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Language: Ponosakan

Source/Author:  Lobel. 2015 
Notes:  Lobel, J.W. 2015. Ponosakan: A Dying Language of Northeastern Sulawesi. Oceanic Linguistics, 54, 2, 396-435. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Gorontalo-Mongondow:Mongondowic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk      
6 road/path      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim (lo)languy   1  
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
13 back word info likur   1  
14 belly      
15 bone tulan   1  
16 intestines      
17 liver atoy   1  
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable -ta'aw   1  
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood duhu'   16  
24 head ulu   1  
25 neck      
26 hair word info      
27 nose ngiyung   1, 27  
28 to breathe ginaa   1, 70  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth biwih   32  
31 tooth ngiyupon   1, 48  
32 tongue dila'   4  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit duya'   1, 30  
37 to eat ka'an   1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info lutu'   20  
40 to drink      
41 to bite kahat   1  
42 to suck sosop   1, 27  
43 ear      
44 to hear dongoh   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep tiyuh [tiyu:] 1  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
52 to stand tindoh   20  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male lolaki   2, 99  
55 woman/female boway   1, 105  
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
61 house baloy   14?  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name      
64 to say      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle dorahum   1  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce towok      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal takow   1  
74 to kill patoy   2  
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp tahom   1  
82 dull, blunt pupul      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose pili?   1  
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy saluy   20  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird      
98 egg      
99 feather buwul fur, feathers 1, 67  
100 wing      
101 to fly lumayuh   43  
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake ulah   2  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
111 fish seya'   18  
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf da'un   1  
115 root gamut   3  
116 flower      
117 fruit      
118 grass puput   88  
119 earth/soil butaʔ earth, land 25, 27  
120 stone      
121 sand      
122 water word info tiwih      
123 to flow      
124 sea yahat   25  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
133 rain uyan   1  
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info tonow   26  
140 dry word info      
141 wet mowasa'   1  
142 heavy bohat heaviness 1  
143 fire      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed oya'   1, 23  
162 old word info      
163 new mowahu   1, 54  
164 good      
165 bad, evil haʔat badness, evil (n.) 1  
166 correct, true      
167 night gowi'i   21, 90  
168 day singkay      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far moyayu'   1, 82  
181 where? word info ko'onda where 1, 16  
181 where? word info onda where (after verbs) 1, 16  
182 I aku'oy   1, 29  
183 thou ikow   1  
184 he/she siya   1, 31  
185 we word info kita   1, 50  
185 we word info kami   2, 52  
186 you kamu- 2ct 1, 38  
186 you mo'ikow 2pl 21  
187 they siva- 3ct    
187 they mosiya 3pl 51  
188 what? word info onu   2, 65  
189 who? word info si'ene nom. 14  
189 who? word info sav'ene nom. pl.    
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info na'onda   29, 80  
195 no, not deya'   2  
195 no, not di'iman      
196 to count      
197 One word info      
198 Two word info dohuwa   1, 24  
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info siyow   5, 34  
206 Ten word info mopulu   5, 40  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info gatus   4  
210 One Thousand word info giwu   5  

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