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Language: Hewa

Source/Author:  Fricke 2014 
Notes:  Fricke, Hanna. 2014. Topics in the grammar of Hewa. A variety of Sika in Eastern Flores, Indonesia. LINCOM: Munich.

Hewa is a variety of Sika spoken in the southeastern edge of the Sika speaking area.

The items in this word list were collected during fieldwork in 2013 by Hanna Fricke and published in 2014.

The items are given in a phonemic transcription using IPA symbols.

Some verbs in Hewa agree with person and number of their subject. If this is the case for a verb in the list, the forms are given as annotation. More on verbal inflection in Hewa see Fricke (2014: 28-37). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Hanna Fricke  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Flores-Lembata 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 23 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above lala wutun      
175 above lala nan      
191 all leʔu vaʔi ha      
192 and nora from the verb -ora 'with'    
146 ash avu      
173 at - there is no generic word to express the preposition 'at'    
13 back word info toʔe   11  
165 bad, evil vəngoʔ      
165 bad, evil goʔid (mainly used for things that are not nice)    
14 belly dula      
176 below wawa on      
176 below ləvun      
153 big gəteʔ      
97 bird olon   77  
97 bird kəna horon (literally: flying thing) 26  
147 black mitan      
23 blood mei   3  
15 bone lurin   2  
113 branch word info kleren      
18 breast uhu   1  
56 child me daughter or son 31  
56 child dediʔ child in terms of age    
131 cloud word info kova      
139 cold word info blatan      
166 correct, true dəmen      
168 day ləron      
10 dirty milan   131  
96 dog ahu   1  
140 dry word info duʔur      
82 dull, blunt bohuk   21  
11 dust avu also means ash 1  
11 dust pua (?)    
43 ear tilu   1, 4  
119 earth/soil tana      
98 egg təlon   1  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far blavir      
104 fat/grease vura      
60 father ama   1  
99 feather vulu also: body hair, animals hair 1  
208 Fifty word info pulu lima      
143 fire api      
111 fish iʔan      
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower puhun      
132 fog apun also: dew    
200 Four word info hutu   1  
117 fruit vuan      
164 good əpan      
118 grass vaʔan      
151 green daʔan      
26 hair word info loʔe roun head leaf (ASch) 40  
26 hair word info loʔe = head without possessive -n (ASch)    
1 hand lima   1, 64  
184 he/she nimu      
24 head loʔen   67  
142 heavy bərat      
61 house ləpo   67  
194 how? word info ɡanu upan      
57 husband laʔi   9  
182 I aʔu      
193 if - no native word for 'if'    
174 in, inside unen      
16 intestines tain vaten tain = intestine vaten = liver 1  
126 lake se This is probably a Dutch (or German) loan; it is likely that there is no native word for lake because there are no lakes in the area.   L
114 leaf roun      
2 left virin   1  
4 leg/foot vaʔi   1, 100  
135 lightning dəɡu      
17 liver vaten   1, 58  
155 long word info blon      
108 louse word info ʔutu      
54 man/male laʔit   2  
103 meat/flesh ətan      
129 moon vulan   1  
109 mosquito mur      
59 mother ina   1  
30 mouth va   1  
63 name naran   1  
158 narrow təker      
179 near roʔo      
25 neck əru      
68 needle luhir   6  
163 new vərun      
167 night guman      
205 Nine word info hiva   5  
195 no, not eʔon preverbal    
195 no, not iva clause-final    
27 nose iru   1  
162 old word info blupur      
197 One word info ha   1  
209 One Hundred word info ŋasu      
210 One Thousand word info rivu   5  
190 other pehan      
160 painful, sick blaraʔ      
53 person/human being biʔan   82  
53 person/human being ata   4  
133 rain uran   1  
102 rat teʔu   7  
149 red meran      
3 right vanan   1  
6 road/path laran   1  
115 root ramut      
65 rope tali   1  
112 rotten word info vauk      
125 salt hini      
121 sand nen on the beach    
121 sand ʔəda building sand    
124 sea tahi      
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
81 sharp diran   93  
154 short word info buluk a.    
154 short word info puʔur b.    
19 shoulder palik   1, 89  
161 shy, ashamed meaŋ      
202 Six word info əna   1  
12 skin ʔulit   1  
128 sky kəleŋ   9  
152 small anak   8  
145 smoke word info (api) nuhin      
106 snake ular      
110 spider kuku raka      
130 star dala      
79 stick/wood ʔai anak a. 1  
79 stick/wood loreŋ b.    
120 stone vatu      
105 tail iʔur tail of four legged animals    
105 tail kekor tail of two leɡɡed animals    
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
178 that ʔia      
62 thatch/roof ataʔ      
187 they rimu      
157 thick word info apar      
156 thin word info bleler      
177 this ʔete      
183 thou ʔau      
199 Three word info təlu   1  
134 thunder kleka liar      
41 to bite baka      
137 to blow word info plupi      
28 to breathe boʔ      
144 to burn word info holo      
91 to buy boter      
38 to chew word info ŋalet for animals only    
38 to chew word info maʔmaʔ only for hard things (betel nut, meet, ...); for humans and animals, for humans one usually adds the verb for eat after mama 'chew' 1  
85 to choose liʔi   1  
172 to climb word info haʔe      
7 to come mai   1  
7 to come main   1  
39 to cook word info hunaʔ      
39 to cook word info pura   49  
196 to count ɡasik      
34 to cry tani 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
34 to cry dani 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
78 to cut, hack word info pati 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 112  
78 to cut, hack word info bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 112  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig ʔali 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
90 to dig gali 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
50 to dream mipin can also be a noun 1, 37  
40 to drink -inu   1  
40 to drink ʔinu 1SG 1  
40 to drink minu 2SG 1  
40 to drink ninu 3SG 1  
40 to drink tinu 1PL.IN 1  
40 to drink minu 1PL.EX 1  
40 to drink minu 2PL 1  
40 to drink rinu 3PL 1  
37 to eat ʔa 3PL 1  
37 to eat gea 2PL 1  
37 to eat gea 1PL.EX 1  
37 to eat ʔea 1PL.IN 1  
37 to eat ga 3SG 1  
37 to eat goa 2SG 1  
37 to eat ʔoa 1SG 1  
95 to fall word info goru      
95 to fall word info ʔela humans 108  
95 to fall word info lodoŋ humans    
22 to fear blauʔ   80  
123 to flow ba      
101 to fly horo   74  
86 to grow word info ne      
44 to hear diʔiŋ   67?  
44 to hear ʔəna 1SG 1  
44 to hear bəna 2PL 1  
44 to hear rəna 2SG,3SG,1PL.IN,1PL.EX,2PL,3PL 1  
171 to hide word info səsuʔ      
72 to hit word info rama      
89 to hold word info pligo      
69 to hunt word info rakan this is for huntinɡ animals    
74 to kill bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 92  
74 to kill pati 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 92  
20 to know, be knowledgeable raʔitan   75  
33 to laugh to   1  
49 to lie down word info tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 97  
49 to lie down word info duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 97  
76 to live, be alive moret   1, 76  
92 to open, uncover dier      
84 to plant mula   1  
84 to plant pahe      
84 to plant paʔat   19  
93 to pound, beat word info pai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
93 to pound, beat word info vai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
93 to pound, beat word info bai 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
64 to say marin   149  
64 to say həron      
77 to scratch word info garo 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
77 to scratch word info ʔaro 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
46 to see ʔitaʔ 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
46 to see gitaʔ 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
46 to see tenger   4  
46 to see papaŋ      
67 to sew word info raʔit   2  
70 to shoot word info pana 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
70 to shoot word info bana 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
51 to sit təri 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 146  
51 to sit dəri 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 146  
48 to sleep tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
48 to sleep duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
48 to sleep ɡəpaŋ      
29 to sniff, smell movoʔ      
36 to spit niru   14  
80 to split word info plika   79  
80 to split word info pleka   79  
88 to squeeze word info pəra 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
88 to squeeze word info bəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
71 to stab, pierce tuhuk   33  
52 to stand gəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 89  
52 to stand ʔəra 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 89  
73 to steal toʔi      
42 to suck pləmet      
87 to swell word info bovoʔ   3  
9 to swim nani   1, 45  
21 to think suɡo also: remember 83  
94 to throw word info dəgu   107  
66 to tie up, fasten mataʔ      
8 to turn word info belok loan from Indonesian   L
35 to vomit mutaʔ   1  
5 to walk pano 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 2  
5 to walk bano 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 2  
83 to work word info krian   7  
47 to yawn moaʔ   19  
32 tongue ma   7  
31 tooth niu   1  
207 Twenty word info pulu rua      
198 Two word info rua   1  
138 warm word info dara      
138 warm word info dara ɡahuʔ      
122 water word info vair   2  
185 we word info ʔita incl.    
185 we word info ʔami excl.    
141 wet gəmaʔ      
188 what? word info apa      
170 when? word info rəma pira      
181 where? word info upa      
148 white buraʔ      
189 who? word info hai      
159 wide - no general word for 'wide'    
58 wife duʔa      
136 wind anin   1  
100 wing kapik   1  
55 woman/female duʔa      
127 woods/forest heri unen forest in general    
127 woods/forest tuʔan very old forest    
107 worm (earthworm) doho      
169 year livan      
150 yellow heret      
186 you miu      

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