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Language: Ra'ivavae

Source/Author:  Marianne Flores; Odile Tamaititahio 
Notes:  Ra'ivavae's reflex of PEP *r is /G/. This is often represented as [g] by younger speakers and in the orthography. In order to reflect the uvular nature of the older generation speakers, I am writing this as "G". 
Problems:  Significant borrowing from Tahitian in recent years will likely cause Ra'ivavae to appear closer to Tahitian than it may historically be. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Walworth  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 33 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand Gima   1  
2 left ʔaui   1, 42  
3 right ʔatau   5, 40  
4 leg/foot umaha      
5 to walk haeGe   6  
6 road/path aGa      
7 to come haeGe mai   1, 42  
8 to turn word info tāviGi PPN *r/l > Rai G 90  
9 to swim ʔau   5  
10 dirty Gepo   9  
11 dust      
12 skin ʔiGi   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly ʔōpū   2  
15 bone iviivi   52, 5  
16 intestines ʔaviGi      
17 liver ʔūpaʔa Tahitian loan   L
17 liver ate 'liver of fish, pigs, and fowl' 1  
18 breast ʔouma   7  
19 shoulder paʔuhi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔite   12  
21 to think heGuGi tahitian borrowing   L
22 to fear GiaGia Tahitian borrowing? 8 L?
23 blood toto   4  
24 head upoʔo   10  
25 neck ʔaGapoʔa      
26 hair word info huGuhuGu poʔo   31  
27 nose ihu   1  
28 to breathe huti te aho   9  
29 to sniff, smell hauʔa   10  
30 mouth vaha   1, 8  
31 tooth niho   1  
32 tongue aGeGo   15  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
34 to cry heva   72  
35 to vomit pihaʔe Tahitian borrowing   L
36 to spit tūtuha   19, 34?  
37 to eat ʔamu Borrowed from Tahitian   L
38 to chew word info ngau   8  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite      
42 to suck ʔote   9  
43 ear taGiʔa   1  
44 to hear haʔaGoʔo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ʔite   1  
47 to yawn hāmama te vaha   19, 28  
48 to sleep moe   10  
49 to lie down word info tīGaha   82  
50 to dream moemoeā   7, 27  
51 to sit nohotu   16  
52 to stand   2  
52 to stand tia tahitian borrowing   L
53 person/human being taʔata   1, 66  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
55 woman/female vahine   1, 106, 116  
56 child tamaGiʔi   6, 63  
57 husband tāne   14  
58 wife vahine   5, 68  
59 mother metua vahine   4  
60 father metua tāne   1, 9  
61 house haGe   14  
62 thatch/roof haGe niʔau      
63 name iʔoa   6  
64 to say paGaupaGau   12  
65 rope nape      
66 to tie up, fasten tāʔamu Tahitian borrowing   L
67 to sew word info niGa     L
68 needle nira English borrowing   L
69 to hunt word info aʔuaʔu   7  
70 to shoot word info teʔa tahitian borrowing? 3 L?
71 to stab, pierce pipiha      
72 to hit word info paʔi   6  
73 to steal ʔeiā   7  
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive haʔaea 'stay or live, as in inhabit'-MW x  
77 to scratch word info maʔeGo   65?  
78 to cut, hack word info tapu te Ga'au Tahitian loan   L
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info pāhaGa      
81 sharp ʔoi   14, 66  
82 dull, blunt papa      
83 to work word info ʔohipa tahitian loan   L
84 to plant tanu   2  
85 to choose peGeGau      
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
87 to swell word info ōpupu   30  
88 to squeeze word info GoGomi   10  
89 to hold word info Gave Tahitian borrowing   L
90 to dig ʔō   17  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover ʔiGiti   42  
93 to pound, beat word info oGooGo      
94 to throw word info tāoGa   10  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
96 dog ʔuGi   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg hueGo borrowing from Tahitian   L
99 feather huGuhuGu manu   1  
100 wing maiti      
101 to fly GeGe   11  
102 rat ʔioGe   12  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
104 fat/grease poGia      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm) toʔe Gepo   7  
108 louse word info ʔutuʔu   1  
109 mosquito naonao   1, 74  
110 spider tuʔunui   5, 39  
111 fish iʔa   1  
112 rotten word info henoheno      
113 branch word info ʔāmama Gāʔau   1, 4  
114 leaf GaueGe   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
116 flower pua   1  
117 fruit      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil Gepo   11  
120 stone ʔohai Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativization   L
121 sand one   1  
122 water word info pape māʔaGo Tahitian borrowing with hyper-nativisation   L
123 to flow tahe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
125 salt ʔavaʔava      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky Gaʔi   1  
129 moon ʔāvaʔe   6  
130 star hetiʔa Tahitian Loan   L
131 cloud word info ata Modern Tahitian borrowing   L
132 fog      
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder pātiGi   14  
135 lightning uiGa   2  
136 wind mataʔi   1, 66  
137 to blow word info pupuhi   6  
138 warm word info veʔaveʔa   8  
139 cold word info haumāGū   74  
140 dry word info maGo   13  
141 wet maʔu   10  
142 heavy toimaha   46, 66  
143 fire auahi   1  
144 to burn word info tutuʔi   1, 7  
145 smoke word info au auahi   2  
146 ash Gehu auahi   67  
147 black ʔeGeʔeGe   5  
148 white ʔuoʔuo      
149 red ʔuteʔute likely Tahitian borrowing   L
150 yellow GeʔaGeʔa   10  
151 green matie   1, 11  
152 small iti   121  
153 big Gahi   12  
154 short word info poto   9  
155 long word info Goa   12  
156 thin word info GaiGai   5  
157 thick word info meʔumeʔu   39  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
159 wide GaGahi      
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
161 shy, ashamed māmahu   1  
162 old word info tahito   10  
163 new āpi Tahitian Loan   L
164 good maitaʔi   15  
165 bad, evil ʔino   9  
166 correct, true mau Likely Tahitian borrowing   L
167 night   1  
168 day mahana Tahitian Loan   L
169 year matahiti   7  
170 when? word info ahea   5  
171 to hide word info tāponiponi   1  
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside Goto   5  
175 above Guʔa   9  
176 below GaGo   8  
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
182 I vau   1, 21, 18  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
184 he/she ʔoia   1  
184 he/she ʔōna   5  
185 we word info tāua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
186 you ʔōGua   x  
186 you ʔoutou   16  
187 they Gāua   x  
187 they Gātou   1, 72  
188 what? word info aha   1  
189 who? word info vai   1, 19  
190 other      
191 all ʔatoʔa   13  
192 and e   8  
193 if      
194 how? word info nā hea   11, 51  
195 no, not eʔere Tahitian borrowing 92 L
196 to count taiʔo   9  
197 One word info hoʔe Likely a Tahitian borrowing   L
198 Two word info piti Likely a Tahitian borrowing   L
199 Three word info toGu   1  
200 Four word info maha     L
201 Five word info pae Likely a Tahitian borrowing   L
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info vaGu   3  
205 Nine word info iva   5, 66  
206 Ten word info ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing and hyper-nativization 5 L
207 Twenty word info piti ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing   L
208 Fifty word info pae ʔahuGu Likely a Tahitian borrowing   L
209 One Hundred word info Gau   2  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini     L
210 One Thousand word info mano   2  

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