https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Efate, North (Nguna)

Source/Author:  Tryon (1976) 
Notes:  Tryon, DT. 1976. New Hebrides Languages: An internal classification. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:Central Vanuatu 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand n-aru-ŋu   54  
2 left mauri   1, 59  
3 right matua   5, 37  
4 leg/foot na-tua-ŋu   95  
5 to walk surata   102  
6 road/path na-pua   5  
7 to come umai   1  
8 to turn word info doa   105  
9 to swim loloso   8  
10 dirty      
11 dust na-mʷotamʷota   27  
12 skin na-wili-ŋu   1  
13 back word info na-mʷaᵑdu-ŋu   35  
14 belly na-pʷele-ŋu   12  
15 bone na-βatu-ŋu   38  
16 intestines na-marita-ᵑgu   15  
17 liver na-danikapu   12  
18 breast na-susu-ŋu   1  
19 shoulder na-pau-ŋu   65?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable atae   35  
21 to think midoaki   13, 72  
22 to fear mataku   1  
23 blood na-da-ŋu   1  
24 head na-pʷau-ŋu   14  
25 neck na-kaudaleo-ŋu   42, 103  
26 hair word info na-lulu-ŋu   61  
27 nose na-ŋusu-ŋu   27  
28 to breathe maromaro   12  
29 to sniff, smell napʷo   42  
30 mouth na-ŋole-ŋu   80, 82  
31 tooth na-pati-ŋu   6  
32 tongue na-mena-ŋu   7, 40  
33 to laugh muru   94  
34 to cry kai   57  
35 to vomit lua   8  
36 to spit daniu   85  
37 to eat ŋani   1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info maso   19, 82  
40 to drink munu   1, 49  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
42 to suck dimʷili   50, 56  
43 ear na-daliŋa-ŋu   1, 40  
44 to hear doŋo   1  
45 eye na-mata-ŋu   1  
46 to see punusi   11  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep maturu   1  
49 to lie down word info maturu   37  
50 to dream      
51 to sit dasa   121  
52 to stand duleana   56  
53 person/human being natamʷoli   4, 7  
54 man/male na-noai   80  
55 woman/female na-ŋoroi   84  
56 child natu-ŋu   5  
57 husband anawota   61  
58 wife anaŋoroi   48  
59 mother pʷila-ŋu   22  
60 father tama-ŋu   1  
61 house na-sumʷa   1  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name na-ŋisa-ŋu   1, 36  
64 to say noa   112  
65 rope na-tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten soli   57  
67 to sew word info tuturi   13  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info sai   67  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce puri   80  
72 to hit word info dapaŋi      
73 to steal      
74 to kill mari-punu   60, 1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive mauri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info karukaru **garu 44  
78 to cut, hack word info dae   1  
79 stick/wood na-kau   1  
80 to split word info mawora   1  
81 sharp makali   14, 79, 81  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info pʷosiwosi   91  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info mʷoli   36  
89 to hold word info dape   108  
90 to dig kili   1  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info nadi   75  
95 to fall word info dowo   13  
96 dog koria   7, 79  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg atolu   1  
99 feather na-mʷau   6  
100 wing na-liβaru-na   61  
101 to fly diri   40  
102 rat kusue   3  
103 meat/flesh na-pʷokasi   15, 79  
104 fat/grease na-taβareβare   93  
105 tail na-pue-na   11  
106 snake mʷata   12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider      
111 fish na-ik   1  
112 rotten word info madada   50  
113 branch word info      
114 leaf na-ulu   45  
115 root na-koa   2, 41, 42  
116 flower na-pumʷa   1, a  
117 fruit na-wa   1, 26  
118 grass na-mʷenau   31  
119 earth/soil na-tano   1  
120 stone βatu   1  
121 sand na-oraone   1, 75  
122 water word info no-ai   2  
123 to flow sara   33  
124 sea na-tasi   1  
125 salt tas-mena   20  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest na-mitiˀan   78  
128 sky na-koro-atelaŋi      
129 moon ate-laŋi   8  
130 star mʷasoe   13  
131 cloud word info na-soko   99  
132 fog na-maβu   3, 32  
133 rain usa   1  
134 thunder na-toβae   42  
135 lightning na-βila   26  
136 wind na-laŋi   1, 77  
137 to blow word info sui   62  
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info maladi   45  
140 dry word info ŋaraŋara   29  
141 wet memeu   36  
142 heavy madaŋa   32  
143 fire na-kapu   19  
144 to burn word info dokoni   7?  
145 smoke word info n-asua   2  
146 ash na-tanoapu   1, 26  
147 black loa   40  
148 white tare   12  
149 red miala   1, 55  
150 yellow mʷonomʷono   33  
151 green malakesa   8, 43  
152 small kiki   78  
153 big warua   45  
154 short word info      
155 long word info βarau   16, 85  
156 thin word info maniβeniβe   1  
157 thick word info matolu   3  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick masaki   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info tuai   1, 35  
163 new βau   1  
164 good pʷia   1  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
166 correct, true pʷia good    
167 night pʷoŋi   1  
168 day n-aleatia   1, 18  
169 year na-tau   1  
170 when? word info seβeraŋi   56, 57  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside doko      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this teawaia   63  
178 that teawanae   45  
179 near mʷaladiŋ   14  
180 far uβea   66  
181 where? word info esa   3, 35, 79, 81?  
182 I kinau   1, 21, 22  
183 thou niŋo   1, 17  
184 he/she nae   1, 6, 29  
185 we word info niŋida pl. incl. I  
185 we word info kinami pl. excl. E42  
185 we word info niŋida dl. incl.    
185 we word info kinami dl. excl.    
186 you nimu pl. 24  
186 you nimu dl. x  
187 they nara they 1, 33  
187 they nara they (dual) x  
188 what? word info na-saβa   1  
189 who? word info sei   1  
190 other kerua   61  
191 all tea mamau   81  
192 and ŋo   12  
193 if      
194 how? word info dapalesaβa   58, 81  
195 no, not   54  
196 to count peβe   70  
197 One word info sikai   42  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info dolu   1  
200 Four word info pati   1, 65  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info latesa   20  
203 Seven word info la-rua   13  
204 Eight word info la-tolu   5, 7  
205 Nine word info lo-βeti   20  
206 Ten word info ruelima   4  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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