https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Pangkumu (Ndarmif)

Source/Author:  Aviva Shimelman 
Notes:  Transcription -- broad -- done with standard IPA with the exception that [ᴅ] was represented as "dʳ". 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Aviva Shimelman  Checked By: Aviva Shimelman 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:Malekula Coastal 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
29 to sniff, smell      
40 to drink      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
43 ear      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being      
60 father      
61 house      
63 name      
65 rope      
68 needle      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
89 to hold word info      
94 to throw word info      
99 feather      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info      
112 rotten word info      
114 leaf      
116 flower      
123 to flow      
131 cloud word info      
133 rain      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
150 yellow      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
163 new      
173 at      
177 this      
181 where? word info      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
205 Nine word info      
67 to sew word info -burke   64  
166 correct, true -foretin   37, 73  
92 to open, uncover -fɛge   1, 57  
70 to shoot word info -fɛni   1  
92 to open, uncover -fɛɣe   1, 56  
91 to buy -fʷiri   1  
91 to buy -fʷiʒi   1  
37 to eat -jɛnɪgen   1, 12  
152 small -kakas   78  
90 to dig -kiri   1  
160 painful, sick -kɛrix      
28 to breathe -liveniʒiŋ   77, 78  
28 to breathe -lɪveliriŋ   77, 78  
33 to laugh -man   51  
76 to live, be alive -maur   1, 76  
75 to die, be dead -met͡ʃ   1  
36 to spit -miɣut   37, 102?  
47 to yawn -mo   19  
47 to yawn -moŋ   19  
69 to hunt word info -muko   75  
67 to sew word info -murke   64  
147 black -mət   1  
48 to sleep -mɛtur   1  
49 to lie down word info -mɛtusɛri      
22 to fear -mɪtʊx   1  
47 to yawn -no   19  
51 to sit -non   111  
69 to hunt word info -nuko   75  
148 white -parar   3  
153 big -pimbukt   90  
39 to cook word info -pɛlun   110  
149 red -pʷɛrpʷɛr   90  
10 dirty -ranu   101  
35 to vomit -rar      
38 to chew word info -rarar   57  
44 to hear -re   57  
171 to hide word info -rimsosori      
84 to plant -riβi   9  
172 to climb word info -sax   2  
81 sharp -sor   85  
71 to stab, pierce -sɛri   14  
162 old word info -tara   27  
34 to cry -teŋ   1  
80 to split word info -tɛvrei   1  
165 bad, evil -t͡ʃeʃ   1  
21 to think -ve-   73  
73 to steal -vɛnax-   1, 58  
70 to shoot word info -vɛni   1  
64 to say -vɛre-   30  
90 to dig -wirwir   1  
196 to count -xʊrgi   76  
44 to hear -ʒe      
164 good -βo   108  
50 to dream -ᵐbur   10  
72 to hit word info -ᵐbɛri   94  
93 to pound, beat word info -ᵐbɛrᵐberi   51  
74 to kill -ᵐbɛᵐbɛri   69  
82 dull, blunt -ᵐʙu   64  
46 to see -ᵐʙunʃi   11  
59 mother are   17  
193 if aβʷe   17  
4 leg/foot baraŋ-   33  
11 dust barguᵇ   98?  
11 dust barguᵇ   98?  
134 thunder barvar   15, 38  
15 bone buraŋ-   37  
113 branch word info but͡ʃi-n   30  
19 shoulder butβuson   65, 71  
194 how? word info bɛraᵐbe   67  
121 sand dabnaun   1, 79, 86  
14 belly daᵐb-   20  
13 back word info dur-   67, 82  
118 grass duᵐbʷe   75  
117 fruit fana-n   1, 26  
87 to swell word info fiβʷin   68  
73 to steal fɛnax-   1, 58  
88 to squeeze word info fʷeridi   16  
192 and garin   57, 58  
192 and garɛn   57, 58  
182 I hina   1, 21, 22  
26 hair word info hir-   31  
24 head kar-   28  
184 he/she kini   1, 29  
96 dog kuri   7  
190 other lit͡ʃiŋre   53  
2 left mair   1, 59  
139 cold word info malɣos   51  
130 star mat͡ʃo   13  
161 shy, ashamed mavamgun   55, 56?  
161 shy, ashamed maxamɣun   55, 56  
161 shy, ashamed maxamɣun   55, 56  
95 to fall word info mit͡ʃup   13  
95 to fall word info mit͡ʃuv   13  
179 near morix   91  
54 man/male muman   1, 14  
151 green mɛravet͡s   8, 72  
128 sky mɛsap   63  
146 ash mɛtoɣuᵐʙ   29  
45 eye mɛtʰ-   1  
127 woods/forest na-roᵑgɛtɛramp   90  
27 nose na-wunt͡ʃ-   1, 58, 88  
167 night nautbun   1, 67  
167 night nautbuŋ   1, 67  
168 day nautɛrin   6, 52  
129 moon naβʉs      
17 liver naᵐboᵐb-   7, 54, 55  
126 lake naᵐʙuᵐʙur      
178 that naᵑka   36  
111 fish ne-i   1?  
23 blood ne-re   1  
55 woman/female nevsevin   1, 74  
79 stick/wood ni-ge   1, 26  
97 bird ni-mɛn   1  
124 sea ni-tes   1  
1 hand ni-va-   16  
120 stone ni-βit   1  
136 wind nirin   1, 77?  
125 salt nites   20  
125 salt nitis   20  
132 fog nomup   3, 32  
169 year noɾon      
122 water word info nu-e   2  
32 tongue nu-rim-   7, 43  
209 One Hundred word info nugutvarsoɣo   12, 45  
132 fog numup   3, 32  
109 mosquito nunum   1  
62 thatch/roof nɛ-mat   52  
6 road/path nɛ-sal   1  
119 earth/soil nɛ-tʰan   1  
103 meat/flesh nɛ-βusɣon   10  
185 we word info nɛmru we dual excl    
135 lightning nɛᵐbis      
135 lightning nɛᵐbiʃ      
185 we word info nɛᵐdi we pl excl E  
143 fire nʊ-ɣuᵐp   19  
180 far ramᵗsap   68  
180 far ramᵗsaβ   68  
175 above rapon   51  
174 in, inside raron   1  
187 they raru they dual x  
174 in, inside rarun   1  
115 root raᵐbʷɛn   18  
31 tooth riβ-   1, 35  
142 heavy ro   31  
110 spider romro   32, 63  
204 Eight word info ruptos   24  
202 Six word info ruptəs   20  
203 Seven word info ruβru   13  
176 below rɛpan   41, 74  
170 when? word info saɣenaxir   75  
25 neck saʒnav-   109  
18 breast susi   1  
206 Ten word info sɐŋaβʉʒ   5  
208 Fifty word info sɐŋaβʉʒ erim   x  
207 Twenty word info sɐŋaβʉʒ eru   9  
3 right tin   55  
185 we word info tritʰe we pl incl I  
57 husband tɛβan-s-   72  
197 One word info t͡sʰoɣo   42, 57  
195 no, not t͡ʃige   10  
195 no, not t͡ʃige   10  
195 no, not t͡ʃige   10  
195 no, not t͡ʃige   10  
16 intestines t͡ʃin-   1  
191 all t͡ʃitɛŋwinon   71  
66 to tie up, fasten t͡ʃɛtɛtori   33?  
12 skin vilɛᵐbɛn   1, 81, 71  
87 to swell word info viβʷin   68  
88 to squeeze word info wiriri   16  
139 cold word info woɣo      
210 One Thousand word info wutwutt͡sarvaxsoɣo   40  
19 shoulder wutβuson   65, 71  
58 wife xasu-n   1, 80  
183 thou xau   1  
100 wing xaᵐb-ɛn   1, 12  
186 you xaᵐdi you pl 1, 13, 32  
187 they xiniri they 1, 33, 69  
98 egg xorʒi-n   71  
198 Two word info xɛlu   1  
56 child ɣamalili      
210 One Thousand word info ɣutɣut͡sarvaɣsoxo   40  
199 Three word info ɣɛtʰeʃ   1  
201 Five word info ɣɛʒim   1  
200 Four word info ɣɛβɛt͡ʃ   1, 65  
30 mouth ᵐboŋ-   41  

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