https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto Northern Central Vanuatu

Source/Author:  Clark 2009 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Erin Donnelly  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
82 dull, blunt      
85 to choose      
125 salt      
127 woods/forest      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
173 at      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
183 thou      
190 other      
192 and      
193 if      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
2 left *mawiri   1, 59  
3 right *matuʔa   5, 37  
6 road/path *sala   1  
7 to come *mai   1  
8 to turn word info *vilo-si   24  
8 to turn word info *vile-si   24  
9 to swim *karu   5  
13 back word info *adu   82  
13 back word info *mwadu   35  
14 belly *tabwa-i   36  
14 belly *tia   1  
15 bone *suRi      
16 intestines *tinaʔe   1  
17 liver *ate   1  
17 liver *mwabwe   7  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *bwatu   65  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *bi(ni)si   5  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ilo   13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-la   18  
21 to think *do=do-mi   13  
21 to think *mido-do   13, 72  
22 to fear *mataku   1  
23 blood *daRa   1  
24 head *bwatu   9  
25 neck *daleʔo   42  
25 neck *uʔa   18  
26 hair word info *vulu   31  
28 to breathe *mabu-si   14  
28 to breathe *maro   12  
28 to breathe *sova   35  
29 to sniff, smell *bo   42  
29 to sniff, smell *boni   42  
29 to sniff, smell *rogo   62  
30 mouth *bwago   41  
30 mouth *go   80  
30 mouth *vwavwa   1  
30 mouth *zigo   55  
31 tooth *bati   6  
31 tooth *livo   1, 35  
32 tongue *mea   7  
33 to laugh *mana   51  
33 to laugh *tayale   84  
33 to laugh *uru   13  
34 to cry *gara   5  
34 to cry *gere   5  
34 to cry *tei   32  
35 to vomit *lua   8  
36 to spit *loto-vi   37  
36 to spit *vura-i   35  
37 to eat *kani   1  
38 to chew word info *mama-ʔi   1  
38 to chew word info *zamwa   21  
39 to cook word info *savu(a)   97  
39 to cook word info *taʔo-ni   10  
40 to drink *inu   1  
41 to bite *kaRa-ti   1  
42 to suck *dumu-si   50  
42 to suck *zimi   51  
43 ear *bwero   16  
43 ear *daliga   1, 40  
44 to hear *rogo   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *bu(nu)sil *ilo   11  
46 to see *kila-la   83  
46 to see *kita   1  
46 to see *leʔo-si   14, 94  
47 to yawn *mawa-va   19  
48 to sleep *maturu   1  
49 to lie down word info *eno   1  
49 to lie down word info *tabwa   78  
50 to dream *bore   10  
51 to sit *sake   72  
51 to sit *saqele   118, 96  
51 to sit *toka   80  
52 to stand *maraka   66  
52 to stand *tuʔu-ru   2, 69  
53 person/human being *ʔata   4  
54 man/male *ata-mwaʔane   1, 14  
55 woman/female *vavine   1, 106  
56 child *mwara   8  
56 child *mwera   8  
56 child *natu   5  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *mama   1, 10  
60 father *tama   1  
60 father *tata   19  
61 house *yumwa   1  
62 thatch/roof *ato   1  
62 thatch/roof *takura   20  
63 name *asa   1, 18  
64 to say *vasa   116  
64 to say *vava   13  
64 to say *veti   47  
64 to say *vwara   30  
65 rope *kaRo   56  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *liko-ti   1, 39  
66 to tie up, fasten *Roʔoti   77, 78  
67 to sew word info *turu   13  
69 to hunt word info *ara      
69 to hunt word info *lako   10  
70 to shoot word info *tibwa   8  
70 to shoot word info *vana-i   1  
72 to hit word info *digi      
72 to hit word info *sua      
72 to hit word info *tibwa   92  
72 to hit word info *tu=tu-ki   8  
73 to steal *vanako   1, 58  
74 to kill *bunu-ʔi   1  
75 to die, be dead *mate   1  
76 to live, be alive *maʔuri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info *karo-si      
77 to scratch word info *qaru   1?  
79 stick/wood *tiko      
79 stick/wood *wasu      
80 to split word info *sibwa      
80 to split word info *vora   1  
81 sharp *ka=kani   14  
81 sharp *makani   14  
83 to work word info *ʔumwa   1  
84 to plant *lavo   10  
84 to plant *ruvi   9  
86 to grow word info *tovu   1, 6  
87 to swell word info *tobu   12  
87 to swell word info *vuke   10?  
88 to squeeze word info *qu=qu-mi      
88 to squeeze word info viri   16  
89 to hold word info *qo=qo-mi      
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *vezi   48  
90 to dig *vuti      
91 to buy *voli   1  
92 to open, uncover *walaqa   55  
93 to pound, beat word info *tu=tu-ki   20, 2  
94 to throw word info *kubu-i   84  
95 to fall word info *zovi   13  
98 egg *ʔatolu   1  
99 feather *mau-a   6  
99 feather *vulu   1  
100 wing *bani   2  
100 wing *kaba-u   1, 12  
101 to fly *ka=kava   14  
101 to fly *rovo   1  
102 rat *karivi   18  
102 rat *kasuve   3  
103 meat/flesh *visiko   10  
104 fat/grease *muta   72  
105 tail *labwe   62  
105 tail *qere   39  
106 snake *mwata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) *sulati   1, 8  
107 worm (earthworm) *udu      
107 worm (earthworm) *weli      
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *namu-ki   1  
110 spider *ta-lawa   1  
111 fish *ika   1  
112 rotten word info *bo   52  
112 rotten word info *ma-da-da   50  
113 branch word info *raga   1, 21  
113 branch word info *ra=ra      
114 leaf *rau   1  
115 root *karo      
115 root *kawa-ri   2, 41  
115 root *labwe   18  
116 flower *vira   35  
116 flower *vuga   1  
117 fruit *vwa   1, 26  
118 grass *mwanayu   31  
118 grass *valisi   1  
120 stone *vatu   1  
121 sand *ʔone   1  
122 water word info *bei   28  
122 water word info *danu   1  
122 water word info *wai   2  
123 to flow *rave   37  
123 to flow *rovo   37  
123 to flow *sale   38  
123 to flow *zara   33  
124 sea *lau   6  
124 sea *masawa      
124 sea *tasi   1  
126 lake *nobu      
128 sky *masawa   63  
129 moon *kabatia   6  
129 moon *vula   1  
130 star *mwazoe   13  
130 star *vituu   1  
131 cloud word info *dodo   90  
131 cloud word info *maliqo   34  
131 cloud word info *taʔe   36  
132 fog *ma-Ravu   3, 32  
133 rain *ʔusa   1  
134 thunder *vara   15  
135 lightning *vila   26  
136 wind *lagi   1, 77  
137 to blow word info *bubu-si   6, 60  
137 to blow word info *suvi      
137 to blow word info *uvi   4  
137 to blow word info *sere   26  
138 warm word info *rara-gi   46  
138 warm word info *talai   102  
138 warm word info *tunu   12  
139 cold word info *madidi   1  
139 cold word info *malaso   51  
140 dry word info *ma=masa   11  
140 dry word info *mwa(ri)toʔu      
140 dry word info *qora   29  
140 dry word info *qoru   29  
142 heavy *marazi   33  
142 heavy *mava   46  
143 fire *avi   1  
143 fire *kabu   19  
143 fire *vaga   21  
144 to burn word info *vaga   39  
144 to burn word info *vani   83  
145 smoke word info *ʔasu   2  
147 black *loa   40  
147 black *maʔeto   1  
148 white *ovo=ovo   101  
148 white *voqe   13  
149 red *miala   1, 55  
150 yellow *ago=ago      
151 green *keza   8  
151 green *malakeza   8, 43  
152 small *kiki   78  
152 small *riki   66  
153 big *laba   83  
154 short word info *mwido-lo   32  
154 short word info *vutu   9  
155 long word info *baravu   16, 85  
156 thin word info *ma-nivi=nivi   1  
156 thin word info *maqura   22  
157 thick word info *matolu   3  
159 wide *qeqe      
160 painful, sick *kara-ti      
160 painful, sick *rara-gi      
162 old word info *matuʔa   1  
162 old word info *tuai      
163 new *bwaro   1, 47  
163 new *karabwa   9  
163 new *vaʔou   1  
164 good *bo(s)i   108  
164 good *wia   1  
165 bad, evil *saʔa-ti   1  
166 correct, true *tino      
166 correct, true *tunu      
167 night *bogi   1  
168 day *bogi   16  
168 day *rani   6  
169 year *sukawa   29  
169 year *taʔu-ni   1  
170 when? word info *gaisa   1  
172 to climb word info *karaka      
172 to climb word info *kara-vi      
172 to climb word info *qalo   49  
174 in, inside *lolo   1  
174 in, inside *yumwa   18  
175 above *maree   10  
175 above *ulu   47  
179 near *rivita   101  
180 far *sau   72  
181 where? word info *bea   3, 35  
182 I *nau   1, 21, 22  
184 he/she *n(a)ia   1, 6  
185 we word info *(k)ida      
185 we word info *qama(m)i      
186 you *iqo      
186 you *qamuyu   1, 13  
187 they *n(a)-ira   1, 33  
188 what? word info *sava   1  
189 who? word info *sei   1  
191 all *sara   49  
191 all *vunu   84  
195 no, not *tika-i   10  
196 to count *eve   70  
196 to count *vulu-ki   1?  
197 One word info *zikai      
198 Two word info *rua   1  
199 Three word info *tolu   1  
200 Four word info *vati   1, 65  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *ono   1  
203 Seven word info *bitu   1  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *sivwa   5  
206 Ten word info *sagavulu   5  
1 hand *vara arm 16  
11 dust *avu ashes, lime, dust 1  
97 bird *manu-ku bird (generic) 1  
96 dog *bati canine    
98 egg *Rami crustacean eggs    
78 to cut, hack word info *zavi cut with axe 40  
119 earth/soil *tano earth 1  
1 hand *lima hand 1  
194 how? word info *visa how many? x  
4 leg/foot *lewa leg 37  
4 leg/foot *bwalo leg or part of leg 33  
10 dirty *leba mud, dirt 9  
71 to stab, pierce *sobwe pierce    
12 skin *kuli skin, bark 1  
12 skin *vinu-ti skin, husk, rind 28  
57 husband *a-soa spouse 2  
58 wife *a-soa spouse 1  
5 to walk *lako step, walk, go 1  
146 ash *banoi volcanic ash    
141 wet *meeu wetness    
27 nose *qanisu [AF] really means *ᵑganisu 1, 58  

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