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Language: Ponosakan

Source/Author:  Lobel. 2015 
Notes:  Lobel, J.W. 2015. Ponosakan: A Dying Language of Northeastern Sulawesi. Oceanic Linguistics, 54, 2, 396-435. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Gorontalo-Mongondow:Mongondowic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk      
6 road/path      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
14 belly      
16 intestines      
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
25 neck      
26 hair word info      
29 to sniff, smell      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
43 ear      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
53 person/human being      
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name      
64 to say      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
72 to hit word info      
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
97 bird      
98 egg      
100 wing      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
107 worm (earthworm)      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
120 stone      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
143 fire      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
162 old word info      
164 good      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
196 to count      
197 One word info      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
9 to swim (lo)languy   1  
13 back word info likur   1  
15 bone tulan   1  
17 liver atoy   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ta'aw   1  
23 blood duhu'   16  
24 head ulu   1  
27 nose ngiyung   1, 27  
28 to breathe ginaa   1, 70  
30 mouth biwih   32  
31 tooth ngiyupon   1, 48  
32 tongue dila'   4  
36 to spit duya'   1, 30  
37 to eat ka'an   1  
39 to cook word info lutu'   20  
41 to bite kahat   1  
42 to suck sosop   1, 27  
44 to hear dongoh   1  
45 eye mata   1  
48 to sleep tiyuh [tiyu:] 1  
52 to stand tindoh   20  
54 man/male lolaki   2, 99  
55 woman/female boway   1, 105  
61 house baloy   14?  
68 needle dorahum   1  
71 to stab, pierce towok      
73 to steal takow   1  
74 to kill patoy   2  
81 sharp tahom   1  
82 dull, blunt pupul      
85 to choose pili?   1  
91 to buy saluy   20  
96 dog asu   1  
99 feather buwul fur, feathers 1, 67  
101 to fly lumayuh   43  
106 snake ulah   2  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
111 fish seya'   18  
114 leaf da'un   1  
115 root gamut   3  
118 grass puput   88  
119 earth/soil butaʔ earth, land 25, 27  
122 water word info tiwih      
124 sea yahat   25  
133 rain uyan   1  
139 cold word info tonow   26  
141 wet mowasa'   1  
142 heavy bohat heaviness 1  
161 shy, ashamed oya'   1, 23  
163 new mowahu   1, 54  
165 bad, evil haʔat badness, evil (n.) 1  
167 night gowi'i   21, 90  
168 day singkay      
180 far moyayu'   1, 82  
181 where? word info ko'onda where 1, 16  
181 where? word info onda where (after verbs) 1, 16  
182 I aku'oy   1, 29  
183 thou ikow   1  
184 he/she siya   1, 31  
185 we word info kita   1, 50  
185 we word info kami   2, 52  
186 you kamu- 2ct 1, 38  
186 you mo'ikow 2pl 21  
187 they siva- 3ct    
187 they mosiya 3pl 51  
188 what? word info onu   2, 65  
189 who? word info si'ene nom. 14  
189 who? word info sav'ene nom. pl.    
194 how? word info na'onda   29, 80  
195 no, not deya'   2  
195 no, not di'iman      
198 Two word info dohuwa   1, 24  
205 Nine word info siyow   5, 34  
206 Ten word info mopulu   5, 40  
209 One Hundred word info gatus   4  
210 One Thousand word info giwu   5  

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