass *uθu 'weed' 52  
167 night *vixnan (?) + metathesis of *b and *R? 82  
106 snake *vulay   29  
11 dust *vuravur also *θapul 'dust powder' 14  
31 tooth *walix   2  
168 day *waxi   17  
44 to hear *x<m>ilingix   1, 27  
23 blood *xamax   44, 39  
134 thunder *xiNtax   71  
104 fat/grease *ximax   2  
27 nose *xungu(θ) θ is uncertain 77, 27  
130 star *ătatilingaxay   67  
119 earth/soil *ənai SA: < *enay 'sand' 38  
29 to sniff, smell *θ<m>a-θangux 'to smell' 26, 70  
60 father *θa-ama   1  
59 mother *θa-ina   1  
122 water word info *θalum   1  
4 leg/foot *θapal   55  
32 tongue *θira   4  
207 Twenty word info *θuha ki tian   2  
190 other *θuma   1  
134 thunder *θəngθəng   3, 98  
80 to split word info ? *pa-p-u-duha lit. 'make into two' 68  
112 rotten word info ?UM mi-tupak   91  
112 rotten word info mix-tuay   112  
21 to think päx-dəmdəm   13  

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