https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Ham

Source/Author:  Lincoln (n.d.) 
Notes:  Lincoln, Piet. (n.d.) Rai Coast Survey. 
Problems: 
I found the language difficult to transcribe. Because the language is quite
different from other Rai Coast languages and because there are more
morphophonemic distortions of morphemes, it was not easy to discover
inconsistencies and misunderstandings while I was still in the village and
able to ask for clarification.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kwang-Ju Cho  Checked By: Kwang-Ju Cho 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Ngero-Vitiaz:Vitiaz:Bel:Nuclear Bel:Southern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
53 person/human being      
62 thatch/roof      
75 to die, be dead      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
117 fruit      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
128 sky      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
144 to burn word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
168 day      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info      
198 Two word info      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
22 to fear kumi afraid    
146 ash asu ash 87  
13 back word info puta back 104  
165 bad, evil sane bad 1  
14 belly te belly 1  
153 big oduk big    
97 bird nina bird    
41 to bite aya garõfe bite    
147 black karasõ black    
23 blood naudi blood    
82 dull, blunt medu blunt/dull    
15 bone tuwa bone 1, 10  
28 to breathe ia la fɛ breathe    
127 woods/forest dubu bush/forest    
56 child nu nalu child 5  
56 child gesunal child (non-kin)    
131 cloud word info saa cloud    
139 cold word info menidia cold 1  
7 to come usi come 58  
34 to cry keãfe cry    
78 to cut, hack word info ɡuduŋwe cut    
60 father dei dad (vocative)    
90 to dig meku dig hole    
10 dirty amuya dirty    
96 dog ɡaun dog    
40 to drink aya koe drink    
140 dry word info sekelef dry    
11 dust asu dust    
43 ear wedere ear    
119 earth/soil tenepu earth/ground    
37 to eat aya koe eat    
98 egg patu egg 32  
45 eye mala eye 1  
95 to fall word info kobũyel fall    
104 fat/grease ɡiɡiru fat (white, solid) 88  
60 father tamuau father 1  
99 feather nina sarai feather 74  
143 fire ya fire 1  
111 fish ɡau fish    
103 meat/flesh mudar flesh 23  
116 flower a muni flower    
101 to fly futu ta ie fɛ fly [verb]    
132 fog oɡo fog    
122 water word info nanu fresh water/river 1  
164 good bia good 1  
118 grass kisiri grass    
104 fat/grease ɡiɡiru grease 88  
151 green arau mataɡen green    
16 intestines didimura guts    
24 head mudiri head    
26 hair word info fatiɛ head hair    
44 to hear kariaũ hear    
142 heavy moroŋ heavy 47  
72 to hit word info imami ũwe hit/punch    
89 to hold word info uro hold    
138 warm word info uruwa hot    
61 house põ house    
69 to hunt word info koira hunt    
57 husband nu tamo husband    
74 to kill lapele kill    
20 to know, be knowledgeable kisi know    
126 lake nano ɡolia lake 43  
33 to laugh kasẽ laugh (smile)    
114 leaf arau leaf 1  
76 to live, be alive lapiɛ saɛ̃ live    
17 liver wau liver    
155 long word info meluk long/tall 12  
108 louse word info utu louse 1  
54 man/male tamo man 12, 14  
103 meat/flesh yaro meat [food]    
103 meat/flesh ɡaraɡanana meat [food]    
68 needle tsiri meedle 39  
115 root awari metathesis 2, 56  
59 mother nai mom (vocative) 18  
129 moon oɡõ moon    
109 mosquito naa mosquito 1, 66  
59 mother sinuau mother    
30 mouth siɡoro mouth    
63 name nu yanau name 20  
158 narrow irisakaŋ narrow    
25 neck ula neck    
163 new mataa new 19  
167 night bõ night 1  
27 nose uyu nose 1  
162 old word info tubu old x  
162 old word info bubau old person    
133 rain uye rain 1  
102 rat kari rat    
149 red ɡiria red    
6 road/path nabu road/path    
121 sand supusir sand    
77 to scratch word info ɡuɡele scratch 12  
124 sea mae sea 8  
46 to see ai lef see 1  
46 to see ai lefɛ see 1  
67 to sew word info walis sew    
81 sharp wailai sharp    
70 to shoot word info wirã shoot    
154 short word info modek short    
160 painful, sick daɡi sick    
51 to sit abodok sit    
12 skin bowa skin    
48 to sleep bõ ai nok sleep    
152 small nalbai small    
29 to sniff, smell sume ãno smell    
145 smoke word info yaɡau smoke    
106 snake ɡoɡoru snake    
110 spider kabubu spider    
36 to spit salina spit    
80 to split word info bokonwe split    
8 to turn word info apiwe squeeze    
71 to stab, pierce koruwe stab    
52 to stand afɛrɛf stand    
130 star balisau star    
73 to steal be steal    
120 stone meni stone    
42 to suck aya koe suck    
87 to swell word info dĩyɛf swell 25  
9 to swim yoyoŋwe swim    
105 tail ibu tail 1  
64 to say odo talk    
31 tooth waila teeth; metathesis? 2, 68  
157 thick word info muɡubia thick    
156 thin word info tua thin    
21 to think kisi think    
94 to throw word info urã throw    
66 to tie up, fasten upoi tie rope 11  
32 tongue bale-ɡ tongue 33  
79 stick/wood ayɛ tree/wood 1  
166 correct, true momoi true    
8 to turn word info faliɛ turn    
65 rope malu vine/rope 29  
35 to vomit aluaβe vomit 8  
5 to walk uyaɡaule walk    
141 wet nanado wet    
141 wet lumiada wet    
188 what? word info eri what    
170 when? word info ere sain when    
181 where? word info nae ne where    
148 white lelau white    
189 who? word info aide who 22  
159 wide woduk wide    
58 wife nu kayau wife 1  
136 wind yau wind    
137 to blow word info yau fũyape wind blows    
100 wing nina waie wing    
55 woman/female kayau woman    
83 to work word info wale work    
107 worm (earthworm) amo worm    
169 year yar year x L
150 yellow salo yellow    

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