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Language: Toga

Source/Author:  Tryon (1976) 
Notes:  Tryon, DT. 1976. New Hebrides Languages: An internal classification. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash wuwə   62  
173 at      
13 back word info kilo-k   10  
165 bad, evil hia   1  
14 belly tukʷo-k   36  
176 below      
153 big luwo   111  
97 bird mon   1  
147 black mududut   1  
23 blood dəro-k   1  
15 bone huri-k   52  
113 branch word info      
18 breast hih   1  
56 child natu-k   5  
131 cloud word info məliɣə   34  
139 cold word info amelehi   51  
166 correct, true tənənir straight x  
168 day nə-mæræn   6  
10 dirty namorœt   24  
96 dog sike      
140 dry word info məreŋ   1, 85  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear delŋo-k   1, 40  
119 earth/soil      
98 egg tuli-n   1  
204 Eight word info ləβə-təl   5, 7  
45 eye məto-k   1  
180 far ataha   77  
104 fat/grease nə-ɣerakə   39  
60 father təmo-k   1  
99 feather lœmo-n   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire   1  
111 fish iɣə   1  
201 Five word info təβe-lim   1  
116 flower təweh   34  
132 fog nə-ɣaβɣaβ   3  
200 Four word info βu-βet   1, 65  
117 fruit nəwin   1, 26  
164 good wiə   1  
118 grass nə-βeliə   1  
151 green malaɣehe   8, 43  
26 hair word info lu-k   31  
1 hand limo-k   1, 64  
184 he/she niə   1, 6  
184 he/she sa   1  
24 head kʷutu-k   9  
142 heavy meβə   46  
61 house eŋʷ   1  
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I nokə   1, 21, 22, 23  
193 if      
174 in, inside lionə   1, 26  
16 intestines      
126 lake nə-tuŋ      
114 leaf hoin      
2 left ɣəlawə   14  
4 leg/foot      
135 lightning βilə   26  
17 liver βarə   17  
155 long word info taha      
108 louse word info ɣut   1  
54 man/male təŋʷen   1, 14  
103 meat/flesh nə-puœɣ   15, 79  
129 moon məɣaɣa   52  
109 mosquito niem   1  
59 mother rəme   20, 47  
30 mouth ŋuhu-k   2  
63 name ye-k      
158 narrow narœri small x  
179 near raprapte   101  
25 neck ɣəro-k   11  
68 needle      
163 new na-rakʷə   9  
167 night kʷoŋ   1  
205 Nine word info ləβi-βet   20  
195 no, not      
27 nose mudu-k   14  
162 old word info nase      
197 One word info βusə   9?  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick mio   1  
53 person/human being      
133 rain wedə   51  
102 rat ɣəhuwə   3  
149 red mi   1  
3 right məso   5, 37  
6 road/path mə-salə   1  
115 root nə-ɣurəhə   2, 41  
65 rope tel   1  
112 rotten word info namʷiar      
125 salt sielo Loan from French?   L?
121 sand in   1  
124 sea ne-lemə   14  
203 Seven word info ləβu-ruə   13  
81 sharp na-mteheteh   1  
154 short word info      
19 shoulder pini-k   36  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info liβi-sə   33  
12 skin ɣəlitpiə-k [AF] *kulit + *abe 'body' 1, 71  
128 sky nə-mahalə   1, 63  
152 small riri   66  
145 smoke word info oh   2  
106 snake ŋʷetə   12  
110 spider      
130 star βisi   1  
79 stick/wood ne-tetərəɣa   1, 25  
120 stone βot   1  
105 tail ɣulo   24  
206 Ten word info heŋəwul   5  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they nihə they 1, 33?  
187 they hor they (dual) x  
157 thick word info na-mətœl   3  
156 thin word info məriβriβ   1?  
177 this      
183 thou nikə   1, 17, 18  
199 Three word info βu-tal   1  
134 thunder mon-lai   37  
41 to bite ɣarə   1  
137 to blow word info   4  
28 to breathe raβ-nəleŋ [AF] lit. "pull the air" (*laŋi) 77, 78  
144 to burn word info torwe   88  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come βen ma   1, 23  
39 to cook word info mənoɣa   21  
196 to count luk   1, 83  
34 to cry kəre   39  
78 to cut, hack word info tarə   1  
75 to die, be dead met   1  
90 to dig ɣil   1  
50 to dream      
40 to drink œn in fact /ʉn/ <*unu 1  
37 to eat ɣen   1  
95 to fall word info ho   13  
22 to fear mətaɣ   1  
123 to flow niβəlaɣ   61  
101 to fly ɣaβə   14  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear roŋ   1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info tut   8  
89 to hold word info ɣih   21  
69 to hunt word info liaɣ      
74 to kill not mesə   62, 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable lonmæræne   86  
33 to laugh hamre   87?  
49 to lie down word info in   1  
76 to live, be alive naɣ      
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say woɣoβæɣa   121  
77 to scratch word info kor   12  
46 to see lemə [AF] unknown form    
67 to sew word info seɣ      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit haɣ   72  
48 to sleep mətur   1  
29 to sniff, smell hiŋəβæ   9  
36 to spit neŋuh      
80 to split word info tarətalə      
88 to squeeze word info βiər   16  
71 to stab, pierce hih   1  
52 to stand tu   2  
73 to steal      
42 to suck œn   49, 53  
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim ɣor   5  
21 to think tʳœm   13  
94 to throw word info hœute      
66 to tie up, fasten rat      
66 to tie up, fasten liɣə   1, 39  
8 to turn word info tæptʳœr   113  
35 to vomit luluə   8  
5 to walk si   38  
83 to work word info mœɣmœɣœ   81  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue ɣarame-k   7, 14  
31 tooth luwo-k   1, 35  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info βu-ruə   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info pe   28  
185 we word info ɣitə pl. incl. I  
185 we word info kəmem pl. excl. E42  
185 we word info dor dl. incl.    
185 we word info kəmar dl. excl.    
141 wet tokʷ   94  
188 what? word info neβə   1  
170 when? word info yeŋe   1, 41  
181 where? word info œβe   3, 35  
148 white lui   95  
189 who? word info paiə      
159 wide      
58 wife ləkʷeβinə   5, 52  
136 wind leŋ   1, 77  
100 wing pərpərinə      
55 woman/female ləkʷeβine   1, 72  
127 woods/forest nə-mtamatoɣ      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year to   1  
150 yellow eŋo   9  
186 you kəmi pl. 1, 13  
186 you kəmor dl. x  

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