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Language: Ponosakan

Source/Author:  Lobel. 2015 
Notes:  Lobel, J.W. 2015. Ponosakan: A Dying Language of Northeastern Sulawesi. Oceanic Linguistics, 54, 2, 396-435. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Gorontalo-Mongondow:Mongondowic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash      
173 at      
13 back word info likur   1  
165 bad, evil haʔat badness, evil (n.) 1  
14 belly      
176 below      
153 big      
97 bird      
147 black      
23 blood duhu'   16  
15 bone tulan   1  
113 branch word info      
18 breast      
56 child      
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info tonow   26  
166 correct, true      
168 day singkay      
10 dirty      
96 dog asu   1  
140 dry word info      
82 dull, blunt pupul      
11 dust      
43 ear      
119 earth/soil butaʔ earth, land 25, 27  
98 egg      
204 Eight word info      
45 eye mata   1  
180 far moyayu'   1, 82  
104 fat/grease      
60 father      
99 feather buwul fur, feathers 1, 67  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire      
111 fish seya'   18  
201 Five word info      
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info      
117 fruit      
164 good      
118 grass puput   88  
151 green      
26 hair word info      
1 hand      
184 he/she siya   1, 31  
24 head ulu   1  
142 heavy bohat heaviness 1  
61 house baloy   14?  
194 how? word info na'onda   29, 80  
57 husband      
182 I aku'oy   1, 29  
193 if      
174 in, inside      
16 intestines      
126 lake      
114 leaf da'un   1  
2 left      
4 leg/foot      
135 lightning      
17 liver atoy   1  
155 long word info      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male lolaki   2, 99  
103 meat/flesh      
129 moon      
109 mosquito      
59 mother      
30 mouth biwih   32  
63 name      
158 narrow      
179 near      
25 neck      
68 needle dorahum   1  
163 new mowahu   1, 54  
167 night gowi'i   21, 90  
205 Nine word info siyow   5, 34  
195 no, not deya'   2  
195 no, not di'iman      
27 nose ngiyung   1, 27  
162 old word info      
197 One word info      
209 One Hundred word info gatus   4  
210 One Thousand word info giwu   5  
190 other      
160 painful, sick      
53 person/human being      
133 rain uyan   1  
102 rat      
149 red      
3 right      
6 road/path      
115 root gamut   3  
65 rope      
112 rotten word info      
125 salt      
121 sand      
124 sea yahat   25  
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp tahom   1  
154 short word info      
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed oya'   1, 23  
202 Six word info      
12 skin      
128 sky      
152 small      
145 smoke word info      
106 snake ulah   2  
110 spider      
130 star      
79 stick/wood      
120 stone      
105 tail      
206 Ten word info mopulu   5, 40  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they siva- 3ct    
187 they mosiya 3pl 51  
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this      
183 thou ikow   1  
199 Three word info      
134 thunder      
41 to bite kahat   1  
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe ginaa   1, 70  
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy saluy   20  
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose pili?   1  
172 to climb word info      
7 to come      
39 to cook word info lutu'   20  
196 to count      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info      
75 to die, be dead      
90 to dig      
50 to dream      
40 to drink      
37 to eat ka'an   1  
95 to fall word info      
22 to fear      
123 to flow      
101 to fly lumayuh   43  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear dongoh   1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill patoy   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ta'aw   1  
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say      
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see      
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit      
48 to sleep tiyuh [tiyu:] 1  
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit duya'   1, 30  
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce towok      
52 to stand tindoh   20  
73 to steal takow   1  
42 to suck sosop   1, 27  
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim (lo)languy   1  
21 to think      
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue dila'   4  
31 tooth ngiyupon   1, 48  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info dohuwa   1, 24  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info tiwih      
185 we word info kita   1, 50  
185 we word info kami   2, 52  
141 wet mowasa'   1  
188 what? word info onu   2, 65  
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info ko'onda where 1, 16  
181 where? word info onda where (after verbs) 1, 16  
148 white      
189 who? word info si'ene nom. 14  
189 who? word info sav'ene nom. pl.    
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind      
100 wing      
55 woman/female boway   1, 105  
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow      
186 you kamu- 2ct 1, 38  
186 you mo'ikow 2pl 21  

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