https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rotuman

Source/Author:  Hans Schmidt 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Peng Du  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:West Fijian-Rotuman:Rotuman 
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Showing all of 69 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand 'ū hapa      
1 hand si' hapa      
2 left sema   11  
3 right 'atmại   7  
4 leg/foot   30  
5 to walk la'o   1  
6 road/path sala   1  
7 to come teu      
8 to turn word info furi   15  
9 to swim rạpi      
10 dirty perapera   7  
11 dust kefkefu "f"< Pn; POc *p > Rot h (L from PN) 1 L
12 skin 'uli   1  
13 back word info fomafua *t >f 11  
14 belly 'efe   7  
15 bone sui   52  
16 intestines finäe   1  
17 liver äfe   1  
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder uma regularly cognate but impossible to distinguish from loan 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable 'inea      
21 to think a'häe      
22 to fear feā   92  
23 blood toto L from PN 4 L
24 head filo'u      
25 neck kia L from Tongan, Niuean, or East Uvean 20 L
26 hair word info leva      
27 nose isu   1  
28 to breathe huga      
29 to sniff, smell huga   9  
30 mouth nuju   2  
31 tooth ala      
32 tongue alele   15  
33 to laugh kahā   7  
34 to cry ou      
35 to vomit mumufa   1  
36 to spit ạnusi   14, 84  
37 to eat L from PN 1, 47 L
38 to chew word info mama   1  
39 to cook word info funu   9  
40 to drink 'imo      
41 to bite 'ạfi   1  
42 to suck kuji      
43 ear faliga   1  
44 to hear a'fại      
45 eye mafa   1  
46 to see räe      
47 to yawn muaväe   19  
48 to sleep mose   10  
49 to lie down word info taktaka      
50 to dream räe mose      
51 to sit päe      
52 to stand   2  
53 person/human being famori cp. Nguna 4, 7  
54 man/male      
55 woman/female hạni      
56 child le'e      
57 husband väväne   13  
58 wife hạina   2?  
59 mother o'honi      
60 father ö'fā      
61 house      
62 thatch/roof hata   1  
63 name asa   1, 18  
64 to say 'ea   88  
65 rope lū'äpe      
66 to tie up, fasten 'o'oro      
67 to sew word info susu   17  
67 to sew word info tui L from PN 13, 16 L
68 needle si'a net needle 9  
69 to hunt word info jau      
70 to shoot word info fana *p > h (L from PN) 1  
71 to stab, pierce   100  
72 to hit word info jav'ạki      
73 to steal hana'o   1, 58  
74 to kill al'ạki      
75 to die, be dead ala      
76 to live, be alive mauri Schmidt 2003 claims this is a loan from Samoan or E. Uvean; PCP *q > ∅, so I think this is impossible to detect indirect inheritance in this case. 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info sạhi      
78 to cut, hack word info fại   1  
79 stick/wood 'ại   1  
80 to split word info fa'a L from Tongan 5, 96 L
81 sharp L from E Futunan, Tokelau, or N Outliers 14, 15 L
82 dull, blunt marari      
83 to work word info garue L from PN 11 L
83 to work word info veko      
84 to plant hao      
85 to choose hili   1  
86 to grow word info fupu   1  
87 to swell word info hula   7  
88 to squeeze word info   8, 2, 93  
89 to hold word info sapo   15  
90 to dig ạ'u      
91 to buy togi L from E Futunan, E Uvean, Tongan, Samoan, or Niue 10? L
92 to open, uncover säe      
93 to pound, beat word info tuki POc *k >ʔ (L from PN) 2 L
94 to throw word info kir'ạki   79?  
95 to fall word info vili   86  
96 dog kạmia      
97 bird mạnmạn ferfere   1  
98 egg kalofi      
99 feather lalạvi      
100 wing papạ'u POc *p > h, so likely L from PN that has since undergone internal change. 1, 59 L
101 to fly fere   11  
102 rat pija      
103 meat/flesh tiko   10  
103 meat/flesh 'i'ini      
104 fat/grease lolo      
105 tail reu      
106 snake 'alete      
107 worm (earthworm) kermutu L from E Futunan, E Uvean, Niuean, Toongan, Tookelauan, or Tuvaluan 9 L
108 louse word info ʔufu   1  
109 mosquito rạmu   1  
110 spider amamu      
110 spider fu'fu'u      
110 spider mat'ao'ao      
111 fish i'a   1  
112 rotten word info para L from PN 13 L
113 branch word info   1  
114 leaf rau   1  
115 root va'a   2  
116 flower hosa      
117 fruit hua   1  
118 grass mạ'usu   58  
119 earth/soil pera   32  
120 stone hạfu   1  
121 sand fanfana      
122 water word info tạnu   1  
123 to flow sạfu river    
124 sea sạsi phonologically irregular 1  
125 salt sạsi irreg. but not Pn 20  
126 lake rano swamp 1  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky lạgi   1  
129 moon hula   1  
130 star hefu   1  
131 cloud word info aoga   12  
132 fog kakạpu L from Tongan 1 L
133 rain usa   1  
133 rain timu L from Samoan   L
134 thunder fu'i      
134 thunder mana Supernatural force; thunder. 37  
135 lightning mere      
136 wind lạgi sky 1  
137 to blow word info iri L from Tongan 11 L
137 to blow word info ui   4  
138 warm word info sunu      
139 cold word info mạtiti   1  
140 dry word info mamasa   11  
141 wet mata L from Tuvaluan   L
142 heavy maha   46  
143 fire rạhi   1  
144 to burn word info susunu L from Samoan or E Futunan 106 L
145 smoke word info ạsu   2  
146 ash rạhu   67  
147 black kele   5  
148 white fisi      
149 red mi'a   1  
150 yellow perpero   11  
151 green jarava      
152 small me'ame'a   35  
153 big ti'u      
154 short word info 'el'ele a.    
154 short word info luka b. 8  
155 long word info roā L from PN 12, 105 L
156 thin word info mạhini (<m) 1  
157 thick word info mafolu   3  
158 narrow fo'e      
159 wide ofrau L from Samoan or EUvean 73 L
160 painful, sick 'af'afa      
161 shy, ashamed mäe   1  
161 shy, ashamed masraga      
162 old word info mafua   1  
163 new fo'ou L from Tongan or E Uvean 1 L
164 good lelei L from WPn lgs 17 L
165 bad, evil raksa'a   1  
166 correct, true aire      
167 night pogi   1  
168 day [te]rạni   6  
169 year fau   1  
170 when? word info 'e kis      
171 to hide word info mo'o      
172 to climb word info hako L from Tongan   L
172 to climb word info hapo a.    
172 to climb word info joro b.    
173 at 'e   1  
174 in, inside 'e      
174 in, inside lag      
175 above 'e rer ne      
176 below 'e lopo      
177 this te'isi      
178 that ta'a   1  
179 near 'ele      
180 far sousou      
181 where? word info 'e tei   3  
182 I gou   1, 21  
183 thou 'äe[a]      
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info 'isa   1  
185 we word info 'ạmisa      
186 you 'ausa      
187 they irisa      
188 what? word info tese      
189 who? word info sei   1  
190 other      
191 all 'atakoa   13  
192 and ma   2  
193 if kepoi ka   1, 18  
194 how? word info tapene      
195 no, not ingke no    
195 no, not katxra ?    
195 no, not eagke not    
196 to count hata      
197 One word info   14  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info folu   1  
200 Four word info häke   1, 66  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info onó   1  
203 Seven word info hifu   1  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
205 Nine word info siva   5  
206 Ten word info saghulu   5  
207 Twenty word info ruaghulu   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info limaghulu   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info tarau L from Samoan 2 L
210 One Thousand word info afe   3  

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