https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Efate, North (Nguna)

Source/Author:  Tryon (1976) 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:llp  Glottocode: nort2836 
Notes:  Tryon, DT. 1976. New Hebrides Languages: An internal classification. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:Central Vanuatu 
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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all tea mamau   81  
192 and ŋo   12  
146 ash na-tanoapu   1, 26  
173 at      
13 back word info na-mʷaᵑdu-ŋu   35  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
14 belly na-pʷele-ŋu   12  
176 below      
153 big warua   45  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black loa   40  
23 blood na-da-ŋu   1  
15 bone na-βatu-ŋu   38  
113 branch word info      
18 breast na-susu-ŋu   1  
56 child natu-ŋu   5  
131 cloud word info na-soko   99  
139 cold word info maladi   45  
166 correct, true pʷia good x  
168 day n-aleatia   1, 18  
10 dirty      
96 dog koria   7, 79  
140 dry word info ŋaraŋara   29  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust na-mʷotamʷota   27  
43 ear na-daliŋa-ŋu   1, 40  
119 earth/soil na-tano   1  
98 egg atolu   1  
204 Eight word info la-tolu   5, 7  
45 eye na-mata-ŋu   1  
180 far uβea   66  
104 fat/grease na-taβareβare   93  
60 father tama-ŋu   1  
99 feather na-mʷau   6  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire na-kapu   19  
111 fish na-ik   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower na-pumʷa   1, 74  
132 fog na-maβu   3, 32  
200 Four word info pati   1, 65  
117 fruit na-wa   1, 26  
164 good pʷia   1  
118 grass na-mʷenau   31  
151 green malakesa   8, 43  
26 hair word info na-lulu-ŋu   61  
1 hand n-aru-ŋu   54  
184 he/she nae   1, 6  
24 head na-pʷau-ŋu   14  
142 heavy madaŋa   32  
61 house na-sumʷa   1  
194 how? word info dapalesaβa   58, 81  
57 husband anawota   61  
182 I kinau   1, 21, 22  
193 if      
174 in, inside doko      
16 intestines na-marita-ᵑgu   15  
126 lake      
114 leaf na-ulu   45  
2 left mauri   1, 59  
4 leg/foot na-tua-ŋu   95  
135 lightning na-βila   26  
17 liver na-danikapu   12  
155 long word info βarau   16  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male na-noai   80  
103 meat/flesh na-pʷokasi   15, 79  
129 moon ate-laŋi   8  
109 mosquito namu   1  
59 mother pʷila-ŋu   22  
30 mouth na-ŋole-ŋu   7  
63 name na-ŋisa-ŋu   1, 36  
158 narrow      
179 near mʷaladiŋ   14  
25 neck na-kaudaleo-ŋu   42, 103  
68 needle      
163 new βau   1  
167 night pʷoŋi   1  
205 Nine word info lo-βeti   20  
195 no, not   54  
27 nose na-ŋusu-ŋu   1, 58  
162 old word info tuai   1, 35  
197 One word info sikai   42  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other kerua   61  
160 painful, sick masaki   1  
53 person/human being natamʷoli   4, 7  
133 rain usa   1  
102 rat kusue   3  
149 red miala   1, 55  
3 right matua   5, 37  
6 road/path na-pua   5  
115 root na-koa   2, 41, 42  
65 rope na-tali   1  
112 rotten word info madada   116  
125 salt tas-mena   20  
121 sand na-oraone   1, 75  
124 sea na-tasi   1  
203 Seven word info la-rua   13  
81 sharp makali   14, 79, 81  
154 short word info      
19 shoulder na-pau-ŋu   65?  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info latesa   20  
12 skin na-wili-ŋu   1, 81  
128 sky na-koro-atelaŋi   1, 61  
152 small kiki   78  
145 smoke word info n-asua   2  
106 snake mʷata   12  
110 spider      
130 star mʷasoe   13  
79 stick/wood na-kau   1  
120 stone βatu   1  
105 tail na-pue-na   11  
206 Ten word info ruelima   4  
178 that teawanae   45  
62 thatch/roof      
187 they nara they 1, 33  
187 they nara they (dual) x  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
156 thin word info maniβeniβe   1  
177 this teawaia   63  
183 thou niŋo   1, 17, 18  
199 Three word info dolu   1  
134 thunder na-toβae   42  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
137 to blow word info sui   62  
28 to breathe maromaro   12  
144 to burn word info dokoni   7?  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come umai   1  
39 to cook word info maso   19, 82  
196 to count peβe   70  
34 to cry kai   57  
78 to cut, hack word info dae   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig kili   1  
50 to dream      
40 to drink munu   1, 49  
37 to eat ŋani   1  
95 to fall word info dowo   13  
22 to fear mataku   1  
123 to flow sara   33  
101 to fly diri   40  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear doŋo   1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info dapaŋi      
89 to hold word info dape   108  
69 to hunt word info sai   67  
74 to kill mari-punu   60, 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable atae   35  
33 to laugh muru   94  
49 to lie down word info maturu   37  
76 to live, be alive mauri   1, 76  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say noa   112  
77 to scratch word info karukaru **garu 44  
46 to see punusi   11  
67 to sew word info tuturi   13  
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit dasa   121  
48 to sleep maturu   1  
29 to sniff, smell napʷo   42  
36 to spit daniu   85  
80 to split word info mawora   1  
88 to squeeze word info mʷoli   36  
71 to stab, pierce puri   80  
52 to stand duleana   56  
73 to steal      
42 to suck dimʷili   50, 56  
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim loloso   8  
21 to think midoaki   13, 72  
94 to throw word info nadi   75  
66 to tie up, fasten soli   57  
8 to turn word info doa   105  
35 to vomit lua   8  
5 to walk surata   102  
83 to work word info pʷosiwosi   91  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue na-mena-ŋu   7, 40  
31 tooth na-pati-ŋu   6  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info dua   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info no-ai   2  
185 we word info niŋida pl. incl. I  
185 we word info kinami pl. excl. E42  
185 we word info niŋida dl. incl.    
185 we word info kinami dl. excl.    
141 wet memeu   36  
188 what? word info na-saβa   1  
170 when? word info seβeraŋi   56, 57  
181 where? word info esa   3, 35, 79, 81?  
148 white tare   12  
189 who? word info sei   1  
159 wide      
58 wife anaŋoroi   48  
136 wind na-laŋi   1, 77  
100 wing na-liβaru-na   61  
55 woman/female na-ŋoroi   84  
127 woods/forest na-mitiˀan   78  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year na-tau   1  
150 yellow mʷonomʷono   33  
186 you nimu pl. 24  
186 you nimu dl. x  

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