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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Showing 3 of 33 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
41 to bite      
74 to kill      
79 stick/wood      
91 to buy      
105 tail      
106 snake      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
190 other      
193 if      
4 leg/foot umaha      
16 intestines ʔaviGi      
21 to think heGuGi tahitian borrowing   L
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa      
48 to sleep moe      
52 to stand tia tahitian borrowing   L
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
65 rope nape      
67 to sew word info niGa     L
68 needle nira English borrowing   L
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo      
80 to split word info pāhaGa      
82 dull, blunt papa      
83 to work word info ʔohipa tahitian loan   L
85 to choose peGeGau      
89 to hold word info Gave Tahitian borrowing   L
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
100 wing maiti      
104 fat/grease poGia      
112 rotten word info henoheno      
125 salt ʔavaʔava      
131 cloud word info ata Modern Tahitian borrowing   L
133 rain ua      
148 white ʔuoʔuo      
159 wide GaGahi      
1 hand Gima   1  
6 road/path aGa   1  
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
17 liver ate 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl' 1  
27 nose ihu   1  
31 tooth niho   1  
40 to drink inu   1  
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ʔite   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
97 bird manu   1  
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
111 fish iʔa   1  
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
116 flower pua   1  
121 sand one   1  
124 sea tai   1  
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
130 star hetiʔa Tahitian Loan 1 L
143 fire auahi   1  
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
167 night   1  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
173 at i   1  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
184 he/she ʔoia   1  
188 what? word info aha   1  
199 Three word info toGu   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
151 green matie   1, 11  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
37 to eat ʔamu Borrowed from Tahitian 1, 43 L
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
200 Four word info maha   1, 66 L
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
60 father metua tāne   1, 9  
24 head upoʔo   10  
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
123 to flow tahe   10  
141 wet maʔu   10  
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
162 old word info tahito   10  
166 correct, true mau Likely Tahitian borrowing 10 L
13 back word info tua   11  
101 to fly GeGe   11  
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini   11 L
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
64 to say paGaupaGau   12  
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au Tahitian loan 12 L
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
153 big Gahi   12  
155 long word info Goa   12  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
36 to spit tūtuha   120  
152 small iti   121  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
57 husband tāne   14  
61 house haGe   14  
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
149 red ʔuteʔute likely Tahitian borrowing 14 L
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
164 good maitaʔi   15  
197 One word info hoʔe Likely a Tahitian borrowing 15 L
51 to sit nohotu   16  
186 you ʔoutou   16  
90 to dig ʔō   17  
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
52 to stand   2  
84 to plant tanu   2  
115 root aʔa   2  
135 lightning uiGa   2  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 28, 6 L
70 to shoot word info teʔa tahitian borrowing? 3 L?
120 stone ʔohai Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativization 3 L
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
35 to vomit pihaʔe Tahitian borrowing 30 L
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
23 blood toto   4  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
198 Two word info piti Likely a Tahitian borrowing 4 L
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
122 water word info pape māʔaGo Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativisation 47 L
9 to swim ʔau   5  
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
174 in, inside Goto   5  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing and hyper-nativization 5 L
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
5 to walk haeGe   6  
17 liver ʔūpaʔa Tahitian loan 6 L
63 name iʔoa   6  
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
18 breast ʔouma   7  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
73 to steal ʔeiā   7  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   7  
163 new āpi Tahitian Loan 7 L
169 year matahiti   7  
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
34 to cry heva   72  
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
22 to fear GiaGia Tahitian borrowing? 8 L?
38 to chew word info ngau   8  
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
168 day mahana Tahitian Loan 8 L
176 below GaGo   8  
192 and e   8  
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
10 dirty Gepo   9  
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
42 to suck ʔote   9  
154 short word info poto   9  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
175 above Guʔa   9  
196 to count taiʔo   9  
201 Five word info pae Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing 9 L
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
195 no, not eʔere Tahitian borrowing 92 L
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu Tahitian borrowing 93 L
98 egg hueGo borrowing from Tahitian 94 L
76 to live, be alive haʔaea 'stay or live, as in inhabit'-MW x  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
187 they Gāua   x  

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