https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto Northern Central Vanuatu

Source/Author:  Clark 2009 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Erin Donnelly  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *lima hand 1  
1 hand *vara arm 16  
2 left *mawiri   1, 59  
3 right *matuʔa   5, 37  
4 leg/foot *lewa leg 37  
4 leg/foot *bwalo leg or part of leg 33  
5 to walk *lako step, walk, go 1  
6 road/path *sala   1  
7 to come *mai   1  
8 to turn word info *vilo-si   24  
8 to turn word info *vile-si   24  
9 to swim *karu   5  
10 dirty *leba mud, dirt 9  
11 dust *avu ashes, lime, dust 1  
12 skin *kuli skin, bark 1  
12 skin *vinu-ti skin, husk, rind 28  
13 back word info *adu   82  
13 back word info *mwadu   35  
14 belly *tabwa-i   36  
14 belly *tia   1  
15 bone *suRi      
16 intestines *tinaʔe   1  
17 liver *ate   1  
17 liver *mwabwe   7  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *bwatu   65  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *bi(ni)si   5  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ilo   13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-la   18  
21 to think *do=do-mi   13  
21 to think *mido-do   13, 72  
22 to fear *mataku   1  
23 blood *daRa   1  
24 head *bwatu   9  
25 neck *daleʔo   42  
25 neck *uʔa   18  
26 hair word info *vulu   31  
27 nose *qanisu [AF] really means *ᵑganisu 1, 58  
28 to breathe *mabu-si   14  
28 to breathe *maro   12  
28 to breathe *sova   35  
29 to sniff, smell *bo   42  
29 to sniff, smell *boni   42  
29 to sniff, smell *rogo   62  
30 mouth *bwago   41  
30 mouth *go   80  
30 mouth *vwavwa   1  
30 mouth *zigo   55  
31 tooth *bati   6  
31 tooth *livo   1, 35  
32 tongue *mea   7  
33 to laugh *mana   51  
33 to laugh *tayale   84  
33 to laugh *uru   13  
34 to cry *gara   5  
34 to cry *gere   5  
34 to cry *tei   32  
35 to vomit *lua   8  
36 to spit *loto-vi   37  
36 to spit *vura-i   35  
37 to eat *kani   1  
38 to chew word info *mama-ʔi   1  
38 to chew word info *zamwa   21  
39 to cook word info *savu(a)   97  
39 to cook word info *taʔo-ni   10  
40 to drink *inu   1  
41 to bite *kaRa-ti   1  
42 to suck *dumu-si   50  
42 to suck *zimi   51  
43 ear *bwero   16  
43 ear *daliga   1, 40  
44 to hear *rogo   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *bu(nu)sil *ilo   11  
46 to see *kila-la   83  
46 to see *kita   1  
46 to see *leʔo-si   14, 94  
47 to yawn *mawa-va   19  
48 to sleep *maturu   1  
49 to lie down word info *eno   1  
49 to lie down word info *tabwa   78  
50 to dream *bore   10  
51 to sit *sake   72  
51 to sit *saqele   118, 96  
51 to sit *toka   80  
52 to stand *maraka   66  
52 to stand *tuʔu-ru   2, 69  
53 person/human being *ʔata   4  
54 man/male *ata-mwaʔane   1, 14  
55 woman/female *vavine   1, 106  
56 child *mwara   8  
56 child *mwera   8  
56 child *natu   5  
57 husband *a-soa spouse 2  
58 wife *a-soa spouse 1  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *mama   1, 10  
60 father *tama   1  
60 father *tata   19  
61 house *yumwa   1  
62 thatch/roof *ato   1  
62 thatch/roof *takura   20  
63 name *asa   1, 18  
64 to say *vasa   116  
64 to say *vava   13  
64 to say *veti   47  
64 to say *vwara   30  
65 rope *kaRo   56  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *liko-ti   1, 39  
66 to tie up, fasten *Roʔoti   77, 78  
67 to sew word info *turu   13  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info *ara      
69 to hunt word info *lako   10  
70 to shoot word info *tibwa   8  
70 to shoot word info *vana-i   1  
71 to stab, pierce *sobwe pierce    
72 to hit word info *digi      
72 to hit word info *sua      
72 to hit word info *tibwa   92  
72 to hit word info *tu=tu-ki   8  
73 to steal *vanako   1, 58  
74 to kill *bunu-ʔi   1  
75 to die, be dead *mate   1  
76 to live, be alive *maʔuri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info *karo-si      
77 to scratch word info *qaru   1?  
78 to cut, hack word info *zavi cut with axe 40  
79 stick/wood *tiko      
79 stick/wood *wasu      
80 to split word info *sibwa      
80 to split word info *vora   1  
81 sharp *ka=kani   14  
81 sharp *makani   14  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info *ʔumwa   1  
84 to plant *lavo   10  
84 to plant *ruvi   9  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info *tovu   1, 6  
87 to swell word info *tobu   12  
87 to swell word info *vuke   10?  
88 to squeeze word info *qu=qu-mi      
88 to squeeze word info viri   16  
89 to hold word info *qo=qo-mi      
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *vezi   48  
90 to dig *vuti      
91 to buy *voli   1  
92 to open, uncover *walaqa   55  
93 to pound, beat word info *tu=tu-ki   20, 2  
94 to throw word info *kubu-i   84  
95 to fall word info *zovi   13  
96 dog *bati canine    
97 bird *manu-ku bird (generic) 1  
98 egg *ʔatolu   1  
98 egg *Rami crustacean eggs    
99 feather *mau-a   6  
99 feather *vulu   1  
100 wing *bani   2  
100 wing *kaba-u   1, 12  
101 to fly *ka=kava   14  
101 to fly *rovo   1  
102 rat *karivi   18  
102 rat *kasuve   3  
103 meat/flesh *visiko   10  
104 fat/grease *muta   72  
105 tail *labwe   62  
105 tail *qere   39  
106 snake *mwata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) *sulati   1, 8  
107 worm (earthworm) *udu      
107 worm (earthworm) *weli      
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *namu-ki   1  
110 spider *ta-lawa   1  
111 fish *ika   1  
112 rotten word info *bo   52  
112 rotten word info *ma-da-da   50  
113 branch word info *raga   1, 21  
113 branch word info *ra=ra      
114 leaf *rau   1  
115 root *karo      
115 root *kawa-ri   2  
115 root *labwe   18  
116 flower *vira   35  
116 flower *vuga   1  
117 fruit *vwa   1, 26  
118 grass *mwanayu   31  
118 grass *valisi   1  
119 earth/soil *tano earth 1  
120 stone *vatu   1  
121 sand *ʔone   1  
122 water word info *bei   28  
122 water word info *danu   1  
122 water word info *wai   2  
123 to flow *rave   37  
123 to flow *rovo   37  
123 to flow *sale   38  
123 to flow *zara   33  
124 sea *lau   6  
124 sea *masawa      
124 sea *tasi   1  
125 salt      
126 lake *nobu      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky *masawa   63  
129 moon *kabatia   6  
129 moon *vula   1  
130 star *mwazoe   13  
130 star *vituu   1  
131 cloud word info *dodo   90  
131 cloud word info *maliqo   34  
131 cloud word info *taʔe   36  
132 fog *ma-Ravu   3, 32  
133 rain *ʔusa   1  
134 thunder *vara   15  
135 lightning *vila   26  
136 wind *lagi   1, 77  
137 to blow word info *bubu-si   6, 60  
137 to blow word info *suvi      
137 to blow word info *uvi   4  
137 to blow word info *sere   26  
138 warm word info *rara-gi   46  
138 warm word info *talai   102  
138 warm word info *tunu   12  
139 cold word info *madidi   1  
139 cold word info *malaso   51  
140 dry word info *ma=masa   11  
140 dry word info *mwa(ri)toʔu      
140 dry word info *qora   29  
140 dry word info *qoru   29  
141 wet *meeu wetness    
142 heavy *marazi   33  
142 heavy *mava   46  
143 fire *avi   1  
143 fire *kabu   19  
143 fire *vaga   21  
144 to burn word info *vaga   39?  
144 to burn word info *vani   83  
145 smoke word info *ʔasu   2  
146 ash *banoi volcanic ash    
147 black *loa   40  
147 black *maʔeto   1  
148 white *ovo=ovo   101  
148 white *voqe   13  
149 red *miala   1, 55  
150 yellow *ago=ago      
151 green *keza   8  
151 green *malakeza   8, 43  
152 small *kiki   78  
152 small *riki   66  
153 big *laba   83  
154 short word info *mwido-lo   32  
154 short word info *vutu   9  
155 long word info *baravu   16, 85  
156 thin word info *ma-nivi=nivi   1  
156 thin word info *maqura   22  
157 thick word info *matolu   3  
158 narrow      
159 wide *qeqe      
160 painful, sick *kara-ti      
160 painful, sick *rara-gi      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *matuʔa   1  
162 old word info *tuai      
163 new *bwaro   1, 47  
163 new *karabwa   9  
163 new *vaʔou   1  
164 good *bo(s)i   108, 109  
164 good *wia   1  
165 bad, evil *saʔa-ti   1  
166 correct, true *tino      
166 correct, true *tunu      
167 night *bogi   1  
168 day *bogi   16  
168 day *rani   6  
169 year *sukawa   29?  
169 year *taʔu-ni   1  
170 when? word info *gaisa   1  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info *karaka      
172 to climb word info *kara-vi      
172 to climb word info *qalo   49  
173 at      
174 in, inside *lolo   1  
174 in, inside *yumwa   18  
175 above *maree   10  
175 above *ulu   47  
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near *rivita   101  
180 far *sau   72  
181 where? word info *bea   3, 35  
182 I *nau   1, 21, 22  
183 thou      
184 he/she *n(a)ia   1, 6  
185 we word info *(k)ida      
185 we word info *qama(m)i      
186 you *iqo      
186 you *qamuyu   1, 13  
187 they *n(a)-ira   1, 33  
188 what? word info *sava   1  
189 who? word info *sei   1  
190 other      
191 all *sara   49  
191 all *vunu   84  
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info *visa how many? x  
195 no, not *tika-i   10  
196 to count *eve   70  
196 to count *vulu-ki   1?  
197 One word info *zikai      
198 Two word info *rua   1  
199 Three word info *tolu   1  
200 Four word info *vati   1, 65  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *ono   1  
203 Seven word info *bitu   1  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *sivwa   5  
206 Ten word info *sagavulu   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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