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Language: Proto Siraya

Source/Author:  Sander Adelaar personal data; also: Adelaar 2014 
Notes:  Based on the dialects represented in the Gospel of St Matthew text. the Utrecht Manuscript (wordlist), and some phonological features reflected in the lists provided by Tsuchida and Yamada (1991). See Adelaar, Alexander, 2014 Proto Siraya phonology, Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale (Paris) 43:1-31. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Sander Adelaar  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 213
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Southwest 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 8 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
83 to work word info      
87 to swell word info      
89 to hold word info      
123 to flow      
132 fog      
159 wide      
7 to come *i[l]ua *r or *l ?    
49 to lie down word info *ma-liku      
66 to tie up, fasten *hali-      
67 to sew word info *t<m>ahi      
95 to fall word info (?) *tau-kua      
95 to fall word info *m'atəb      
157 thick word info *ma-kənəm? (less likely) *ma-kŭnŭm    
158 narrow *ma-ləngəd? *ma-suku?      
1 hand *rima   1  
2 left *ui   1  
3 right *ual   1  
6 road/path *darang   1  
9 to swim *l<m>anguy   1  
13 back word info *rikuθ   1  
15 bone *turaN   1  
18 breast *uhu   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ma-vana also: *m-umxa, *k<m>alang 1  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
25 neck *rəx   1  
26 hair word info *bukəx   1  
28 to breathe *mi-xinawa   1  
33 to laugh *ma-tawa   1  
34 to cry *t<m>angi   1  
35 to vomit *m-uta   1  
37 to eat *k<m>an   1  
41 to bite *k<m>axat   1  
42 to suck *s<m>ipsip?   1  
43 ear *tangira *taringa? see Tsuchida&Yamada 1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *k<m>ita   1  
47 to yawn *ma-xuap   1  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
56 child *aNak   1  
59 mother *θa-ina   1  
60 father *θa-ama   1  
63 name *nanang   1  
65 rope *tarix   1  
69 to hunt word info *m-alup   1  
75 to die, be dead *ma-patay   1  
79 stick/wood *kaxyu partly based on data in Tsuchida&Yamada 1991 1  
85 to choose *peri   1  
90 to dig *k<m>ari   1  
96 dog (*)asu *s is suspect 1 L
105 tail *ikux   1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
110 spider *rawa   1  
117 fruit *bua   1  
120 stone *batu 1 1  
122 water word info *θalum   1  
129 moon *bural   1  
133 rain *udaN   1  
137 to blow word info *pa-hiup   1  
143 fire *apuy   1  
146 ash *abu   1  
150 yellow *ma-kulian   1  
163 new *ba[x,h]u   1  
182 I *i-a[k]u   1  
185 we word info *i-mita   1  
190 other *θuma   1  
192 and *ka has a wider application 1  
197 One word info *-saat   1  
198 Two word info *-θuha   1  
199 Three word info *-turu   1  
200 Four word info *-pa-xəpat   1  
201 Five word info *-rima   1  
202 Six word info *-(ə)nəm   1  
203 Seven word info *-fitu   1  
209 One Hundred word info *saat ka-xatux-ang   1  
135 lightning *rikat   1, 89  
169 year *tawil   1, 22  
44 to hear *x<m>ilingix   1, 27  
186 you *i-mumi   1, 31  
204 Eight word info *kuixpa   1, 35  
156 thin word info *p<Vl>ipix   1, 69  
52 to stand *m-i-tuku   100  
81 sharp *ma-səxingat   102  
152 small *ma-kusing   102  
155 long word info *ma-han[g]dax   103  
166 correct, true *ma-m(i)sing   103  
166 correct, true *dilix   104  
144 to burn word info *m-i-lamax   105  
48 to sleep *ma-iθip   108  
58 wife *k-ixa-ən (less likely: *k-axa-ən) 108  
10 dirty *ma-ru(s,θ)uk   110  
148 white *ma-puNi   111  
112 rotten word info mix-tuay   112  
138 warm word info *ma-dalat   113  
131 cloud word info *puraray   114  
131 cloud word info *bələm *bələm 'cloud', also 'sky' 115  
179 near *hili   119  
72 to hit word info *bukbuk   120  
94 to throw word info *m-aθing   120  
141 wet *ma-hala   120  
179 near *tamang   120  
64 to say *ma-su-su   126  
21 to think päx-dəmdəm   13  
139 cold word info *ma-harmil   132  
164 good *ma-riang   139  
11 dust *vuravur also *θapul 'dust powder' 14  
208 Fifty word info *rima ki tian   14  
78 to cut, hack word info *ta(x)ta ? consonants uncertain 142  
168 day *waxi   17  
24 head *bungu   2  
31 tooth *walix   2  
84 to plant *t<m>anəm   2  
97 bird *ayam ka subəx lit. 'flying animal' 2  
100 wing *paliθ   2  
104 fat/grease *ximax   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *kuray   2  
109 mosquito *rikəx   2  
136 wind *bari   2  
153 big *ma-iθang   2  
175 above *tu babaw   2  
178 that *ata   2  
185 we word info *i-mian   2  
189 who? word info *ti mang   2  
207 Twenty word info *θuha ki tian   2  
12 skin *baNit   2, 29  
195 no, not *aku-say   20  
176 below (*tu) *θa-θəm lit. 'on the bottom' 20, 37  
5 to walk *d<m>a-darang   21  
210 One Thousand word info *saat ka-tunun-an   24  
42 to suck *ma-uhu *ma-uhu 'to suck (baby)' 25  
82 dull, blunt *ma-ngihit   26  
29 to sniff, smell *θ<m>a-θangux 'to smell' 26, 70  
173 at *tu   28  
183 thou *i-m(u)hu   28  
106 snake *vulay   29  
111 fish *təxəng   29, 79  
180 far *itu-tawax (?)   3  
134 thunder *θəngθəng   3, 98  
55 woman/female *ina   30  
74 to kill *lupux also: *paka-patey 32  
140 dry word info *ma-θəkax   32  
187 they *naini   32  
206 Ten word info *saat ki tian   33  
103 meat/flesh *baat   37  
119 earth/soil *ənai SA: < *enay 'sand' 38  
8 to turn word info *maxu-vering   4  
32 tongue *θira   4  
188 what? word info *mang   40  
188 what? word info *ma-mang   40  
125 salt *baya   41  
174 in, inside *tu rəbu merge 41, 46, 47? 41  
184 he/she *taini   41  
177 this *ana   43  
114 leaf *hapa SA: similarity with Japanese hapa is probably coincidental 44  
147 black *ma-udim not (1) 44  
23 blood *xamax   44, 39  
57 husband *təbung   46  
68 needle *simsim? *səmsəm?   46  
17 liver *mawax -> UM dialect mawax 47  
126 lake *balanga UM valanga 48  
154 short word info *(ma-)kipu   48  
124 sea *baung   5  
50 to dream *-maling   50  
66 to tie up, fasten *buxut   50  
92 to open, uncover *maxu-Nəb   51, 52  
116 flower *iθip (?) based on UM isip 52  
118 grass *uθu 'weed' 52  
142 heavy *ma-kədung   52, 83  
70 to shoot word info *ma-təku-təkux also: pa-lətu (?) 53  
127 woods/forest *buxung only in UM (vuxong) 53  
4 leg/foot *θapal   55  
98 egg *p-u-pəxax   55  
61 house *taNax   56  
51 to sit *m-i-rung   57  
54 man/male *parax   60  
86 to grow word info *tuul   61  
171 to hide word info *h<m>a   62  
73 to steal *ha-uθung   63  
113 branch word info *pihil   64  
115 root *patar   65  
137 to blow word info *ba-bari   65  
172 to climb word info *max-dakin (?) last vowel could be schwa 65  
101 to fly *subəx   66, 98  
130 star *ătatilingaxay   67  
80 to split word info ? *pa-p-u-duha lit. 'make into two' 68  
165 bad, evil *ma-t'[e,i]   68  
128 sky *ikir-ən only in G dialect (ikir-ən ) 69  
205 Nine word info *ma-tuda   7  
102 rat *taxuliang   70  
40 to drink *m-i(i)t   71  
93 to pound, beat word info *p-i-a-xa-xaup   71  
134 thunder *xiNtax   71  
53 person/human being *kaxulung   72  
91 to buy *pa-iNa   72  
36 to spit *ma-[d]ipax   74  
62 thatch/roof *apang   74  
121 sand *lixix   76  
27 nose *xungu(θ) θ is uncertain 77, 27  
99 feather *ilil   78  
19 shoulder *taxu   80  
149 red *ma-ipəxang   80  
14 belly *buiN   81  
162 old word info *ri(i,e)   81  
167 night *vixnan (?) + metathesis of *b and *R? 82  
161 shy, ashamed *ma-nGala   83  
76 to live, be alive *muxax   84  
151 green *ma-xud(e,i)   85  
194 how? word info *mama *[ki] *mang (not 23) 86  
170 when? word info *manu   87  
30 mouth *mutus   88  
196 to count *k<m>ətkət   88  
196 to count *kətən   88, 89  
193 if *iθu   89  
181 where? word info *tu mang   90  
112 rotten word info ?UM mi-tupak   91  
88 to squeeze word info *talding < UM talding 92  
160 painful, sick *ma-alam   92  
145 smoke word info *atu   93  
191 all *iməd   96  
16 intestines *talamey   97  

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