https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Nukeria

Source/Author:  Davletshin, Albert. 2013. Fieldwork data. 
Notes:  Phononological segments:
p (pp), v (vv), t (tt), k (kk), h/s (hh/ss), m (mm), n (nn), r/l (rr), i (ii), e (ee), a (aa), o (oo), u (uu).

Notes:
1. geminate consonants and vowels do not represent independent phonological segments,
2. s (ss) are considered borrowings from Takuu by native speakers,
3. singular and plural forms of verbs (s. and pl. below) are systematically contrasted, I give singular forms only and I give suppletive forms if found in my files.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Albert Davletshin  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Ellicean 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand rima   1  
2 left kaihi   1, 42  
2 left mauii   1, 59  
3 right maua   5, 37?  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
5 to walk haare (s.) 6  
6 road/path haarena   1?  
7 to come au-mai (s.) suppletive 1, 44  
7 to come oo-mai (pl.) (pl.) suppletive 1, 44  
8 to turn word info huri (s.) 15  
8 to turn word info tahuri (s.) 15  
9 to swim kkau (s.) 5  
10 dirty kerekere (s.) 10  
11 dust rehu also: ashes, powder 1, 68  
12 skin kiri also: bark 1  
13 back word info kanatua   11  
13 back word info kantua   11  
14 belly manava   9  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines kaatae   77?  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast hatahata (chest) 41  
18 breast uu (female) : also milk 1  
19 shoulder ruamona      
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa (s.) 13  
21 to think maanatu (s.) 9  
22 to fear mataku (s.) 1  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head pokouru   10, 62  
25 neck koomanu      
26 hair word info rauru   40  
27 nose kaisu   1, 10  
27 nose kaihu   1, 10  
28 to breathe maanava   1  
29 to sniff, smell sunu (s.) 45?  
29 to sniff, smell hunu (s.) 45?  
30 mouth pukua   49?  
31 tooth niho   1  
32 tongue arero   15  
33 to laugh piha (s.)    
34 to cry tani (s.)also: weep, vail, sound (of musical instruments) 1  
35 to vomit lua   8  
35 to vomit rua   8  
36 to spit haavare (s.) 18  
36 to spit saavare (s.) 18  
37 to eat kai (s.) 1, 44  
38 to chew word info nau (s.)' 8  
38 to chew word info maamaa (s.) 'masticate, chew for infants' 1  
39 to cook word info kuki (prepare food) (English/Tok Pisin) (Loan)   L
39 to cook word info haka-rere (in pan) 2  
39 to cook word info tao (in earth-oven, in leaf packets) 10  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite takiluu   8  
42 to suck homohomo (one's fingers) 7  
42 to suck umiumi (one's fingers) 12  
42 to suck uu (breast milk) 25  
43 ear kautarina   1, 25  
44 to hear rono (s.) 1  
45 eye kanomata also: face 1, 18  
45 eye kanamata also: face 1, 18  
46 to see kite (s.) 1  
47 to yawn maava (s.) 19  
48 to sleep moe (s.) 10  
49 to lie down word info takoto (s.) 7  
50 to dream moe (s.) 7  
51 to sit noho (s.) 16  
52 to stand tuu (s.) 2  
53 person/human being tama   1?  
54 man/male tanata (s.) 12, 14  
55 woman/female hahine (s.) 1, 106  
56 child tama   6  
57 husband aavana also: wife 13  
58 wife aavana also: husband 8  
59 mother tinana also: auntie 1  
60 father tamana also: uncle 1  
61 house hare   14  
62 thatch/roof tua hare   23?  
63 name inoa   6  
64 to say hai (s.) 127?  
64 to say hua (s.) 129?  
65 rope haha (to steer sail with) 2?  
65 rope kaha (braided of coconut fibre)    
65 rope kave (to hang clothes on) 74  
65 rope kaavei (a kind of) 74  
65 rope maea (big, used for ships) 10  
65 rope tuaa-uka (a kind of) 73  
65 rope uka (small, also string, cord, sinew, veins) 73  
66 to tie up, fasten haihai (tie up, knot) 11?  
66 to tie up, fasten haka-mau (fasten, attach; close, a container with a lid) 93?  
66 to tie up, fasten hau (bind, lash) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten taka (fasten, a loincloth)    
67 to sew word info ttui (s.) 13  
68 needle tui (also awl) 66  
68 needle niila English/Tok Pisin (Loan)   L
69 to hunt word info aahi (turtles) 6?  
69 to hunt word info riki (adult birds)    
69 to hunt word info uhu (gather fruits, hunt nestlings and eggs) 8?  
69 to hunt word info uru (wild pigs) 8  
70 to shoot word info hana   1  
71 to stab, pierce unuki (with a needle) 1, 8?  
71 to stab, pierce vvoro (with a spear) 15  
72 to hit word info rriki (s.)    
73 to steal huu (s.) also: hide, conceal 5  
74 to kill tiinai (s.) 82  
75 to die, be dead mate (s.) 1  
76 to live, be alive ora (s.) 6  
77 to scratch word info araara (s.) 10  
77 to scratch word info rraku (s.) scratch with a nail 9  
77 to scratch word info rakuraku (s.) with claws 9  
78 to cut, hack word info ttuu (s.) 17  
79 stick/wood raakau   1  
80 to split word info hhaa (wood, hard things) 5  
80 to split word info ttohi (soft things, as coconut sprout) 7?  
81 sharp kaa (s.) 14, 15  
82 dull, blunt matapuupuu (?) 39, 49  
83 to work word info hekau (s.) 26  
84 to plant toki (s.) 4, 5  
85 to choose hiko (s.) (?)    
86 to grow word info tipu (human beings, birds) 1, 43  
86 to grow word info somo (plants) 7  
86 to grow word info homo (plants) 7  
87 to swell word info hhura (s.) 7  
87 to swell word info pupuu (s.) 30  
88 to squeeze word info ttau (s.) 13  
89 to hold word info taaohi (s.) (?) 17  
90 to dig keri (s.) 1  
91 to buy taauvi (s.) 9  
92 to open, uncover taaraki (door) 10, 39  
92 to open, uncover huke (earth-oven) 1  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki (swamp taro) 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info taa (beat)    
93 to pound, beat word info rriki (pound a nail)    
94 to throw word info riaki (s.) 79  
94 to throw word info ttiri (s.) 9  
95 to fall word info heke   44?  
96 dog manu-kai-tama Post-Contact: lit. "bird eating humans"    
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg hua   5  
99 feather paraa   5  
100 wing kapakau   1, 59  
101 to fly rere (s.) 11  
101 to fly herrei (pl.) 11?  
102 rat kimoa   14  
103 meat/flesh kanohi   14  
104 fat/grease moomona   1, 65  
105 tail moihuku   13  
106 snake kata (generic) (Loan)   L
107 worm (earthworm) tama-kerekere   9  
108 louse word info kutu a. and b., also flea (flea is Post-Contact) 1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider revereve   1  
111 fish ika (generic) 1  
112 rotten word info para (meat, flesh) 13  
112 rotten word info popo (wood, iron) 14  
112 rotten word info varevare (tuber, rice)    
112 rotten word info mmahi (sour, bad of food) 50?  
112 rotten word info vii (soup, toddy) 85?  
113 branch word info mataaraa   1  
114 leaf rau   1  
115 root aka (generic) 2  
115 root patiaka (surface roots), 2  
116 flower purupuru   1?  
116 flower haraoa from English flower (Loan)   L
117 fruit hua   1  
118 grass mouku   58  
119 earth/soil kerekere   10  
120 stone hatu   1  
121 sand kerekere   30, 74  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tahe (of sea water) 10  
123 to flow tere (of stream and rain water, move fast of humans, go of boats) 10  
124 sea moana (open and deep) 10  
124 sea tai (shallow sea near shore, shore) 1  
125 salt horo Post-Contact, from Tok Pisin/English (Loan)   L
126 lake      
127 woods/forest pupu      
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky kaniva      
129 moon marama   7  
130 star hetuu   1  
131 cloud word info kaniva      
132 fog nehu   22  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder hatturi   14  
135 lightning uira (bolt) 2  
135 lightning tara (flash)    
136 wind matani (generic) 1, 66  
137 to blow word info ani a. (gently) 8  
137 to blow word info oko a. (hard)    
137 to blow word info iri b. (also fan) 11?  
138 warm word info mahana (s.) 1, 72  
139 cold word info makariri (s.) 1, 52  
140 dry word info pakupaku (s.) a & b 38  
141 wet para (s.) also: rotten (about meat and flesh) 38  
142 heavy taenaha (s.) 46  
143 fire ahi   1  
144 to burn word info ttuni (s.) 1, 7  
145 smoke word info kohu (from distance, a column of, also steam, vapour) 13  
145 smoke word info au (close, causing one's eyes to smart) 2  
146 ash rehu   67  
147 black riparara      
148 white maatea      
149 red mmea   1  
150 yellow vai-ano   9?  
151 green uri      
152 small puna-rikiriki (s.) 66  
153 big ha-mataku (s.) 31  
154 short word info potopoto (s.) 9  
155 long word info rooroa (s.) 12  
156 thin word info rrahi (a leaf) 5  
156 thin word info tua-rikiriki (a rope) 34  
157 thick word info maatoru (a leaf) 3  
157 thick word info hamataku (a rope)    
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
158 narrow tuu-rikiriki   84  
159 wide raharaha (s.)    
160 painful, sick ihu (s.) 13  
160 painful, sick isu (s.) 13  
160 painful, sick maki (s.) 1  
161 shy, ashamed napa (s.) 48  
162 old word info matua (s.) 1  
163 new hoou (s.) 1  
164 good tau-rekareka (s.) 14  
165 bad, evil haka-riaria (s.)    
165 bad, evil ha-riaria (s.)    
165 bad, evil takahara (s.)    
166 correct, true tonu (s.)    
167 night poo   1  
168 day ao (daylight, daytime) 1, 54  
168 day maarama (daylight)    
168 day raa day (of the week) 7  
169 year kirimahi Tok Pisin (Loan)   L
170 when? word info ana-hee   5  
171 to hide word info haka-mmuni (s.) 1, 67  
172 to climb word info kake (s.) 32  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i loto   5  
174 in, inside i roto   5  
175 above i aruna   9  
176 below i laro   8  
176 below i raro   8  
177 this nei (1st pers.) 1  
178 that naa (2nd pers.) 1  
178 that raa (3rd pers.) 1  
179 near taupiri mai (s.) 30  
180 far mmao (s.) 13  
181 where? word info i hee   3, 35  
181 where? word info i hea   3, 35  
182 I nau   1, 22  
183 thou koe   1  
184 he/she ia frequently unmarked 1  
185 we word info taatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info maatou (excl.) 2, 39  
186 you koutou (pl.) 16  
186 you kourua (dual) x  
187 they raatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
187 they laatou (pl.) frequently unmarked 1, 72  
187 they raaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
187 they laaua (dual) frequently unmarked x  
188 what? word info heaa   1  
189 who? word info koai   1  
190 other raa (preposed, following articles) 25  
190 other laa (preposed, following articles) 25  
191 all katoo   13  
192 and ma (noun phrases) 2  
192 and noo (verbal phrases) 9  
192 and roo (verbal phrases) 9?  
193 if ki mee   5  
194 how? word info peehea   11  
195 no, not te   13  
196 to count ppau (s.) 8, 63  
197 One word info tahi (counting) 14, 48  
197 One word info hokotasi (reporting) 14, 48  
197 One word info hokotahi (reporting) 14, 48  
198 Two word info rua (counting) 1  
198 Two word info hiaoa (reporting) 1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info haa   1, 66  
201 Five word info rima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info hitu   1  
204 Eight word info varu   3  
205 Nine word info sivo   5  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
206 Ten word info hanahuru   5  
207 Twenty word info tipu rua   3  
208 Fifty word info tipu rima      
209 One Hundred word info rau   2  
210 One Thousand word info tipu te rau      

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