https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Nukeria

Source/Author:  Davletshin, Albert. 2013. Fieldwork data. 
Notes:  Phononological segments:
p (pp), v (vv), t (tt), k (kk), h/s (hh/ss), m (mm), n (nn), r/l (rr), i (ii), e (ee), a (aa), o (oo), u (uu).

Notes:
1. geminate consonants and vowels do not represent independent phonological segments,
2. s (ss) are considered borrowings from Takuu by native speakers,
3. singular and plural forms of verbs (s. and pl. below) are systematically contrasted, I give singular forms only and I give suppletive forms if found in my files.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Albert Davletshin  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
126 lake      
69 to hunt word info aahi (turtles) 6?  
57 husband aavana also: wife 13  
58 wife aavana also: husband 8  
143 fire ahi   1  
115 root aka (generic) 2  
170 when? word info ana-hee      
137 to blow word info ani a. (gently) 8  
168 day ao (daylight, daytime) 1, 54  
77 to scratch word info araara (s.) 10  
32 tongue arero   15  
17 liver ate   1  
145 smoke word info au (close, causing one's eyes to smart) 2  
7 to come au-mai (s.) suppletive 1, 44  
153 big ha-mataku (s.) 31  
165 bad, evil ha-riaria (s.)    
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
5 to walk haare (s.) 6  
6 road/path haarena      
36 to spit haavare (s.) 18  
65 rope haha (to steer sail with) 74  
55 woman/female hahine (s.) 1, 106  
64 to say hai (s.) 127  
66 to tie up, fasten haihai (tie up, knot) 11?  
66 to tie up, fasten haka-mau (fasten, attach; close, a container with a lid) 149  
171 to hide word info haka-mmuni (s.) 1, 67  
39 to cook word info haka-rere (in pan) 2  
165 bad, evil haka-riaria (s.)    
157 thick word info hamataku (a rope)    
70 to shoot word info hana   1  
206 Ten word info hanahuru   5  
116 flower haraoa L from English   L
61 house hare   14  
18 breast hatahata (chest) 41  
134 thunder hatturi   14  
120 stone hatu   1  
66 to tie up, fasten hau (bind, lash) 11  
188 what? word info heaa   1  
83 to work word info hekau (s.) 26  
95 to fall word info heke      
101 to fly herrei (pl.) 11?  
130 star hetuu   1  
80 to split word info hhaa (wood, hard things) 5  
87 to swell word info hhura (s.) 7  
198 Two word info hiaoa (reporting) 1  
85 to choose hiko (s.) (?)    
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
197 One word info hokotahi (reporting) 41  
197 One word info hokotasi (reporting) 41  
86 to grow word info homo (plants) 7  
42 to suck homohomo (one's fingers) x  
163 new hoou (s.) 1  
125 salt horo L from Tok Pisin   L
64 to say hua (s.)    
98 egg hua   5  
117 fruit hua   1  
92 to open, uncover huke (earth-oven) 1  
29 to sniff, smell hunu (s.) 45?  
8 to turn word info huri (s.) 15  
73 to steal huu (s.) also: hide, conceal 5  
173 at i   1  
175 above i aruna   9  
181 where? word info i hea   3, 35  
181 where? word info i hee   3, 35  
176 below i laro   8  
174 in, inside i loto   5  
176 below i raro   8  
174 in, inside i roto   5  
184 he/she ia frequently unmarked 1  
160 painful, sick ihu (s.) 13  
111 fish ika (generic) 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa (s.) 13  
63 name inoa   6  
40 to drink inu   1  
137 to blow word info iri b. (also fan) 11  
160 painful, sick isu (s.) 13  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
81 sharp kaa (s.) 14, 15  
16 intestines kaatae   12  
65 rope kaavei (a kind of)    
65 rope kaha (braided of coconut fibre) 74  
37 to eat kai (s.) 1, 47  
2 left kaihi   1, 42  
27 nose kaihu   1, 10  
27 nose kaisu   1, 10  
172 to climb word info kake (s.) 32  
45 eye kanamata also: face 1, 18  
13 back word info kanatua   11  
128 sky kaniva      
131 cloud word info kaniva      
103 meat/flesh kanohi   14  
45 eye kanomata also: face 1, 18  
13 back word info kantua   11  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
106 snake kata (generic) Phonologically irregular    
191 all katoo   13  
43 ear kautarina   1, 25  
65 rope kave (to hang clothes on)    
10 dirty kerekere (s.) 10  
119 earth/soil kerekere   10  
121 sand kerekere   30, 74  
90 to dig keri (s.) 1  
193 if ki mee   5  
102 rat kimoa   14  
12 skin kiri also: bark 1  
169 year kirimahi L from Tok Pisin   L
46 to see kite (s.) 1  
9 to swim kkau (s.) 5  
189 who? word info koai   1  
183 thou koe   1  
145 smoke word info kohu (from distance, a column of, also steam, vapour) 13  
25 neck koomanu      
186 you kourua (dual) x  
186 you koutou (pl.) 16  
39 to cook word info kuki L from Tok Pisin   L
108 louse word info kutu a. and b., also flea (flea is Post-Contact) 1  
190 other laa (preposed, following articles) 25  
187 they laatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
187 they laaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
35 to vomit lua   8  
192 and ma (noun phrases) 2  
38 to chew word info maamaa (s.) 'masticate, chew for infants' 1  
21 to think maanatu (s.) 9  
28 to breathe maanava   1  
168 day maarama (daylight)    
148 white maatea   8  
157 thick word info maatoru (a leaf) 3  
185 we word info maatou (excl.) 2, 39  
47 to yawn maava (s.) 19, 39  
65 rope maea (big, used for ships) 10  
138 warm word info mahana (s.) 1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri (s.) 1, 52  
160 painful, sick maki (s.) 1  
14 belly manava   9  
97 bird manu   1  
96 dog manu-kai-tama Post-Contact: lit. "bird eating humans"    
129 moon marama   7  
113 branch word info mataaraa   1  
22 to fear mataku (s.) 1  
136 wind matani (generic) 1, 66  
82 dull, blunt matapuupuu (?) 39, 49  
75 to die, be dead mate (s.) 1  
162 old word info matua (s.) 1  
3 right maua   5, 37?  
2 left mauii   1, 59  
112 rotten word info mmahi L from Micronesian lgs 50 L
180 far mmao (s.) 13  
149 red mmea   1  
124 sea moana (open and deep) 10  
48 to sleep moe (s.) 10, 109  
50 to dream moe (s.) 7  
105 tail moihuku   13  
104 fat/grease moomona   1, 65  
118 grass mouku   58  
178 that naa (2nd pers.) 1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
161 shy, ashamed napa (s.) 48  
38 to chew word info nau (s.)' 8  
182 I nau   1, 22  
132 fog nehu   22  
177 this nei (1st pers.) 1  
31 tooth niho   1  
68 needle niila L from Tok Pisin   L
51 to sit noho (s.) 16  
192 and noo (verbal phrases)    
137 to blow word info oko a. (hard)    
202 Six word info ono   1  
7 to come oo-mai (pl.) (pl.) suppletive 1, 44  
76 to live, be alive ora (s.) 6  
140 dry word info pakupaku (s.) a & b 38  
112 rotten word info para (meat, flesh) 13  
141 wet para (s.) also: rotten (about meat and flesh) 38  
99 feather paraa   5  
115 root patiaka (surface roots), 2  
194 how? word info peehea   11  
33 to laugh piha (s.)    
24 head pokouru   10, 62  
167 night poo   1  
112 rotten word info popo (wood, iron) 14  
154 short word info potopoto (s.) 9  
196 to count ppau (s.) 63  
30 mouth pukua   49?  
152 small puna-rikiriki (s.) 66  
127 woods/forest pupu      
87 to swell word info pupuu (s.) 30  
116 flower purupuru   1?  
168 day raa day (of the week) 7  
178 that raa (3rd pers.)    
190 other raa (preposed, following articles) 25  
79 stick/wood raakau   1  
187 they raatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
187 they raaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
159 wide raharaha (s.) 48  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku (s.) with claws 9  
114 leaf rau   1  
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
26 hair word info rauru   40  
11 dust rehu also: ashes, powder 1, 68  
146 ash rehu   67  
101 to fly rere (s.) 11  
110 spider revereve   1  
94 to throw word info riaki (s.) 79?  
69 to hunt word info riki (adult birds)    
1 hand rima   1, 64  
201 Five word info rima   1  
147 black riparara      
44 to hear rono (s.) 1  
192 and roo (verbal phrases)    
155 long word info rooroa (s.) 12, 105  
156 thin word info rrahi (a leaf) 5  
77 to scratch word info rraku (s.) scratch with a nail 9  
72 to hit word info rriki (s.)    
93 to pound, beat word info rriki (pound a nail)    
35 to vomit rua   8  
198 Two word info rua (counting) 1  
19 shoulder ruamona   10?  
36 to spit saavare (s.) 18  
205 Nine word info siva   5, 44, 43  
205 Nine word info sivo   5, 44, 43  
86 to grow word info somo (plants) 7  
29 to sniff, smell sunu (s.) 45?  
93 to pound, beat word info taa (beat)    
89 to hold word info taaohi (s.) (?) 17  
92 to open, uncover taaraki (door) 10, 39  
185 we word info taatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
91 to buy taauvi (s.) 9  
142 heavy taenaha (s.) 46, 66  
123 to flow tahe (of sea water) 10  
197 One word info tahi (counting) 41  
8 to turn word info tahuri (s.) 15  
124 sea tai (shallow sea near shore, shore) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten taka (fasten, a loincloth) 17?  
165 bad, evil takahara (s.)    
41 to bite takiluu   83  
49 to lie down word info takoto (s.) 7  
53 person/human being tama   1  
56 child tama   6  
107 worm (earthworm) tama-kerekere   9  
60 father tamana also: uncle 1  
54 man/male tanata (s.) 12, 14  
34 to cry tani (s.)also: weep, vail, sound (of musical instruments) 1  
39 to cook word info tao (in earth-oven, in leaf packets) 10  
135 lightning tara (flash)    
164 good tau-rekareka (s.) 14  
179 near taupiri mai (s.) 30  
195 no, not te   111  
123 to flow tere (of stream and rain water, move fast of humans, go of boats) 10  
74 to kill tiinai (s.) 82  
59 mother tinana also: auntie 1  
86 to grow word info tipu (human beings, birds) 1, 43  
208 Fifty word info tipu rima      
207 Twenty word info tipu rua   3  
210 One Thousand word info tipu te rau      
84 to plant toki (s.) 4, 5  
166 correct, true tonu (s.) 8  
199 Three word info toru   1  
23 blood toto   4  
88 to squeeze word info ttau (s.) 13  
94 to throw word info ttiri (s.) 9  
80 to split word info ttohi (soft things, as coconut sprout) 7  
67 to sew word info ttui (s.) 13, 16  
144 to burn word info ttuni (s.) 1, 7  
78 to cut, hack word info ttuu (s.) 17  
62 thatch/roof tua hare   77  
156 thin word info tua-rikiriki (a rope) 34  
65 rope tuaa-uka (a kind of) 73  
68 needle tui (also awl) 66  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki (swamp taro) 2  
52 to stand tuu (s.) 2  
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
133 rain ua   1  
69 to hunt word info uhu (gather fruits, hunt nestlings and eggs)    
135 lightning uira (bolt) 2  
65 rope uka (small, also string, cord, sinew, veins) 73  
42 to suck umiumi (one's fingers) x  
71 to stab, pierce unuki (with a needle) 1, 8?  
151 green uri      
69 to hunt word info uru (wild pigs)    
18 breast uu (female) : also milk 1  
42 to suck uu (breast milk) 25  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
122 water word info vai   2  
150 yellow vai-ano   9?  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
112 rotten word info varevare (tuber, rice) 13  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
112 rotten word info vii (soup, toddy) 85  
71 to stab, pierce vvoro (with a spear) 15  

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