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Language: Arʃa

Source/Author:  Leenhardt (1946) 
Notes:  Leenhardt, Maurice. 1946. Langues et dialectes de l'Austro-Mèlanèsie 
Problems: 
Transcription converteⁿd to IPA based on author's phonetic descriptions.

Except: some vowels;
[r̃] = "dental nasalised liquid"; and
[’], which I assume to be glottal stop but the author does not explicitly discuss.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth & John Lynch  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:New Caledonian:Southern:South:Wailic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand gawi ø   28  
1 hand gawi ø xerua   28  
2 left e ⁿdara   29  
3 right e gamë   60  
4 leg/foot kar̃a ã e   54  
4 leg/foot kar̃a ã xeia   54  
5 to walk vørɛ   2  
6 road/path weʝe   30  
7 to come mi   1  
8 to turn word info saᵐbere   92  
9 to swim u   5  
10 dirty      
11 dust puru ⁿdo:   20, 65  
12 skin      
13 back word info ⁿdɛ e   82  
14 belly poe e   36  
15 bone      
16 intestines ko:na e   82  
17 liver kavë e      
18 breast meresã e   8, 60  
19 shoulder moeke e   64  
20 to know, be knowledgeable t̪awai   1  
21 to think ᵐbara   101  
22 to fear      
23 blood koro xiø   45, 1  
24 head moe e   9  
25 neck koere ko e   23  
26 hair word info poroma e   31  
27 nose kuĩ ø   11  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell t̪apɛ   113  
30 mouth newe e   36  
31 tooth perewe e   21  
32 tongue koromɛ ɛ   14, 7  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit go:wi   39?  
36 to spit      
37 to eat ara   39  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink oso   66  
41 to bite      
42 to suck ji   25  
43 ear ᵐbaⁿdeni   16  
44 to hear poar̃a   7  
45 eye piemɛ ɛ   31, 1  
46 to see t̪ai   130  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep mi ve uru      
49 to lie down word info mi   105  
50 to dream ŋaxë   64  
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being kavo xiø   93  
54 man/male kaoro   122  
54 man/male kaoro xiø   122  
55 woman/female powe   1?  
55 woman/female pamɛ xiø      
56 child kaera xiø   98?  
57 husband koe e   2  
58 wife koe e   1, 53  
59 mother pene e   1, 45  
60 father peⁿda e      
61 house moa   1  
62 thatch/roof kørø ɲi   20  
63 name      
64 to say a      
65 rope maru   2  
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle jumɛ   40  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info ovoxɛ   11  
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead mɛt̪e   1  
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info socia   131  
79 stick/wood morarã   43  
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant nøe   44  
85 to choose kuvet̪ae      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover   78  
93 to pound, beat word info so sia   67  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info sari      
96 dog ørɛ kasamo   1  
97 bird kãĩ   52  
98 egg      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly ci   93  
102 rat sipù   3  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) ᵐboa   1, 34  
108 louse word info      
109 mosquito niu   1  
110 spider naᵐbo   91  
111 fish no:   9  
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info jiri ø   15  
114 leaf mã e   30  
115 root koe e   2, 41, 42  
116 flower      
117 fruit poerɛ ɛ   1  
118 grass      
119 earth/soil ⁿdo:   1  
120 stone o:i   54  
121 sand ⁿdea:   15  
122 water word info ⁿde   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea meⁿdi   23?  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky neⁿda:   71  
129 moon mova   52  
130 star karewea   28, 16?  
131 cloud word info o:   12  
132 fog      
133 rain niri      
134 thunder kuruo   2  
135 lightning kasø   1  
136 wind koa:   93, 18?  
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info vike   37  
139 cold word info oo   127  
140 dry word info   1  
141 wet ⁿdi   111  
142 heavy      
143 fire omo:   45  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info puru omo:   89  
146 ash ⁿdɛ   1  
147 black weni   90  
148 white oa   22  
148 white oau   22  
149 red mi:   1, 55  
150 yellow mi:   x  
150 yellow kakopørøⁿdø na   96, 88  
151 green ɲiu   83  
152 small era      
153 big kau   101  
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info aranaᵐbi   60  
157 thick word info ãva   70  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick pei   51  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info mᵐbear̃i   16  
163 new ⁿdovo   18  
164 good ø   53  
165 bad, evil t̪eso   1, 99  
166 correct, true emar̃i   1?  
167 night ᵐboet̪e   1  
168 day neⁿda:   6?  
169 year      
170 when? word info ani   1  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside ro: e   1  
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near t̪o ve ùrùra   110  
180 far t̪o ve nuru   35  
181 where? word info t̪o we   3  
182 I o   1  
183 thou i   1  
184 he/she e   1  
185 we word info ⁿde      
185 we word info ᵐbe      
186 you we   1  
187 they re   1, 70  
188 what? word info je ne e   1  
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and ma   2  
193 if   3  
194 how? word info      
195 no, not ae   10  
196 to count vørɛ   1  
197 One word info ake   14  
198 Two word info keuru   1  
199 Three word info keere   1  
200 Four word info keve   1, 65  
201 Five word info keni   1, 15  
202 Six word info keni i ᵐbori ake      
203 Seven word info keni i ᵐbori keuru      
204 Eight word info keni i ᵐbori keere      
205 Nine word info keni i ᵐbori keve      
206 Ten word info eru ã   16  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info keni kavo      
210 One Thousand word info      

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