https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Malagasy (Sakalava)

Source/Author:  Dahl (1968) 
Notes:  Dahl Otto Chr. (1968) Contes Malgaches en Dialecte Sakalava: Textes, Traduction, Grammaire et Lexique 
Problems:  The list is full of gaps + a few misinterpretations.
Dahl (1968) only provides a glossary of 17 pages.
A more appropriate source is the online "Dictionnaire des dialectes sud-ouest du malgache" started by V.D. Mahavere (1925-1926) but vastly expanded by Noël Gueunier. I used it to compensate and check (SA) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By: Sander Adelaar 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Greater Barito:East:Malagasy 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 280 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand taŋa   18  
2 left aŋkavia aN- + havìa 1, 42  
3 right aŋkavana aN- + havàna 1, 62  
4 leg/foot tomboke   87 L
4 leg/foot rànjo < Mahavere/Gueunier 79 L
5 to walk mandèha   61  
5 to walk bazary X = 'market'    
6 road/path lala   1  
7 to come manjó = 'to arrive'    
7 to come avy   70  
8 to turn word info kod'atý      
8 to turn word info kod'aŋe      
8 to turn word info tolike   94  
8 to turn word info mitolike   94  
9 to swim milàngo < Mahavere/Gueunier 1  
10 dirty ma-lòto < S. Sulawesi (Adelaar 1995) 108 L
11 dust bo(ŋ) < Fr?   L?
11 dust vòvoky   56  
11 dust vòvoky   56  
12 skin holitse   1  
13 back word info lam(b)òsy   47 L
13 back word info vòho < S. Sulawesi 50 L
14 belly troke   31  
15 bone taola   1  
16 intestines tinay   1  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast nono   3  
19 shoulder soroke   50 L
20 to know, be knowledgeable mahay   141  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kasa      
20 to know, be knowledgeable maha-làla   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mahavazoho      
21 to think eretseretse   102  
22 to fear matahotse   1  
23 blood ra   1  
23 blood lìo   49  
24 head kabeso most likely < Portuguese   L
24 head loha   84  
25 neck hotoke back of neck    
25 neck vòzo neck 131  
25 neck tènda throat    
26 hair word info volo   31  
27 nose oro   1  
28 to breathe mi-ài   23  
28 to breathe biby X ('breath' : ignore)    
28 to breathe mi-ài X delete    
29 to sniff, smell maŋ-ìmbo   36  
29 to sniff, smell maŋ-òroke sniff, smell; kiss 120  
30 mouth vava   1  
31 tooth hy X 'tooth, pincer of crayfish'    
31 tooth nìfy   1  
32 tongue lèla   4  
33 to laugh hehe   107  
34 to cry t<om>aŋy   1  
35 to vomit man-dòa   8  
36 to spit hakake      
36 to spit man-drèhoky   112  
37 to eat hina X delete    
37 to eat sindrike marked    
37 to eat misindrike marked    
37 to eat mi-hìna < *maR- + *k<in>an 1  
37 to eat h<òm>a   1  
38 to chew word info mi-hòta   69  
38 to chew word info mi-tsàko   72  
39 to cook word info ma-hàndro   102  
40 to drink ino   1  
41 to bite hehetse   20  
42 to suck mi-nòno   76  
42 to suck mi-tsìtsiky   1  
43 ear sofy   15, 51  
44 to hear mi-jànjy      
44 to hear mi-jàno   82  
45 eye palotse marked    
45 eye màso < Bantu 36 L
46 to see droke X = wrong    
46 to see ente X 'look at'    
46 to see homa X = wrong    
46 to see kose X    
46 to see mikose X 'find, see'    
46 to see ma-hìta final a is irregular 1 L?
46 to see mi-jère      
47 to yawn hoake maŋoake 19  
48 to sleep miroro   107  
48 to sleep ma-tòry *u/i metathesis regular 1  
49 to lie down word info andre   110  
50 to dream maŋo-nòfy   1  
51 to sit fitake   164  
51 to sit mi-pètraky   163  
52 to stand evotse 'to get up'    
52 to stand oŋgake X 'get up, leave, go out'    
52 to stand mioŋgake X    
52 to stand tsaŋga X    
52 to stand mitsaŋga to get up 101  
53 person/human being vavea X 'people'    
53 person/human being òlo   17  
54 man/male lahy   2  
54 man/male mi-pètraky X delete (= to sit)    
55 woman/female ampela   127  
55 woman/female njarahy      
55 woman/female sevake      
56 child ajá   101  
56 child aka      
56 child anake   1  
56 child zanake   1  
57 husband valy < South Sulawesi 88 L
58 wife ampela      
59 mother nene      
59 mother rene < *ra-ine < PMP *ina 1, 93  
60 father baba < Bantu or nursery term    
60 father beza      
60 father rae   22, 50  
61 house traŋo < Borneo Malay 18 L
62 thatch/roof tàfo t- unexpected but possibly to avoid homonymic clash with 'fire' 15, 76  
63 name aŋara   1  
64 to say ambara say, inform 1  
64 to say mi-làza   53  
65 rope hosy      
65 rope tàly   1  
66 to tie up, fasten mamèhy   139  
66 to tie up, fasten X    
67 to sew word info man-jàitse   2  
68 needle fan-jàitse   45  
69 to hunt word info roake X    
69 to hunt word info man-droake      
69 to hunt word info mi-hàza z and -a irregular; < Old Malay? 87 L
70 to shoot word info mi-piritse   52  
70 to shoot word info piritse X    
71 to stab, pierce mitòmboky (mèso) (mèso 'knife')    
72 to hit word info go      
72 to hit word info mamànggo      
73 to steal hàlatse   57  
73 to steal maŋgàlatse   57  
74 to kill mamono   1  
75 to die, be dead fate   1  
75 to die, be dead raboke      
75 to die, be dead mireboke      
76 to live, be alive vèlo   11  
77 to scratch word info hàotse   44  
77 to scratch word info mi-kìky   32  
78 to cut, hack word info maŋito      
78 to cut, hack word info patsike 'to split'    
78 to cut, hack word info mamatsike 'to split'    
78 to cut, hack word info manampake   25  
78 to cut, hack word info teteke   3  
78 to cut, hack word info miteteke   3  
79 stick/wood kobay   51  
80 to split word info fatsike      
80 to split word info mamaky < maN- + vàky 95  
81 sharp ra      
81 sharp mara      
81 sharp marandra      
81 sharp ma-ràŋitse   43, 35  
82 dull, blunt domo   3, 29  
82 dull, blunt dòmbo   3, 29  
83 to work word info lomake      
83 to work word info mandomake      
83 to work word info mi-àsa < Malay jasa < Sanskrit 94 L
84 to plant mam-bòle   1  
85 to choose fily   1  
86 to grow word info mi-tòmbo   1  
86 to grow word info tìry 'grow, of a graft' < Malay tiri   L
87 to swell word info boboke      
88 to squeeze word info mi-tsòŋgo      
89 to hold word info mi-tà   55  
90 to dig mi-hàly   1  
91 to buy mivaŋga      
91 to buy vily   1  
91 to buy mivily   1  
92 to open, uncover mi-sòkake some relation with 28 26  
93 to pound, beat word info fofoke      
93 to pound, beat word info mamaŋgo      
94 to throw word info manònta      
94 to throw word info manòraka   1, 118  
95 to fall word info latsake      
95 to fall word info mi-lavo   1  
96 dog alìka < Bantu   L
97 bird vòro   17  
98 egg atòly   1  
99 feather volo-m-bòro lit. hair-of-bird 1, 17  
100 wing èlatsy   23  
101 to fly mi-tìly   97  
101 to fly t<om>ìly   97  
102 rat voalàvo   1  
102 rat valàvo   1  
103 meat/flesh barafo 'meat' = marked    
103 meat/flesh nofotse 'flesh' < Bantu 103 L
103 meat/flesh hèna 'meat, especially beef'; compare Ma'anyan kenah 'fish' 55  
104 fat/grease tave   23  
104 fat/grease matave   23  
104 fat/grease vondrake      
105 tail òhi   1, 59  
106 snake bibi/làva lit. 'long animal'; bibi < Bantu 70 L
107 worm (earthworm) hànka < Bantu 91 L
108 louse word info hào < Bantu 33 L
109 mosquito làletsy X (= 'fly')    
109 mosquito mòke   1, 111  
110 spider maro/tàŋa tàŋa 'hand' (18); maro 'many' 97  
111 fish fìa < Bantu 94 L
112 rotten word info lo < South Sulawesi 108 L
112 rotten word info momoke   111  
112 rotten word info mòmoke   111  
113 branch word info rantsa < Malay 63 L
113 branch word info ra      
114 leaf ràvy   1  
115 root vàhatsy   2  
116 flower flèra < Fr   L
117 fruit vihin/kàzo SA: ? should have been voan/kazu 1  
118 grass akata      
119 earth/soil tàny   1  
120 stone vàto   1  
121 sand fàsy < Malay 18 L
122 water word info rano   10 10
123 to flow mi-sòsa      
123 to flow m-ìly   56  
123 to flow mi-gòa      
123 to flow m-ìly X delete    
124 sea rano-màsy < ràno 'water' + màsy 'salty'    
125 salt sìra < Malay 1 L
126 lake dòbo      
127 woods/forest àla   1  
128 sky làŋitsy   1  
129 moon vola X delete 1  
129 moon vòla   1  
130 star basìa   90  
130 star vasìa   90  
131 cloud word info ràho   1  
132 fog zàvo   27  
133 rain ora   1  
134 thunder hotroke   2  
135 lightning ampy      
135 lightning vàratse -r- irregular   L
136 wind rìvotry < Malay 24 L
137 to blow word info mi-tsìoky < Malay ber-tiup 1, 19 L
138 warm word info ma-fàna   1  
138 warm word info mài probably *k<um>a'i 111  
139 cold word info manintsy   131  
139 cold word info manìtsy   131  
140 dry word info maike   113  
141 wet man-dò      
142 heavy ma-vèsatry < Malay 1 L
143 fire motro < Bantu   L
144 to burn word info man-dòro   98  
145 smoke word info sètroky   90  
146 ash lavènoky   95  
147 black maìnty   1  
148 white fòty (not SE Barito) 1 L
149 red mena regular tendency: *NVyVC > *NVNVC 1, 39  
150 yellow vòŋy   98  
151 green maìtso   25 L
152 small leme      
152 small maleme      
152 small masay   137  
153 big be   46  
154 short word info bòry      
155 long word info làva   27, 101  
156 thin word info ma-tìfy   1  
157 thick word info ma-tèvy   26  
158 narrow hìfotsy   47  
159 wide m-làlaky   27  
160 painful, sick rare   118  
160 painful, sick marare   118  
161 shy, ashamed mèŋatse < hèŋatse 80  
162 old word info àntitry   72  
163 new vào   1  
164 good soa   138  
165 bad, evil raty   116  
166 correct, true to   6  
167 night ale   20  
168 day andro   1  
169 year tao   1  
170 when? word info laha      
170 when? word info ombia   86  
171 to hide word info mi-kàfitse      
172 to climb word info anike   1  
172 to climb word info maŋ-ànike   1  
173 at any   22  
173 at aN-   22  
174 in, inside aŋ-atì-ny   74  
175 above aŋ-àbo   2, 27  
176 below ambáne   1  
176 below am/bà/ne   1  
177 this tòy      
178 that ino      
178 that indro      
179 near rine   118  
179 near marine   118  
180 far lavitse   100  
181 where? word info aìa   89  
182 I anakahy      
182 I zaho   1  
183 thou ìha = singular 36  
184 he/she ì   1  
185 we word info tsìka (incl.); < *tika(N) (+ metath.) + kam 2, 75  
186 you iha X    
186 you lie X marked: between boys    
186 you nahareo < *iha + *nau(n) + (i)re + u 9  
186 you nareo X 9  
186 you narèo   9  
187 they ròzy      
188 what? word info ino   61  
188 what? word info ìno   61  
189 who? word info ìa   59  
190 other hàfa   70  
191 all iaby < Malay 32 L
192 and ndrake      
192 and no      
192 and noho      
193 if làha i   88  
194 how? word info nahoa   70  
195 no, not aha      
196 to count maŋìsa   87  
197 One word info ràiky   21  
198 Two word info roe   1  
199 Three word info      
200 Four word info efatse   1  
200 Four word info èfatse   1  
201 Five word info lime   1  
202 Six word info ene   1  
203 Seven word info fìto   1  
204 Eight word info vàlo   3  
205 Nine word info sive   5  
206 Ten word info folo   5  
207 Twenty word info roa/pòlo   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info lima/m/pòlo   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info zàto   4, 15  
210 One Thousand word info arivo ? < Malay sa-ribu 5, 4 L

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