https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Novol (Bangir)

Source/Author:  Aviva Shimelman 
Notes:  Transcription -- broad -- done with standard IPA with the exception that [ᴅ] was represented as "dʳ".  
Data Entry:  Typed By:  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Malekula Interior:Small Nambas 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand nɛ-vɛran      
1 hand nɛ-vɛran      
2 left mʷɔɛr      
2 left mʷɔɛr      
3 right boraŋonɛ      
3 right boraŋanɛ      
3 right boraŋonɛ      
3 right boraŋanɛ      
4 leg/foot na-ala-      
4 leg/foot na-ala-      
5 to walk      
6 road/path nɛ-sɛlɛ      
6 road/path nɛ-sɛlɛ      
7 to come -βʷəl      
7 to come -βʷəl      
8 to turn word info -ⁿdʳi      
8 to turn word info -ⁿdʳi      
9 to swim -lɛlɛsɛt      
9 to swim -lɛlɛsɛt      
10 dirty vʷitɛnɛ      
10 dirty vʷitɛnɛ      
11 dust a-tɛnɛzɛlɛ   97  
11 dust a-tɛnɛzɛlɛ   97  
12 skin a-wivɪnɪs   28  
12 skin a-wivɪnɪs   28  
13 back word info a-taːgnK   12  
13 back word info a-taːgnK   12  
14 belly a-ut-   5, 15  
14 belly na-ut-   5, 15  
14 belly a-ut-   5, 15  
14 belly na-ut-   5, 15  
15 bone a-βʷigai   72  
15 bone a-βʷigai   72  
16 intestines nɛ-tæᵐbʷoŋə      
16 intestines nɛ-tæᵐbʷoŋə      
17 liver maːᵐʙorɛ   7, 53  
17 liver maːᵐʙorɛ   7, 53  
18 breast na-azɪs   1, 55  
18 breast na-azɪs   1, 55  
19 shoulder ᵐbʷosvɛrɛ   1, 65  
19 shoulder ᵐbʷosvɛrɛ   1, 65  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ⁿdʳaŋ-      
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ⁿdʳaŋ-      
21 to think -ⁿdʳam-   13  
21 to think -ⁿdʳam-   13  
22 to fear -mɛtax   1  
22 to fear -mɛtax   1  
23 blood nɛ-ⁿdʳei      
23 blood nɛ-ⁿdʳei      
24 head ᵐbʷaːt-   9  
24 head ᵐbʷaːt-   9  
25 neck ɛ-ⁿdɛl-aŋ   42  
25 neck ɛ-ⁿdɛl-aŋ   42  
26 hair word info a-βul-   31  
26 hair word info a-βul-   31  
27 nose ᵑgars-   1, 50  
27 nose ᵑgars-   1, 50  
28 to breathe -ŋaraŋra   13  
28 to breathe -ŋaraŋra   13  
29 to sniff, smell -ᵐbʷini   42  
29 to sniff, smell -ᵐbʷini   42  
30 mouth -ᵐbʷaŋ   41  
30 mouth -ᵐbʷaŋ   41  
31 tooth hɛ-lui   1, 35  
31 tooth hɛ-lui   1, 35  
32 tongue a-mɛlui   7, 42  
32 tongue a-mɛlui   7, 42  
33 to laugh -sɪŋal   84, 49  
33 to laugh -sɪŋal   84, 49  
34 to cry -uarɛte   61  
34 to cry -uarɛte   61  
35 to vomit -lualuẽ   8  
35 to vomit -lualua   8  
35 to vomit -lualuẽ   8  
35 to vomit -lualua   8  
36 to spit -mɛmzɛr   42  
36 to spit -mɛmzɛr   42  
37 to eat -avaːnɛ      
37 to eat -avaːnɛ      
38 to chew word info -ŋaz   12  
38 to chew word info -ŋaz   12  
39 to cook word info -tntn   9  
39 to cook word info -tntn   9  
40 to drink -tauaiam   55?  
40 to drink -tauaiam   55?  
41 to bite      
42 to suck -suⁿdʳup   23  
42 to suck -suⁿdʳup   23  
43 ear -ⁿdɛliŋ-   1, 40  
43 ear -ⁿdɛliŋ-   1, 40  
44 to hear -raŋə   1  
44 to hear -raŋə   1  
45 eye ɛmɛt-   1  
45 eye ɛmɛt-   1  
46 to see -lɛs   14, 94  
46 to see -lɛs   14, 94  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep -mʷɔnɪn   19  
48 to sleep -mʷɔnɪn   19  
49 to lie down word info -mʷɔnɪndau      
49 to lie down word info -mʷɔnɪndau      
50 to dream -tawaiam      
50 to dream -tawaiam      
51 to sit -som   40  
51 to sit -som   40  
52 to stand -tɛrɛ   2, 69  
52 to stand -tɛrɛ   2, 69  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male na-muɣʊt   94  
54 man/male na-muɣʊt   94  
55 woman/female nɛ-tuvʷɔtɛ   24  
55 woman/female nɛ-tuvʷɔtɛ   24  
56 child ha-teɪᵐʙurai   78  
56 child ha-teɪᵐʙurai   78  
57 husband na-muɣʊt tɪgɛne   80, 82  
57 husband na-muɣʊt tɪgɛne   80, 82  
58 wife ɛ-tuvʷɔte   64, 83  
58 wife tɪgɛne      
58 wife ɛ-tuvʷɔte   64, 83  
58 wife tɪgɛne      
59 mother kaⁿdei   17  
59 mother kaⁿdei   17  
60 father tɛma-   1  
60 father tɛma-   1  
61 house ne-imʷɔ   1  
61 house ne-imʷɔ   1  
62 thatch/roof nɛ-ruiɛtɛ   1, 61  
62 thatch/roof nɛ-ruiɛtɛ   1, 61  
63 name nɛ-ksa-   1, 35  
63 name nɛ-ksa-   1, 35  
64 to say -sɛrɛ   113  
64 to say -sɛrɛ   113  
65 rope ne-tal   1  
65 rope ne-tal   1  
66 to tie up, fasten -tu-   102  
66 to tie up, fasten -tu-   102  
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info -lua   15  
70 to shoot word info -lua   15  
71 to stab, pierce -tr   14  
71 to stab, pierce -tr   14  
72 to hit word info -raβus   86, 100  
72 to hit word info -raβus   86, 100  
73 to steal -mɛrak   52  
73 to steal -mɛrak   52  
74 to kill -raβɪsᵐʙn   1, 74  
74 to kill -raβɪsᵐʙn   1, 74  
75 to die, be dead -mas   1  
75 to die, be dead -mas   1  
76 to live, be alive -mauor   1, 76  
76 to live, be alive -mauor   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info -kai   71  
77 to scratch word info -kai   71  
78 to cut, hack word info -tax   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tak   1  
78 to cut, hack word info -tax   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tak   1  
79 stick/wood nai   1  
79 stick/wood nai   1  
80 to split word info -taxəᵐborai   1, 62  
80 to split word info -taxəᵐborai   1, 62  
81 sharp maŋal   14, 79, 81  
81 sharp maŋal   14, 79, 81  
82 dull, blunt ᵐʙkᵐʙk   64, 65  
82 dull, blunt ᵐʙkᵐʙk   64, 65  
83 to work word info -rak   46  
83 to work word info -rak   46  
84 to plant -ɣovʷax   60  
84 to plant -ɣovʷax   60  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info -ᵐbus      
87 to swell word info -ᵐbus      
88 to squeeze word info -ᵐbus   18, 71  
88 to squeeze word info -ᵐbus   18, 71  
89 to hold word info -vurundao   34, 88  
89 to hold word info -vurundao   34, 88  
90 to dig -ɣl   1  
90 to dig -ɣl   1  
91 to buy -βʊl   1  
91 to buy -βʊl   1  
92 to open, uncover -sɛvan   24  
92 to open, uncover -sɛvan   24  
93 to pound, beat word info -tɛltɛlᵐbə   48  
93 to pound, beat word info -tɛltɛlᵐbə   48  
94 to throw word info -ɣuᵐbʊx   84  
94 to throw word info -ɣuᵐbʊx   74  
95 to fall word info -rage   95  
95 to fall word info -rage   95  
96 dog ᵐburuman   10, 83  
96 dog ᵐburuman   10, 83  
97 bird a-mæn   1  
97 bird a-mæn   1  
98 egg a-mɔvʷi   67  
98 egg a-mɔvʷi   67  
99 feather ɛ-vəli   1  
99 feather ɛ-vəli   1  
100 wing ɛ-vɛlaᵑgaːwi   38, 69, 70  
100 wing ɛ-vɛlaᵑgaːwi   38, 69, 70  
101 to fly -al   75  
101 to fly -al   75  
102 rat na-azuɔ   3, 77  
102 rat na-azuɔ   3, 77  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail ɛ-vɛlɛᵐbəši   30, 64  
105 tail ɛ-vɛlɛᵐbəzi   30, 64  
105 tail ɛ-vɛlɛᵐbəši   30, 64  
105 tail ɛ-vɛlɛᵐbəzi   30, 64  
106 snake na-mʷotɛ   12  
106 snake na-mɔtɛ   12  
106 snake na-mʷotɛ   12  
106 snake na-mɔtɛ   12  
107 worm (earthworm) ɛ-ⁿdɛlaːs   68, 64  
107 worm (earthworm) ɛ-ⁿdɛlaːs   68, 64  
108 louse word info a-akt   1, 13  
108 louse word info a-agt   1, 13  
108 louse word info a-akt   1, 13  
108 louse word info a-agt   1, 13  
109 mosquito a-taogas   38, 48  
109 mosquito a-tahogas   38, 48  
109 mosquito a-taogas   38, 48  
109 mosquito a-tahogas   38, 48  
110 spider ə-ⁿdəŋələ   62  
110 spider ə-ⁿdəŋələ   62  
111 fish a-igə   1  
111 fish na-igə      
111 fish a-igə      
111 fish na-igə      
112 rotten word info ɳɔtɛ   93, 95  
112 rotten word info ɳɔtɛ   93, 95  
113 branch word info a-saŋi   2  
113 branch word info a-saŋi   2  
114 leaf ɛ-luru-gai   1?  
114 leaf ɛ-luru-gai   1?  
115 root a-waːri   2  
115 root a-waːri   2  
116 flower ɛ-loaloɔ      
116 flower ɛ-loaloɔ      
117 fruit a-wa-ni   1, 26  
117 fruit a-wa-ni   1, 26  
118 grass a-mʷɔnai   31  
118 grass a-mɔnai   31  
118 grass a-mʷɔnai   31  
118 grass a-mɔnai   31  
119 earth/soil nɛ-tɛnɛ   1  
119 earth/soil nɛ-tɛnɛ   1  
120 stone a-vaːt˺   1  
120 stone nɛ-vaːt˺   1  
120 stone a-vaːt˺   1  
120 stone nɛ-vaːt˺   1  
121 sand mɛrɛsewan   1, 81  
121 sand mɛrɛsewan   1, 81  
122 water word info ne-amp   50  
122 water word info ne-amp   50  
123 to flow      
124 sea ha-tas      
124 sea ha-tas      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest la-ɪⁿdua      
127 woods/forest la-ɪⁿdua      
128 sky a-mʷap˺      
128 sky a-mʷap˺      
129 moon nɛ-ᵐbasi      
129 moon nɛ-ᵐbasi      
130 star nɛ-vunvʊt      
130 star nɛ-vunvʊt      
131 cloud word info a-maw      
131 cloud word info a-maw      
132 fog      
133 rain auzɛ      
133 rain auzɛ      
134 thunder a-aᵐbɛlɛ      
134 thunder a-aᵐbɛlɛ      
135 lightning ᵐbɛlɛᵐbɛlɛ      
135 lightning ᵐbɛlɛᵐbɛlɛ      
136 wind mɪlazɛ͂      
136 wind mɪlazɛ͂      
137 to blow word info -rav      
137 to blow word info -rav      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info mɛlazɛ      
139 cold word info mɛlazɛ      
140 dry word info mɛzɛmæz      
140 dry word info mɛzɛmæz      
141 wet lom      
141 wet lom      
142 heavy nɛm      
142 heavy nɛm      
143 fire na-ɣam      
143 fire na-ɣam      
144 to burn word info -nɛne      
144 to burn word info -nɛne      
145 smoke word info ⁿdɛɺ      
145 smoke word info ⁿdɛɺ      
146 ash ɛ-mɔzwanɛ      
146 ash ɛ-mɔzwanɛ      
147 black mɛtɛmɛtɛ      
147 black mɛtɛmɛtɛ      
148 white wowolau      
148 white wowolau      
149 red miɛmiɛlə      
149 red mimɛlə      
149 red miɛmiɛlə      
149 red mimɛlə      
150 yellow waswazi      
150 yellow waswazi      
151 green mɛrmær      
151 green mɛrmær      
152 small rɛuᵐbʷai      
152 small ɛrɛuᵐboi      
152 small rɛuᵐbʷai      
152 small ɛrɛuᵐboi      
153 big ᵐbuaz      
153 big ᵐbuaz      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick ᵑgəlɛtɛn      
160 painful, sick ᵑgəlɛtɛn      
161 shy, ashamed mʷolɛ      
161 shy, ashamed mʷolɛ      
162 old word info mʷɔtiɛnɛ      
162 old word info mʷɔtiɛnɛ      
163 new wovʷow      
163 new vovow      
163 new wovʷow      
163 new vovow      
164 good vʷai      
164 good vʷai      
165 bad, evil zɛtɛ      
165 bad, evil zɛtɛ      
166 correct, true mɛmɛnɛ      
166 correct, true mɛmɛnɛ      
167 night ᵐʙləmɛtiɛn      
167 night ᵐʙləmɛtiɛn      
168 day a-raniɛnɛ   6  
168 day a-raniɛnɛ   6  
169 year ha-taw   1  
169 year ha-taw   1  
170 when? word info nɛvavɪᵐʙɛlɛni   61  
170 when? word info vavɪᵐʙɛlɛni   61  
170 when? word info nɛvavɪᵐʙɛlɛni   61  
170 when? word info vavɪᵐʙɛlɛni   61  
171 to hide word info -valɛz      
171 to hide word info -valɛz      
172 to climb word info -wolɛzaʔ   2, 52  
172 to climb word info -wolɛzaʔ   2, 52  
173 at      
174 in, inside vaːnuɔ      
174 in, inside faːnuɔ      
174 in, inside vaːnuɔ      
174 in, inside faːnuɔ      
175 above ləmʷari      
175 above ləmʷari      
176 below fi      
176 below fi      
177 this ioⁿdɛ      
177 this ioⁿdɛ      
178 that mɛrwɔ      
178 that mɛrwɔ      
179 near sa͂ŋasa͂ŋa͂   90  
179 near sa͂ŋasa͂ŋa͂   90  
180 far lagkh   64  
180 far lax   64  
180 far lagkh   64  
180 far lax   64  
181 where? word info iawzɛ   34  
181 where? word info iawzɛ   34  
182 I naŋənɛ   1, 21, 22  
182 I naŋənɛ   1, 21, 22  
183 thou naŋu   1, 17, 18  
183 thou naŋu   1, 17, 18  
184 he/she ie   1  
184 he/she ie   1  
185 we word info kʊⁿdal we pl incl    
185 we word info kʊⁿdal we pl incl    
185 we word info mɔⁿdl we pl excl    
185 we word info mɔⁿdl we pl excl    
185 we word info kʊⁿdar we dl incl    
185 we word info kʊⁿdar we dl incl    
185 we word info mɔⁿdʳuŋ we dual excl    
185 we word info mɔⁿdʳuŋ we dual excl    
186 you aŋal you pl 49  
186 you aŋal you pl 49  
186 you aŋar you dual x  
186 you aŋar you dual x  
187 they ⁿdʳal they 55  
187 they ⁿdʳal they 55  
187 they ⁿdʳar they dual x  
187 they ⁿdʳar they dual x  
188 what? word info nasɛvĩ   1  
188 what? word info nasɛvĩ   1  
189 who? word info wani   40  
189 who? word info wani   40  
190 other iaŋə      
190 other iaŋə      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if jɛvaᵐbi   64  
193 if jɛvaᵐbi   64  
194 how? word info ᵑgaizɛ      
194 how? word info ᵑgaizɛ      
195 no, not izɪgan   10  
195 no, not izɪgan   10  
196 to count -ᵐbuluᵑk   1  
196 to count -ᵐbuluᵑk   1  
197 One word info iɛzwa   5  
197 One word info iɛzwa   5  
198 Two word info iɛrwa   1  
198 Two word info iɛrwa   1  
199 Three word info i-ɛtɺ   1  
199 Three word info i-ɛtɺ   1  
200 Four word info i-ɛvaz      
200 Four word info i-ɛvaz      
201 Five word info i-ɛləmɛ   1  
201 Five word info i-ɛləmɛ   1  
202 Six word info ɛ-lavsua      
202 Six word info ɛ-lavsua      
203 Seven word info ɛ-labrua͂   13  
203 Seven word info ɛ-labrua͂   13  
204 Eight word info ɛ-lawutɺ   5, 7  
204 Eight word info ɛ-lawutɺ   5, 7  
205 Nine word info ɛ-laːvəz   20  
205 Nine word info ɛ-laːvəz   20  
206 Ten word info ɛlaŋaːvʊl   5, 8  
206 Ten word info ɛlaŋaːvʊl   5, 8  
207 Twenty word info ɛ-laŋaːvʊl ɛrua   9  
207 Twenty word info ɛ-laŋaːvʊl ɛrua   9  
208 Fifty word info ɛ-laŋaːvʊl i-ləmɛ      
208 Fifty word info ɛ-laŋaːvʊl i-ləmɛ      
209 One Hundred word info laŋaːvʊl i-laŋaːvʊl   48  
209 One Hundred word info laŋaːvʊl i-laŋaːvʊl   48  
210 One Thousand word info      

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