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Language: Ponosakan

Source/Author:  Lobel. 2015 
Notes:  Lobel, J.W. 2015. Ponosakan: A Dying Language of Northeastern Sulawesi. Oceanic Linguistics, 54, 2, 396-435. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Gorontalo-Mongondow:Mongondowic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk      
6 road/path      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
14 belly      
16 intestines      
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
25 neck      
26 hair word info      
29 to sniff, smell      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
38 to chew word info      
40 to drink      
43 ear      
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
53 person/human being      
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name      
64 to say      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
72 to hit word info      
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
97 bird      
98 egg      
100 wing      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
107 worm (earthworm)      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
120 stone      
121 sand      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
140 dry word info      
143 fire      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
162 old word info      
164 good      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
196 to count      
197 One word info      
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
9 to swim (lo)languy   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ta'aw   1  
182 I aku'oy   1, 29  
96 dog asu   1  
17 liver atoy   1  
61 house baloy   14?  
30 mouth biwih   32  
142 heavy bohat heaviness 1  
55 woman/female boway   1, 105  
119 earth/soil butaʔ earth, land 25, 27  
99 feather buwul fur, feathers 1, 67  
114 leaf da'un   1  
195 no, not deya'   2  
195 no, not di'iman      
32 tongue dila'   4  
198 Two word info dohuwa   1, 24  
44 to hear dongoh   1  
68 needle dorahum   1  
23 blood duhu'   16  
36 to spit duya'   1, 30  
115 root gamut   3  
209 One Hundred word info gatus   4  
28 to breathe ginaa   1, 70  
210 One Thousand word info giwu   5  
167 night gowi'i   21, 90  
165 bad, evil haʔat badness, evil (n.) 1  
183 thou ikow   1  
37 to eat ka'an   1  
41 to bite kahat   1  
185 we word info kami   2, 52  
186 you kamu- 2ct 1, 38  
185 we word info kita   1, 50  
181 where? word info ko'onda where 1, 16  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
13 back word info likur   1  
54 man/male lolaki   2, 99  
101 to fly lumayuh   43  
39 to cook word info lutu'   20  
45 eye mata   1  
186 you mo'ikow 2pl 21  
206 Ten word info mopulu   5, 40  
187 they mosiya 3pl 51  
163 new mowahu   1, 54  
141 wet mowasa'   1  
180 far moyayu'   1, 82  
194 how? word info na'onda   29, 80  
27 nose ngiyung   1, 27  
31 tooth ngiyupon   1, 48  
181 where? word info onda where (after verbs) 1, 16  
188 what? word info onu   2, 65  
161 shy, ashamed oya'   1, 23  
74 to kill patoy   2  
85 to choose pili?   1  
82 dull, blunt pupul      
118 grass puput   88  
91 to buy saluy   20  
189 who? word info sav'ene nom. pl.    
111 fish seya'   18  
189 who? word info si'ene nom. 14  
168 day singkay      
187 they siva- 3ct    
184 he/she siya   1, 31  
205 Nine word info siyow   5, 34  
42 to suck sosop   1, 27  
81 sharp tahom   1  
73 to steal takow   1  
52 to stand tindoh   20  
122 water word info tiwih      
48 to sleep tiyuh [tiyu:] 1  
139 cold word info tonow   26  
71 to stab, pierce towok      
15 bone tulan   1  
106 snake ulah   2  
24 head ulu   1  
133 rain uyan   1  
124 sea yahat   25  

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