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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 33 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
41 to bite      
74 to kill      
79 stick/wood      
91 to buy      
105 tail      
106 snake      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
190 other      
193 if      
159 wide GaGahi      
176 below GaGo   8  
153 big Gahi   12  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
89 to hold word info Gave Tahitian borrowing   L
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
101 to fly GeGe   11  
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
10 dirty Gepo   9  
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
22 to fear GiaGia Tahitian borrowing? 8 L?
1 hand Gima   1  
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
155 long word info Goa   12  
174 in, inside Goto   5  
175 above Guʔa   9  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
187 they Gāua   x  
6 road/path aGa   1  
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
188 what? word info aha   1  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
131 cloud word info ata Modern Tahitian borrowing   L
17 liver ate 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl' 1  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
143 fire auahi   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
192 and e   8  
195 no, not eʔere Tahitian borrowing 92 L
61 house haGe   14  
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
5 to walk haeGe   6  
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
76 to live, be alive haʔaea 'stay or live, as in inhabit'-MW x  
21 to think heGuGi tahitian borrowing   L
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
112 rotten word info henoheno      
130 star hetiʔa Tahitian Loan 1 L
34 to cry heva   72  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
197 One word info hoʔe Likely a Tahitian borrowing 15 L
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
98 egg hueGo borrowing from Tahitian 94 L
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
173 at i   1  
27 nose ihu   1  
40 to drink inu   1  
152 small iti   121  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
111 fish iʔa   1  
63 name iʔoa   6  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
200 Four word info maha   1, 66 L
168 day mahana Tahitian Loan 8 L
164 good maitaʔi   15  
100 wing maiti      
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
97 bird manu   1  
45 eye mata   1  
169 year matahiti   7  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
151 green matie   1, 11  
166 correct, true mau Likely Tahitian borrowing 10 L
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo      
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
141 wet maʔu   10  
60 father metua tāne   1, 9  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
48 to sleep moe      
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
65 rope nape      
38 to chew word info ngau   8  
67 to sew word info niGa     L
31 tooth niho   1  
68 needle nira English borrowing   L
51 to sit nohotu   16  
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
158 narrow oaoa   12  
121 sand one   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
64 to say paGaupaGau   12  
201 Five word info pae Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
82 dull, blunt papa      
122 water word info pape māʔaGo Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativisation 47 L
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
85 to choose peGeGau      
35 to vomit pihaʔe Tahitian borrowing 30 L
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
198 Two word info piti Likely a Tahitian borrowing 4 L
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 28, 6 L
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
104 fat/grease poGia      
154 short word info poto   9  
116 flower pua   1  
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
80 to split word info pāhaGa      
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
167 night   1  
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
123 to flow tahe   10  
162 old word info tahito   10  
124 sea tai   1  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
84 to plant tanu   2  
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au Tahitian loan 12 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini   11 L
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66  
70 to shoot word info teʔa tahitian borrowing? 3 L?
52 to stand tia tahitian borrowing x L
199 Three word info toGu   1  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
23 blood toto   4  
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
13 back word info tua   11  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   7  
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
57 husband tāne   14  
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu Tahitian borrowing 93 L
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
52 to stand   2  
36 to spit tūtuha   120  
133 rain ua   1  
135 lightning uiGa   2  
4 leg/foot umaha      
24 head upoʔo   10  
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
163 new āpi Tahitian Loan 7 L
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa      
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing and hyper-nativization 5 L
37 to eat ʔamu Borrowed from Tahitian 1, 43 L
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
125 salt ʔavaʔava      
16 intestines ʔaviGi      
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
73 to steal ʔeiā   7, 65  
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
46 to see ʔite   1  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
120 stone ʔohai Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativization 3 L
83 to work word info ʔohipa tahitian loan   L
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
184 he/she ʔoia   1, 42  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
18 breast ʔouma   7, 50  
186 you ʔoutou   16  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
148 white ʔuoʔuo      
149 red ʔuteʔute likely Tahitian borrowing 14 L
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
90 to dig ʔō   17  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
17 liver ʔūpaʔa Tahitian loan 6 L

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