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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
41 to bite      
74 to kill      
79 stick/wood      
91 to buy      
105 tail      
106 snake      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
190 other      
193 if      
17 liver      
21 to think heGuGi L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports mana'o)   L
52 to stand ti'a L from Tahitian   L
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
67 to sew word info niGa L from English via Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports tui)   L
68 needle nira L from English via Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports au)   L
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo      
82 dull, blunt papa      
85 to choose peGeGau      
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
104 fat/grease poGia L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hinu)   L
112 rotten word info henoheno      
6 road/path aGa   1  
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
27 nose ihu   1  
31 tooth niho   1  
40 to drink inu   1  
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ʔite   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
97 bird manu   1  
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
111 fish iʔa   1  
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
116 flower pua   1  
121 sand one   1  
124 sea tai   1  
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
133 rain ua   1  
143 fire auahi   1  
152 small iti   1  
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
167 night   1  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
173 at i   1  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
188 what? word info aha   1  
199 Three word info toGu   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
4 leg/foot vaevae (Stimson 1938) 1, 100  
151 green matie   1, 11  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
184 he/she ʔoia   1, 42  
1 hand Gima   1, 64  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
120 stone ʔohai L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hatu) 1, 39, 3 L
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
37 to eat ʔamu L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports 'ai as an obsolete form) 1, 47 L
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
200 Four word info maha L from Tahitian 1, 66, 4 L
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66, 97  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   1, 7  
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
24 head upoʔo   10  
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
141 wet maʔu   10  
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
162 old word info tahito   10  
166 correct, true mau   10  
48 to sleep moe   10, 109  
148 white ʔuoʔuo   108  
13 back word info tua   11  
101 to fly GeGe   11  
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini L from English via Tahitian 11 L
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
131 cloud word info ata   118  
16 intestines ŋa'au variant: na'au (Stimson 1938)ŋ 12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
64 to say paGaupaGau L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports re'o) 12 L
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au   12  
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
153 big Gahi   12  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
155 long word info Goa   12, 105  
36 to spit tūtuha   120  
89 to hold word info Gave L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports mau) 120 L
95 to fall word info topa   124  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports ua) 132 L
57 husband tāne   14  
61 house haGe   14  
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
149 red ʔuteʔute Possible L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports 'ura as related to 'glowing red') 14 L
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports nati/ŋati) 149 L
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
164 good maitaʔi   15  
197 One word info hoʔe L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports tahi) 15 L
51 to sit nohotu   16  
186 you ʔoutou   16  
90 to dig ʔō   17  
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
52 to stand   2  
84 to plant tanu   2  
115 root aʔa   2  
135 lightning uiGa   2  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu L from Tahitian 28, 6 L
70 to shoot word info teʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hana) 3 L
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
35 to vomit pihaʔe L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports rua'i) 30 L
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
130 star hetiʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hetū) 32 L
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
23 blood toto   4  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
198 Two word info piti L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports rua) 4 L
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
122 water word info pape māʔaGo L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports vai) 47 L
125 salt ʔavaʔava   47  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
80 to split word info pāhaGa   5  
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
174 in, inside Goto   5  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu   5, 32  
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 44, 66  
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
5 to walk haeGe   6  
17 liver ʔūpaʔa L from Tahitian (Stimson lists ate as 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl') 6 L
63 name iʔoa   6  
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
76 to live, be alive ora (Stimson 1938) 6  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
65 rope nape L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports taura) 64 L
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
163 new āpi L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports hou) 7 L
169 year matahiti   7  
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
18 breast ʔouma   7, 50  
73 to steal ʔeiā   7, 65  
34 to cry heva   72  
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
22 to fear Gi'aGi'a L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 reports taiā) 8 L
38 to chew word info ŋau (Stimson 1938) 8  
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
168 day mahana L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports ao) 8 L
176 below GaGo   8  
192 and e   8  
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
10 dirty Gepo   9  
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
60 father metua tāne   9  
100 wing pererau (Stimson 1938) 9  
154 short word info poto   9  
159 wide GaGahi   9  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
175 above Guʔa   9  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
201 Five word info pae L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports rima) 9 L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu L from Tahitian 9 L
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
83 to work word info ʔohipa L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 also reports haŋa) 92 L
195 no, not eʔere L from Tahitian (Stimson 1938 does not report this) 92 L
98 egg hueGo (Stimson 1938 reports a variant huoro) 94  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
187 they Gāua   x  

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