https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tongan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Churchward (1959) 
Notes:  Churchward, C.M. (1959). Tongan dictionary. Oxford University Press: London 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Tongic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
209 One Hundred word info -nge/au/ Hundreds.(Source: Pollex) 2  
141 wet [vi]viku   48  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand.(Source: Pollex) 3  
143 fire afi   1  
115 root aka   2  
126 lake ano   1  
182 I au   1, 21  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
11 dust efu   1  
146 ash efuefu   67  
150 yellow eŋeeŋa   10  
80 to split word info fahi   4  
92 to open, uncover fakaava   9  
21 to think fakakaukau      
91 to buy fakatau   9  
61 house fale   14  
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
59 mother faʔē   6  
55 woman/female fefine   1, 106  
39 to cook word info feimeʔakai      
39 to cook word info feitunu   9  
44 to hear fenoŋo   1  
130 star fetuʔu   1  
85 to choose fili   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
98 egg foʔi manu   5  
163 new foʔou   1  
117 fruit fua   1  
99 feather fulufulu   1  
153 big fuʔu   13  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
194 how? word info fēfē   11  
189 who? word info hai   1  
6 road/path hala   1  
7 to come haʔu   44  
2 left hema   11  
110 spider hina      
148 white hinehina   66  
205 Nine word info hiva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
63 name hiŋoa   6  
71 to stab, pierce hoka   67  
206 Ten word info hongofulu Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
18 breast huhu   1  
42 to suck huhu   25  
15 bone hui   52  
68 needle hui-tuitui   66  
188 what? word info   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
137 to blow word info ifi   5  
27 nose ihu   1  
111 fish ika   1  
105 tail iku   13  
40 to drink inu   1  
193 if ka[pau]   1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
73 to steal kaihaʔa   7  
172 to climb word info kaka   32  
116 flower kakala   38?  
132 fog kakapu   1  
9 to swim kakau   5  
103 meat/flesh kano   14  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
33 to laugh kata   7  
190 other kehe   8  
119 earth/soil kelekele   10  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
90 to dig keli   1  
14 belly kete   7  
25 neck kia   20  
12 skin kili   1  
185 we word info kimautolu   2, 39  
186 you kimoutolu   16?  
187 they kinautolu   1, 19?  
185 we word info kitautolu   1, 39  
178 that ko ena   1  
177 this ko eni   1  
183 thou koe   1  
191 all kotoa   13  
165 bad, evil kovi   10  
89 to hold word info kuku   12  
149 red kulokula   13  
96 dog kulī   7  
102 rat kumā   13  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
153 big lahi   12  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
151 green lanu-mata   1, 12  
114 leaf lau   1  
196 to count lau-a   8, 62  
159 wide laulahi   9  
158 narrow lausiʔi      
128 sky laŋi   1  
164 good lelei   17  
8 to turn word info liliu   2  
114 leaf lou   1  
26 hair word info louʔulu   40  
35 to vomit lua   8  
94 to throw word info   79?  
155 long word info lōloa   12  
65 rope maea   10  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
160 painful, sick mahaki   1  
120 stone maka   4  
57 husband mali      
58 wife mali      
38 to chew word info mama   1  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
47 to yawn mamao   19, 28  
180 far mamaʔo   13  
134 thunder mana   37  
22 to fear manavahē   1?  
156 thin word info manifi   1  
97 bird manu   1  
45 eye mata   1  
3 right mataʔu   5, 13  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
136 wind mat|aŋi   1, 66  
50 to dream misi   36  
192 and mo   9  
48 to sleep mohe   10  
118 grass mohuku   58  
139 cold word info momoko   10  
162 old word info motuʔa   1  
76 to live, be alive moʔui   1, 76  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
129 moon māhina   37, 5  
28 to breathe mānava   1  
81 sharp māsila   2  
125 salt māsima   3  
140 dry word info mōmoa   92?  
109 mosquito namu   1  
31 tooth nifo   1  
1 hand nima   1  
201 Five word info nima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
208 Fifty word info nimangofulu   1, 2  
51 to sit nofo   16  
66 to tie up, fasten nonoʔo   15  
154 short word info nounou   42  
29 to sniff, smell nāmuʔi   41  
179 near ofi   45  
202 Six word info ono   1  
182 I ou   1, 21  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
192 and pea   24?  
64 to say pehē   59  
82 dull, blunt peku   61  
101 to fly puna      
87 to swell word info pupula   7  
167 night   1  
46 to see sio   47  
152 small siʔi   81, 83  
123 to flow tafe   10  
197 One word info taha   41  
124 sea tahi   1  
56 child tamasiʔi   6, 63?  
60 father tama|i   1  
88 to squeeze word info tatau   13  
53 person/human being taŋata   1, 66  
54 man/male taŋata   12, 14  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
51 to sit taŋutu   122?  
169 year taʔu   1  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty, score (Cwd).(Source: Pollex) 4  
43 ear teliŋa   1  
171 to hide word info toi      
49 to lie down word info tokoto   7  
94 to throw word info tolo   10?  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
166 correct, true tonu   8  
23 blood toto   4  
78 to cut, hack word info totofi   10?  
67 to sew word info tuitui   13  
71 to stab, pierce tuiʔi   52  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
69 to hunt word info tuli manu   8  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
13 back word info tuʔa   11  
52 to stand tuʔu   2  
72 to hit word info   10  
8 to turn word info tāafeafe      
74 to kill tāmateʔi   2  
84 to plant   4  
95 to fall word info   14  
198 Two word info ua   1  
19 shoulder uma   10  
41 to bite uʔu   8  
122 water word info vai   2  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
113 branch word info vaʔakau   1, 4  
4 leg/foot vaʔe   1, 100  
104 fat/grease ŋako   14  
106 snake ŋata   12  
30 mouth ŋutu   2  
16 intestines ŋākau   12  
83 to work word info ŋāue   11  
7 to come ō mai   1  
170 when? word info ʔa fē   5  
168 day ʔaho   1, 54  
145 smoke word info ʔahu   2  
5 to walk ʔalu Cognate in Ponapean ? 34  
170 when? word info ʔane fē   5  
36 to spit ʔanuhi   14, 84  
131 cloud word info ʔao   12  
17 liver ʔate   1  
62 thatch/roof ʔato   1  
79 stick/wood ʔa|kau   1  
32 tongue ʔelelo   15  
173 at ʔi   20?  
181 where? word info ʔi fē   3, 35  
176 below ʔi lalo   8  
174 in, inside ʔi loto   5  
175 above ʔi ʔoluŋa   9  
195 no, not ʔikai   10, 83  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔilo   13  
121 sand ʔoneʔone   1  
133 rain ʔuha   1  
135 lightning ʔuhila   2  
10 dirty ʔuli      
147 black ʔuliʔuli   7  
24 head ʔulu   1  

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