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Language: Vaghua

Source/Author:  Blust, from Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Peng Du  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic:Choiseul 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ləma-   1  
1 hand ləma-na arm 1  
2 left ɣende-   16  
2 left ɣende-na left 16  
3 right matavə-   5, 69  
3 right matavə-na right 5, 69  
4 leg/foot paŋgara-   97  
4 leg/foot paŋgara-na leg 97  
5 to walk ŋgaloŋgalo      
5 to walk kənĵkambe go up    
5 to walk zaɔ go 22  
5 to walk ŋgɔpere go down    
6 road/path sœka   7  
7 to come [zu]la|ma   1  
7 to come lama come 1, 85  
7 to come zulama come 1  
8 to turn word info tāvəvər   39  
9 to swim mbar   10  
9 to swim seŋge bathe 46  
10 dirty pɔŋɔ   73  
11 dust rāɣə̥   9  
11 dust rāɣ dust 9  
12 skin kapɔtɔ-   12  
12 skin kapɔtɔ-na skin 12  
13 back word info tɔtɔka-   56  
13 back word info tɔtɔka-na back 56  
14 belly kumba-   2  
14 belly kumba-na belly 2  
15 bone vərə-   74  
15 bone vərə-na bone 74  
16 intestines supa-   36  
16 intestines supa-na guts 36  
17 liver manava-   20  
17 liver manava-na liver 20  
18 breast susu-   1  
18 breast susu-na breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable rove   21  
21 to think nanavəzə   16  
21 to think nanau   16  
22 to fear ɣelə̥   65  
22 to fear ɣelə̥ fear 65  
23 blood mandaka-   6  
23 blood mandaka-na blood 6  
24 head ŋgɔŋgɔ-   51  
24 head ŋgɔŋgɔ-na head 51  
25 neck kənkənə-   25  
25 neck kənkənə-na neck 25  
26 hair word info pələ-na hair (body) 31  
27 nose eŋə-   15  
27 nose eŋə-na nose 15  
28 to breathe marapəɣa   18  
28 to breathe marapəɣa breathe 18  
29 to sniff, smell psəɣa      
29 to sniff, smell psəɣa smell    
30 mouth ɣənjə-   2, 44  
30 mouth ɣənĵə-na mouth 2, 44  
31 tooth      
32 tongue kalamea-   7, 14  
32 tongue kalamea-na tongue 7, 14  
33 to laugh kār   18  
34 to cry vɔre      
35 to vomit lua   8  
36 to spit səve   19, 88  
37 to eat ŋaŋa   15  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink mbets   8  
40 to drink ndaɔ      
41 to bite kambala   10  
42 to suck nǰoropo   13  
42 to suck nĵoropo suck 13  
43 ear taləŋa-   1  
43 ear taləŋa-na ear 1  
44 to hear ŋɔ̄ŋoro   1, 37  
45 eye mata-   1  
45 eye mata-na eye 1  
46 to see miŋa check cognate judgment    
46 to see riŋa check cognate judgment 56  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep kamək   12  
49 to lie down word info lɔŋgo      
50 to dream      
51 to sit tɔŋgəts      
52 to stand ndeɣere   10  
52 to stand ndeɣere stand 10  
53 person/human being mbosɔe   12  
54 man/male tamanə̥   1, 14  
55 woman/female pes lavata      
56 child nale   32  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother iŋgia-   3  
59 mother iŋgia mother 3  
60 father tama-   1  
60 father tama-na father 1  
61 house pande   8  
62 thatch/roof rɔpɔto   12  
62 thatch/roof kambaɔ   47  
62 thatch/roof rɔpɔtɔ thatch 12  
63 name zaŋa- 0r 20? 23  
63 name zaŋa-na name 23  
64 to say ɣambana   90  
64 to say iɣua   54  
64 to say ɣambana say 90  
64 to say iɣua say 54  
65 rope məŋge      
65 rope talə   1  
65 rope məŋgə rope    
66 to tie up, fasten pənək   21  
66 to tie up, fasten pəps   32  
67 to sew word info səsəra   18  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info sərapa   17  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce paŋgɔ   16  
71 to stab, pierce nǰəɣs   49  
71 to stab, pierce nĵəɣs stab 49  
72 to hit word info səma   18  
72 to hit word info vae   17  
73 to steal səkɒ   13  
74 to kill vaekəndo      
75 to die, be dead le   5  
76 to live, be alive tu   8  
76 to live, be alive to life 8  
77 to scratch word info kəkəraka   15  
78 to cut, hack word info komboro   126  
78 to cut, hack word info save cut (string) 127  
78 to cut, hack word info pota cut (string) 24  
78 to cut, hack word info vele cut nut x  
79 stick/wood mɔks   3  
80 to split word info lapete   11  
80 to split word info vila   12  
81 sharp zɔɣɔtɔ   23  
81 sharp zɔɣɔtɔ sharp 23  
82 dull, blunt ndɔpụ   42  
83 to work word info nǰanǰ   15  
83 to work word info nĵanĵ work 15  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info aŋgara   41  
88 to squeeze word info mosolo   22  
88 to squeeze word info poro   42  
89 to hold word info palatar   18  
90 to dig sula   10  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info sɔ̄r   20?  
96 dog səka   11  
97 bird pale   11  
98 egg ləŋga-   10  
98 egg ləŋga-na egg 10  
99 feather sava-   8  
99 feather sava-na feather 8  
100 wing mbambalakərə-   13  
100 wing mbambalakərə-na wing 13  
101 to fly mbavk   47  
101 to fly səŋgala fly    
102 rat kœnǰ E Choiseul irreg reflex 3, 60  
102 rat kœnĵ E Choiseul irreg reflex 3, 60  
103 meat/flesh vəsəɣɔ-   10  
103 meat/flesh vəsəɣɔ-na meat/flesh 10  
104 fat/grease ɣələmana-   48  
104 fat/grease ɣələmana-na fat/grease 48  
105 tail kœŋgele-   45  
105 tail kœŋgele-na tail 45  
106 snake ndɔkɔ   69  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ɣəts   1  
108 louse word info lia louse egg x20  
108 louse word info ɣəts louse 1  
109 mosquito kəvərarɔ   36  
110 spider kave   12  
111 fish iŋana   1, 69  
112 rotten word info mɔreta   49  
112 rotten word info nōl   46  
113 branch word info paŋgara-   6  
113 branch word info paŋgara-na branch 6  
114 leaf vaŋa-   13  
114 leaf vaŋa-na leaf 13  
115 root rambəčə-   3, 38  
115 root rambəčə-na root 3, 38  
116 flower sava-      
116 flower sava flower    
117 fruit vəri-   30  
117 fruit vəri-na fruit 30  
118 grass sevəsevə   17?  
119 earth/soil roka      
120 stone ipaka   8  
121 sand karak|ɔne   1, 60  
121 sand karakɔne sand 1, 60  
122 water word info mbetse   6, 38  
122 water word info mbetsə water 6, 38  
123 to flow nǰanǰarana   14  
123 to flow nĵanĵarana flow 14  
124 sea mats   8  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest seŋgaseŋga   23  
128 sky ukuka   42  
128 sky rani   1  
129 moon koka      
130 star ndəvs      
131 cloud word info mbatoŋo   18?  
131 cloud word info təŋks cloud 75  
132 fog kasəkə   12  
132 fog kɔɣas   12  
132 fog kɔɣas fog 12  
133 rain nare   9  
134 thunder panǰala ɔkɔka   22  
134 thunder panĵala ɔkɔka thunder 22  
135 lightning kaps   13?  
136 wind seva   14  
137 to blow word info ev      
138 warm word info varsuka      
139 cold word info mulam      
139 cold word info lɔelɔe      
140 dry word info kandala   16  
141 wet məŋgəts   14  
141 wet mboma   15  
141 wet məŋgets wet 14  
142 heavy maŋgata   12  
143 fire nakɔ   8  
144 to burn word info səmpsə̥   12  
144 to burn word info səmpsẹ burn 12  
145 smoke word info pəɣa      
145 smoke word info pəɣa smoke    
146 ash ŋgula      
147 black pɔŋɔ   12  
147 black sənɔ      
148 white kakasa   17  
148 white sele   15  
149 red mesara   38  
150 yellow maŋgele   49  
151 green kata      
152 small kəks      
153 big lavata   10  
154 short word info pəts   46  
154 short word info pets short 46  
155 long word info zaka      
156 thin word info laelae   26  
157 thick word info təmatəma   51  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick mɔ̄so   17  
160 painful, sick mōso sick 17  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info valaka   58  
162 old word info maŋgota   70  
162 old word info mbana old (thing) 76  
163 new vɔr   1  
164 good velaka   21  
165 bad, evil sata   1  
166 correct, true tɔtɔlɔŋɔ   35  
166 correct, true velaka      
167 night mbɔnə̥   1  
168 day ranə̥   6  
169 year matsiran   9  
170 when? word info avaŋalə̥   6  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info kənǰkambe   35  
173 at ɔte      
174 in, inside lomboro-   1, 6  
174 in, inside lomboro-na in 1, 6  
175 above      
176 below pola-   12  
176 below pola-na below 12  
177 this tene   7, 1  
178 that      
179 near arɔarɔ   15  
180 far laŋgalaŋga   16  
181 where? word info evekava   3  
182 I ara   1, 24  
183 thou aɣɔ   1  
183 thou aɣɔ you (2sg) s  
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info eta   1  
185 we word info ɔre      
185 we word info ɔrembər we (1du.excl)    
185 we word info etərə we (1du.incl) 1  
186 you ɔram   1, 22  
186 you ɔrambərə you (2du) x  
186 you -ŋgam your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
187 they ɔ|ra   1, 70  
187 they ɔra they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they ɔramɔkɔ they (3du) x  
188 what? word info avana   1  
189 who? word info inana      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and   2  
193 if tɔro   33, 30  
193 if toɣɔ   33, 30  
193 if toɣɔ if 33, 30  
194 how? word info avana      
194 how? word info avateve      
195 no, not kaeɣa   19, 15  
195 no, not kaeɣa no 19, 15  
196 to count ŋgana   16  
197 One word info kala   31, 45  
198 Two word info karua   1  
199 Three word info kapə   4  
200 Four word info kavats   1, 65  
201 Five word info kaləma five 1  
202 Six word info kaɔnɔmɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info kavuts seven 1?  
204 Eight word info kazal eight 12  
205 Nine word info kaxesa nine 23  
206 Ten word info ŋavel ten 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info kaŋga vasa one hundred 21  
210 One Thousand word info      

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