https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tongan

Source/Author:  Blust, from: Churchward (1959) 
Notes:  Churchward, C.M. (1959). Tongan dictionary. Oxford University Press: London 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Tongic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand nima   1, 66  
2 left hema   11  
3 right mataʔu   5, 13  
4 leg/foot vaʔe   1, 100  
5 to walk ʔalu Cognate in Ponapean ? 34  
6 road/path hala   1  
7 to come haʔu   44  
7 to come ō mai   1  
8 to turn word info tāafeafe      
8 to turn word info liliu   2  
9 to swim kakau   5  
10 dirty ʔuli      
11 dust efu   1  
12 skin kili   1  
13 back word info tuʔa   11  
14 belly kete   7  
15 bone hui   52  
16 intestines ŋākau   12  
17 liver ʔate   1  
18 breast huhu   1  
19 shoulder uma   10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔilo   13  
21 to think fakakaukau      
22 to fear manavahē   1?  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head ʔulu   1  
25 neck kia   20  
26 hair word info louʔulu   40  
27 nose ihu   1  
28 to breathe mānava   1  
29 to sniff, smell nāmuʔi   41  
30 mouth ŋutu   2  
31 tooth nifo   1  
32 tongue ʔelelo   15  
33 to laugh kata   7  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
35 to vomit lua   8  
36 to spit ʔanuhi   14, 84  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
39 to cook word info feimeʔakai      
39 to cook word info feitunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite uʔu   8  
42 to suck huhu   25  
43 ear teliŋa   1  
44 to hear fenoŋo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see sio   47  
47 to yawn mamao   19, 22  
48 to sleep mohe   10  
49 to lie down word info tokoto   7  
50 to dream misi   36  
51 to sit nofo   16  
51 to sit taŋutu      
52 to stand tuʔu   2  
53 person/human being taŋata   1, 66  
54 man/male taŋata   12, 14  
55 woman/female fefine   1, 106  
56 child tamasiʔi   6, 63?  
57 husband mali      
58 wife mali      
59 mother faʔē   6  
60 father tama|i   1  
61 house fale   14  
62 thatch/roof ʔato   1  
63 name hiŋoa   6  
64 to say pehē   59  
65 rope maea   10  
66 to tie up, fasten nonoʔo   15  
67 to sew word info tuitui   13  
68 needle hui-tuitui   66  
69 to hunt word info tuli manu   28  
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
71 to stab, pierce hoka   67  
71 to stab, pierce tuiʔi   52?  
72 to hit word info   10  
73 to steal kaihaʔa   7  
74 to kill tāmateʔi   2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive moʔui   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info vaku   9  
78 to cut, hack word info totofi   10?  
79 stick/wood ʔa|kau   1  
80 to split word info fahi   4  
81 sharp māsila   2  
82 dull, blunt peku   12?  
83 to work word info ŋāue   11  
84 to plant   4  
85 to choose fili   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
87 to swell word info pupula   7  
88 to squeeze word info tatau   13  
89 to hold word info kuku   12  
90 to dig keli   1  
91 to buy fakatau   9  
92 to open, uncover fakaava   9  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki   20, 2  
94 to throw word info   79  
94 to throw word info tolo   10?  
95 to fall word info   14  
96 dog kulī   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg foʔi manu   5  
99 feather fulufulu   1  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
101 to fly puna      
102 rat kumā   13  
103 meat/flesh kano   14  
104 fat/grease ŋako   14  
105 tail iku   13  
106 snake ŋata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) kelemutu   9  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
108 louse word info tuma   3  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider hina      
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
113 branch word info vaʔakau   1, 4  
114 leaf lau   1  
114 leaf lou   1  
115 root aka   2  
116 flower kakala   38?  
117 fruit fua   1  
118 grass mohuku   58  
119 earth/soil kelekele   10  
120 stone maka   4  
121 sand ʔoneʔone   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tafe   10  
124 sea tahi   1  
125 salt māsima   47  
126 lake ano   1  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky laŋi   1  
129 moon māhina   37, 5  
130 star fetuʔu   1  
131 cloud word info ʔao   12  
132 fog kakapu   1  
133 rain ʔuha   1  
134 thunder mana   37  
135 lightning ʔuhila   2  
136 wind mat|aŋi   1, 66  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info ifi   5  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
139 cold word info momoko   10  
140 dry word info mōmoa   92?  
141 wet [vi]viku   48  
142 heavy mamafa   46  
143 fire afi   1  
144 to burn word info tutu   1, 6  
145 smoke word info ʔahu   2  
146 ash efuefu   67  
147 black ʔuliʔuli   7  
148 white hinehina   66  
149 red kulokula   13  
150 yellow eŋeeŋa   10  
151 green lanu-mata   1, 12  
152 small siʔi   81, 83  
153 big fuʔu   13  
153 big lahi   12  
154 short word info nounou   42  
155 long word info lōloa   12  
156 thin word info manifi   1  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
158 narrow lausiʔi      
159 wide laulahi   9  
160 painful, sick mahaki   1  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
162 old word info motuʔa   1  
163 new foʔou   1  
164 good lelei   17  
165 bad, evil kovi   10  
166 correct, true tonu   8  
167 night   1  
168 day ʔaho   1, 54  
169 year taʔu   1  
170 when? word info ʔa fē   5  
170 when? word info ʔane fē   5  
171 to hide word info toi      
172 to climb word info kaka   32  
173 at ʔi   1  
174 in, inside ʔi loto   5  
175 above ʔi ʔoluŋa   9  
176 below ʔi lalo   8  
177 this ko eni   1  
178 that ko ena   1  
179 near ofi   45  
180 far mamaʔo   13  
181 where? word info ʔi fē   3, 35  
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I ou   1, 21  
183 thou koe   1  
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info kitautolu   1, 39  
185 we word info kimautolu   2, 39  
186 you kimoutolu   16?  
187 they kinautolu   1, 19?  
188 what? word info   1  
189 who? word info hai   1  
190 other kehe   8  
191 all kotoa   13  
192 and mo   9  
192 and pea   24?  
193 if ka[pau]   1  
194 how? word info fēfē   11  
195 no, not ʔikai   10, 83  
196 to count lau-a   8, 62  
197 One word info taha   41  
198 Two word info ua   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
201 Five word info nima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
204 Eight word info valu Pollex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
205 Nine word info hiva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info hongofulu Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty, score (Cwd).(Source: Pollex) 4  
208 Fifty word info nimangofulu   1  
209 One Hundred word info -nge/au/ Hundreds.(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand.(Source: Pollex) 3  

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