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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 33 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above Guʔa   9  
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
192 and e   8  
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
176 below GaGo   8  
153 big Gahi   12  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
23 blood toto   4  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
18 breast ʔouma   7, 50  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
131 cloud word info ata Modern Tahitian borrowing 118 L
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
166 correct, true mau Likely Tahitian borrowing 10 L
168 day mahana Tahitian Loan 8 L
10 dirty Gepo   9  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
82 dull, blunt papa      
11 dust      
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
98 egg hueGo borrowing from Tahitian 94 L
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far      
104 fat/grease poGia      
60 father metua tāne   1, 9  
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
143 fire auahi   1  
111 fish iʔa   1  
201 Five word info pae Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
116 flower pua   1  
132 fog      
200 Four word info maha   1, 66 L
117 fruit      
164 good maitaʔi   15  
118 grass      
151 green matie   1, 11  
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
1 hand Gima   1  
184 he/she ʔoia   1, 42  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
24 head upoʔo   10  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
61 house haGe   14  
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
57 husband tāne   14  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
193 if      
174 in, inside Goto   5  
16 intestines ʔaviGi      
126 lake      
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
4 leg/foot umaha      
135 lightning uiGa   2  
17 liver ʔūpaʔa Tahitian loan 6 L
17 liver ate 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl' 1  
155 long word info Goa   12  
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
63 name iʔoa   6  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
179 near      
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa      
68 needle nira English borrowing   L
163 new āpi Tahitian Loan 7 L
167 night   1  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
195 no, not eʔere Tahitian borrowing 92 L
27 nose ihu   1  
162 old word info tahito   10  
197 One word info hoʔe Likely a Tahitian borrowing 15 L
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini   11 L
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
190 other      
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66  
133 rain ua   1  
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
149 red ʔuteʔute likely Tahitian borrowing 14 L
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
6 road/path aGa   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
65 rope nape      
112 rotten word info henoheno      
125 salt ʔavaʔava   47  
121 sand one   1  
124 sea tai   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
154 short word info poto   9  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
152 small iti   121  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
106 snake      
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
130 star hetiʔa Tahitian Loan 1 L
79 stick/wood      
120 stone ʔohai Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativization 3 L
105 tail      
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing and hyper-nativization 5 L
178 that      
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
187 they Gāua   x  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
177 this      
183 thou ʔoe   1  
199 Three word info toGu   1  
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   7  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info ngau   8  
85 to choose peGeGau      
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
34 to cry heva   72  
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au Tahitian loan 12 L
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig ʔō   17  
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat ʔamu Borrowed from Tahitian 1, 43 L
95 to fall word info topa   124  
22 to fear GiaGia Tahitian borrowing? 8 L?
123 to flow tahe   10  
101 to fly GeGe   11  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
89 to hold word info Gave Tahitian borrowing 120 L
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
76 to live, be alive haʔaea 'stay or live, as in inhabit'-MW x  
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
84 to plant tanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
64 to say paGaupaGau   12  
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo      
46 to see ʔite   1  
67 to sew word info niGa     L
70 to shoot word info teʔa tahitian borrowing? 3 L?
51 to sit nohotu   16  
48 to sleep moe      
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
36 to spit tūtuha   120  
80 to split word info pāhaGa      
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
52 to stand   2  
52 to stand tia tahitian borrowing x L
73 to steal ʔeiā   7, 65  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
21 to think heGuGi tahitian borrowing   L
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu Tahitian borrowing 93 L
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
35 to vomit pihaʔe Tahitian borrowing 30 L
5 to walk haeGe   6  
83 to work word info ʔohipa tahitian loan   L
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
31 tooth niho   1  
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 28, 6 L
198 Two word info piti Likely a Tahitian borrowing 4 L
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
122 water word info pape māʔaGo Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativisation 47 L
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
141 wet maʔu   10  
188 what? word info aha   1  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
148 white ʔuoʔuo      
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
159 wide GaGahi      
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
100 wing maiti      
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
169 year matahiti   7  
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
186 you ʔoutou   16  

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