https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rurutuan

Source/Author:  David Meyer 
Notes:  Rurutuan has, and continues to be, heavily influenced by Tahitian. Most of the data was elicited in 1990. Ethnologue identifies Rurutuan as a dialect of Austral (Ethnologue code: AUT). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: David Meyer  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 10 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
180 far aatea   14  
170 when? word info aaʔea (when - in the future) 5  
105 tail aero (tail of land animal or ray) 10  
168 day ao   1, 54  
6 road/path ara road 1  
6 road/path araʔaraʔa winding road 1  
51 to sit araʔi Tahitian borrowing 17 L
32 tongue arero   15  
33 to laugh ata   7  
131 cloud word info ata Modern Tahitian borrowing 118 L
17 liver ate fish liver 1  
191 all atoʔa (all) 13  
67 to sew word info au to sew 14  
182 I au   1, 21  
145 smoke word info auauaʔi   2  
143 fire auaʔi   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
188 what? word info aʔa   1  
132 fog aʔinavai      
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
195 no, not e ʔore /e ʔore/ (not - imperfect aspect) 11  
137 to blow word info farara to blow - of the wind (likely a recent Tahitian loanword as /f/ -> /ʔ/ has not occurred) 9 L
130 star fetiʔa Tahitian loanword, as /f/ -> /ʔ/ has not occurred, and /fetiʔa/ instead of /fetuu/ suggests Pomare I taboo replacement 1 L
173 at i   1  
170 when? word info inaaʔea (when - in the past) 5  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
111 fish iʔa   1  
63 name iʔoa   6  
152 small maaitiiti   121  
59 mother maamaa borrowing?-MW   L?
161 shy, ashamed maamaʔu (shy) 1  
185 we word info maatou (plural exclusive) 2, 39  
185 we word info maaua (dual exclusive) 2, 29  
117 fruit maaʔa Tahitian borrowing meaning 'food'-MW   L
138 warm word info maaʔanaʔana /maaʔanaʔana/ (warm) 1, 72  
193 if mai te mea (if - literally 'like the thing/manner') 5?  
193 if mai te paʔau (if - literally 'like the thing/manner') 5?  
193 if mai te peu (if - literally 'like the thing/manner') 5?  
164 good maitaʔi   15  
21 to think manaʔo   7  
82 dull, blunt mania   11  
97 bird manu   1  
165 bad, evil manuenu (disgusting, vile)    
140 dry word info maroo   13  
95 to fall word info marua      
45 eye mata   1  
22 to fear mata'u   1  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
169 year mataʔiti   7  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
118 grass matie   13  
151 green matie   1, 11  
166 correct, true mau Tahitian Loan (true) 10 L
200 Four word info maʔa Tahitian borrowing 1, 66 L
168 day maʔana Tahitian Loan 8 L
160 painful, sick maʔi sick 1  
85 to choose maʔiti   6  
141 wet maʔu   10  
56 child maʔuru nursing child    
60 father metua taane   1, 9  
59 mother metua vaʔine   4  
22 to fear meʔameʔa      
125 salt miti   7  
104 fat/grease miʔi   13  
124 sea moana ocean 10  
48 to sleep moe   10  
50 to dream moemoeaa (to dream) 7, 27  
46 to see naanaa   103  
194 how? word info naaʔea   11, 51  
80 to split word info naʔaʔa (to split in many places) 5, 72  
88 to squeeze word info neʔineʔi   11  
67 to sew word info nira loanword of English 'needle'   L
68 needle nira /nira/ is an English loanword   L
31 tooth niʔo   1  
51 to sit noʔo   16  
175 above nuʔa   9  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
121 sand one   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
106 snake ooʔii /ooʔii/ is a Greek loanword via /oofii/ from the Tahitian bible 77 L
76 to live, be alive ora   6  
60 father paapaa borrowing from French-MW   L
71 to stab, pierce paatia   9  
134 thunder paatiri   14  
191 all paaʔaatoʔa (entirety) 13  
201 Five word info pae Tahitian Borrowing 9 L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔaʔuru Tahitian loan with hyper-nativization 9 L
24 head pao animal head 14  
112 rotten word info para   13  
64 to say parau   12  
166 correct, true parau mau Tahitian Loan (the truth - literally 'true word') 10 L
41 to bite paʔati (to bite) 1, 55  
90 to dig paʔi      
93 to pound, beat word info paʔi (to pound taro into poopoi) 72  
160 painful, sick paʔo /paʔo/ (painful)    
19 shoulder paʔoʔi   8  
100 wing pererau   9  
158 narrow piri   11  
198 Two word info piti Tahitian borrowing 4 L
207 Twenty word info piti ʔaʔuru Tahitian borrowing 28, 6 L
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
80 to split word info piʔi ai (to split pandanus leaves for weaving)    
167 night poo   1  
6 road/path poroomu road - Tahitian borrowing   L
154 short word info poto   9  
120 stone poʔatu   1, 19  
66 to tie up, fasten purei      
6 road/path puruumu road   L
27 nose puta eʔu   1, 2  
137 to blow word info puʔi (to blow - with the mouth) 6  
187 they raatou (plural) 1, 72  
187 they raaua (dual) x  
79 stick/wood raaʔau   1  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
109 mosquito ramu   1  
114 leaf raoʔere   1  
141 wet rari   9  
176 below raro   8  
114 leaf rauʔere   1  
153 big raʔi   12  
77 to scratch word info raʔuraʔu   9  
10 dirty repo   9  
119 earth/soil repo   11  
101 to fly rere (to fly) 11  
150 yellow reʔareʔa   10  
146 ash reʔu   67  
1 hand rima   1  
5 to walk rimorimo to take a stroll    
22 to fear riʔariʔa tahitian borrowing? 8 L?
155 long word info roa   12  
126 lake roto   6  
174 in, inside roto   5  
26 hair word info rouru   40  
198 Two word info rua   1  
162 old word info ruuʔau possible Tahitian loan 11 L?
35 to vomit ruʔaʔi   8, 31  
74 to kill ta   8  
54 man/male taane   1, 11  
57 husband taane   14  
94 to throw word info taaora   10  
89 to hold word info taapeʔa   11  
62 thatch/roof taapoʔi ʔare Literally 'house cover' 10  
171 to hide word info taapuni   1  
78 to cut, hack word info taapuu Tahitian Loan 12 L
49 to lie down word info taarava (to lie down on one's back or stomach)    
185 we word info taatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
80 to split word info taatuʔaʔa (to split)    
185 we word info taaua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
72 to hit word info taaʔiri   9  
124 sea tai sea 1  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
56 child tamariʔi child 6, 63  
166 correct, true tano correct 8  
84 to plant tanu   2  
43 ear tariʔa   1  
39 to cook word info tau (to cook in an underground oven) 10  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L
65 rope taura   9  
13 back word info tautua   11  
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66, 97  
123 to flow taʔe   10  
197 One word info taʔi   41  
148 white teatea   8  
178 that teeraa      
177 this teie      
70 to shoot word info teʔa Tahitian borrowing? 3 L
116 flower tiare   7  
142 heavy tiaʔa   84, 66  
49 to lie down word info tiipapa (to lie down on one's stomach) 21  
8 to turn word info tiipuʔu   10  
49 to lie down word info tiiraʔa (to lie down on one's back) 82  
18 breast tiitii breast 6  
67 to sew word info tiiʔai to darn, patch 5  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
199 Three word info toru   1  
23 blood toto   4  
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe   7  
139 cold word info toʔetoʔe   9  
128 sky tuaraʔi   1  
157 thick word info tuetue   10  
39 to cook word info tunu (to cook) 9  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
36 to spit tutuʔa possible Tahitian borrowing 120  
52 to stand tuu   2  
82 dull, blunt tuumuu   10  
93 to pound, beat word info tuʔi (to pound) 2  
133 rain ua   1  
135 lightning uira   2  
40 to drink unu   1  
24 head upoʔo human head 10  
127 woods/forest ururaaʔau   15, 13  
80 to split word info vaavaaʔi (to split) 4  
80 to split word info vaaʔi (to split) 4  
122 water word info vai   2  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
30 mouth vaʔa   1, 8  
55 woman/female vaʔine   1, 106, 116  
58 wife vaʔine   5, 68  
204 Eight word info vaʔu   3  
138 warm word info veravera /veravera/ (hot) 8  
105 tail vero (bird tail) 10  
190 other vetaʔi   7  
200 Four word info ʔa   1, 66  
166 correct, true ʔaafaro likely a recent Tahitian loanword as /f/ -> /ʔ/ has not occurred) 39 L
47 to yawn ʔaamama   19, 28  
113 branch word info ʔaamaʔa   2, 35 L?
209 One Hundred word info ʔaanere English loan 11 L
163 new ʔaapii Tahitian Loan - also this form does not begin with a glottal 7 L
4 leg/foot ʔaavae   1, 100  
129 moon ʔaavaʔe   6  
16 intestines ʔaaʔau   12  
5 to walk ʔaere go - likely a Tahitian loanword   L
7 to come ʔaere mai /ʔaere/ is likely a Tahitian loanword 1, 42 L
37 to eat ʔai   1, 44  
5 to walk ʔano go 2  
7 to come ʔano mai   1, 23  
5 to walk ʔano rimo ʔaere to take a stroll 6  
195 no, not ʔaore /ʔaore/ (not - perfect aspect) 11  
110 spider ʔapuamaʔamaʔa Literally 'stupid wasp'    
61 house ʔare   14  
83 to work word info ʔatapu      
179 near ʔatata   9  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
29 to sniff, smell ʔauʔa   10  
38 to chew word info ʔauʔau   8  
161 shy, ashamed ʔaʔamaa (ashamed) 1  
101 to fly ʔaʔamaraʔa (to cause to fly away)    
74 to kill ʔaʔamate   2  
159 wide ʔaʔano   7  
44 to hear ʔaʔaroʔo (to hear) 1  
144 to burn word info ʔaʔaʔama   62  
50 to dream ʔaʔaʔeimoe (to give a dream to someone) 7  
25 neck ʔaʔii   20  
193 if ʔaʔiri (if - unreal proposition)    
206 Ten word info ʔaʔuru   5 L?
181 where? word info ʔea   3, 35  
192 and ʔee   8  
73 to steal ʔeiaa   7, 65  
147 black ʔereʔere   5  
34 to cry ʔeva   72  
181 where? word info ʔia   3, 35  
193 if ʔia (if - subjunctive marker)    
103 meat/flesh ʔiinaʔi (meat) 18  
44 to hear ʔiiroʔaroʔa (to hear it said that) 1  
165 bad, evil ʔino (bad) 9  
102 rat ʔiore   12  
12 skin ʔiri   1  
90 to dig ʔiri   1  
92 to open, uncover ʔiriti (to open) 42  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
203 Seven word info ʔitu   1  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo (flesh) 10  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
184 he/she ʔoia   1, 42  
184 he/she ʔoona   5  
14 belly ʔoopuu   2  
186 you ʔoorua dual x  
18 breast ʔoouma chest 7, 50  
120 stone ʔooʔaʔi   3  
41 to bite ʔooʔiniʔini (to cause to bite) 14  
87 to swell word info ʔoru   6  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
186 you ʔoutou plural 16  
91 to buy ʔoʔo mai   7  
98 egg ʔua   5  
92 to open, uncover ʔuaʔi (to uncover) 8  
171 to hide word info ʔuna   1  
17 liver ʔupaʔa liver of all beings but fish 6 L
149 red ʔuraʔura   13  
99 feather ʔuruʔuru   1  
28 to breathe ʔuti i te aʔo Literally 'to pull breath' 9  
108 louse word info ʔutu   1  
96 dog ʔuurii   7  
186 you ʔuurua dual x  
11 dust ʔuʔaʔuʔa loan from Tahitian X L
105 tail ʔuʔu (fish tail) 13?  
88 to squeeze word info ʔuʔumu   14  

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: