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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Showing all of 76 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
41 to bite      
74 to kill      
79 stick/wood      
91 to buy      
105 tail      
106 snake      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
190 other      
193 if      
1 hand Gima   1, 64  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
4 leg/foot vaevae (Stimson 1938) 1, 100  
5 to walk haeGe   6  
6 road/path aGa   1  
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
10 dirty Gepo   9  
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
16 intestines ŋa'au variant: na'au (Stimson 1938)ŋ 12  
17 liver      
18 breast ʔouma   7, 50  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head upoʔo   10  
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
27 nose ihu   1  
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
31 tooth niho   1  
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
34 to cry heva   72  
36 to spit tūtuha   120  
38 to chew word info ŋau (Stimson 1938) 8  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ʔite   1  
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
48 to sleep moe   10, 109  
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
51 to sit nohotu   16  
52 to stand   2  
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66, 97  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
57 husband tāne   14  
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
60 father metua tāne   9  
61 house haGe   14  
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
63 name iʔoa   6  
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
73 to steal ʔeiā   7, 65  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive ora (Stimson 1938) 6  
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo      
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au   12  
80 to split word info pāhaGa   5  
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
82 dull, blunt papa      
84 to plant tanu   2  
85 to choose peGeGau      
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
90 to dig ʔō   17  
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg hueGo (Stimson 1938 reports a variant huoro) 94  
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
100 wing pererau (Stimson 1938) 9  
101 to fly GeGe   11  
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
111 fish iʔa   1  
112 rotten word info henoheno      
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
116 flower pua   1  
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
121 sand one   1  
123 to flow tahe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
125 salt ʔavaʔava   47  
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
131 cloud word info ata   118  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
135 lightning uiGa   2  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
141 wet maʔu   10  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
143 fire auahi   1  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   1, 7  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
148 white ʔuoʔuo   108  
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
151 green matie   1, 11  
152 small iti   1  
153 big Gahi   12  
154 short word info poto   9  
155 long word info Goa   12, 105  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
159 wide GaGahi   9  
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
162 old word info tahito   10  
164 good maitaʔi   15  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
166 correct, true mau   10  
167 night   1  
169 year matahiti   7  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside Goto   5  
175 above Guʔa   9  
176 below GaGo   8  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
184 he/she ʔoia   1, 42  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
186 you ʔoutou   16  
187 they Gāua   x  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
188 what? word info aha   1  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
192 and e   8  
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
199 Three word info toGu   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 44, 66  
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu   5, 32  
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
17 liver ʔūpaʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson lists ate as 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl') 6 L
21 to think heGuGi L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports mana'o)   L
22 to fear Gi'aGi'a L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports taiā) 8 L
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports ua) 132 L
35 to vomit pihaʔe L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports rua'i) 30 L
37 to eat ʔamu L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports 'ai as an obsolete form) 1, 47 L
52 to stand ti'a L from Tahitian   L
64 to say paGaupaGau L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports re'o) 12 L
65 rope nape L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports taura) 64 L
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports nati/ŋati) 149 L
67 to sew word info niGa L from English via Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports tui)   L
68 needle nira L from English via Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports au)   L
70 to shoot word info teʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hana) 3 L
83 to work word info ʔohipa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports haŋa) 92 L
89 to hold word info Gave L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports mau) 120 L
104 fat/grease poGia L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hinu)   L
120 stone ʔohai L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hatu) 1, 39, 3 L
122 water word info pape māʔaGo L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports vai) 47 L
130 star hetiʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hetū) 32 L
149 red ʔuteʔute Possible L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports 'ura as related to 'glowing red') 14 L
163 new āpi L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hou) 7 L
168 day mahana L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports ao) 8 L
195 no, not eʔere L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 does not report this) 92 L
197 One word info hoʔe L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports tahi) 15 L
198 Two word info piti L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports rua) 4 L
200 Four word info maha L from Tahitian 1, 66, 4 L
201 Five word info pae L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports rima) 9 L
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu L from Tahitian 28, 6 L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu L from Tahitian 9 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini L from English via Tahitian 11 L

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