https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tongan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Churchward (1959) 
Notes:  Churchward, C.M. (1959). Tongan dictionary. Oxford University Press: London 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Tongic 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ʔi ʔoluŋa   9  
191 all kotoa   13  
192 and mo   9  
192 and pea   24?  
146 ash efuefu   67  
173 at ʔi   20?  
13 back word info tuʔa   11  
165 bad, evil kovi   10  
14 belly kete   7  
176 below ʔi lalo   8  
153 big fuʔu   13  
153 big lahi   12  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black ʔuliʔuli   7  
23 blood toto   4  
15 bone hui   52  
113 branch word info vaʔakau   1, 4  
18 breast huhu   1  
56 child tamasiʔi   6, 63?  
131 cloud word info ʔao   12  
139 cold word info momoko   10  
166 correct, true tonu   8  
168 day ʔaho   1, 54  
10 dirty ʔuli      
96 dog kulī   7  
140 dry word info mōmoa   92?  
82 dull, blunt peku   61  
11 dust efu   1  
43 ear teliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil kelekele   10  
98 egg foʔi manu   5  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far mamaʔo   13  
104 fat/grease ŋako   14  
60 father tama|i   1  
99 feather fulufulu   1  
208 Fifty word info nimangofulu   1, 2  
143 fire afi   1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info nima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower kakala   38?  
132 fog kakapu   1  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
117 fruit fua   1  
164 good lelei   17  
118 grass mohuku   58  
151 green lanu-mata   1, 12  
26 hair word info louʔulu   40  
1 hand nima   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
24 head ʔulu   1  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
61 house fale   14  
194 how? word info fēfē   11  
57 husband mali      
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I ou   1, 21  
193 if ka[pau]   1  
174 in, inside ʔi loto   5  
16 intestines ŋākau   12  
126 lake ano   1  
114 leaf lau   1  
114 leaf lou   1  
2 left hema   11  
4 leg/foot vaʔe   1, 100  
135 lightning ʔuhila   2  
17 liver ʔate   1  
155 long word info lōloa   12  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
54 man/male taŋata   12, 14  
103 meat/flesh kano   14  
129 moon māhina   37, 5  
109 mosquito namu   1  
59 mother faʔē   6  
30 mouth ŋutu   2  
63 name hiŋoa   6  
158 narrow lausiʔi      
179 near ofi   45  
25 neck kia   20  
68 needle hui-tuitui   66  
163 new foʔou   1  
167 night   1  
205 Nine word info hiva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
195 no, not ʔikai   10, 83  
27 nose ihu   1  
162 old word info motuʔa   1  
197 One word info taha   41  
209 One Hundred word info -nge/au/ Hundreds.(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand.(Source: Pollex) 3  
190 other kehe   8  
160 painful, sick mahaki   1  
53 person/human being taŋata   1, 66  
133 rain ʔuha   1  
102 rat kumā   13  
149 red kulokula   13  
3 right mataʔu   5, 13  
6 road/path hala   1  
115 root aka   2  
65 rope maea   10  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
125 salt māsima   3  
121 sand ʔoneʔone   1  
124 sea tahi   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp māsila   2  
154 short word info nounou   42  
19 shoulder uma   10  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin kili   1  
128 sky laŋi   1  
152 small siʔi   81, 83  
145 smoke word info ʔahu   2  
106 snake ŋata   12  
110 spider hina      
130 star fetuʔu   1  
79 stick/wood ʔa|kau   1  
120 stone maka   4  
105 tail iku   13  
206 Ten word info hongofulu Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
178 that ko ena   1  
62 thatch/roof ʔato   1  
187 they kinautolu   1, 19?  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
156 thin word info manifi   1  
177 this ko eni   1  
183 thou koe   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder mana   37  
41 to bite uʔu   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info ifi   5  
28 to breathe mānava   1  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
91 to buy fakatau   9  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
85 to choose fili   1  
172 to climb word info kaka   32  
7 to come haʔu   44  
7 to come ō mai   1  
39 to cook word info feimeʔakai      
39 to cook word info feitunu   9  
196 to count lau-a   8, 62  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info totofi   10?  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig keli   1  
50 to dream misi   36  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
95 to fall word info   14  
22 to fear manavahē   1?  
123 to flow tafe   10  
101 to fly puna      
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
44 to hear fenoŋo   1  
171 to hide word info toi      
72 to hit word info   10  
89 to hold word info kuku   12  
69 to hunt word info tuli manu   8  
74 to kill tāmateʔi   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔilo   13  
33 to laugh kata   7  
49 to lie down word info tokoto   7  
76 to live, be alive moʔui   1, 76  
92 to open, uncover fakaava   9  
84 to plant   4  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
64 to say pehē   59  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
46 to see sio   47  
67 to sew word info tuitui   13  
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
51 to sit nofo   16  
51 to sit taŋutu   122?  
48 to sleep mohe   10  
29 to sniff, smell nāmuʔi   41  
36 to spit ʔanuhi   14, 84  
80 to split word info fahi   4  
88 to squeeze word info tatau   13  
71 to stab, pierce hoka   67  
71 to stab, pierce tuiʔi   52  
52 to stand tuʔu   2  
73 to steal kaihaʔa   7  
42 to suck huhu   25  
87 to swell word info pupula   7  
9 to swim kakau   5  
21 to think fakakaukau      
94 to throw word info   79?  
94 to throw word info tolo   10?  
66 to tie up, fasten nonoʔo   15  
8 to turn word info tāafeafe      
8 to turn word info liliu   2  
35 to vomit lua   8  
5 to walk ʔalu Cognate in Ponapean ? 34  
83 to work word info ŋāue   11  
47 to yawn mamao   19, 28  
32 tongue ʔelelo   15  
31 tooth nifo   1  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty, score (Cwd).(Source: Pollex) 4  
198 Two word info ua   1  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
122 water word info vai   2  
185 we word info kitautolu   1, 39  
185 we word info kimautolu   2, 39  
141 wet [vi]viku   48  
188 what? word info   1  
170 when? word info ʔa fē   5  
170 when? word info ʔane fē   5  
181 where? word info ʔi fē   3, 35  
148 white hinehina   66  
189 who? word info hai   1  
159 wide laulahi   9  
58 wife mali      
136 wind mat|aŋi   1, 66  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
55 woman/female fefine   1, 106  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
169 year taʔu   1  
150 yellow eŋeeŋa   10  
186 you kimoutolu   16?  

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