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Language: Hewa

Source/Author:  Fricke 2014 
Notes:  Fricke, Hanna. 2014. Topics in the grammar of Hewa. A variety of Sika in Eastern Flores, Indonesia. LINCOM: Munich.

Hewa is a variety of Sika spoken in the southeastern edge of the Sika speaking area.

The items in this word list were collected during fieldwork in 2013 by Hanna Fricke and published in 2014.

The items are given in a phonemic transcription using IPA symbols.

Some verbs in Hewa agree with person and number of their subject. If this is the case for a verb in the list, the forms are given as annotation. More on verbal inflection in Hewa see Fricke (2014: 28-37). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Hanna Fricke  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Flores-Lembata 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info belok loan from Indonesian   L
11 dust pua (?)    
14 belly dula      
25 neck əru      
26 hair word info loʔe = head without possessive -n (ASch)    
28 to breathe boʔ      
29 to sniff, smell movoʔ      
38 to chew word info ŋalet for animals only    
39 to cook word info hunaʔ      
41 to bite baka      
42 to suck pləmet      
46 to see papaŋ      
48 to sleep ɡəpaŋ      
55 woman/female duʔa      
56 child dediʔ child in terms of age    
58 wife duʔa      
62 thatch/roof ataʔ      
64 to say həron      
66 to tie up, fasten mataʔ      
69 to hunt word info rakan this is for huntinɡ animals    
72 to hit word info rama      
73 to steal toʔi      
79 stick/wood loreŋ b.    
84 to plant pahe      
86 to grow word info ne      
89 to hold word info pligo      
91 to buy boter      
92 to open, uncover dier      
95 to fall word info goru      
95 to fall word info lodoŋ humans    
103 meat/flesh ətan      
104 fat/grease vura      
105 tail iʔur tail of four legged animals    
105 tail kekor tail of two leɡɡed animals    
106 snake ular      
107 worm (earthworm) doho      
108 louse word info ʔutu      
109 mosquito mur      
110 spider kuku raka      
111 fish iʔan      
112 rotten word info vauk      
113 branch word info kleren      
114 leaf roun      
115 root ramut      
116 flower puhun      
117 fruit vuan      
118 grass vaʔan      
119 earth/soil tana      
120 stone vatu      
121 sand nen on the beach    
121 sand ʔəda building sand    
123 to flow ba      
124 sea tahi      
125 salt hini      
126 lake se This is probably a Dutch (or German) loan; it is likely that there is no native word for lake because there are no lakes in the area.   L
127 woods/forest heri unen forest in general    
127 woods/forest tuʔan very old forest    
130 star dala      
131 cloud word info kova      
132 fog apun also: dew    
134 thunder kleka liar      
135 lightning dəɡu      
137 to blow word info plupi      
138 warm word info dara      
138 warm word info dara ɡahuʔ      
139 cold word info blatan      
140 dry word info duʔur      
141 wet gəmaʔ      
142 heavy bərat      
143 fire api      
144 to burn word info holo      
145 smoke word info (api) nuhin      
146 ash avu      
147 black mitan      
148 white buraʔ      
149 red meran      
150 yellow heret      
151 green daʔan      
153 big gəteʔ      
154 short word info buluk a.    
154 short word info puʔur b.    
155 long word info blon      
156 thin word info bleler      
157 thick word info apar      
158 narrow təker      
159 wide - no general word for 'wide'    
160 painful, sick blaraʔ      
161 shy, ashamed meaŋ      
162 old word info blupur      
163 new vərun      
164 good əpan      
165 bad, evil vəngoʔ      
165 bad, evil goʔid (mainly used for things that are not nice)    
166 correct, true dəmen      
167 night guman      
168 day ləron      
169 year livan      
170 when? word info rəma pira      
171 to hide word info səsuʔ      
172 to climb word info haʔe      
173 at - there is no generic word to express the preposition 'at'    
174 in, inside unen      
175 above lala wutun      
175 above lala nan      
176 below wawa on      
176 below ləvun      
177 this ʔete      
178 that ʔia      
179 near roʔo      
180 far blavir      
181 where? word info upa      
182 I aʔu      
183 thou ʔau      
184 he/she nimu      
185 we word info ʔita incl.    
185 we word info ʔami excl.    
186 you miu      
187 they rimu      
188 what? word info apa      
189 who? word info hai      
190 other pehan      
191 all leʔu vaʔi ha      
192 and nora from the verb -ora 'with'    
193 if - no native word for 'if'    
194 how? word info ɡanu upan      
195 no, not eʔon preverbal    
195 no, not iva clause-final    
196 to count ɡasik      
207 Twenty word info pulu rua      
208 Fifty word info pulu lima      
209 One Hundred word info ŋasu      
2 left virin   1  
3 right vanan   1  
6 road/path laran   1  
7 to come mai   1  
7 to come main   1  
11 dust avu also means ash 1  
12 skin ʔulit   1  
16 intestines tain vaten tain = intestine vaten = liver 1  
18 breast uhu   1  
27 nose iru   1  
30 mouth va   1  
31 tooth niu   1  
33 to laugh to   1  
34 to cry tani 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
34 to cry dani 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
35 to vomit mutaʔ   1  
37 to eat ʔa 3PL 1  
37 to eat gea 2PL 1  
37 to eat gea 1PL.EX 1  
37 to eat ʔea 1PL.IN 1  
37 to eat ga 3SG 1  
37 to eat goa 2SG 1  
37 to eat ʔoa 1SG 1  
38 to chew word info maʔmaʔ only for hard things (betel nut, meet, ...); for humans and animals, for humans one usually adds the verb for eat after mama 'chew' 1  
40 to drink -inu   1  
40 to drink ʔinu 1SG 1  
40 to drink minu 2SG 1  
40 to drink ninu 3SG 1  
40 to drink tinu 1PL.IN 1  
40 to drink minu 1PL.EX 1  
40 to drink minu 2PL 1  
40 to drink rinu 3PL 1  
44 to hear ʔəna 1SG 1  
44 to hear bəna 2PL 1  
44 to hear rəna 2SG,3SG,1PL.IN,1PL.EX,2PL,3PL 1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ʔitaʔ 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
46 to see gitaʔ 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
48 to sleep tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
48 to sleep duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
59 mother ina   1  
60 father ama   1  
63 name naran   1  
65 rope tali   1  
70 to shoot word info pana 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
70 to shoot word info bana 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
77 to scratch word info garo 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
77 to scratch word info ʔaro 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 1  
79 stick/wood ʔai anak a. 1  
84 to plant mula   1  
85 to choose liʔi   1  
88 to squeeze word info pəra 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
88 to squeeze word info bəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
90 to dig ʔali 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
90 to dig gali 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
93 to pound, beat word info pai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
93 to pound, beat word info vai 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 1  
93 to pound, beat word info bai 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 1  
96 dog ahu   1  
98 egg təlon   1  
99 feather vulu also: body hair, animals hair 1  
100 wing kapik   1  
129 moon vulan   1  
133 rain uran   1  
136 wind anin   1  
197 One word info ha   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info təlu   1  
200 Four word info hutu   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info əna   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
4 leg/foot vaʔi   1, 100  
50 to dream mipin can also be a noun 1, 37  
43 ear tilu   1, 4  
9 to swim nani   1, 45  
17 liver vaten   1, 58  
1 hand lima   1, 64  
76 to live, be alive moret   1, 76  
19 shoulder palik   1, 89  
94 to throw word info dəgu   107  
95 to fall word info ʔela humans 108  
13 back word info toʔe   11  
78 to cut, hack word info pati 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 112  
78 to cut, hack word info bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 112  
10 dirty milan   131  
36 to spit niru   14  
51 to sit təri 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 146  
51 to sit dəri 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 146  
64 to say marin   149  
47 to yawn moaʔ   19  
84 to plant paʔat   19  
5 to walk pano 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 2  
5 to walk bano 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 2  
15 bone lurin   2  
54 man/male laʔit   2  
67 to sew word info raʔit   2  
122 water word info vair   2  
82 dull, blunt bohuk   21  
97 bird kəna horon (literally: flying thing) 26  
23 blood mei   3  
87 to swell word info bovoʔ   3  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
56 child me daughter or son 31  
71 to stab, pierce tuhuk   33  
46 to see tenger   4  
53 person/human being ata   4  
26 hair word info loʔe roun head leaf (ASch) 40  
39 to cook word info pura   49  
205 Nine word info hiva   5  
206 Ten word info pulu   5  
210 One Thousand word info rivu   5  
68 needle luhir   6  
24 head loʔen   67  
61 house ləpo   67  
44 to hear diʔiŋ   67?  
32 tongue ma   7  
83 to work word info krian   7  
102 rat teʔu   7  
101 to fly horo   74  
20 to know, be knowledgeable raʔitan   75  
97 bird olon   77  
80 to split word info plika   79  
80 to split word info pleka   79  
152 small anak   8  
22 to fear blauʔ   80  
53 person/human being biʔan   82  
21 to think suɡo also: remember 83  
52 to stand gəra 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 89  
52 to stand ʔəra 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 89  
57 husband laʔi   9  
128 sky kəleŋ   9  
74 to kill bati 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 92  
74 to kill pati 1SG,1PL.IN,3PL 92  
81 sharp diran   93  
49 to lie down word info tuʔe 1SG, 1PL.IN, 3PL 97  
49 to lie down word info duʔe 2SG,3SG,1PL.EX, 2PL 97  

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