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Language: Toga

Source/Author:  Tryon (1976) 
Notes:  Tryon, DT. 1976. New Hebrides Languages: An internal classification. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
4 leg/foot      
11 dust      
16 intestines      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
53 person/human being      
57 husband      
62 thatch/roof      
68 needle      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
82 dull, blunt      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
113 branch word info      
119 earth/soil      
138 warm word info      
154 short word info      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
36 to spit neŋuh      
46 to see lemə [AF] unknown form    
63 name ye-k      
66 to tie up, fasten rat      
67 to sew word info seɣ      
69 to hunt word info liaɣ      
76 to live, be alive naɣ      
80 to split word info tarətalə      
94 to throw word info hœute      
96 dog sike      
100 wing pərpərinə      
112 rotten word info namʷiar      
114 leaf hoin      
125 salt sielo Loan from French?   L?
126 lake nə-tuŋ      
127 woods/forest nə-mtamatoɣ      
155 long word info taha      
162 old word info nase      
185 we word info dor dl. incl.    
185 we word info kəmar dl. excl.    
189 who? word info paiə      
6 road/path mə-salə   1  
18 breast hih   1  
22 to fear mətaɣ   1  
23 blood dəro-k   1  
37 to eat ɣen   1  
40 to drink œn in fact /ʉn/ <*unu 1  
41 to bite ɣarə   1  
44 to hear roŋ   1  
45 eye məto-k   1  
48 to sleep mətur   1  
49 to lie down word info in   1  
60 father təmo-k   1  
61 house eŋʷ   1  
65 rope tel   1  
71 to stab, pierce hih   1  
75 to die, be dead met   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tarə   1  
81 sharp na-mteheteh   1  
90 to dig ɣil   1  
97 bird mon   1  
98 egg tuli-n   1  
99 feather lœmo-n   1  
108 louse word info ɣut   1  
109 mosquito niem   1  
111 fish iɣə   1  
118 grass nə-βeliə   1  
120 stone βot   1  
121 sand in   1  
130 star βisi   1  
143 fire   1  
147 black mududut   1  
149 red mi   1  
160 painful, sick mio   1  
164 good wiə   1  
165 bad, evil hia   1  
167 night kʷoŋ   1  
169 year to   1  
174 in, inside lionə   1  
184 he/she sa   1  
188 what? word info neβə   1  
198 Two word info βu-ruə   1  
199 Three word info βu-tal   1  
201 Five word info təβe-lim   1  
183 thou nikə   1, 17, 18  
7 to come βen ma   1, 23  
117 fruit nəwin   1, 26  
187 they nihə they 1, 33?  
43 ear delŋo-k   1, 40  
128 sky nə-mahalə   1, 63  
1 hand limo-k   1, 64  
12 skin ɣəlitpiə-k [AF] *kulit + *abe 'body' 1, 71  
136 wind leŋ   1, 77  
196 to count luk   1, 83  
140 dry word info məreŋ   1, 85  
186 you kəmi pl. 1, 13  
54 man/male təŋʷen   1, 14  
182 I nokə   1, 21, 22, 23  
79 stick/wood ne-tetərəɣa   1, 25  
31 tooth luwo-k   1, 35  
66 to tie up, fasten liɣə   1, 39  
170 when? word info yeŋe   1, 41  
184 he/she niə   1, 6  
200 Four word info βu-βet   1, 65  
55 woman/female ləkʷeβine   1, 72  
13 back word info kilo-k   10  
179 near raprapte   101  
25 neck ɣəro-k   11  
153 big luwo   111  
8 to turn word info tæptʳœr   113  
77 to scratch word info kor   12  
106 snake ŋʷetə   12  
64 to say woɣoβæɣa   121  
21 to think tʳœm   13  
95 to fall word info ho   13  
203 Seven word info ləβu-ruə   13  
2 left ɣəlawə   14  
27 nose mudu-k   14  
101 to fly ɣaβə   14  
124 sea ne-lemə   14  
103 meat/flesh nə-puœɣ   15, 79  
88 to squeeze word info βiər   16  
17 liver βarə   17  
156 thin word info məriβriβ   1?  
30 mouth ŋuhu-k   2  
52 to stand tu   2  
145 smoke word info oh   2  
115 root nə-ɣurəhə   2, 41  
205 Nine word info ləβi-βet   20  
59 mother rəme   20, 47  
39 to cook word info mənoɣa   21  
89 to hold word info ɣih   21  
10 dirty namorœt   24  
105 tail ɣulo   24  
135 lightning βilə   26  
122 water word info pe   28  
102 rat ɣəhuwə   3  
132 fog nə-ɣaβɣaβ   3  
157 thick word info na-mətœl   3  
181 where? word info œβe   3, 35  
26 hair word info lu-k   31  
202 Six word info liβi-sə   33  
116 flower təweh   34  
131 cloud word info məliɣə   34  
14 belly tukʷo-k   36  
19 shoulder pini-k   36  
134 thunder mon-lai   37  
5 to walk si   38  
34 to cry kəre   39  
104 fat/grease nə-ɣerakə   39  
137 to blow word info   4  
142 heavy meβə   46  
42 to suck œn   49, 53  
9 to swim ɣor   5  
56 child natu-k   5  
206 Ten word info heŋəwul   5  
3 right məso   5, 37  
58 wife ləkʷeβinə   5, 52  
204 Eight word info ləβə-təl   5, 7  
133 rain wedə   51  
139 cold word info amelehi   51  
15 bone huri-k   52  
129 moon məɣaɣa   52  
168 day nə-mæræn   6  
123 to flow niβəlaɣ   61  
146 ash wuwə   62  
74 to kill not mesə   62, 2  
152 small riri   66  
32 tongue ɣarame-k   7, 14  
51 to sit haɣ   72  
180 far ataha   77  
28 to breathe raβ-nəleŋ [AF] lit. "pull the air" (*laŋi) 77, 78  
35 to vomit luluə   8  
72 to hit word info tut   8  
151 green malaɣehe   8, 43  
83 to work word info mœɣmœɣœ   81  
20 to know, be knowledgeable lonmæræne   86  
33 to laugh hamre   87?  
144 to burn word info torwe   88  
24 head kʷutu-k   9  
29 to sniff, smell hiŋəβæ   9  
150 yellow eŋo   9  
163 new na-rakʷə   9  
141 wet tokʷ   94  
148 white lui   95  
197 One word info βusə   9?  
185 we word info kəmem pl. excl. E42  
185 we word info ɣitə pl. incl. I  
158 narrow narœri small x  
166 correct, true tənənir straight x  
186 you kəmor dl. x  
187 they hor they (dual) x  

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