https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tongan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Churchward (1959) 
Notes:  Churchward, C.M. (1959). Tongan dictionary. Oxford University Press: London 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Tongic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info tāafeafe      
10 dirty ʔuli      
21 to think fakakaukau      
39 to cook word info feimeʔakai      
57 husband mali      
58 wife mali      
101 to fly puna      
110 spider hina      
158 narrow lausiʔi      
171 to hide word info toi      
1 hand nima   1  
6 road/path hala   1  
7 to come ō mai   1  
11 dust efu   1  
12 skin kili   1  
17 liver ʔate   1  
18 breast huhu   1  
24 head ʔulu   1  
27 nose ihu   1  
28 to breathe mānava   1  
31 tooth nifo   1  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
40 to drink inu   1  
43 ear teliŋa   1  
44 to hear fenoŋo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
60 father tama|i   1  
62 thatch/roof ʔato   1  
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
79 stick/wood ʔa|kau   1  
85 to choose fili   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
90 to dig keli   1  
97 bird manu   1  
99 feather fulufulu   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
111 fish ika   1  
114 leaf lau   1  
114 leaf lou   1  
117 fruit fua   1  
121 sand ʔoneʔone   1  
124 sea tahi   1  
126 lake ano   1  
128 sky laŋi   1  
130 star fetuʔu   1  
132 fog kakapu   1  
133 rain ʔuha   1  
143 fire afi   1  
156 thin word info manifi   1  
160 painful, sick mahaki   1  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
162 old word info motuʔa   1  
163 new foʔou   1  
167 night   1  
169 year taʔu   1  
177 this ko eni   1  
178 that ko ena   1  
183 thou koe   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
188 what? word info   1  
189 who? word info hai   1  
193 if ka[pau]   1  
198 Two word info ua   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
201 Five word info nima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
4 leg/foot vaʔe   1, 100  
151 green lanu-mata   1, 12  
187 they kinautolu   1, 19?  
185 we word info kitautolu   1, 39  
168 day ʔaho   1, 54  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
76 to live, be alive moʔui   1, 76  
55 woman/female fefine   1, 106  
208 Fifty word info nimangofulu   1, 2  
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I ou   1, 21  
113 branch word info vaʔakau   1, 4  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
53 person/human being taŋata   1, 66  
136 wind mat|aŋi   1, 66  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
19 shoulder uma   10  
48 to sleep mohe   10  
65 rope maea   10  
72 to hit word info   10  
119 earth/soil kelekele   10  
123 to flow tafe   10  
139 cold word info momoko   10  
150 yellow eŋeeŋa   10  
165 bad, evil kovi   10  
195 no, not ʔikai   10, 83  
78 to cut, hack word info totofi   10?  
94 to throw word info tolo   10?  
2 left hema   11  
13 back word info tuʔa   11  
83 to work word info ŋāue   11  
194 how? word info fēfē   11  
16 intestines ŋākau   12  
89 to hold word info kuku   12  
106 snake ŋata   12  
131 cloud word info ʔao   12  
153 big lahi   12  
155 long word info lōloa   12  
54 man/male taŋata   12, 14  
51 to sit taŋutu   122?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔilo   13  
67 to sew word info tuitui   13  
88 to squeeze word info tatau   13  
102 rat kumā   13  
105 tail iku   13  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
149 red kulokula   13  
153 big fuʔu   13  
180 far mamaʔo   13  
191 all kotoa   13  
61 house fale   14  
95 to fall word info   14  
103 meat/flesh kano   14  
104 fat/grease ŋako   14  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
36 to spit ʔanuhi   14, 84  
32 tongue ʔelelo   15  
66 to tie up, fasten nonoʔo   15  
51 to sit nofo   16  
186 you kimoutolu   16?  
164 good lelei   17  
47 to yawn mamao   19, 28  
22 to fear manavahē   1?  
8 to turn word info liliu   2  
30 mouth ŋutu   2  
52 to stand tuʔu   2  
74 to kill tāmateʔi   2  
81 sharp māsila   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   2  
115 root aka   2  
122 water word info vai   2  
135 lightning ʔuhila   2  
145 smoke word info ʔahu   2  
209 One Hundred word info -nge/au/ Hundreds.(Source: Pollex) 2  
185 we word info kimautolu   2, 39  
25 neck kia   20  
173 at ʔi   20?  
192 and pea   24?  
42 to suck huhu   25  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
125 salt māsima   3  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand.(Source: Pollex) 3  
181 where? word info ʔi fē   3, 35  
172 to climb word info kaka   32  
5 to walk ʔalu Cognate in Ponapean ? 34  
50 to dream misi   36  
134 thunder mana   37  
129 moon māhina   37, 5  
116 flower kakala   38?  
23 blood toto   4  
80 to split word info fahi   4  
84 to plant   4  
120 stone maka   4  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty, score (Cwd).(Source: Pollex) 4  
26 hair word info louʔulu   40  
29 to sniff, smell nāmuʔi   41  
197 One word info taha   41  
154 short word info nounou   42  
7 to come haʔu   44  
179 near ofi   45  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
46 to see sio   47  
141 wet [vi]viku   48  
9 to swim kakau   5  
98 egg foʔi manu   5  
137 to blow word info ifi   5  
170 when? word info ʔa fē   5  
170 when? word info ʔane fē   5  
174 in, inside ʔi loto   5  
205 Nine word info hiva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info hongofulu Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
3 right mataʔu   5, 13  
15 bone hui   52  
71 to stab, pierce tuiʔi   52  
118 grass mohuku   58  
64 to say pehē   59  
59 mother faʔē   6  
63 name hiŋoa   6  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
56 child tamasiʔi   6, 63?  
82 dull, blunt peku   61  
68 needle hui-tuitui   66  
148 white hinehina   66  
71 to stab, pierce hoka   67  
146 ash efuefu   67  
14 belly kete   7  
33 to laugh kata   7  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
49 to lie down word info tokoto   7  
73 to steal kaihaʔa   7  
87 to swell word info pupula   7  
96 dog kulī   7  
147 black ʔuliʔuli   7  
94 to throw word info   79?  
35 to vomit lua   8  
41 to bite uʔu   8  
69 to hunt word info tuli manu   8  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
166 correct, true tonu   8  
176 below ʔi lalo   8  
190 other kehe   8  
196 to count lau-a   8, 62  
152 small siʔi   81, 83  
39 to cook word info feitunu   9  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
91 to buy fakatau   9  
92 to open, uncover fakaava   9  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
159 wide laulahi   9  
175 above ʔi ʔoluŋa   9  
192 and mo   9  
140 dry word info mōmoa   92?  

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