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Language: Toga

Source/Author:  Tryon (1976) 
Notes:  Tryon, DT. 1976. New Hebrides Languages: An internal classification. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Kirsty Maurits  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
4 leg/foot      
11 dust      
16 intestines      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
53 person/human being      
57 husband      
62 thatch/roof      
68 needle      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
82 dull, blunt      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
113 branch word info      
119 earth/soil      
138 warm word info      
154 short word info      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand limo-k   1, 64  
2 left ɣəlawə   14  
3 right məso   5, 37  
5 to walk si   38  
6 road/path mə-salə   1  
7 to come βen ma   1, 23  
8 to turn word info tæptʳœr   113  
9 to swim ɣor   5  
10 dirty namorœt   24  
13 back word info kilo-k   10  
14 belly tukʷo-k   36  
15 bone huri-k   52  
17 liver βarə   17  
18 breast hih   1  
19 shoulder pini-k   36  
20 to know, be knowledgeable lonmæræne   86  
21 to think tʳœm   13  
22 to fear mətaɣ   1  
23 blood dəro-k   1  
24 head kʷutu-k   9  
25 neck ɣəro-k   11  
26 hair word info lu-k   31  
27 nose mudu-k   14  
29 to sniff, smell hiŋəβæ   9  
30 mouth ŋuhu-k   2  
31 tooth luwo-k   1, 35  
32 tongue ɣarame-k   7, 14  
33 to laugh hamre   87?  
34 to cry kəre   39  
35 to vomit luluə   8  
36 to spit neŋuh      
37 to eat ɣen   1  
39 to cook word info mənoɣa   21  
41 to bite ɣarə   1  
42 to suck œn   49, 53  
43 ear delŋo-k   1, 40  
44 to hear roŋ   1  
45 eye məto-k   1  
48 to sleep mətur   1  
49 to lie down word info in   1  
51 to sit haɣ   72  
52 to stand tu   2  
54 man/male təŋʷen   1, 14  
55 woman/female ləkʷeβine   1, 72  
56 child natu-k   5  
58 wife ləkʷeβinə   5, 52  
59 mother rəme   20, 47  
60 father təmo-k   1  
61 house eŋʷ   1  
63 name ye-k      
64 to say woɣoβæɣa   121  
65 rope tel   1  
66 to tie up, fasten rat      
66 to tie up, fasten liɣə   1, 39  
67 to sew word info seɣ      
69 to hunt word info liaɣ      
71 to stab, pierce hih   1  
72 to hit word info tut   8  
74 to kill not mesə   62, 2  
75 to die, be dead met   1  
76 to live, be alive naɣ      
77 to scratch word info kor   12  
78 to cut, hack word info tarə   1  
79 stick/wood ne-tetərəɣa   1, 25  
80 to split word info tarətalə      
81 sharp na-mteheteh   1  
83 to work word info mœɣmœɣœ   81  
88 to squeeze word info βiər   16  
89 to hold word info ɣih   21  
90 to dig ɣil   1  
94 to throw word info hœute      
95 to fall word info ho   13  
96 dog sike      
97 bird mon   1  
98 egg tuli-n   1  
99 feather lœmo-n   1  
100 wing pərpərinə      
101 to fly ɣaβə   14  
102 rat ɣəhuwə   3  
103 meat/flesh nə-puœɣ   15, 79  
104 fat/grease nə-ɣerakə   39  
105 tail ɣulo   24  
106 snake ŋʷetə   12  
108 louse word info ɣut   1  
109 mosquito niem   1  
111 fish iɣə   1  
112 rotten word info namʷiar      
114 leaf hoin      
115 root nə-ɣurəhə   2, 41  
116 flower təweh   34  
117 fruit nəwin   1, 26  
118 grass nə-βeliə   1  
120 stone βot   1  
121 sand in   1  
122 water word info pe   28  
123 to flow niβəlaɣ   61  
124 sea ne-lemə   14  
126 lake nə-tuŋ      
127 woods/forest nə-mtamatoɣ      
128 sky nə-mahalə   1, 63  
129 moon məɣaɣa   52  
130 star βisi   1  
131 cloud word info məliɣə   34  
132 fog nə-ɣaβɣaβ   3  
133 rain wedə   51  
134 thunder mon-lai   37  
135 lightning βilə   26  
136 wind leŋ   1, 77  
137 to blow word info   4  
139 cold word info amelehi   51  
140 dry word info məreŋ   1, 85  
141 wet tokʷ   94  
142 heavy meβə   46  
143 fire   1  
144 to burn word info torwe   88  
145 smoke word info oh   2  
146 ash wuwə   62  
147 black mududut   1  
148 white lui   95  
149 red mi   1  
150 yellow eŋo   9  
151 green malaɣehe   8, 43  
152 small riri   66  
153 big luwo   111  
155 long word info taha      
156 thin word info məriβriβ   1?  
157 thick word info na-mətœl   3  
160 painful, sick mio   1  
162 old word info nase      
163 new na-rakʷə   9  
164 good wiə   1  
165 bad, evil hia   1  
167 night kʷoŋ   1  
168 day nə-mæræn   6  
169 year to   1  
170 when? word info yeŋe   1, 41  
174 in, inside lionə   1  
179 near raprapte   101  
180 far ataha   77  
181 where? word info œβe   3, 35  
182 I nokə   1, 21, 22, 23  
183 thou nikə   1, 17, 18  
184 he/she niə   1, 6  
184 he/she sa   1  
188 what? word info neβə   1  
189 who? word info paiə      
196 to count luk   1, 83  
197 One word info βusə   9?  
198 Two word info βu-ruə   1  
199 Three word info βu-tal   1  
200 Four word info βu-βet   1, 65  
201 Five word info təβe-lim   1  
202 Six word info liβi-sə   33  
203 Seven word info ləβu-ruə   13  
204 Eight word info ləβə-təl   5, 7  
205 Nine word info ləβi-βet   20  
206 Ten word info heŋəwul   5  
186 you kəmor dl. x  
185 we word info kəmar dl. excl.    
185 we word info dor dl. incl.    
40 to drink œn in fact /ʉn/ <*unu 1  
125 salt sielo Loan from French?   L?
186 you kəmi pl. 1, 13  
185 we word info kəmem pl. excl. E42  
185 we word info ɣitə pl. incl. I  
158 narrow narœri small x  
166 correct, true tənənir straight x  
187 they nihə they 1, 33?  
187 they hor they (dual) x  
12 skin ɣəlitpiə-k [AF] *kulit + *abe 'body' 1, 71  
28 to breathe raβ-nəleŋ [AF] lit. "pull the air" (*laŋi) 77, 78  
46 to see lemə [AF] unknown form    

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