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Language: Ham

Source/Author:  Lincoln (n.d.) 
Notes:  Lincoln, Piet. (n.d.) Rai Coast Survey. 
Problems: 
I found the language difficult to transcribe. Because the language is quite
different from other Rai Coast languages and because there are more
morphophonemic distortions of morphemes, it was not easy to discover
inconsistencies and misunderstandings while I was still in the village and
able to ask for clarification.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kwang-Ju Cho  Checked By: Kwang-Ju Cho 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:North New Guinea:Ngero-Vitiaz:Vitiaz:Bel:Nuclear Bel:Southern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk uyaɡaule walk    
6 road/path nabu road/path    
7 to come usi come 58  
8 to turn word info faliɛ turn    
8 to turn word info apiwe squeeze    
9 to swim yoyoŋwe swim    
10 dirty amuya dirty    
11 dust asu dust    
12 skin bowa skin    
13 back word info puta back 104  
14 belly te belly 1  
15 bone tuwa bone 1, 10  
16 intestines didimura guts    
17 liver wau liver    
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kisi know    
21 to think kisi think    
22 to fear kumi afraid    
23 blood naudi blood    
24 head mudiri head    
25 neck ula neck    
26 hair word info fatiɛ head hair    
27 nose uyu nose 1  
28 to breathe ia la fɛ breathe    
29 to sniff, smell sume ãno smell    
30 mouth siɡoro mouth    
31 tooth waila teeth; metathesis? 2, 68  
32 tongue bale-ɡ tongue 33  
33 to laugh kasẽ laugh (smile)    
34 to cry keãfe cry    
35 to vomit aluaβe vomit 8  
36 to spit salina spit    
37 to eat aya koe eat    
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink aya koe drink    
41 to bite aya garõfe bite    
42 to suck aya koe suck    
43 ear wedere ear    
44 to hear kariaũ hear    
45 eye mala eye 1  
46 to see ai lef see 1  
46 to see ai lefɛ see 1  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep bõ ai nok sleep    
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit abodok sit    
52 to stand afɛrɛf stand    
53 person/human being      
54 man/male tamo man 12, 14  
55 woman/female kayau woman    
56 child gesunal child (non-kin)    
56 child nu nalu child 5  
57 husband nu tamo husband    
58 wife nu kayau wife 1  
59 mother sinuau mother    
59 mother nai mom (vocative) 18  
60 father tamuau father 1  
60 father dei dad (vocative)    
61 house põ house    
62 thatch/roof      
63 name nu yanau name 20  
64 to say odo talk    
65 rope malu vine/rope 29  
66 to tie up, fasten upoi tie rope 11  
67 to sew word info walis sew    
68 needle tsiri meedle 39  
69 to hunt word info koira hunt    
70 to shoot word info wirã shoot    
71 to stab, pierce koruwe stab    
72 to hit word info imami ũwe hit/punch    
73 to steal be steal    
74 to kill lapele kill    
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive lapiɛ saɛ̃ live    
77 to scratch word info ɡuɡele scratch 12  
78 to cut, hack word info ɡuduŋwe cut    
79 stick/wood ayɛ tree/wood 1  
80 to split word info bokonwe split    
81 sharp wailai sharp    
82 dull, blunt medu blunt/dull    
83 to work word info wale work    
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info dĩyɛf swell 25  
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info uro hold    
90 to dig meku dig hole    
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info urã throw    
95 to fall word info kobũyel fall    
96 dog ɡaun dog    
97 bird nina bird    
98 egg patu egg 32  
99 feather nina sarai feather 74  
100 wing nina waie wing    
101 to fly futu ta ie fɛ fly [verb]    
102 rat kari rat    
103 meat/flesh yaro meat [food]    
103 meat/flesh ɡaraɡanana meat [food]    
103 meat/flesh mudar flesh 23  
104 fat/grease ɡiɡiru fat (white, solid) 88  
104 fat/grease ɡiɡiru grease 88  
105 tail ibu tail 1  
106 snake ɡoɡoru snake    
107 worm (earthworm) amo worm    
108 louse word info utu louse 1  
109 mosquito naa mosquito 1, 66  
110 spider kabubu spider    
111 fish ɡau fish    
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf arau leaf 1  
115 root awari metathesis 2, 56  
116 flower a muni flower    
117 fruit      
118 grass kisiri grass    
119 earth/soil tenepu earth/ground    
120 stone meni stone    
121 sand supusir sand    
122 water word info nanu fresh water/river 1  
123 to flow      
124 sea mae sea 8  
125 salt      
126 lake nano ɡolia lake 43  
127 woods/forest dubu bush/forest    
128 sky      
129 moon oɡõ moon    
130 star balisau star    
131 cloud word info saa cloud    
132 fog oɡo fog    
133 rain uye rain 1  
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind yau wind    
137 to blow word info yau fũyape wind blows    
138 warm word info uruwa hot    
139 cold word info menidia cold 1  
140 dry word info sekelef dry    
141 wet nanado wet    
141 wet lumiada wet    
142 heavy moroŋ heavy 47  
143 fire ya fire 1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info yaɡau smoke    
146 ash asu ash 87  
147 black karasõ black    
148 white lelau white    
149 red ɡiria red    
150 yellow salo yellow    
151 green arau mataɡen green    
152 small nalbai small    
153 big oduk big    
154 short word info modek short    
155 long word info meluk long/tall 12  
156 thin word info tua thin    
157 thick word info muɡubia thick    
158 narrow irisakaŋ narrow    
159 wide woduk wide    
160 painful, sick daɡi sick    
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info tubu old x  
162 old word info bubau old person    
163 new mataa new 19  
164 good bia good 1  
165 bad, evil sane bad 1  
166 correct, true momoi true    
167 night bõ night 1  
168 day      
169 year yar year x L
170 when? word info ere sain when    
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info nae ne where    
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info eri what    
189 who? word info aide who 22  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info      
198 Two word info      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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