https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Nukeria

Source/Author:  Davletshin, Albert. 2013. Fieldwork data. 
Notes:  Phononological segments:
p (pp), v (vv), t (tt), k (kk), h/s (hh/ss), m (mm), n (nn), r/l (rr), i (ii), e (ee), a (aa), o (oo), u (uu).

Notes:
1. geminate consonants and vowels do not represent independent phonological segments,
2. s (ss) are considered borrowings from Takuu by native speakers,
3. singular and plural forms of verbs (s. and pl. below) are systematically contrasted, I give singular forms only and I give suppletive forms if found in my files.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Albert Davletshin  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Change History:

Showing all of 12 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
126 lake      
1 hand rima   1, 64  
2 left kaihi   1, 42  
2 left mauii   1, 59  
3 right maua   5, 37?  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
6 road/path haarena      
13 back word info kanatua   11  
13 back word info kantua   11  
14 belly manava   9  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines kaatae   12  
17 liver ate   1  
19 shoulder ruamona   10?  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head pokouru   10, 62  
25 neck koomanu      
26 hair word info rauru   40  
27 nose kaisu   1, 10  
27 nose kaihu   1, 10  
28 to breathe maanava   1  
30 mouth pukua   49?  
31 tooth niho   1  
32 tongue arero   15  
35 to vomit lua   8  
35 to vomit rua   8  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite takiluu   83  
43 ear kautarina   1, 25  
53 person/human being tama   1  
56 child tama   6  
61 house hare   14  
62 thatch/roof tua hare   77  
63 name inoa   6  
70 to shoot word info hana   1  
79 stick/wood raakau   1  
95 to fall word info heke      
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg hua   5  
99 feather paraa   5  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
102 rat kimoa   14  
103 meat/flesh kanohi   14  
104 fat/grease moomona   1, 65  
105 tail moihuku   13  
107 worm (earthworm) tama-kerekere   9  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider revereve   1  
113 branch word info mataaraa   1  
114 leaf rau   1  
116 flower purupuru   1?  
117 fruit hua   1  
118 grass mouku   58  
119 earth/soil kerekere   10  
120 stone hatu   1  
121 sand kerekere   30, 74  
122 water word info vai   2  
127 woods/forest pupu      
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky kaniva      
129 moon marama   7  
130 star hetuu   1  
131 cloud word info kaniva      
132 fog nehu   22  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder hatturi   14  
143 fire ahi   1  
146 ash rehu   67  
147 black riparara      
148 white maatea   8  
149 red mmea   1  
150 yellow vai-ano   9?  
151 green uri      
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
167 night poo   1  
170 when? word info ana-hee      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i loto   5  
174 in, inside i roto   5  
175 above i aruna   9  
176 below i laro   8  
176 below i raro   8  
181 where? word info i hee   3, 35  
181 where? word info i hea   3, 35  
182 I nau   1, 22  
183 thou koe   1  
188 what? word info heaa   1  
189 who? word info koai   1  
191 all katoo   13  
193 if ki mee   5  
194 how? word info peehea   11  
195 no, not te   111  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
205 Nine word info sivo   5, 44, 43  
205 Nine word info siva   5, 44, 43  
206 Ten word info hanahuru   5  
207 Twenty word info tipu rua   3  
208 Fifty word info tipu rima      
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info tipu te rau      
177 this nei (1st pers.) 1  
178 that naa (2nd pers.) 1  
178 that raa (3rd pers.)    
82 dull, blunt matapuupuu (?) 39, 49  
65 rope kaavei (a kind of)    
65 rope tuaa-uka (a kind of) 73  
156 thin word info rrahi (a leaf) 5  
157 thick word info maatoru (a leaf) 3  
156 thin word info tua-rikiriki (a rope) 34  
157 thick word info hamataku (a rope)    
69 to hunt word info riki (adult birds)    
68 needle tui (also awl) 66  
93 to pound, beat word info taa (beat)    
65 rope maea (big, used for ships) 10  
66 to tie up, fasten hau (bind, lash) 11  
135 lightning uira (bolt) 2  
65 rope kaha (braided of coconut fibre) 74  
42 to suck uu (breast milk) 25  
18 breast hatahata (chest) 41  
145 smoke word info au (close, causing one's eyes to smart) 2  
197 One word info tahi (counting) 41  
198 Two word info rua (counting) 1  
168 day maarama (daylight)    
168 day ao (daylight, daytime) 1, 54  
92 to open, uncover taaraki (door) 10, 39  
186 you kourua (dual) x  
187 they raaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
187 they laaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
92 to open, uncover huke (earth-oven) 1  
185 we word info maatou (excl.) 2, 39  
66 to tie up, fasten taka (fasten, a loincloth) 17?  
66 to tie up, fasten haka-mau (fasten, attach; close, a container with a lid) 149  
18 breast uu (female) : also milk 1  
135 lightning tara (flash)    
145 smoke word info kohu (from distance, a column of, also steam, vapour) 13  
69 to hunt word info uhu (gather fruits, hunt nestlings and eggs)    
111 fish ika (generic) 1  
115 root aka (generic) 2  
136 wind matani (generic) 1, 66  
86 to grow word info tipu (human beings, birds) 1, 43  
39 to cook word info tao (in earth-oven, in leaf packets) 10  
39 to cook word info haka-rere (in pan) 2  
112 rotten word info para (meat, flesh) 13  
192 and ma (noun phrases) 2  
123 to flow tahe (of sea water) 10  
123 to flow tere (of stream and rain water, move fast of humans, go of boats) 10  
42 to suck homohomo (one's fingers) x  
42 to suck umiumi (one's fingers) x  
124 sea moana (open and deep) 10  
101 to fly herrei (pl.) 11?  
186 you koutou (pl.) 16  
187 they raatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
187 they laatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
7 to come oo-mai (pl.) (pl.) suppletive 1, 44  
86 to grow word info somo (plants) 7  
86 to grow word info homo (plants) 7  
93 to pound, beat word info rriki (pound a nail)    
190 other raa (preposed, following articles) 25  
190 other laa (preposed, following articles) 25  
197 One word info hokotasi (reporting) 41  
197 One word info hokotahi (reporting) 41  
198 Two word info hiaoa (reporting) 1  
5 to walk haare (s.) 6  
8 to turn word info huri (s.) 15  
8 to turn word info tahuri (s.) 15  
9 to swim kkau (s.) 5  
10 dirty kerekere (s.) 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa (s.) 13  
21 to think maanatu (s.) 9  
22 to fear mataku (s.) 1  
29 to sniff, smell sunu (s.) 45?  
29 to sniff, smell hunu (s.) 45?  
33 to laugh piha (s.)    
36 to spit haavare (s.) 18  
36 to spit saavare (s.) 18  
37 to eat kai (s.) 1, 47  
44 to hear rono (s.) 1  
46 to see kite (s.) 1  
47 to yawn maava (s.) 19, 39  
48 to sleep moe (s.) 10, 109  
49 to lie down word info takoto (s.) 7  
50 to dream moe (s.) 7  
51 to sit noho (s.) 16  
52 to stand tuu (s.) 2  
54 man/male tanata (s.) 12, 14  
55 woman/female hahine (s.) 1, 106  
64 to say hai (s.) 127  
64 to say hua (s.)    
67 to sew word info ttui (s.) 13, 16  
72 to hit word info rriki (s.)    
74 to kill tiinai (s.) 82  
75 to die, be dead mate (s.) 1  
76 to live, be alive ora (s.) 6  
77 to scratch word info araara (s.) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info ttuu (s.) 17  
81 sharp kaa (s.) 14, 15  
83 to work word info hekau (s.) 26  
84 to plant toki (s.) 4, 5  
87 to swell word info hhura (s.) 7  
87 to swell word info pupuu (s.) 30  
88 to squeeze word info ttau (s.) 13  
90 to dig keri (s.) 1  
91 to buy taauvi (s.) 9  
94 to throw word info riaki (s.) 79?  
94 to throw word info ttiri (s.) 9  
101 to fly rere (s.) 11  
138 warm word info mahana (s.) 1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri (s.) 1, 52  
142 heavy taenaha (s.) 46, 66  
144 to burn word info ttuni (s.) 1, 7  
152 small puna-rikiriki (s.) 66  
153 big ha-mataku (s.) 31  
154 short word info potopoto (s.) 9  
155 long word info rooroa (s.) 12, 105  
159 wide raharaha (s.) 48  
160 painful, sick ihu (s.) 13  
160 painful, sick isu (s.) 13  
160 painful, sick maki (s.) 1  
161 shy, ashamed napa (s.) 48  
162 old word info matua (s.) 1  
163 new hoou (s.) 1  
164 good tau-rekareka (s.) 14  
165 bad, evil haka-riaria (s.)    
165 bad, evil ha-riaria (s.)    
165 bad, evil takahara (s.)    
166 correct, true tonu (s.) 8  
171 to hide word info haka-mmuni (s.) 1, 67  
172 to climb word info kake (s.) 32  
179 near taupiri mai (s.) 30  
180 far mmao (s.) 13  
196 to count ppau (s.) 63  
38 to chew word info maamaa (s.) 'masticate, chew for infants' 1  
85 to choose hiko (s.) (?)    
89 to hold word info taaohi (s.) (?) 17  
140 dry word info pakupaku (s.) a & b 38  
73 to steal huu (s.) also: hide, conceal 5  
141 wet para (s.) also: rotten (about meat and flesh) 38  
77 to scratch word info rraku (s.) scratch with a nail 9  
7 to come au-mai (s.) suppletive 1, 44  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku (s.) with claws 9  
38 to chew word info nau (s.)' 8  
34 to cry tani (s.)also: weep, vail, sound (of musical instruments) 1  
124 sea tai (shallow sea near shore, shore) 1  
65 rope uka (small, also string, cord, sinew, veins) 73  
80 to split word info ttohi (soft things, as coconut sprout) 7  
112 rotten word info vii (soup, toddy) 85  
115 root patiaka (surface roots), 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki (swamp taro) 2  
66 to tie up, fasten haihai (tie up, knot) 11?  
65 rope kave (to hang clothes on)    
65 rope haha (to steer sail with) 74  
112 rotten word info varevare (tuber, rice) 13  
69 to hunt word info aahi (turtles) 6?  
192 and noo (verbal phrases)    
192 and roo (verbal phrases)    
69 to hunt word info uru (wild pigs)    
71 to stab, pierce unuki (with a needle) 1, 8?  
71 to stab, pierce vvoro (with a spear) 15  
80 to split word info hhaa (wood, hard things) 5  
112 rotten word info popo (wood, iron) 14  
185 we word info taatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
137 to blow word info ani a. (gently) 8  
137 to blow word info oko a. (hard)    
108 louse word info kutu a. and b., also flea (flea is Post-Contact) 1  
11 dust rehu also: ashes, powder 1, 68  
59 mother tinana also: auntie 1  
12 skin kiri also: bark 1  
45 eye kanomata also: face 1, 18  
45 eye kanamata also: face 1, 18  
58 wife aavana also: husband 8  
60 father tamana also: uncle 1  
57 husband aavana also: wife 13  
137 to blow word info iri b. (also fan) 11  
168 day raa day (of the week) 7  
184 he/she ia frequently unmarked 1  
116 flower haraoa L from English   L
112 rotten word info mmahi L from Micronesian lgs 50 L
39 to cook word info kuki L from Tok Pisin   L
68 needle niila L from Tok Pisin   L
125 salt horo L from Tok Pisin   L
169 year kirimahi L from Tok Pisin   L
106 snake kata (generic) Phonologically irregular    
96 dog manu-kai-tama Post-Contact: lit. "bird eating humans"    

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