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Language: Hewa

Source/Author:  Fricke 2014 
Notes:  Fricke, Hanna. 2014. Topics in the grammar of Hewa. A variety of Sika in Eastern Flores, Indonesia. LINCOM: Munich.

Hewa is a variety of Sika spoken in the southeastern edge of the Sika speaking area.

The items in this word list were collected during fieldwork in 2013 by Hanna Fricke and published in 2014.

The items are given in a phonemic transcription using IPA symbols.

Some verbs in Hewa agree with person and number of their subject. If this is the case for a verb in the list, the forms are given as annotation. More on verbal inflection in Hewa see Fricke (2014: 28-37). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Hanna Fricke  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Flores-Lembata 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 23 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
145 smoke word info (api) nuhin      
159 wide - no general word for 'wide'    
173 at - there is no generic word to express the preposition 'at'    
193 if - no native word for 'if'    
40 to drink -inu   1  
96 dog ahu   1  
60 father ama   1  
152 small anak   8  
136 wind anin   1  
188 what? word info apa      
157 thick word info apar      
143 fire api      
132 fog apun also: dew    
53 person/human being ata   4  
62 thatch/roof ataʔ      
11 dust avu also means ash 1  
146 ash avu      
182 I aʔu      
123 to flow ba      
93 to pound, beat word info bai 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
41 to bite baka      
70 to shoot word info bana 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
5 to walk bano 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 2  
74 to kill bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 92  
78 to cut, hack word info bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 112  
8 to turn word info belok loan from Indonesian   L
53 person/human being biʔan   82  
160 painful, sick blaraʔ      
139 cold word info blatan      
22 to fear blauʔ   80  
180 far blavir      
156 thin word info bleler      
155 long word info blon      
162 old word info blupur      
82 dull, blunt bohuk   21  
91 to buy boter      
87 to swell word info bovoʔ   3  
28 to breathe boʔ      
154 short word info buluk a.    
148 white buraʔ      
44 to hear bəna 2PL 1  
88 to squeeze word info bəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
142 heavy bərat      
130 star dala      
34 to cry dani 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
138 warm word info dara      
138 warm word info dara ɡahuʔ      
151 green daʔan      
56 child dediʔ child in terms of age    
92 to open, uncover dier      
81 sharp diran   93  
44 to hear diʔiŋ   67?  
107 worm (earthworm) doho      
14 belly dula      
55 woman/female duʔa      
58 wife duʔa      
48 to sleep duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
49 to lie down word info duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 97  
140 dry word info duʔur      
94 to throw word info dəgu   107  
166 correct, true dəmen      
51 to sit dəri 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 146  
135 lightning dəɡu      
195 no, not eʔon preverbal    
37 to eat ga 3SG 1  
90 to dig gali 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
77 to scratch word info garo 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
37 to eat gea 2PL 1  
37 to eat gea 1PL.EX 1  
46 to see gitaʔ 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
37 to eat goa 2SG 1  
95 to fall word info goru      
165 bad, evil goʔid (mainly used for things that are not nice)    
167 night guman      
141 wet gəmaʔ      
52 to stand gəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 89  
153 big gəteʔ      
197 One word info ha   1  
189 who? word info hai      
172 to climb word info haʔe      
150 yellow heret      
127 woods/forest heri unen forest in general    
125 salt hini      
205 Nine word info hiva   5  
144 to burn word info holo      
101 to fly horo   74  
39 to cook word info hunaʔ      
200 Four word info hutu   1  
64 to say həron      
59 mother ina   1  
27 nose iru   1  
195 no, not iva clause-final    
111 fish iʔan      
105 tail iʔur tail of four legged animals    
100 wing kapik   1  
105 tail kekor tail of two leɡɡed animals    
134 thunder kleka liar      
113 branch word info kleren      
131 cloud word info kova      
83 to work word info krian   7  
110 spider kuku raka      
128 sky kəleŋ   9  
97 bird kəna horon (literally: flying thing) 26  
175 above lala nan      
175 above lala wutun      
6 road/path laran   1  
57 husband laʔi   9  
54 man/male laʔit   2  
191 all leʔu vaʔi ha      
1 hand lima   1, 64  
201 Five word info lima   1  
169 year livan      
85 to choose liʔi   1  
95 to fall word info lodoŋ humans    
79 stick/wood loreŋ b.    
26 hair word info loʔe = head without possessive -n (ASch)    
26 hair word info loʔe roun head leaf (ASch) 40  
24 head loʔen   67  
68 needle luhir   6  
15 bone lurin   2  
61 house ləpo   67  
168 day ləron      
176 below ləvun      
32 tongue ma   7  
7 to come mai   1  
7 to come main   1  
64 to say marin   149  
45 eye mata   1  
66 to tie up, fasten mataʔ      
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
38 to chew word info maʔmaʔ only for hard things (betel nut, meet, ...); for humans and animals, for humans one usually adds the verb for eat after mama 'chew' 1  
56 child me daughter or son 31  
161 shy, ashamed meaŋ      
23 blood mei   3  
149 red meran      
10 dirty milan   131  
40 to drink minu 2SG 1  
40 to drink minu 1PL.EX 1  
40 to drink minu 2PL 1  
50 to dream mipin can also be a noun 1, 37  
147 black mitan      
186 you miu      
47 to yawn moaʔ   19  
76 to live, be alive moret   1, 76  
29 to sniff, smell movoʔ      
84 to plant mula   1  
109 mosquito mur      
35 to vomit mutaʔ   1  
9 to swim nani   1, 45  
63 name naran   1  
86 to grow word info ne      
121 sand nen on the beach    
184 he/she nimu      
40 to drink ninu 3SG 1  
36 to spit niru   14  
31 tooth niu   1  
192 and nora from the verb -ora 'with'    
97 bird olon   77  
84 to plant pahe      
93 to pound, beat word info pai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
19 shoulder palik   1, 89  
70 to shoot word info pana 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
5 to walk pano 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 2  
46 to see papaŋ      
74 to kill pati 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 92  
78 to cut, hack word info pati 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 112  
84 to plant paʔat   19  
190 other pehan      
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
80 to split word info pleka   79  
89 to hold word info pligo      
80 to split word info plika   79  
137 to blow word info plupi      
42 to suck pləmet      
11 dust pua (?)    
116 flower puhun      
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
208 Fifty word info pulu lima      
207 Twenty word info pulu rua      
39 to cook word info pura   49  
154 short word info puʔur b.    
88 to squeeze word info pəra 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
69 to hunt word info rakan this is for huntinɡ animals    
72 to hit word info rama      
115 root ramut      
67 to sew word info raʔit   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable raʔitan   75  
187 they rimu      
40 to drink rinu 3PL 1  
210 One Thousand word info rivu   5  
114 leaf roun      
179 near roʔo      
198 Two word info rua   1  
170 when? word info rəma pira      
44 to hear rəna 2SG,3SG,1PL.IN,1PL.EX,2PL,3PL 1  
126 lake se This is probably a Dutch (or German) loan; it is likely that there is no native word for lake because there are no lakes in the area.   L
21 to think suɡo also: remember 83  
171 to hide word info səsuʔ      
124 sea tahi      
16 intestines tain vaten tain = intestine vaten = liver 1  
65 rope tali   1  
119 earth/soil tana      
34 to cry tani 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
46 to see tenger   4  
102 rat teʔu   7  
43 ear tilu   1, 4  
40 to drink tinu 1PL.IN 1  
33 to laugh to   1  
13 back word info toʔe   11  
73 to steal toʔi      
71 to stab, pierce tuhuk   33  
127 woods/forest tuʔan very old forest    
48 to sleep tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
49 to lie down word info tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 97  
158 narrow təker      
98 egg təlon   1  
199 Three word info təlu   1  
51 to sit təri 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 146  
18 breast uhu   1  
106 snake ular      
174 in, inside unen      
181 where? word info upa      
133 rain uran   1  
30 mouth va   1  
93 to pound, beat word info vai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
122 water word info vair   2  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
3 right vanan   1  
17 liver vaten   1, 58  
120 stone vatu      
112 rotten word info vauk      
118 grass vaʔan      
4 leg/foot vaʔi   1, 100  
2 left virin   1  
117 fruit vuan      
129 moon vulan   1  
99 feather vulu also: body hair, animals hair 1  
104 fat/grease vura      
165 bad, evil vəngoʔ      
163 new vərun      
176 below wawa on      
38 to chew word info ŋalet for animals only    
209 One Hundred word info ŋasu      
202 Six word info əna   1  
164 good əpan      
25 neck əru      
103 meat/flesh ətan      
194 how? word info ɡanu upan      
196 to count ɡasik      
48 to sleep ɡəpaŋ      
37 to eat ʔa 3PL 1  
79 stick/wood ʔai anak a. 1  
90 to dig ʔali 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
185 we word info ʔami excl.    
77 to scratch word info ʔaro 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
183 thou ʔau      
37 to eat ʔea 1PL.IN 1  
95 to fall word info ʔela humans 108  
177 this ʔete      
178 that ʔia      
40 to drink ʔinu 1SG 1  
185 we word info ʔita incl.    
46 to see ʔitaʔ 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
37 to eat ʔoa 1SG 1  
12 skin ʔulit   1  
108 louse word info ʔutu      
121 sand ʔəda building sand    
44 to hear ʔəna 1SG 1  
52 to stand ʔəra 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 89  

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